Adaptations of tigers: The Environment & Adaptations of Tigers

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White Bengal Tiger: WhoZoo

White Bengal Tiger: WhoZoo


here to see the normal color for Bengal tigers

Bengal tiger from

Name: Bengal Tiger
Scientific name: Panthera
Range: Asia.(India
Habitat: Dense Forest
and Lush Grasslands
Status: Endangered
Diet in the wild: water
buffalo,goat,deer,wild boar.
Diet in the zoo: Chicken,horsemeat
or kangaroo meat five days a week. Fast on bones twice a week.
Location in the zoo:
Asian Falls



Bengal Tigers are
fully grown at 2-3 years of age. Male reach weights of 200-230 kilograms
and up to three metres in length. The females are 130-170 kilograms
and up to 2.5 meters long. They have stripes all over their body. 
Their stripes are like fingerprints.  No two are the same. 
The stripes are not only in the tigers fur, but are a pigmentation of
the skin. They have a white spot on the back of their ears,whick looks
like eyes. 


Bengal tigers are
also called as Indian tiger, they are the most numerous in population
than any other tiger subspecies.   They were killed as a part of
sport carried out by Indian and British royalties.  There number
declined at a fast rate. They are one of the only two species of cats
that like water.  At full running speed they reach speed of up
to 60 kilometers per hour.  They do not possess great stamina. 
The average tiger sleeps between 16 to 18 hours per day. 

anatomical, physiological or behavioral adaptations: 

The ability of big
cats to roar is related to the arrangement of bones under the tongue. 
Also the stripes on its body helps its ability to hide in the tall grass
and tress. Bengal tiger is very patient, it watches its prey and waits
till the right time to make its move.  It has very strong jaws;
it catches the prey by its neck and the strong jaws and teeth help him
to kill its prey. Bengal tiger has a strong sense of smell. It also
has a great vision which helps it to hunt during the night time. 
Bengal tigers can also swim and move quite swiftly in the water. 
They have the ability to shed or grow body hair according to how cold
or hot it gets. 

about the white tigers of the Fort Worth Zoo. 

All white Bengal tigers are the descendants of four cubs of a white
tiger originally killed in India. The
tigers now in the exhibit first came to the zoo as cubs. They were preceded
by a female tiger named Neela, who lived at the zoo until her death
at the age of 18.

of cubs courtesy of Derek Hilton



I have had an opportunity

to see this amazing animal in the wild while I was visiting one of the

wild life sanctuaries in India.  This animal is truly amazing. They

had a very muscular body.  They had just finished their meal so they

appeared very lethargic.  On the whole, the tigers did not move much.

They take extra care of their cubs.  The tigress got really angry

when people attempted to come near the cubs to take pictures.



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author: Deependra Chhabra. E-mail address:

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Physical Characteristics and Special Adaptations

Physical Characteristics and Special Adaptations

A. Size

1. Tigers are the largest living species of cat.

2. The head and body length of tigers varies from 1.4 to 2.8 m (4.6-9.2 ft.). Tail
lengths vary from 0.6 to 0.95 m (2-3.1 ft.). (2)

3. The largest tigers are found in the north, gradually becoming smaller in the south.

a. The Siberian tiger is the largest subspecies. Males weigh 180 to 306 kg (397-675
lb.), and females weigh 100-167 kg (221-368 lb.). (1)

b. Bengal tigers are slightly smaller, with males weighing 180 to 258 kg (397-569 lb.)
and females weighing 100 to 160 kg (221-353 lb.). (1)

c. The smallest living subspecies is the Sumatran. Males weigh 100 to 140 kg (221-309
lb.) and females weigh 75 to 110 kg (165-243 lb.). (1)

4. Tigers are sexually dimorphic (males and females are distinctly different in
appearance). Adult males of all subspecies are larger than adult females, and the males
grow a well-defined ruff of hair around their necks. (2)

B. Body

1. A tiger’s body is built for capturing and killing large prey
through stealth and sudden attack. (2)

2. Powerful limbs and a flexible backbone enable tigers to quickly chase and catch prey
over short distances. Tigers can cover up to 10 m (33 ft.) in a single leap. (1)

a. A tiger’s hindlimbs are longer than the forelimbs, an adaptation
for jumping. (8)

b. The forelimbs and shoulders are well-muscled, and the forelegs can twist inward,
enabling the tiger to grab and hold large prey. (2)

3. A tiger’s feet (paws) have soft pads, and long, sharp, retractile

a. The underside of the paws have soft pads which allow tigers to quietly stalk their
prey. Unlike humans who are flat-footed, tigers walk on their toes. (3)

b. The forefeet have five claws which are used for attacking prey or other tigers. The
first claw, called a dew claw, is vestigial (reduced in
size) and does not reach the ground. Tigers keep the foreclaws sharp by scratching them on
«scratching posts» such as tree trunks.(3)

c. The hindfeet have four claws. The hindclaws are occasionally used to help bring down
large prey, and in defense against other tigers.

d. Tigers seldom climb trees, but are capable of doing so with the help of their front
and back claws. (1, 3)

e. When not in use, each claw is retracted (by ligaments) into a sheath of skin, which
protects it from excessive wear. To extend the claw from the sheath, muscular action is
needed to straighten the last toe bone and pull the claw forward. (3)

C. Head

1. A tiger’s head is rounded and shortened, and the eyes face forward.

2. The jaws are short and powerful, and generally contain 30 teeth.

a. Incisor teeth help to grab hold of prey as well as pull meat off bones.

b. Canine teeth are used for biting and killing.

c. Premolars and molars are used for tearing and chewing. The carnassials of cats (the
fourth upper premolar and the first lower molar on each side of the jaw) are the most
scissorlike of all carnivores. They function like knife blades to slice meat.

d. Dental formula for tigers: I=3/3, C=1/1, P=3/2, M=1/1

D. Hair and coloration

1. Hair, or coat color, in tigers ranges from yellow to reddish-ochre.

a. Tigers in northern areas, like Russia and northern China, are usually lighter in
color than tigers in southern areas, like Malaysia and Sumatra. (2)

b. In general, Siberian tigers have light yellow coats; Bengals, lightish-yellow to
reddish-yellow; Indo-Chinese and South Chinese, reddish-orange; and Sumatrans,
reddish-ochre. (2)

2. A tiger’s coat is transversely marked with black, brown, or gray stripes. This
distinctive color pattern is a type of disruptive coloration;
the stripes help to conceal a tiger in tall vegetation by visually breaking up the shape
of the body. (2)

3. Tigers can be identified by the stripe patterns on their faces and bodies, which are
unique to each tiger. Tigers may also be identified by their paw prints,
or pugmarks. Because pugmarks of the same tiger may look
different in varying soil types, only tigers with foot peculiarities can be reliably
identified by their prints. (9)

4. A tiger’s underside is white or creamy, the tail is ringed, and
the ears are black with a white central spot. When one tiger threatens
another, it twists its ears so that the backs face forward, prominently displaying the
white markings. (1, 3, 14)

5. The length and thickness of a tiger’s coat varies according to geographic latitude.
Tigers living in cold climates, such as Russia, grow thick, shaggy coats in winter. Tigers
in warmer climates have short, dense coats. (2)

6. Tigers with white coats are rare in the wild. White tigers are leucocystic (white with sparse coloration), having blue eyes
and gray to brown stripes. True albinos have no pigmentation. (7)

a. White-coated tigers were first observed in India around the turn of the century.
Animals having this unusual recessive trait grow faster and are larger in size than the
average yellow-colored tiger. These characteristics may have surfaced due to inbreeding in
over-hunted and fragmented populations. (7)

b. Though impressive in coloration and stature, white tigers are at a disadvantage in
the wild. White coats make it difficult for these tigers to blend into their natural
environment and conceal themselves from potential prey. They can also be seen more easily
by human hunters.

c. In 1951, the Maharajah of Rewa India captured a Bengal white tiger cub to live at
his palace. This male tiger, named Mohan, was eventually bred with a yellow-colored
female. A union with one of his yellow-colored daughters produced white offspring. (7)

d. Most white tigers in zoological parks are descendants of Mohan. Another lineage of
white tigers comes from the mating of two tigers at the Hawthorn Circus in Illinois, one
Siberian and one of unknown origin, that both carried the white-color gene. (2, 7)

7. Black or melanistic tigers have reportedly been seen
in the wild, but their existence has never been confirmed. Sightings of partially
melanistic, bluish tigers, have also been reported, but skeptics feel these were probably
orange-colored tigers covered with mud. (2)

E. Life Span

In the wild, tigers probably live about 15 years. Tigers in zoos have lived 16 to 18
years, and one Siberian tiger lived 26 years. (2)


Amur tiger Storm has been adapted to its historical homeland

November 28, 2022, 03:28
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November 28, 2022, 13:28

A month ago, a striped predator arrived at the Priamursky Zoo and has been in quarantine all this time. Storm’s condition was assessed by specialists from the Moscow zoo nursery, from where the tiger was brought.

  • Sea of ​​Okhotsk

  • Transsib

  • Amur

  • BAM

  • Far East

  • GTRK «Far East»

  • Khabarovsk region

  • Komsomolsk-on-Amur

  • Khabarovsk

  • Amur tiger

  • quarantine

  • adaptation

  • Zoo «Priamursky» named after V. P. Sysoeva

  • news

The first battle of the coastal «Tigers». Exclusive footage from the NVO zone » News of Vladivostok and Primorsky Krai

The tiger showed his temper. A volunteer detachment from Primorye took the first battle. Now there are more than 240 fighters on the front line. Their task is to support the Marines of the 155th Guards Brigade of the Pacific Fleet. The governor of the region also came to the combat positions to the volunteers. Oleg Kozhemyako has already visited the zone of the special operation several times. About adaptation to combat conditions, baptism by fire and the first trophies of the Tiger — a report by Tatyana Dubko.

«Tiger» on the front line. Releases claws. Shoulder to shoulder with the seaside marines of the 155th Guards Brigade of the Pacific Fleet — fellow volunteers.

The gathering of a volunteer detachment in Primorye was announced in July. Applicants responded immediately. Passed fire, tactical training and now 240 fighters in the epicenter of hostilities.

Sergey Nosov, deputy commander of the Tiger battalion:

On the first day — baptism by fire. Volunteers successfully repel a sabotage group of foreign mercenaries. As it turned out, with an American residence permit. Primorye residents will be among the first to learn about the success of the Tiger from thousands of kilometers away from the governor’s telegram channel. Oleg Kozhemyako is back in combat gear. This is the third trip to the zone of the special operation. However, their number can only be judged by social networks. The head of the region does not advertise business trips to the NVO zone. The task is to support the coastal fighters.

The governor inspects the location of the battalion. Soldiers undergo adaptation in extreme conditions.

— Do you spend the night here?

— Yes. The enemy comes out with their hands up after our bombings.

And here is the artillery of the marines. A heavy response to the forces of the Armed Forces of Ukraine.

No time to build up. Volunteers are already involved in combat work. The main thing is the right attitude.

The governor promised maximum support from the region: moral and technical.

Oleg Kozhemyako, Governor of Primorsky Krai:
«We will re-equip. Part of the cargo, equipment will already be sent.
It’s over, we need to explain to people that this is a war, and we must be extremely careful.

By alexxlab

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