Remedies for Baby Gas Relief
Trapped gas can make your baby (and you!) absolutely miserable. If your little one is fussy or cries a lot, or you see them arching their back or pulling their legs up and down, you may be dealing with some tooty troubles. While it’s sometimes just the product of an underdeveloped digestive system, it doesn’t help if your baby is swallowing a lot of air while feeding, and sometimes a gassy tummy is the result of a sensitivity to certain foods or formulas. And all that gas can get in the way of the best-laid sleep training plans.
Luckily, frazzled parents have tested plenty of remedies to relieve gassy babies, ranging from pediatrician-approved to a little less proven but perhaps still worth a try. These tips will hopefully help your backed-up babe pass a whole lot of gas in no time.
Try a gentler feed
If you have overabundant breastmilk and a strong letdown, which normally settles after a little while, you can try manually expressing some milk before each feed. This way, your baby isn’t given tons of milk right off the bat, which can cause them to gulp for air. If you’re using a bottle, try paced bottle feeding, which mimics the breastfeeding experience by letting your baby control the flow of milk so they take in less air and avoid overfeeding.
Edwin Tan/ Getty Images
Burp your baby (and burp them again)
One way to relieve your baby’s gas problem is to make sure the gas never starts building up in the first place. You can do this by being mindful about burping your baby after every meal, even if that means waking them up after they’ve dozed off. Burping a baby twice can also be a good idea to get all the gas out—one-time mid-meal and once afterward. One cool baby burping trick is to sit them upright on your knee while supporting their head to just let the burps flow (you can find a simple how-to here).
SDI Productions/ Getty Images
Give your baby tummy massages
Gently massaging your baby’s tummy throughout the day can help to move things along in their bodies—just be sure to wait at least 30 minutes after a feed and pay attention to their responses to know if what you’re doing has worked or if you need to lessen the pressure. You can try specific techniques, such as rubbing clockwise (the direction the digestive system works in), and some parents swear by baby massage oils that contain ingredients like chamomile.
Prostock-Studio/ Getty Images
Lean into tummy time
Not only is tummy time essential for a baby’s development, helping to build their core strength and head control, but it can also help them with stubborn gas much like a tummy massage would. Being active is a great way to encourage gas to pass through their little bodies. Here are 8 fun tummy time activities to try.
SDI Productions/ Getty Images
Do the colic carry
Holding your baby with their tummy across your arm or lap while massaging their back is also known to soothe their discomfort. While it’s usually used for colicky babies, it can help relieve gassiness, too.
DGLimages/ Getty Images
Give gripe water a go
Although there’s no scientific evidence to back the use of gripe water, a liquid supplement that usually consists of sugar water and herbs, some parents still swear by it. Doctors caution that using it can give parents a false sense of security (and it does go against the World Health Organization’s recommendation that newborns up to 6 months be given only breastmilk or formula), but it won’t hurt to try.
This Mommy’s Bliss Gripe Water is Amazon’s bestselling option with over 11,000 glowing ratings.
Mladen Zivkovic/ Getty Images
Consider baby gas drops
Like gripe water, there is little evidence that gas drops work consistently, but many parents still believe that they are effective. Unlike gripe water, they contain the drug simethicone, which is safe for infants and said to combine small gas bubbles into larger ones that can be passed more easily.
These Little Remedies Baby Gas Drops are beloved by experienced parents.
Stefan Tomic/ Getty Images
Try a baby probiotic
Although there’s no great evidence that probiotics help gassiness in babies, pediatrician Dr. Dina Kulik said she saw improvement in 50 percent of babies who took them. Heads up though, some parents say that probiotics made the problem worse.
These Culterelle Infant Probiotic Drops are designed with the youngest little ones in mind.
yaoinlove/ getty Images
Get to know Windi the Gaspasser
A single-use tube that’s touted as a natural reliever for constipation, colic, and other gas-related problems, Windi the Gaspasser will appeal to parents who are looking for an instant solution to their baby’s gas. Similar to the method of swirling a rectal thermometer to relieve gas, the Windi is a soft, hollow, pliable tube that is inserted into your baby’s bottom and reaches past the muscle that prevents the release of gas (but don’t worry, it also includes a stopper to prevent it from going in too far).
SVPhilon/ Getty Images
Change up your formula feeding
The type of formula you feed your baby as well as how you give it can both impact their gassiness. You can try different formulas to find the one that best agrees with your baby’s stomach. And because air bubbles form after powdered formula is shaken up, it’s a good idea to let the formula settle before feeding your babe.
Ridofranz/ Getty Images
Reconsider baby’s (and mom’s) diet
In most cases, elimination diets for moms (cutting out gassy foods in the mother’s diet) don’t help a baby’s gas. But if your gassy baby has already started solids, limiting their intake of gassy foods can help prevent a gassy backup. It’s also important to watch out for accompanying symptoms like low weight gain, diarrhea or skin rashes, which could indicate a milk protein allergy.
ozgurcankaya/ Getty Images
Bicycle your baby’s legs
Along the same lines as tummy time or the colic carry, gently holding a baby’s legs and pulling them in and out in a bicycling motion can solve the problem mechanically by making the gas move through their bowels. You can sporadically push both legs into their tummy, slowly but firmly, and the farts should fly.
AleksandarNakic/ Getty Images
Try this foot massage trick
While it’s not clear how a foot massage might alleviate gas, you only need to turn your volume up on this Instagram video to see that it works. Whether it’s because different areas of the foot are connected to different organs, or because it’s just relaxing, it could be worth trying on a gassy baby.
It’s always best to check with your doctor before trying a new treatment or supplement, or switching formulas. If your baby seems to be having an allergic reaction, is constipated or is refusing to eat and losing or failing to gain weight, check with your doctor to rule out other conditions that could be causing the gas.
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This article was originally published on Jul 04, 2022
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9 Natural Remedies To Easy Baby Gas Pains
Ah! The screaming pain, arching back, scrunched up legs, excessive burping and passing gas––there’s nothing worse than seeing your baby in pain due to trapped gas.
Baby gas pains are common in infants, and I know that if you’ve got a fussy baby, you just want to help them feel better (and try to catch some sleep!).
Today we’re going to talk about a number of home remedies for gas including: gas drops, how to burp effectively, choosing the right bottle, bicycling baby’s legs, baby massage, and more.
Figuring out what’s causing your baby’s gas is half the battle, but no matter the root cause, these natural ways to easy baby gas pains will help.
If you’re here, I’m guessing you’ve got a baby that’s screaming in pain from gas––so let’s figure out how to get rid of baby gas, fast!
Table of Contents
What causes baby gas?
Baby gas is a common and often painful symptom among young babies. Usually, you’ll notice signs of gassiness when your baby is between 3 and 6 weeks old, although some babies have symptoms right away! Luckily, babies usually outgrow their gassiness by their half birthday.
There’s a few reasons why your baby may be experiencing trapped gas:
- An immature digestive system that makes their stomach more sensitive
- An inability to effective remove trapped gas on their own (like by burping or passing gas)
- Swallowing excess air while eating (this can be true in breastfed or bottle-fed babies, read tips to combat this below)
- Breastfeeding mothers having an overactive letdown
- Constipation leading to built-up gas
- An intolerance or allergy to something in their formula or mother’s diet. In some cases, excess gas (in addition to other symptoms) might indicate an intolerance or allergy to milk, soy, eggs, or another trigger
In some cases, the cause of your baby’s gas is totally normal. Newborns and infants are naturally much gassier than children and adults simply because their digestive systems are so new! Some crying and frustration associated with passing gas is not a cause for concern.
If your baby’s gas (or inability to pass gas) is accompanied by more significant symptoms of colic, like crying for 3+ hours at a time, extreme discomfort, or abnormal stools, definitely bring it up to your pediatrician. There could be a food allergy or intolerance at play.
And, as always, mention it to your pediatrician if anything about your baby’s gas is concerning you!
Baby gas symptoms?
So how do you know if your baby is experiencing gas or is fussing for some other reason? Let’s take a look at a list of the signs that your baby’s fussiness is due to gas:
- Arching back
- Excessive crying
- Colic symptoms
- Redness in their face when crying
- Lifting legs in an attempt to pass gas
- Swollen or hard stomach
- Lots of burping
- Lots of passing gas
- Lots of spit-up
Formula fed vs breastfed babies and gas
In general, gassiness is usually more significant in bottle-fed babies (whether that’s formula or breastmilk). However, breastfed babies can also have issues with gas! In general, anything that causes your baby to swallow excess air will result in trapped air, which leads to a gassy baby.
Formula fed babies with gas might be:
- Reacting to the specific formula due to an allergy or intolerance to cow’s milk protein, lactose, or soy. Your pediatrician can help you determine if this could be the problem
- Having difficulty digesting the formula due to an immature digestive system. In this case, you can try an extensively hydrolyzed formula which breaks the proteins down and makes them easier to digest
- Swallowing too much air while bottle feeding due to an incorrect latch on the bottle, not tipping the bottle fully upright before beginning a feeding, or a nipple with a flow that’s too fast
- Constipation due to an immature digestive system
Breastfed babies with gas might be:
- Swallowing too much air due to an incorrect latch
- Swallowing too much air due to a fast letdown
- Reacting to something in mom’s diet
How to relieve baby gas? 9 Natural ways to ease baby gas pains
Now that you’ve learned the why, let’s look at some ways to help your baby find some relief. Not every recommendation on this list will work for every baby.
I recommend trying out a few things and seeing what works. Remember that in a lot of ways, gassiness in babies is normal!
1. Gas drop, gripe water and herbal teas
Gas drops are an over the counter product that can be used on babies with excessive gas or colic. Gas drops contain simethicone which works to break up gas bubbles in your baby’s stomach. Usually, gas drops are mixed in with breastmilk, formula, or a bit of water and given to baby.
Most research does not support any significant improvement when gas drops are used, but anecdotally many mothers swear by it.
Gripe water and herbal teas
On the other hand, gripe water (and homemade herbal tea) is considered a more natural option. Gripe water is a supplement made with water and natural herbs known to aid in digestion such as fennel, ginger, and dill seed oil.
There isn’t a ton of research supporting its effectiveness, but a few small studies do seem to support the effectiveness of fennel seed extract and mixed herbal teas (source).
Again, anecdotally, many mamas see a positive effect on their baby’s gassiness with the use of gripe water.
A note about these remedies
When it comes to these products, I think it’s important to note that recommendations for babies under 4-6 months old is for a diet of exclusively breastmilk or formula.
Administering gas drops, gripe water, or an herbal tea may do more harm than good on such an immature digestive system that’s designed to digest only breastmilk (or formula).
For these reasons, many experts, including Kelly Mom, recommend avoiding these remedies.
2. Tummy time and the colic carry
You may be able to relieve your baby’s gas by putting them on their stomachs. This can be done with tummy time or by doing the colic carry—where baby is laid across your knees or laid on their tummy on your forearm.
The gentle pressure on their stomach while lying in these positions can help get their gas moving and provide relief.
Burping any baby after a feeding is good practice, but for very gassy babies it is a must. If your baby seems to get very gassy after eating or seems to swallow a lot of air during a feeding session, try to burp them frequently.
For breastfed babies, burp them when switching sides, or every 7-10 minute during a feed. For bottle fed babies, aim for a burping break after every 2-3 ounces or whenever baby starts arching or acting fussy during a feeding.
4. Choosing the right bottle
If your baby is bottle fed, you might want to switch to a bottle that’s designed to help with gassiness and prevent colic. Most of these options aim to reduce the amount of air that your baby can swallow during a feeding. Many try to mimic breastfeeding as best as possible.
Whenever you’re choosing a bottle, it’s best to find an option made from natural materials such as glass and silicone. I recognize that it’s not always possible, especially if an anti-gas bottle is a priority, but reducing your baby’s exposure to potential toxins (like those found in plastic) is always important to be aware of.
Some popular options include:
- Brown’s Natural Flow Glass Bottles with Silicone Nipples
- Comotomo 100% Silicone Bottles
- Phillips Anti Colic Bottles
5. Draw a warm bath
Nothing helped my babies when they were gassy better than a warm bath. The incline of their bath lounger and the warm water seemed to provide relaxing relief every time. A bath rub or bath seat that will cradle your baby and keep them cozy in the tub, helping to mimic the womb, can make bath time more relaxing.
Sometimes a bath can be so effective at relieving constipation, that you’ll have quite a mess on your hands 😉 but it’s definitely worth it!
6. Bicycle baby’s legs
You can help your baby pass gas and get trapped air moving by bicycling and stretching their legs. To do this, simply place your baby on their back and gently bicycle their legs. You can also put their legs together and rhythmically pull and push them in and out. You can also try gently rotating baby’s hips around to the right to help them pass gas.
7. Baby massage
Giving your baby massage is a wonderful way to bond with your baby, promote relaxation, and yes––relieve gas! To use infant massage for gas relief, try massaging their belly in a circular, clockwise motion using a few fingertips. You can also move the edge of your hand from their rib cage down their belly with light pressure.
Probiotics are gaining more and more attention as an effective and natural remedy for baby gas, colic, and general digestive upset. Probiotics work to balance and create healthy gut bacteria. This promotes regular digestive and may relieve gas.
In fact, there’s now research that fully supports probiotics as an effective treatment for colic (source). What’s more, Gerber Soothe Probiotic Colic drops have been clinically proven to reduce crying time and spit up frequency (both symptoms of gassy babies) in as little as two weeks (source).
9. Feeding well before sleep time
For babies that are prone to gas, it’s important to keep them upright for 20-30 minutes after a feeding. To help support this, try to feed your baby well before sleep times.
Feeding them right before a nap or bedtime can be a recipe for disaster. If they lay down right after eating, gas can build up and lead to a very fussy baby.
A sleep, eat, play routine can work well, wherein you aim to feed baby upon waking instead of right before sleep times. This can also help prevent a sleep association with nursing or bottle-feeding baby to sleep at night.
Another tip to help distance feeding from sleep time is to feed baby at the beginning of your nighttime routine instead of right before sleep.
Help you baby find natural gas relief with these tips
With these 9 tips for natural gas relief, I’m sure you will have your baby feeling better in no time! I know it’s hard to see our babies crying in pain from gas.
When you’re in it, especially in cases of extreme crying and colic, it can be extremely stressful. In the big picture, your baby’s gas is likely to be pretty short lived. Luckily, most babies outgrow gassiness by the time they are 4-6 months old.
Do you have another tip or trick to add to the list? We’d love to hear from you!
Sharing is caring!
Extraction and use of natural gas
Natural gas, just like oil and coal, is formed in the earth from organic matter of animal origin under the influence of high pressures and temperatures. Deposits of organisms that died and sank to the seabed formed silty sediments. Further, these sediments penetrated to the depths and, under the appropriate influence, a process took place under which the carbon contained in these sediments turned into hydrocarbons.
Oil is formed from a high molecular weight hydrocarbon, and gas is formed from a low molecular weight hydrocarbon. With the difference that the gas is obtained at higher temperatures and pressures. In this regard, natural gas is always present in oil fields. The gas is located at a depth of 1 to several kilometers in the earth in microscopic voids.
Natural gas is not a homogeneous substance consisting of 98% methane, the main composition includes ethane, butane, propane, as well as hydrogen, hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide, nitrogen.
Gas is extracted from the ground using wells. It comes out due to the fact that it is under high pressure in the reservoir, which exceeds atmospheric pressure.
Natural gas is colorless and odorless (if it does not contain hydrogen sulfide), it is lighter than air. Flammable and explosive.
Properties of individual constituents of natural gas:
Methane (Ch5) is a colorless, odorless gas, lighter than air. Flammable, but still it can be stored with sufficient ease.
Ethane (C2H6) is a colorless, odorless and colorless gas, slightly heavier than air. Also combustible, not used as fuel.
Propane (C3H8) is a colorless, odorless gas, poisonous, its useful properties include: liquefaction at low pressure, which makes it easy to separate from impurities and transport.
Butane (C4h20) — properties similar to propane, but higher density. Twice as heavy as air.
Carbon dioxide (CO2) is a colorless, odorless gas with a sour taste. One of the most low-toxic gases does not burn either.
Helium (He) — colorless, very light, colorless and odorless. Extremely inert, under normal conditions does not react with any of the substances. Does not burn. It is not toxic, but at elevated pressure it can cause anesthesia.
Hydrogen sulfide (h3S) is a colorless heavy gas with a smell of rotten eggs. Very poisonous, even at very low concentrations it causes paralysis of the olfactory nerve.
Ethylene (C2h5) – A colorless gas with a pleasant smell. It is similar in properties to ethane, but differs from it in lower density and flammability.
Acetylene (C2h3) is an extremely flammable and explosive colorless gas. With strong compression, it can explode. It is not used in everyday life due to the very high risk of fire or explosion. The main application is in welding work.
Methane is used as fuel in gas stoves.
Propane and butane as fuel in some vehicles. Lighters are also filled with liquefied propane.
Ethane is rarely used as a fuel, its main use is the production of ethylene.
Ethylene is one of the most produced organic substances in the world. It is a raw material for the production of polyethylene.
Acetylene is used to create very high temperatures in metallurgy (reconciliation and cutting of metals). Acetylene is very flammable, therefore it is not used as a fuel in cars, and even without this, its storage conditions must be strictly observed.
Hydrogen sulfide, despite its toxicity, is used in small quantities in the so-called. sulfide baths. They use some of the antiseptic properties of hydrogen sulfide.
The main useful property of helium is its very low density (7 times lighter than air). Helium fill balloons and airships. Hydrogen is even lighter than helium, but at the same time combustible. Helium balloons are very popular among children.
Carbon monoxide | THE INVISIBLE ENEMY
Carbon Monoxide Sources
Typically, carbon monoxide is formed when there is not enough oxygen to burn. The reason for this situation is faulty ventilation or a clogged chimney, as a result of which flue gases do not exit through the chimney, but accumulate in the room, in turn reducing the level of oxygen necessary for combustion. Flue gases generated in gas equipment are odorless and colorless, so a person cannot feel when flue gases and carbon monoxide begin to penetrate from gas equipment into the room. Ordinary burning of food can also cause carbon monoxide and cause poisoning. But in everyday life, the most common cause of carbon monoxide formation is still the stove damper closed too early.
Carbon monoxide detector
Since carbon monoxide is odorless, colorless and tasteless, the smoke detector cannot detect it. It is worth knowing that the smoke detector is triggered by visible smoke. These are two completely different devices, the principles of operation of which are different. The carbon monoxide sensor is the only device that detects carbon monoxide. The carbon monoxide sensor sends an alarm signal when the concentration of carbon monoxide in the air begins to approach a level dangerous to human health. The carbon monoxide sensor does not detect natural gas leaks.
Install a carbon monoxide detector if you have one at home:
- Gas equipment — gas boiler or gas boiler
- Solid fuel stove/stove/fireplace
A carbon monoxide detector is not necessary if the only gas appliance you use in your home is a gas stove and there is no solid fuel combustion chamber.
How to install?
When to install a carbon monoxide detector
Since 2018, in Estonia, the installation of a carbon monoxide detector has been mandatory in all dwellings that have a gas appliance connected to a chimney. Such equipment is primarily a gas-fired boiler and boiler. Although today the installation of a carbon monoxide detector is mandatory for gas equipment connected to a chimney, in any case it is worth installing the detector if you have heating equipment at home, which can also cause the formation of dangerous carbon monoxide: wood stove, fireplace, stove, boiler etc.
The installation of a carbon monoxide detector is voluntary if the formation of carbon monoxide and its entry into the living quarters is prevented by technical aids. For example, in the event that the combustion air is taken into the gas device directly from the atmosphere and the gas released during combustion is also sent through the chimney provided for this directly into the atmosphere.
Acquisition of carbon monoxide sensor
Before you buy a carbon monoxide detector, consider where you want to install it. For example, a sensor installed in a bathroom should be suitable for wet rooms. Information about the moisture resistance of the sensor can be found in its instruction manual.
You can choose between sensors with and without a screen, there are also sensors with different power systems (battery or accumulator).
Be aware that the sensor must be accompanied by an instruction manual in Estonian, which will indicate the requirements for its installation.
The sensor alarm is generally triggered when the indoor carbon monoxide concentration exceeds 30 ppm for more than two hours or when the carbon monoxide concentration is 300 ppm or more. The alarm will stop working when the carbon monoxide concentration falls below 50 ppm. Digital display sensor alarm is triggered under the same conditions.
Make sure the
sensor bears the following information:
- CE mark — this mark indicates that the manufacturer or importer guarantees that the product meets all important health and safety requirements
- Manufacturer data
- Type of gas to be detected with device name and model
- Standard number, machine type (A or B)
- Serial number (or month-day of production)
- Rated voltage/frequency/power (in case of mains supply)
- Battery type (if battery powered)
- Recommended Maximum Device Life
- Warning «Read the instruction manual carefully before installation and use»
Carbon monoxide sensor installation
Carbon monoxide sensors vary, so when installing a sensor, always refer to the specific sensor’s instruction manual, which should come with it.
The most appropriate location for the carbon monoxide sensor depends on several factors: the location of the combustion chamber, room layout, ventilation system, occupancy, etc.
The sensor is installed according to the manufacturer’s instructions. The sensor should not be located near ventilation systems or air ducts because carbon monoxide levels may be lower there than elsewhere.
If it is a house with several floors, it is recommended to install a carbon monoxide detector on each floor and, if possible, in each bedroom.
Carbon monoxide detector must not be installed:
- above the sink or above the stove
- in a location where curtains or furniture can obstruct airflow to the sensor
- in a place where the temperature drops below 10°C or rises above 40°C
- in a place where the sensor can be hit or otherwise damaged
- in a location where dirt or dust can accumulate and interfere with sensor
- outside building
- in cabinet
Carbon monoxide detector recommended:
- in a room where there is a source of carbon monoxide
- in the bedroom
- on each floor
- in the nursery
- in the kitchen
- in garage
One carbon monoxide detector is intended for use in one room because the device only indicates the level of carbon monoxide that diffuses near the detector. Carbon monoxide detector does not detect natural gas leaks or smoke!
How to maintain a carbon monoxide detector?
- Check the working condition of the carbon monoxide sensor once a month. This is done by pressing the test button. An audible signal confirms the operating status of the device.
- The carbon monoxide sensor should be dusted regularly. You can use a rag for this.
- A carbon monoxide detector with a replaceable power supply will report a low battery with an intermittent beep or information on a digital display. This means that the battery should be changed as soon as possible.
What to do if the carbon monoxide sensor is triggered?
- Quickly open windows and doors and ventilate the room well.
- Remove potential casualties to fresh air. If someone shows symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning (headache, dizziness, nausea, vomiting), then call an ambulance.
- Turn off all fuel burning equipment or open damper.
- Call a qualified technician to help solve the problem.
The carbon monoxide alarm will stop working after the carbon monoxide concentration drops.
Carbon monoxide poisoning
The symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning depend on the amount of carbon monoxide inhaled. A mild degree of poisoning is characterized by headache, dizziness, tinnitus, a feeling of lack of air, nausea, general weakness and apathy. With the aggravation of poisoning, a violation of motor functions occurs, and the person remains conscious, that is, he is aware of the seriousness of the threat that has arisen, he wants to leave the dangerous environment, but is unable to do so. Then comes the loss of consciousness. If help arrives quickly, then the symptoms of poisoning disappear and the person recovers completely. But if the action of the poisonous substance continues, the person falls into a coma, that is, into a deep unconscious state that poses a threat to life.
Carbon monoxide levels and associated symptoms
Exposure and symptoms over time
Low carbon monoxide concentration. Even 8 hours in such an environment may not cause any symptoms of poisoning. But it is still worth checking the heating equipment and monitoring the situation.
Weakness, with physical exertion there is a feeling of lack of air.
This concentration is safe for humans for 15 minutes. If this time is exceeded, then there is a throbbing headache in the temples, drowsiness and a feeling of lack of air during physical exertion.
Within 2-3 hours there is a throbbing headache, drowsiness, tiredness and excitement, nausea.
Vomiting, drowsiness, tachycardia, headache, fainting and agitation, visual disturbances appear within 1-2 hours.
Dangerous to life after three hours. Severe headache, agitation.
Dangerous to life after two hours. Vomiting, severe headache, fainting, visual disturbances.
The concentration of carbon monoxide is measured in ppm, that is, in parts per million. 1 ppm = 0.001‰ = 0.0001%
NB! Children, people suffering from respiratory and circulatory diseases, and the elderly are the most sensitive to carbon monoxide. Even a small dose of carbon monoxide can pose a huge threat to the embryo.
- Install a carbon monoxide detector — it will report a dangerous situation.
- Have your heating and gas appliances regularly serviced by competent persons!
- The chimney and chimney of heating equipment should be cleaned once a year. The chimney in an apartment building and the chimney of gas appliances can only be cleaned by a chimney sweeper who has a certificate of qualification.
- Do not rebuild heating systems, chimneys and ventilation unless you are a specialist.