# 5Th grade order of operation: What is Order Of Operations? Definition, Rules, Examples, Facts

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## What is Order Of Operations? Definition, Rules, Examples, Facts

There are many operations in mathematics, such as addition, subtraction, multiplication, and division. They help us evaluate mathematical expressions.

Consider the following expression: 4+ 5 × 32 – 2

The expression consists of many operations. But which part do you calculate first?

You may start from the left and get one answer. But your friend may begin from the right and get a completely different answer!

Note: Both the methods given above are incorrect.

Hence, to avoid confusion, a standard rule was set to perform such calculations. This rule is known as the order of operations.

### What Is the Order of Operations in Math?

If you have an expression where all the operations are the same (example: only addition, only subtraction, only multiplication, or only division) then the correct way to solve it would be from left to right. But for expressions with multiple operations, we need to follow the order of operations. The order of operations is the rule that tells us the sequence in which we should solve an expression with multiple operations.

A way to remember that order is PEMDAS. Each letter in PEMDAS stands for a mathematical operation.

##### Related Games

Order of Operations Steps:

#### Parentheses

The first step is to solve the operation within parentheses or brackets. Parentheses are used to group things together. Work out all groupings from inside to out.

#### Exponents

Work out the exponential expressions after the parentheses.

#### Multiplication and Division

Next, moving from left to right, multiply and/or divide, whichever comes first.

Lastly, moving from left to right, add and/or subtract, whichever comes first.

##### Related Worksheets

Why Follow the Order of Operations?

We follow the rules of the order of operations to solve expressions so that everyone arrives at the same answer. Here’s an example of how we can get different answers if the correct order of operations is NOT followed:

### Solved Examples On Order Of Operations

Example 1: Solve: 2 + 6 × (4 + 5) ÷ 3 5 using PEMDAS.

Solution:

Step 1 – Parentheses : 2+6 × (4 + 5) ÷ 3 – 5 = 2 + 6 × 9 ÷ 3 – 5

Step 2 – Multiplication: 2 + 6 × 9 ÷ 3 – 5 = 2 + 54 ÷ 3 – 5

Step 3 – Division: 2 + 54 ÷ 3 – 5 = 2 + 18 – 5

Step 4 – Addition: 2 + 18 – 5 = 20 – 5

Step 5 – Subtraction: 20 5 = 15

Example 2: Solve 4 – 5 ÷ (8 – 3) × 2 + 5 using PEMDAS.

Solution:

Step 1 – Parentheses: 4 – 5 ÷ (8 – 3) × 2 + 5 = 4 – 5 ÷ 5 × 2 + 5

Step 2 – Division: 4 – 5 ÷ 5 × 2 + 5 = 4 – 1 × 2 + 5

Step 3 – Multiplication:  4 – 1 × 2 + 5 = 4 – 2 + 5

Step 4 – Subtraction: 4 – 2 + 5 = 2 + 5

Step 5 – Addition: 2 + 5 = 7

Example 3: Solve 100 ÷ (6 + 7 × 2) 5 using PEMDAS. Solution:

Step 1 – Multiplication inside parentheses: 100 ÷ (6 + 7 × 2) – 5= 100 ÷ (6 + 14) – 5

Step 2 – Addition inside parentheses: 100 ÷ (6 + 14) – 5 = 100 ÷ 20 – 5

Step 3 – Division: 100 ÷ 20 – 5 = 5 – 5 Step 4 – Subtraction: 5 5 = 0

### Practice Problems On Order Of Operations

1

48

49

50

51

4 + (5 × 3² + 2)
= 4 + (5 × 9 + 2
)
= 4 + (45 + 2)
= 4 + 47
= 51

2

#### Simplify 9 – 24 ÷ 8 × 2 + 3 using PEMDAS.

7

6

5

4

9 – 24 ÷ 8 × 2 + 3
= 9 – 3 × 2 + 3 (Notice that we did division before multiplication because we should go from left to right.)
= 9 – 6 + 3
= 3 + 3 (Notice that we did subtraction before addition because we should go from left to right.)
= 6

3

#### Simplify [(32 ÷ 4) + 3] × 2 using PEMDAS. 20

18

22

10

[(32 ÷ 4) + 3] × 2
= [8 + 3] × 2
= 11 × 2
= 22

4

#### Simplify \$(3 × 5² ÷ 5)\$ – \$(16 — 10)\$ using PEMDAS.

15

9

3

\$(3 × 5² ÷ 5)\$ – \$(16 – 10)\$
= \$(3 × 25 ÷ 5)\$ – \$(16 – 10)\$
= \$(75 ÷ 5)\$ – \$(6)\$
= 15 – 6
= 9

### Frequently Asked Questions On Order Of Operations

What is the order of operations in math?

The order of operations are the rules that tell us the sequence in which we should solve an expression with multiple operations.

The order is PEMDAS: Parentheses, Exponents, Multiplication, and Division (from left to right), Addition and Subtraction (from left to right).

Is there a trick we can use to remember the order of operations?

Yes. You can use the phrase “Please Excuse My Dear Aunt Sally” to remember PEMDAS.

Can we perform subtraction before addition?

Yes, addition and subtraction are at the same level according to the PEMDAS rule. So, without brackets, we do the math from left to right if we are only dealing with addition and subtraction. For example, 9 – 6 + 3 = 3 + 3 = 6.

Can we perform division before multiplication?

Yes, multiplication and division are at the same level according to the PEMDAS rule. So, without brackets, we do the math from left to right if we are only dealing with multiplication and division. For example, 24 ÷ 8 × 2 = 3 × 2 = 6.

Are PEMDAS and BODMAS the same?

Yes. Both PEMDAS and BODMAS are acronyms for remembering the order of operations. They are different names for the same rule. What they call PEMDAS in the US is called BODMAS in the UK, Australia, India and various other countries.

• Division
• Multiplication
• Subtract

## Order of Operations — Math Fun Worksheets

### ORDER OF OPERATIONS WORKSHEETS

These Order of Operations worksheets are the best for children who need to solve mathematical expressions which involves more than one fundamental arithmetic operation. You can also call it PEDMAS worksheets. Thus order of operations are just a set of rules that tell you the order in which math operation (Addition/ Subtraction/ Multiplication/ Division) should be done.

##### Let us learn to solve arithmetic expressions

Let us consider the expression 10- 2 x 3.
If we subtract first 10 — 2 x 3 = 8 x 3 = 24
If we multiply first 10- 2 x 3 = 10- 6 = 4

We are getting two different answers. Hence, to avoid confusions and always arrive the correct answer, we follow a definite order to evaluate an expression.

The rules to follow when you evaluate an arithmetic expression.
1. Do operations in Parentheses first
2. Exponents
3. Multiplication/ Division (Go from left to right, do whichever operation comes first)
4. Addition/ Subtraction (Go from left to right, do whichever operation comes first)

Form an acronym, PEDMAS rule of Operations. A few arithmetic expressions have been evaluated step- by- step using PEDMAS for easy understanding. Have a look before you download our free worksheets for practice.

#### Multiple choice questions

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Page updated on 06/01/2023

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Municipal educational institution «Secondary school No. 52», Yaroslavl

Admission to the 5th profile class with in-depth study of mathematics

atiki) in the 2023-2024 academic year

(Minutes dated 05/30/2023)

Applications for admission to grade 5 with in-depth study of certain subjects (mathematics) for the 2023-2024 academic year are accepted from June 1 to June 5 inclusive in electronic form (to the school’s email address) or through the class teacher. The application form is attached.

Regulatory documents:

• Order of the Department of Education of the Mayor’s Office of the City of Yaroslavl No. 01-05/90 dated January 27, 2023 “On approval of the list of general educational organizations in which individual selection is allowed upon receipt of basic general education”, order of the Department of Education of the Mayor’s Office of the city of Yaroslav la No. 01-05/163 dated February 17, 2023 “On Amendments to the List of General Educational Organizations Allowing Individual Selection in Obtaining Basic General Education”
• High School Principal Order No. 52
• Regulations on classes with in-depth study of individual subjects in educational programs of basic general education in the municipal educational institution «Secondary School No. 52»
• The procedure for organizing individual selection upon admission (enrollment in the order of transfer) of students to receive basic general education in classes with in-depth study of individual subjects in the municipal educational institution «Secondary School No. 52» (hereinafter referred to as the Procedure)

Schedule of individual selection, information on the conditions of individual selection. From April 17, 2023 to May 12, 2023 — accepting applications for individual selection for grade 5 with in-depth study of mathematics in electronic form (scan / photo) to the email address: [email protected]

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May 15, 2023 — additional test (test).

From May 25, 2023 to May 30, 2023 — receiving copies of the summary sheet (quarter trimester / annual assessments) in electronic form (scan / photo) to the email address: [email protected]

9003 8 No later than May 31, 2023 — announcement of the results of individual selection for grade 5 with in-depth study of mathematics on the school website and information stands at the entrance to the school.

Information about the conditions of individual selection

in grade 5 with in-depth study of mathematics

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Examination contains 9 tasks. The work consists of two parts. Part 1 contains 6 tasks, part 2 — 3 tasks. The structure of the work corresponds to the idea of ​​a differentiated approach to teaching and monitoring the knowledge and skills of students. The work provides for both checking the achievement of the level of basic training by schoolchildren, and the opportunity for students to demonstrate their knowledge at higher levels. Detailed description of the control work.

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