1St grade subtraction word problems: 1st grade word problem worksheets — free and printable

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Subtraction Word Problems — Grade 1

Subtraction helps us to find the difference. Subtraction can tell us how many are left.

Subtraction is easy to do! Subtraction is the opposite of addition.
We can use subtraction in word, or story, problems.
Subtraction skills can help us solve correctly!

For example:


Let’s take a look at the example above.
We are subtracting because some of the dolphins swim away.
There are 10 dolphins to start with and 5 swim away.
We need to figure out how many are left.
We can do this by subtracting 10 – 5 to get our answer.

We write it like this:

10 – 5 = 5

There are 5 dolphins left!


Let’s look at another problem!


Let’s take a look at the example above.
We are subtracting because some of the butterflies fly away.
There are 11 butterflies to start with and 4 fly away.
We need to figure out how many are left.
We can do this by subtracting 11 – 4 to get our answer.

We write it like this:

11 – 4 = 7

There are 7 butterflies left!


Amazing work! Let’s look at another problem together.


This time we will subtract strawberries.
We are SUBTRACTING to find out how many are left because some have been eaten.
We can see that there were nine strawberries to start with. Six of them have been eaten
When we SUBTRACT 9 minus 6, we have 3 left.
We say: NINE minus SIX equals THREE.
We write it like this:

9 – 6 = 3


Let’s try one more together!



This time we will subtract donuts.
We are SUBTRACTING to find out how many are left because some have been eaten.
We can see that there were ten donuts to start with. Six of them have been eaten
When we SUBTRACT 10 minus 6, we have 4 left.
We say: TEN minus SIX equals FOUR.
We write it like this:

10 – 6 = 4


There are many different words that are used to describe subtraction. For example, we can find out HOW MANY MORE there are or how many ARE LEFT. Here are several other examples:


Knowing these keywords will help you understand that in order to solve some problems, you must subtract. You might see these keywords in math story problems.

There are many strategies you can use to help you subtract correctly. We will learn about these in other lessons.

Now, let’s practice!

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Games for 1st Graders on Subtraction Word Problems Online

In subtraction word problems, kids need to apply real-life situations in learning the right technique. Rather than simple computation using paper, kids should be motivated to use various strategies and problem-solving techniques to make sense of the problem.

Let us learn how to improvise on the ground methodologies to help them solve subtraction word problems using personalized learning through online educational games.

How to Solve Subtraction Word Problems?

Subtraction word problems are real-world scenarios where there is a loss of something as a result of subtracting a smaller number from a bigger number.

Identifying subtraction word problems using single and multi-step techniques will equip kids with problem-solving experiences and comprehend specific words and phrases to determine what mathematical operations are needed.

Kids need to be familiar with terms like change, decreased, difference, fewer, gave away, how many more…?, how many less…?, left, less, less than, minus, shorter than, smaller than, take away, etc.

For example, kids face a subtraction word problem that says:

Q – John has 18 pencils, and he gives away 9 to Peter. How many are left?

How should we help them solve the word problem?

Step 1 – It’s a real-life scenario, so the 1st grader must understand the keywords like give away and how many are left.

Step 2 – Concentrating on the words will help kids understand that he needs to deduct the number of pencils that have been given away.

Step 3 – They should draw verticals and pen down 18-9.

Step 4 – They will get the answer 9 even if the kids use mental maths to solve such kinds of questions.

Online curriculum-based subtraction word problems games will help them brush up their techniques, problem-solving, comprehension, and reasoning logic.

Holistic Subtraction Word Problem Games With Academic Vocabulary

Here are the four best educational online games:

1. Represent ‘Take Apart’ Scenarios

1st graders will work with ‘take apart’ situations to develop their understanding of each story situation and represent the same using expressive mathematical equations.

2. Change Unknown Scenarios

1st graders will apply subtraction to real-world situations by working on unknown scenarios. They can use the given model to get to the result, and they simply have to mark the correct option to complete the task.

3. Word Problems to Subtract Multiples of 10

This game is logically crafted for your kids to gain fluency in subtraction by strengthening their problem-solving ability, giving them a set of taking apart scenarios, and getting to the result.

4. Solve Difference Unknown Scenarios

1st graders will be empowered to strengthen their problem-solving ability by working with subtraction word problems using a set of «difference unknown» scenarios and finding the final answer.

Are kids Unable to Break the Misconception on Solving Word Problems?

Kids have been struggling profusely with subtraction word problems for what seems like forever. They are unable to make sense of the keywords used like ‘finding the difference,’ ‘lesser than, ‘ how many are left’ etc., which leads to a breakdown in mathematical reasoning. They might have issues establishing a relationship of numbers, differentiating between them, using academic vocab, and difficulty comprehending models and strategies.

Help Kids Using Common Core Standards 

As parents, you must encourage your kids to practically work on basic subtraction concepts before transitioning to word-based problems. You must use online gaming and interactive techniques to brush up their academic vocabulary and teach them the basic verbiage on such problems. Promote your kids to learn through SplashLearn games and visually augment their practicality and hands-on usage of subtraction word problems. 

Presenting subtraction word problems to kids in an in-depth organized fashion is the need of the hour. SplashLearn aims to help your kids indulge in personalized learning following core standards to visually enhance their mathematical operational skills.

Subtraction Word Problems

View all 3 Worksheets

Grade 1 Subtraction tasks | Outline of a lesson in mathematics (grade 1) on the topic:

Lesson in mathematics


Lesson — consolidation

Grade 1

Developed by: Puzina N. V. .


Subject: Fixing. Solving subtraction problems.

Purpose: to consolidate the ability to solve problems of various types, solve examples for addition and subtraction within 10; develop thinking, computational skills, mathematical speech.


Today we received an invitation to visit the nursery. And to whom?

My question is not difficult at all,

It is about ….

Was he the kindest,

Was he the most peaceful? (cat Leopold)

  • When are we invited? Let’s decipher the puzzle.


  • How nice! Because today is Thursday. You are happy?
  • What should we take with us to the nursery? (gifts, flowers, nice clothes, cake, etc.)
  • And we’ll go by train.
  • Who drives the trains?
  • Do we have trains in the city?
  • How do people behave on the train?
  • And you will find out who will go with us on the train if you carefully listen to the problem.

Beauty! Beauty!

We are taking a cat with us,

Chizhik, a dog,

Petka — a bully,

Monkey, a parrot —

What a company!

  • How many friends will travel with us.


M.Ch. number 6

— Name the neighbors, the sum of the same terms.



  • Guys, look what the little pranksters have done. They plucked our flowers. Gather the right flowers.

Girls — with the answer 6 , the development of mathematical speech.

Boys — answered 4

(Examples on petals).


  • Since Leopold is looking forward to our arrival, let’s send a telegram directly from the train.
  • 4 9 0 3 2 10 8 6 5 7 1
  • I will ask you questions (the answering child turns over the card with the correct answer).
  • Which numbers are greater than 5 but less than 8.
  • 1 term — 5, 2 term — 4. What is the sum?
  • How much is 4 less than 6 .
  • How much is 9 greater than 6.
  • Find the sum of numbers 1 and 4
  • Subtract 2 from 10.
  • 7 reduce by the same amount.
  • Vera is looking for her friends who hid from her. How many girlfriends hid if she saw 8 legs?
  • 7 increase by 3.
  • An old woman was going to Moscow. To meet her 3 grandfathers. Each has 2 bags. Each bag contains a cat. How many people went to Moscow in total?
  • Well done1 We have sent a telegram. Leopold is very pleased.
  • Moving on. We took sweets with us as a gift, and the mice gnawed holes in them. Restore passes.

4+6 6 — 5

2 + *

9 — * > 3 + 2 10 – 9 1 + 3

. . . . . .

Check with explanation.

What confectionery factories do you know in our country?

Who works at the confectionery factory?


Here is our train coming

The wheels are knocking,

And in our train

The guys are sitting.

Choo-choo-choo, choo-choo-choo!

A locomotive is running,

He took the guys.


When we go to the nursery we try to put on beautiful things, decorate a gift, dress up our favorite toy.

Page 86 No. 1(1z).

  • Reading aloud by the teacher.
  • What the problem is about.
  • What is known in the problem.
  • What you need to know.
  • What a task.


Red — 10 cm No. 2

Blue — 5 cm per ? in short

  • Why did we solve these problems by subtraction.


The next task offered by the mice.

  • Match the diagram to the problem and explain.
  1. Leopold sent out invitations to nursery for 7 animals, but he invited 3 less birds. How many invitations did the birds receive?
  2. Leopold put 4 vases with sweets on the table, and 3 vases with biscuits. How many more candy vases are there than cookies?
  • When will we solve problems by subtraction?
  • TOTAL.
  • Here is our stop. We are met by the birthday cat Leopold himself. What to say (congratulations) and give gifts.
  • What will the birthday man say (thank you)
  • — What should the little pranksters do? (sorry)
  • What will be the answer of the cat Leopold?

Cat Leopold treats all of you with sweets with arithmetic filling. Solve the example and find out what grade you got.


Page 86 #4.

Subtraction tasks — Preparing for school and developing tasks for children Mama7ya

Solving subtraction problems

Subtraction Math Problems

Arithmetic subtraction problems :

  • Subtraction problems Grade 1
  • Subtraction problems Grade 2
  • Subtraction task Grade 3
  • Subtraction problem 4th grade
  • Subtraction problems Grade 5

Subtraction problems

Examples of subtraction problems :

  • Simple subtraction problems
  • Subtraction Problems
  • Problems in verses for subtraction
  • Subtraction problems in 1 action
  • 2-step task subtraction

Subtraction problems preparatory group

Subtraction problems :

  • Subtraction problems within 10
  • Subtraction problems within 20

Subtraction problems Grade 1

Mathematics Grade 1 subtraction problems

  1. In the morning 6 bees were circling around the hive, and in the afternoon there were 2 fewer bees. How many bees are left circling around the hive during the day?
  2. At school, Misha was given homework to solve 9 math problems. By the evening Misha had solved 7 problems and wrote everything down in a notebook. How many problems are left for Misha to solve?
  3. Masha bought 6 bananas in the store and put them in the kitchen. When mom came home, Masha decided to treat her mom and they ate one banana each. How many bananas are left?

Solving subtraction problems Grade 1

  1. At the dacha, Tanya and Vova decided to harvest apples. Tanya and Vova collected 11 baskets of apples by the evening. Their neighbor Veronica was passing by and they decided to treat her with two baskets of apples. How many baskets of apples do the children have left.
  2. Vika drew in the album and colored the drawing with felt-tip pens. There were 12 felt-tip pens in a pack, but while drawing, her red, blue and green felt-tip pens stopped writing. With how many felt-tip pens can Vika draw now?
  3. A dog named Rex got 5 bones in the morning. He ate 2 bones, and he decided to leave the rest for dinner. How many bones does Rex eat for lunch?

Subtraction problems Grade 2

  1. Nikita wanted to wish his friends a Happy New Year and wrote 12 letters. On Monday he went to the post office and sent 7 letters. How many letters will he have left to send on Tuesday?
  2. Vera cut out 15 snowflakes to decorate the Christmas tree. She hung 6 snowflakes on the Christmas tree in the morning. In the evening, she offered to hang the rest to her elder sister. How many snowflakes are left for the girls to hang on the Christmas tree?
  3. The hedgehog decided to carry 9 mushrooms on his back. The path in the forest was winding and the hedgehog picked 3 mushrooms along the way. How many mushrooms could the hedgehog bring to the mink?

Subtraction problems Grade 3

  1. Sasha read 25 pages in two weeks. In the second week, she managed to read 12 pages. How many pages did Sasha read in the first week?
  2. There were 14 sweets in a vase. Ate 5 sweets. How many candies are left in the vase?
  3. There were 7 sweets in the box. Brother and sister decided to share among themselves and each took 3 sweets. How many candies are left?

Subtraction problems Grade 4

  1. Arina had 9 clean notebooks in a cage. For a week she wrote 3 notebooks in a cage. How many clean notebooks in a cage does Arina have left?
  2. Kolya had 18 pencils. He decided to sharpen them all and sharpened 13 pencils. How many pencils does he have left to sharpen?
  3. In the kindergarten, children were given 20 cardboard sheets to cut out. By the end of the lesson, there were 8 unused sheets left. How many sheets of cardboard did the children use in class?

Subtraction problems Grade 5

  1. The store sold 19 toys. After the toy store closed, there were 5 toys left in the window. How many toys did you buy per day?
  2. 17 children rode the carousel. 5 children got off the carousel. How many children are left to ride the carousel next?
  3. 16 berries grew on a raspberry bush. The girl picked 12 raspberries. How many raspberries are left hanging on the bush?

Simple subtraction problems

Subtraction problems for preschoolers

  1. Polina had 13 stickers and she pasted 6 in her notebook. How many stickers does Polina have left?
  2. Maxim had 8 apples. After Maxim treats Vitya with apples, Maxim has 5 apples left. How many apples did he give to Vita?

Complex subtraction problems

Arithmetic subtraction problems for preschoolers

  1. There are 15 players in the chess group. When several players fell ill, only 7 players came to the lesson. How many chess players got sick?

Problems in verses for subtraction

In Katyusha’s plate

There are four pears.

By alexxlab

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