Ammonia solution for cleaning: Ammonia Uses and Benefits | Chemical Safety Facts

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Moderate Concern


Skin Allergies &

Some Concern


Developmental &
Reproductive Toxicity

High Concern



Some Concern



Moderate Concern


How does it rate: Scores for similar cleaners ranged from VERIFIED to F.
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Top Scoring Factors: Corrosive; May contain ingredients with potential for Government enforceable restrictions; developmental/endocrine/reproductive effects; acute aquatic toxicity

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Health, Environment,
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High Concern: acute aquatic toxicity; Moderate Concern: respiratory effects; Some Concern: damage to vision

Concerns from [AMMONIA GAS]: Some Concern: respiratory effects, general systemic/organ effects, damage to vision, skin irritation/allergies/damage





High Concern: developmental/endocrine/reproductive effects; Some Concern: chronic aquatic toxicity, respiratory effects, skin irritation/allergies/damage, acute aquatic toxicity, damage to vision

Concerns from [3-DIMETHYLAMINOPROPYLAMINE]: Some Concern: general systemic/organ effects, skin irritation/allergies/damage, respiratory effects, damage to vision, developmental/endocrine/reproductive effects

Concerns from [NITROSAMINES]: Some Concern: cancer; Disclosure Concern: non-specific ingredient





High Concern: Government enforceable restrictions; Some Concern: general systemic/organ effects, developmental/endocrine/reproductive effects; Disclosure Concern: non-specific ingredient





Some Concern: skin irritation/allergies/damage, acute aquatic toxicity, respiratory effects, biodegradation; Disclosure Concern: non-specific ingredient





Moderate Concern: respiratory effects; Some Concern: chronic aquatic toxicity, skin irritation/allergies/damage, developmental/endocrine/reproductive effects, damage to vision

Concerns from [NITROSAMINES]: Some Concern: cancer









Some Concern: chronic aquatic toxicity, acute aquatic toxicity

Concerns from [ETHYLENE OXIDE]: Some Concern: cancer, developmental/endocrine/reproductive effects, damage to DNA, general systemic/organ effects, respiratory effects, nervous system effects, skin irritation/allergies/damage, damage to vision

Concerns from [1,4-DIOXANE]: Some Concern: cancer, digestive system effects, respiratory effects, skin irritation/allergies/damage





Some Concern: damage to vision, biodegradation





Moderate Concern: chronic aquatic toxicity; Some Concern: acute aquatic toxicity

Concerns from [TRIETHANOLAMINE]: Some Concern: respiratory effects, skin irritation/allergies/damage, developmental/endocrine/reproductive effects, damage to vision; Disclosure Concern: non-specific ingredient









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Homemade cleaners: how to make your own

See 12 homemade house cleaners that come from ingredients you probably already have, including an all-purpose cleaner, drain cleaner, jewelry cleaner, and more! These safe DIY cleaning solutions will do the trick for almost every household cleaning job.

Mix up your own cleaners using some common household items! Not only does this save money, but you can often whip up these cleaners on the spot. Plus, you’ll know what’s inside your household cleaners. You don’t have to use toxic chemicals to get your home clean. 

In general, you can rely on the staples such as:

  • Lemon juice: Acidity removes mineral deposits and wax or grease buildup
  • Baking soda (sodium bicarbonate): Cleans and deodorizes
  • Mild liquid soap (castile, olive oil soap)
  • White vinegar: Removes wax or grease build-up
  • Vegetable oil: Natural polisher
  • Borax (sodium borate): Removes mildew

WARNING: Never mix cleaning products containing bleach and ammonia, as dangerous fumes will result.

1. General-Purpose Cleaner

1 teaspoon borax
1/2 teaspoon washing soda
2 teaspoons vinegar
1/4 teaspoon dishwashing liquid
2 cups hot water

Combine all the ingredients. If you don’t have washing soda (generally found in the laundry section of supermarkets), use 1 teaspoon baking soda instead. For a more pleasant smell, use lemon juice instead of vinegar. Be sure to label the bottle accordingly.

2. Oven Cleaner

2 tablespoons dishwashing liquid
2 teaspoons borax
1/4 cup ammonia
1–1/2 cups warm water

Mix the ingredients together, apply to oven spills, and let sit for 20 to 30 minutes. Scrub with an abrasive nylon-backed sponge and rinse well.

3. Easy Scrub

3/4 cup baking soda
1/4 cup borax
dishwashing liquid

Combine the baking soda and borax. Mix in enough dishwashing liquid to make a smooth paste. If you prefer a pleasant smell, add 1/4 teaspoon lemon juice to the paste.

4. Jewelry Cleaner

1/4 cup ammonia
1/4 cup dishwashing liquid
3/4 cup water

Mix all the ingredients well, then soak your jewelry in the solution for a few minutes. Clean around the stones and designs with a soft-bristle toothbrush. Buff dry. (Caution: Don’t use this with gold-plated jewelry; with soft stones such as pearls, opals, or jade; or with costume jewelry, because it could ruin the plastics or loosen the glue.)

5. Wood Floor Polish

1/2 cup vinegar
1/2 cup vegetable oil

Mix the ingredients well, rub on the floor, and buff with a clean, dry cloth.

6. Rug Cleaner

1/4 teaspoon liquid dish soap
1 cup lukewarm water

Combine the ingredients. Use a spray bottle to apply the solution over a large area, or use the solution to spot-clean non-greasy stains. (Do not use laundry detergent or dishwasher detergent in place of liquid dish soap, as they may contain additives that can affect the rug’s color.)

7. Toilet Cleaner

1 cup borax
1/4 cup vinegar or lemon juice

Combine the ingredients to make a paste. Apply it to the inside of the toilet bowl, let sit for 1 to 2 hours, and scrub.

8. Mildew Remover

1 tablespoon powdered laundry detergent
1 quart chlorine bleach
2 quarts water

Combine all the ingredients in a pail. Wearing rubber gloves, wash off the mildew.

9. Floor Wax Remover

1 cup laundry detergent
3/4 cup ammonia
1 gallon warm water

Mix all the ingredients together and apply to a small area of the floor. Let the solution sit long enough for it to loosen the old wax, at least 5 to 10 minutes. Mop up the old wax (or scrape it up, if there’s a lot of it, using a squeegee and a dustpan). Rinse thoroughly with 1 cup vinegar in 1 gallon water and let dry before applying a new finish.

10. Furniture Polish

1 tablespoon vinegar or lemon juice
1 tablespoon boiled linseed oil
1 tablespoon turpentine

Combine the ingredients in a glass jar with a tight-fitting lid and shake until blended. Dampen a cloth with cold water and wring it out until it’s as dry as you can get it. Saturate the cloth with the mixture and apply sparingly to a small area at a time. Let dry for about 30 minutes, then polish with a soft cloth. Note that this mixture gets gummy as it sits, so make just enough for one day’s work.

11. Glass Cleaner

2 tablespoons ammonia
1/2 cup alcohol
1/4 teaspoon dishwashing liquid
a few drops blue food coloring

Combine the ammonia, alcohol, dishwashing liquid, and food coloring, then add enough water to make 1 quart. If you prefer a non-ammoniated cleaner, substitute 3 tablespoons vinegar or lemon juice for the ammonia.

12. Carpet Freshener

1 cup crushed dried herbs (such as rosemary, artemisia, or lavender)
1 teaspoon ground cloves
1 teaspoon ground cinnamon
2 teaspoons baking soda

Combine all the ingredients in a large jar or other container with a tight-fitting lid. Shake well to blend. Sprinkle some of the mixture on your carpet, let it sit for an hour or so, and then vacuum it up. It will give the room a pleasant smell and neutralize carpet odors.

Are we missing any cleaning solutions that you’d like to have on hand? Please let us know in the comments below.

See our article on natural cleaning and the 6 ingredients that get the job done.

What Cleaners Have Ammonia? – Livings Cented

There are a variety of cleaners that have ammonia in them. This includes window cleaners, all-purpose cleaners, and bathroom cleaners. Ammonia is a key ingredient in these products because it is effective at cutting through dirt and grime.

It is also very good at removing tough stains. When using any of these products, it is important to follow the directions on the label and use them in well-ventilated areas.

If you’re looking for a cleaning product that contains ammonia, you’ll be happy to know that there are plenty of options out there. Some common household cleaners that contain ammonia include window cleaners, all-purpose cleaners, and floor cleaners. Ammonia is a powerful cleaning agent that can cut through dirt and grime quickly and easily.

When used properly, it’s safe for most surfaces in your home. However, you should always use caution when using any cleaner that contains ammonia. Be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully to avoid damaging your surfaces or causing harm to yourself or others.


  • What Cleaning Products Contain Ammonia
  • Do Household Cleaners Have Ammonia?
  • What Products Contain Ammonium?
  • Does Lysol Have Ammonia
  • Ammonia Based Toilet Cleaner
  • Ammonia Based Floor Cleaner
  • Does Fabuloso Have Ammonia
  • Does Mr Clean Have Ammonia
  • Ammonia Cleaning Solution Formula
  • Does Bleach Have Ammonia
  • Household Ammonia
  • Conclusion

What Cleaning Products Contain Ammonia

Do Household Cleaners Have Ammonia?

Most household cleaners do not have ammonia. However, some glass and window cleaners contain ammonia. Ammonia is a corrosive substance that can cause serious burns if it comes into contact with your skin.

Inhaling ammonia can also be harmful to your health. If you use a cleaner that contains ammonia, be sure to open the windows and ventilate the area well before using the product.

What Products Contain Ammonium?

Ammonium is found in a variety of products, including cleaning products, fertilizers, and some types of plastics. It is also a component of some explosives. Ammonium is sometimes used as a refrigerant, but this use is declining due to its potential for explosive mixtures.

Does Lysol Have Ammonia

Lysol is a household cleaning product that contains ammonia. Ammonia is a toxic gas that can cause serious health problems if inhaled. Lysol should only be used in well-ventilated areas and never mixed with other cleaning products.

Ammonia Based Toilet Cleaner

Looking for a toilet cleaner that will really get the job done? Ammonia based cleaners are some of the strongest on the market and can quickly break down even the toughest stains. But before you go ahead and use one of these products, it’s important to understand how they work and how to use them safely.

Ammonia is a powerful cleaning agent that works by breaking down dirt and grime. When used properly, it can leave your toilet sparkling clean. But because ammonia is such a strong chemical, it’s important to use it carefully.

Here are some tips for using an ammonia based cleaner:
– Always read the label before using any cleaning product. This will help you avoid any accidents or damage to your surfaces.

– When using an ammonia based cleaner, be sure to open windows and doors for ventilation. Ammonia fumes can be harmful if inhaled in large amounts.
– Never mix ammonia with other cleaning products, especially bleach.

This can create dangerous gases that can be harmful to your health.
– Always rinse surfaces thoroughly after cleaning with an ammonia based product.

Ammonia Based Floor Cleaner

If you’re looking for a powerful and effective floor cleaner, you may want to consider an ammonia-based product. Ammonia is a great cleaning agent that can remove dirt, grime, and stains from surfaces. It’s also affordable and easy to find at most stores.

When using an ammonia-based floor cleaner, be sure to follow the instructions on the label carefully. You’ll need to dilute the cleaner with water before using it, and you should always wear gloves and a mask to protect yourself from the fumes. Once you’ve finished cleaning, be sure to ventilate the area well before allowing anyone else in.

Does Fabuloso Have Ammonia

If you’re looking for an all-purpose cleaner that doesn’t contain ammonia, Fabuloso may be a good option for you. This cleaners is made with plant-based ingredients and is gentle on surfaces. It’s also affordable and can be found at most grocery stores.

Does Mr Clean Have Ammonia

If you’re looking for a powerful cleaning solution, you may be wondering if Mr Clean has ammonia. Ammonia is a common household cleaning product that can be used for a variety of tasks. It’s also one of the main ingredients in many commercial cleaning products.

So, does Mr Clean have ammonia? The answer is yes! Mr Clean’s All-Purpose Cleaner contains 5% ammonium hydroxide, which is the active ingredient in ammonia.

This makes it a great choice for cleaning tough messes like grease and grime.

Ammonia Cleaning Solution Formula

If you’re looking for a powerful cleaning solution, look no further than ammonia. This clear, colorless gas has a pungent smell and is very soluble in water. Ammonia is commonly used as a cleaning agent because it’s great at cutting through dirt, grease, and grime.

Ammonia is made up of nitrogen and hydrogen atoms. The ratio of these atoms determines the strength of the ammonia solution. For example, a 3% ammonia solution would have 3 parts ammonia for every 97 parts water.

When mixed with water, ammonia forms an alkaline solution that can be used to clean surfaces like countertops, floors, windows, and more. It’s important to use caution when handling ammonia because it is corrosive and can irritate your skin and eyes. Be sure to wear gloves and eye protection when using it.

To make your own ammonia cleaning solution, mix together equal parts water and household bleach in a bucket or container. Then slowly add in 1 part ammonia while stirring the mixture. Once everything is combined, pour the solution into a spray bottle or another container for easy use.

Use this cleaner on hard surfaces like tile or linoleum; avoid using it on wood surfaces as bleach can damage them over time.

Does Bleach Have Ammonia

If you’re looking for a powerful cleaning agent, you may be considering bleach. But does bleach have ammonia? The answer is yes and no.

Most commercially available bleaches are a mixture of sodium hypochlorite and water. However, some bleaches also contain ammonia. Ammonia can be added to bleaching solutions to improve their efficacy, but it can also be present as an impurity.

Ammonia is a highly corrosive substance, so it’s important to handle it with care. If you’re using a bleach that contains ammonia, be sure to follow the manufacturer’s instructions carefully and take precautions to avoid contact with your skin or eyes.

Household Ammonia

If you’re looking for an all-purpose cleaning solution that won’t break the bank, ammonia is a great option. This common household product is inexpensive and effective at cutting through grime and dirt. Ammonia is also useful for removing stains, polishing metal surfaces, and disinfecting surfaces.

But what exactly is ammonia, and how does it work? Here’s a closer look at this versatile cleaning agent:
What Is Ammonia?

Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen and hydrogen (Nh4). It’s a colorless gas with a strong, pungent odor. When dissolved in water, it forms an alkaline solution that can be used as a cleaning agent.

How Does Ammonia Work?
The alkaline nature of ammonia makes it effective at cutting through grease and dirt. It’s also a powerful disinfectant that can kill bacteria and viruses on surfaces.

When used correctly, ammonia is safe for most surfaces in your home including countertops, floors, toilets, tiles, etc. However, you should avoid using it on marble or other sensitive surfaces as it may cause etching or discoloration.


Ammonia is a common ingredient in household cleaners. It is a strong base and is effective at removing dirt, grease, and grime. However, ammonia can also be dangerous if it is not used correctly.

Inhaling ammonia can irritate the lungs and skin contact can cause burns. Therefore, it is important to read the label carefully and use cleaners that contain ammonia only as directed. Some common household cleaners that contain ammonia include window cleaner, tile cleaner, oven cleaner, and drain cleaner.

Homemade Glass Cleaner with Ammonia

Home » Create » Homemade Glass Cleaner with Ammonia

By meredith on » 18 Comments

Make your own homemade glass cleaner with ammonia and get the best clean on your mirrors, showers and windows. This homemade windex is awesome.

How to Make Glass Cleaner

With spring cleaning season around the corner, there are loads of homemade, green cleaning solutions in blogosphere. Recipes using distilled vinegar, essentials oils or squeezed lemons are all the rage. But when it comes to window and glass cleaner, I have not found a natural homemade alternative that does a better job than Original Windex. Sorry, but that’s the truth. Windex is king and “if it ain’t broken, don’t fix it” right? However….I’m not a fan of the cost of Windex -$3-$5/bottle – much of which is water! So today, I’m going to show you how to duplicate the recipe for Original Windex window and glass cleaner for less than a buck. It’s fast, it’s easy and just like Windex (minus the electric blue), in my opinion, it’s the BEST.

Keep in mind that this is not a green recipe. Windex is not green and it never claims to be. I’m ok with this because there are many other cleaning products I use that are biodegradable or non-toxic for the environment.  I even use cloth diapers! So… I’m not losing sleep  over the 2 tsp of ammonia used in this recipe. Pick your battles, I say. Especially when it comes to efficiency and quality!

Ok! Off the soapbox! Let’s learn how to make glass cleaner!

The recipe I am using comes from a 2002 Consumer Reports booklet entitled “How to Clean Practically Anything.”  Their scientists tested many formulas and recipes and found that few homemade cleaning solutions performed as well as the store bought brands with the exception of window and glass cleaner. Homemade recipes mocking the big “W” brand did just as well.

The Consumer Reports window and glass cleaner recipe calls for 1/2 cup soapy ammonia, 1 pint of rubbing alcohol and 13 1/2 cups of water to make one gallon. Since I’m not privy to making more than what I need (who needs extra containers laying around?), I cut down the recipe for a 32 oz. Windex bottle – a fourth of a gallon. Here are the new measured amounts:

  • 1/8 cup (1 oz) soapy ammonia
  • 1/2 cup (4 oz) rubbing alcohol
  • 3 1/3 cups water

Soapy ammonia is basically 4 parts water, 1 part ammonia and a “squirt” of dish soap. In doing the math, here is my cut down recipe for what I will need to make soapy ammonia for a 26 – 32 oz. size bottle:

  • 5 teaspoons water
  • 2 teaspoons ammonia
  • 1 teaspoon dish soap

This will make a bit more than 1/8 cup, but I’m trying to keep things simple. None of us want to remember half measurements!

Now that we have our recipe, let’s gather the supplies! Here is what you’ll need:  ammonia, rubbing alcohol, water, dish soap, measuring cups/spoons, basic funnel and a 26-32 oz. empty spray bottle. Trust me, it will take you more time to gather these supplies and set them on your counter than it does to actually make it!

Start by making your soapy ammonia. Pour 5 teaspoons of water into a liquid measuring cup. Then add 2 teaspoons ammonia to the water. Treat ammonia like you would bleach. Its strong smelling, but if you aren’t going to touch it, there is no reason to wear gloves. Remember to replace the cap once you have poured your 2 teaspoons to prevent spilling.

Now add 1 teaspoon of your favorite dish soap on top of the water and ammonia. Here I am using Palmolive Multi Surface, but any that you have by your kitchen sink will do! Pour this soapy ammonia solution into your spray bottle using the funnel.

Now it’s time to add the alcohol. I’m using 91% isopropyl alcohol, but a smaller percentage shouldn’t make a difference. Measure out 1/2 cup and then add it to the soapy ammonia in the spray bottle.

Finally, add lots of water! Window and glass cleaners are made with mostly water. Measure out 3 1/3 cups water and add it to the bottle. There is still room for more at the top of my bottle, so if you are using a 26 oz, nearly all of it will fit. Screw on the spray top, give it a shake, and do a “just learned how to make glass cleaner” dance!

I tested the homemade solution in our upstairs bathroom. Using painters tape, I portioned out 3 sections on our dirty mirror. The left section was the control, the middle section was for the homemade Windex and the right section was for store bought Windex since I had some leftover.

As expected, the homemade solution worked great. There was no difference between it and the store bought Windex. One application and one swipe with my rag was all I needed to eliminate grime and spotting on the mirror and provide streak free shine. The result was perfectly clear – no pun intended 🙂

When it comes to glass cleaning, here are some notes:

  • With ANY cleaning solution, always spray it onto your rag or towel and NOT on the surface itself. This prevents dripping into the edges of the glass or within the wood of the frame, which can cause erosion.
  • If you have any doubts as to whether you can can use a glass cleaner that contains ammonia on certain replacement windows,  contact your window manufacturer. Many of them have websites that will address this issue.
  • Paper towels, microfiber towels and even old newspapers have been popular modes to clean windows. Use what you works best for you. I prefer microfiber cloths because they don’t leave little particles of paper and I can throw them in the wash.

Homemade Windex. An easy way to add efficiency and quality to your home cleaning routine and at a fraction of the cost!

posted in: Create

Created by meredith

Meredith is a pastor’s wife and stay-at-home mom living in NW Ohio and is the author and photographer of many recipes on Cleverly Simple. She loves to adapt recipes to her family’s eclectic tastes and is learning to provide nourishment for any bellies who walk through the door at a moment’s notice.

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Does Ammonia Kill Germs? It Isn’t Effective Against Viruses

  • Ammonia is unlikely to kill germs, and can’t disinfect against viruses. 
  • However, ammonia is used to create quarternary ammonium compounds (QACs), which is an effective disinfectant against viruses.
  • You should be careful when using ammonia or QACs in your home, as they can be potentially harmful if not used correctly. 
  • This article was medically reviewed by Tania Elliott, MD, who specializes in infectious diseases related to allergies and immunology for internal medicine at NYU Langone Health. 
  • This story is part of Insider’s guide on How to Kill Germs.

Ammonia is one of the most commonly used chemicals and can be found in many household cleaning products and often in fertilizers. 

While ammonia may be a common cleaner, it isn’t considered a disinfectant. Ammonia can remove fats, oils, and stains, but there are other products that are more effective at killing a wider range of germs. Here’s what you need to know. 

Ammonia doesn’t kill viruses 

Ammonia is found in common household cleaners used to clean glass, tiling, or remove soap scum. Some surface cleaners, like floor polish or bathroom cleaners, also contain ammonia.

If you’re wondering if ammonia can keep the surfaces of your home free from COVID-19 or any other virus, the short answer is no. Ammonia doesn’t kill viruses.

«Ammonia is almost ineffective or has little effect on viruses,» explains Jagdish Khubchandani, PhD, Associate Chair and Professor of Health Science at Ball State University. «It is a commonly used disinfectant for certain common bacteria like E. Coli.»

Ammonia is not registered as a disinfectant by the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). And, if you’re concerned about COVID-19, Khubhandani says there are no studies that show that ammonia could clean this virus off of a surface.

Quaternary ammonium can kill viruses like COVID-19

However, ammonia is used by manufacturers to create quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs), a group of chemicals commonly used in cleaning products as a disinfectant.  

QACs are used in professional settings, like restaurants and hospitals, because of their ability to kill mold, bacteria, and viruses, according to the Selikoff Centers for Occupational Health. 

«QACs are effective in killing viruses and could be effective against COVID-19 given the mechanism of action and proven efficacy against other emerging viral pathogens,» says Khubhandani.

For example, the EPA issued a list of disinfectants that are effective against the coronavirus — and quaternary ammonium is the active ingredient in many of them, along with alcohol (ethanol or isopropanol), bleach (sodium hypochlorite), and hydrogen peroxide. 

Be cautious when using ammonia or QACs

Ammonia and QACs are safe for use in the home just so long as they are used appropriately. Practice caution, however, and stick with products made for household use. Industrial grade cleaners require extra precaution and can cause burns, irritation, and are highly flammable, according to the EPA.

«Concentration also matters and high concentrations cause burning of the eyes, nose, throat and respiratory tract and can result in blindness, lung damage or death,» Khubhandani explains. «Breathing related exposure to lower concentrations can cause coughing, and nose and throat irritation.»

QACs can also trigger asthma symptoms, so you should be careful using them around people with asthma. Since ammonia can cause skin irritation, it’s also a good idea to wear gloves when using these products in your home. Higher concentration ammonia used in workplace settings should only be used with the appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE), like masks, goggles, and gloves. 

In addition, ammonia shouldn’t be mixed with other chemicals. Specifically, mixing it with bleach creates a gas called chloramines, which can cause nausea, watery eyes, wheezing, and pneumonia.

«Never mix [ammonia] with anything,» cautions Khubhandani. «We are not qualified chemists to do so at home. «

  • The best disinfectants for viruses and which ingredients to look for
  • How do viruses spread and how to protect yourself against infection
  • Does bleach kill germs? Yes, but you need to let it sit for 10 minutes
  • Chlorine kills germs, but its most effective in your pool
  • What temperature kills germs? How to use heat properly to get rid of bacteria and viruses
  • Does UV light kill germs? Getting an at-home sanitizer may be worth it
  • Does alcohol kill germs? Yes, as long as the solution is strong enough
  • Does vinegar kill germs? It isn’t the best disinfectant for viruses

Mary Sauer

Mary Sauer is a freelance writer for Insider.

Read moreRead less

Is Ammonia a Disinfectant, Does It Kill Germs or Viruses?

Nowadays, everybody wants to maintain the highest level of protection from microbes and bacteria at their homes. In particular, we want to protect ourselves from viruses, tiny micro-organisms that can cause various illnesses, including respiratory diseases.

Completely eradicating such organisms from all the surfaces at your place isn’t easy, but disinfecting your home regularly would help to keep them away.

Once you have extensive knowledge of the products to use to eradicate germs, viruses, and bacteria, among other infectious organisms, from your environment, nothing can prevent you from living in a healthy environment free from microbe-caused infections.

That’s why, in this article, I want to share knowledge on how to use ammonia to clean your home and protect yourself and your close ones from dangerous germs.

Ammonia – Why You Should Have It in Your Home?

Keeping the house clean can be a somewhat tedious activity. However, with the knowledge of cleansing basics, sparing a few minutes of your day getting rid of possible bacteria and germs, among other infectious microorganisms, can go a long way towards keeping your house safe.

Ammonia, an environment-friendly cleaner, can provide you with satisfactory service on this matter. However, it is essential to know about the products that should be used in combination with this product to reach the desired effect.

What Is Ammonia Used For? The Multiple Options

Ammonia has many uses that include purifying water needed in manufacturing certain products, such as pesticides, fertilizers, and household cleaning agents.

Like any other sanitizers, the main purpose of using ammonia is to clean your area, and household ammonia cleaning uses are numerous. They include removing grease from surfaces, cleaning filthy oven racks and grills, removing smells from rooms, and removing soapy residues.

Does Ammonia Kill Germs? The Facts

Even though ammonia is not registered as a disinfectant, it performs great when it comes to playing the sanitizing role and killing some specific germs. For instance, it is effective for eliminating foodborne pathogens, such as the E-Coli and the salmonella.

But does ammonia kill bacteria? Ammonia is not very effective for getting rid of viruses, bacteria, and other pathogens. It is the reason why the EPA has not yet listed it among the sanitizers that work as disinfectants, too. Therefore, it can’t act in such a capacity as a bleach alternative for disinfecting.

However, there are several products containing ammonia called quaternary ammonium compounds (QACs) that can kill viruses and are EPA certified.

Does Ammonia Kill Mold?

Even though ammonia is not 100% effective when it comes to killing some fungus and bacteria, it doesn’t mean it can’t help you with protecting your home from dangerous microorganisms.

You can boost its sanitizing power using a home-based steamer. Since steam kills 99% of the bacteria and fungus, you can follow up ammonia clean-up with a steamer.

The steam ensures that all the molds on the surfaces are suppressed and the areas are left sparkling clean. Thus, if you use ammonia treatment in combination with a steamer, most fungus on the targeted surface will be wiped out, leaving the area clean with a striking look.

Moreover, it is an effective way to curb the release of toxic gases in case you follow up ammonia cleaning with a bleach-based sanitizer. The sanitizing power of ammonia plays an important role in keeping the environment safe for the inhabitants.

However, molds sometimes tend to be resistant to hot water. To effectively remove them from a surface, clean it with ammonia, apply the steamer over it, and then introduce chlorine bleach to ensure the molds are wiped off completely.

Ammonia as a Disinfectant – Why It Should Be Present in Your Home

While ammonia proved to be a powerful cleaning solution for eradicating stains, it doesn’t work as a disinfectant. However, it can play a role as a curtain-raiser for an ideal disinfectant. Therefore, if you want to disinfect a particular surface, begin with ammonia cleaning.

This treatment will ensure that the surface you are about to disinfect is dirt-free hence giving room for thorough disinfection. Ammonia has a high evaporation rate so that it will disappear faster from a surface compared to soapy water, thus, giving room for faster disinfection. For example, such an approach will be extremely effective for window panes.

Does ammonia disinfect if mixed with water? Not really. It only provides a superb cleaning effect. Here’s how to use ammonia to clean items and surfaces:

  • Dilute with warm water;
  • Mix it in a spray bottle and splash the solution on the targeted surface;
  • Let the splash sit on the sprayed surface for at least five mines;
  • Use a paper towel to wipe off the spray;
  • Rinse with distilled water;
  • Treat the cleaned surface with a disinfectant.

Ammonia Vs Bleach: Which Product to Use for Laundry?

Ensuring the high levels of hygiene in your laundry is crucial. Pathogens are likely to spread through the washed clothing if you don’t use the right cleaning products. If you mix your laundry with the clothes of family members that are sick, disinfecting the laundry is a key step in preventing the further spread of the infection.

Does ammonia disinfect laundry? Ammonia will not play a great role in sanitizing the laundry, but a bleaching agent will do. But you can apply ammonia to clean your laundry and rinse the items with distilled water before disinfecting them with a bleaching agent.

Do not mix bleach with ammonia. Since both ammonia and bleach are great in their specific capacities, some people think that mixing both products may boost their potential, but that is not the case. When these two compounds are combined, they produce chloramine, a deadly gas that causes shortness of breath. Such a mix is surely dangerous.

Can ammonia kill you when laundering? Only if combined with bleach. The deadly gas that results in the mixing of these products can irritate your skin and eye, and if produced in large quantities, it may result in death.

Ammonia Cleaning Tips – How to Be Safe while Using Ammonia

What can you clean with ammonia? Ammonia is one of the best cleaning products recommended by chemical safety organizations. It is the most effective in removing the most stubborn stains and cleaning surfaces from grease, dirt, and grime, among others.

Ammonia’s smell is harsh and very distinct from other products. Thus, it is always recommended to ventilate your place when using this product. Do you know how to clean with ammonia? Here are some tips to ensure your safety and excellent cleaning results:

  • Wear gloves – It is a strong chemical that can dry and irritate your skin.
  • Apply steam or distilled water – After cleaning with ammonia, use steam or distilled water on the surface if you are planning to follow up with a bleaching agent.
  • Use distilled water to dilute ammonia of up to 50/50 solution.
  • Let the ammonia sit for five minutes on a surface – for a sparkling clean surface, ensure that the ammonia solution sits on the surface for at least five minutes before removing it using distilled water. For stubborn stains, let the product sit on the surface for at least twenty minutes.
  • Test your ammonia or water solution firstly – Before you apply the solution all over the area, try testing it on a hidden patch of the targeted surface before you spray it on the entire place.
  • Be cautious of ammonia fumes – Don’t let ammonia fumes irritate your skin or eyes, as it can lead to ammonia poisoning. Once you start experiencing an irritation-like feeling, stop working with the ammonia, and rinse the solution with water immediately. Then sit outside in the fresh air for some time.
  • Toss the used cleaning materials separately – After you are done with the cleaning, get rid of both the paper towels used with ammonia solution and the bleaching agents separately, don’t place them in the same container.

Common Ammonia Based Cleaners

With the wake of different deadly viruses, bacteria, and germs, cleanliness is a priority in people’s lives today. Ammonia is the best cleaner you can find on the market. Are you aware of ammonia-based products to store in your home to enhance hygiene levels? Here are some of them to note.

Window and Glass Cleaner

Ammonia is one of the best window cleaners you can find today, and many companies produce ammonia-based products for cleaning items made of glass. When appropriately used, such solutions are safe, reliable, and efficient.

Thus, ensure that you are using this product in free space to have proper ventilation and avoid respiratory irritation that may arise in areas that lack adequate air circulation.

Windex Powerized Glass Cleaner with Ammonia-d, 32 Oz. Trigger Spray Bottle (Pack of 3)

Toilet Wand/Bowl Cleaner

Anytime you come across a toilet cleaner with a pungent smell, the ammonia component is the culprit. It ensures the cleanest bowls, so you can rely on the manufacturer’s tips and follow the safety steps when using such a product.

Drain and Oven Cleaner

Ammonia plays a significant role when it comes to cleaning stubborn stains on pipes and ovens. However, you need to be extra careful when handling an ammonia/water solution since it’s irritating to the exposed skin. Note that first, you need to clean your oven with safe cleaners, like salt or baking soda, before introducing ammonia to finalize the washing process.

Austin’s 00051 Clear Ammonia Multipurpose Cleaner — 64 Ounce

Factors to Consider When Purchasing Ammonia Disinfectant

Buying ammonia cleaning products is not like purchasing any other regular household necessities. You need to have several aspects in mind before deciding on what exact product to buy.

Time of Action

No one wants a non-effective product, and it is not exceptional when it comes to ammonia solutions. Thus, you should check on the ammonia products that ensure the surface sprayed becomes sparkling clean after a short time. An item that acts effectively on dirt and is not severe to human skin is the best one to use.

Microbe Range

Does the ammonium product you are about to buy work effectively over a wide range of microbes? A product that kills many types of bacteria and viruses is more effective than one that kills a specific type of microbes only since a surface can harbor more than a single type of germs.

A friendly tip, consider purchasing ammonia-based products with quaternary ammonium compounds at the same time to ensure full protection against viruses and bacteria.

Odor and Safety

Depending on where you want to use the product, consider its odor. A solution with less irritating smell will go along well in ensuring a great service more so if it is applied inside the house. Therefore, figure out whether the product you are about to purchase is safe to use indoors. For instance, is the treatment less irritating in terms of its odor, or effect on the skin?


Everybody wants the best option when it comes to effectiveness. However, is the product you are about to buy within your budget? Understand your buying potential and analyze the best products within this range before making a purchase.


Ammonia offers many benefits at home, particularly regarding cleaning. The benefits, however, would only be seen if proper usage is followed. Besides, if used improperly, ammonia can result in skin irritations and not fully cleaned areas. This is why many people have questions regarding the usage of this compound. Here are some of the commonly asked ones:

While mixing ammonia and vinegar is not dangerous, it has some implications, too. The basic and acidic properties of these products cancel each other out hence becoming counterproductive.

The acid in vinegar reacts with the base in ammonia to form salty water. Therefore, these products will rob each other’s cleaning properties, resulting in a non-effective cleaning agent. So, can you mix ammonia and vinegar, even when one is in a small quantity? No, there’s no point in doing it.

Combining ammonia and bleach is dangerous. It forms a chloramine gas that is toxic and can be irritating to eyes and skin. Besides, large quantities of this gas could result in death.

Ammonia can clean a wide variety of household materials. For example, it can help you with getting rid of stubborn stains, if you mix it with water and detergent. Thus, if you have a surface stained with grease, grime, or any other dirt, ammonia-based products will deal with it effectively.

Related Posts:

  • What Is the Difference Between Sterilization, Sanitization, and Disinfection?
  • Is Hydrogen Peroxide a Disinfectant
  • Is Pine Sol a Disinfectant

Final Remarks

Ammonia offers many cleaning benefits and should always be present in your cleaning arsenal. Choosing the most efficient ammonia-based product goes a long way if one is not familiar with ammonia uses and doesn’t know the specifics of its application.

First of all, you need to figure out whether the cleaning aspects of the ammonia-based product you are about to buy are what you need. The guide presented above should help you with this consideration tremendously. In short, is ammonia a disinfectant? No, but it’s an extremely effective cleaning solution.

If you purchase an ammonia-based cleaning agent, don’t forget to follow the safety precautions provided by the manufacturer. As mentioned earlier, if ammonia isn’t used carefully or if mixed with bleach, it can result in dangerous gas produced. Also, don’t mix ammonia with vinegar since doing so will negate its cleaning properties.

  • Dangers of Mixing Bleach with Cleaners (Washington State Department of Health):
  • Ammonia poisoning (National Library of Medicine):
    https://medlineplus. gov/ency/article/002759.htm
  • Quaternary Ammonium Biocides: Efficacy in Application (American Society for Microbiology):
  • Vinegar (Wikipedia):


  • 1 Ammonia – Why You Should Have It in Your Home?
  • 2 What Is Ammonia Used For? The Multiple Options
  • 3 Does Ammonia Kill Germs? The Facts
  • 4 Does Ammonia Kill Mold?
  • 5 Ammonia as a Disinfectant – Why It Should Be Present in Your Home
  • 6 Ammonia Vs Bleach: Which Product to Use for Laundry?
  • 7 Ammonia Cleaning Tips – How to Be Safe while Using Ammonia
  • 8 Common Ammonia Based Cleaners
    • 8.1 Window and Glass Cleaner
    • 8.2 Toilet Wand/Bowl Cleaner
    • 8.3 Drain and Oven Cleaner
  • 9 Factors to Consider When Purchasing Ammonia Disinfectant
    • 9.1 Time of Action
    • 9.2 Microbe Range
    • 9.3 Odor and Safety
    • 9.4 Cost
  • 10 FAQ
    • 10. 1 Can you mix ammonia and vinegar?
    • 10.2 Can you mix ammonia and bleach?
    • 10.3 What can you clean with ammonia?
  • 11 Final Remarks
      • 11.0.1 References:

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90,000 Effective methods for cleaning gold jewelry


  • than to clean gold: Effective methods
    • Faculty Channel
    • Hydrogen peroxide
    • 9000

    • Cleaning gold with stones: jeweler’s advice
    • How to clean white gold
    • How to clean gilding
    • Cleaning medical gold
    • How to polish gold

    Sooner or later there comes a time when darkened and tarnished gold jewelry is no longer pleasing to the eye. I would like to put the products in order, restore their attractiveness, and even without extra financial investments. Below we will describe life hacks that will help you clean gold at home with the help of improvised means, without giving it into the wrong hands.

    Gold jewelry

    The most common reasons why gold darkens or blackens:

    • the proportion of gold in jewelry: with a sample of 585 and below, the products will darken faster;
    • the decoration is new and the upper polishing layer applied by the manufacturer for a better presentation darkens — the problem is temporary and will disappear as this layer is worn;
    • wearing conditions : exposure to aggressive media, mercury, iodine, pollution.

    In any case, if gold items have turned black, they can and should be cleaned.

    More time and attention will be needed if the jewelry has a complex design or is made with inlay

    How to clean gold: effective ways

    It never hurts to know how to quickly clean gold at home. For example, in case there are just a few minutes before the exit, and the only pair of earrings or pendant that matches the image looks, to put it mildly, unmarketable. There are always suitable gold cleaning products at home — do not waste time and return your jewelry to its attractiveness.


    Cleaning gold at home with ammonia or ammonia is the easiest way to get rid of precious metal haze and stains on jewelry. To effectively remove blackness from gold, you need to make a solution of water and ammonia with the addition of shampoo. Recommended proportions for a small container of warm water: 0.5 tsp. ammonia and 1 tsp. shampoo. In the resulting solution, completely lower the jewelry that needs cleaning and mix, after peeling off the dirt, rinse the gold thoroughly in running water.

    Gold rings in ammonia solution

    This way you can soak gold with some stones: ammonia solution perfectly removes impurities and oxides from hard-to-reach places. To dry, just lay the jewelry on a paper towel or towel.

    In particularly difficult cases, it is allowed to use ammonia with a higher concentration, without dilution with water. In case of slight contamination, it is enough to wipe the jewelry with a cloth soaked in peroxide. In other cases, a more aggressive approach is recommended:

    1. Make a solution: 1 cup warm water, 30 mg hydrogen peroxide (3%), 1 tsp. ammonia, a small amount of liquid soap (for the eye).
    2. Mix ingredients thoroughly.
    3. Immerse gold jewelry in a solution and leave for 3-5 hours.
    4. Rinse jewelry with plain water, dry on a napkin.


    Clean a gold chain, bracelet or ring with regular white 9% or apple cider vinegar, soda or lemon. It should be noted that only yellow and red gold can be cleaned with vinegar; for white, matte or inlaid with stones, this method is unacceptable.

    To clean gold, you can use a toothbrush

    In some cases, it is enough just to soak the jewelry in vinegar for 10-15 minutes, then rinse with water, in others it will be necessary to go over the surface with a toothbrush.


    Soda will help clean dirt from gold, but it does not always cope with complex stains. Most often, boiling with soda is used for cleaning:

    1. Lower the foil to the bottom of a small container with water, put gold on it.
    2. Heat water and add soda — 1 tbsp. water 1 tbsp. soda.
    3. Boil for a few minutes.
    4. Brush.
    5. Rinse with normal water and dry.

    Baking soda should not be used to clean jewelry with inserts : it can cause stones to tarnish, and the soda solution can also leave a whitish coating in hard-to-reach places of attachments.


    Salt is typically used as an addition to cleaning solutions containing vinegar or soda. Due to the fact that salt is a strong abrasive, we do not recommend mechanical cleaning of soft gold items.

    Citric acid

    To dissolve plaque, you can clean gold in citric acid:

    • dilute citric acid in boiling water;
    • soak items in solution for 5-6 minutes;
    • Rinse and dry jewelry.


    You can clean darkened gold at home even with the most ordinary toothpaste. Spread the paste evenly over the surface of the jewelry with a soft brush and gently remove dirt.

    You can clean gold with toothpaste

    Important: the paste should be only white, without additives and whitening properties, preferably gel. Do not use tooth powder!

    Paste GOI

    Paste GOI

    This is a special composition for cleaning gold from impurities and making it shine, developed by the State Optical Institute. There are 4 types of paste, you should choose a specific option based on the expected result:

    • No. 1, No. 2 — polishing to a mirror effect;
    • No. 3 — medium cleaning to a smooth matte finish;
    • No. 4 — rough cleaning with surface grinding and scratch removal.

    How to use — as with toothpaste. Paste GOI is not used for white gold .

    Cleaning gold with stones: jeweler’s advice

    There is a fundamental difference in cleaning a smooth ring or a complex piece of jewelery inlaid with stones. To effectively clean a gold product with stones at home, it is recommended to use the cleaning methods described above with ammonia alcohol, paste, and liquid soap. As a rule, using a soft brush to clean hard-to-reach places is indispensable.

    Cleaning of gold with stones

    When cleaning such jewelry, care should be taken not only about the condition of the gold, but also about the jewelry inserts. With regard to different types of precious stones, jewelers recommend using different products:

    • a topaz ring or any other gold jewelry with this stone will shine after soaking for 20 minutes in water with a couple of drops of dishwashing detergent diluted in it;
    • do not use acids to clean chrysolite jewelry;
    • earrings with stones such as emerald, ruby ​​or sapphire are perfectly cleaned in warm soapy water — hot water is contraindicated for these stones;
    • Zirconia gold jewelry is cleaned with ammonia, toothpaste without abrasives or any washing powder.

    How to clean white gold

    Not all classical methods are suitable for cleaning white gold jewelry, which is an alloy of precious metal with copper, palladium or nickel — in particular, any vinegar is contraindicated.

    Cleaning white gold

    White gold can be cleaned with soapy water, ammonia, liquid detergent, paste or baking soda solution

    Inlaid white gold should not be boiled : high temperatures will weaken and even deform the places where the stones are attached. For glued stones, cleaning with immersion in aqueous solutions is not applicable. White gold with diamonds is cleaned without contact with the stones: simply wiping them with a soft cloth is often enough to bring back the shine. If the shine does not return, apply the standard toothpaste cleaning described above, then wipe the product dry.

    How to clean gilding

    Of course, it is impossible to use any aggressive agents and abrasive cleaning in this case — there is a risk of damaging a thin layer of gilding. It is better to clean a gold-plated chain, bracelet or ring in the following way:

    1. Prepare a solution: 1 liter of warm water, 1 tsp. soap shavings, 5-6 drops of ammonia.
    2. Soak jewelry for half an hour — they must be completely immersed in the solution.
    3. Rinse under running water, dry on a tissue or towel.
    4. Polish with a suede cloth.

    Medical gold cleaning

    Medical gold is an alloy of brass, silver, copper, titanium and zinc, but gold itself may not be present at all: the alloy already has a noble “golden” sheen. Products made of medical gold are durable, not subject to external mechanical influences, due to the special technology of polishing and spraying, they practically do not darken, do not lose their luster, do not change color.

    1. If it is necessary to clean such jewelry from dirt, use the following methods:
    2. Rinse in a solution (0.5 cup of water 2 drops of shampoo or liquid soap) and clean the product with a soft brush.
    3. To remove dust, wipe the product with a cotton swab soaked in beer, do not rinse with water afterwards.
    4. Wipe the jewelry with table vinegar, and then rinse thoroughly under running water.

    How to polish gold

    In some cases, it is better to entrust the polishing of jewelry with complex designs to professionals, but you can deal with laconic jewelry on your own. To make your gold ring shine like new, use the following methods:

    1. Soak the jewelry in hot water with shampoo or soap for 7-8 hours, and then polish with a soft toothbrush. The method is suitable for both shiny gold and matte.
    2. Soak gold for 10 hours in an ammonia solution (25%), which can be purchased at a pharmacy, to make gold shine.
    3. Polishing of gold from scratches is done with a cleaning paste for gold items — factory-made or made by yourself from petroleum jelly, powdered white chalk, water and soap shavings. Polish with a soft toothbrush without pressure.
    4. Apply GOI paste to the felt, wipe the product in one direction without pressure: this will help restore shine and effectively polish scuffs and scratches.

    Remember: do not use baking soda or tooth powder for polishing — abrasive particles of these products can only aggravate the situation

    The cost of home polishing of gold jewelry is many times lower than professional polishing. But when self-polishing, it is important to take into account the features of the metal: dullness, color and quality of gold, the presence of jewelry inserts, blackened or rhodium plating.

    How to get rid of difficult stains with ammonia | Prose of life

    In the tips below, in most cases, not only the amount of ammonia required, but also its concentration are indicated. If the concentration is not indicated, then we are talking about 25% ammonia . Of course, it can also be replaced with a «pharmacy» drug, by making an appropriate recalculation by the mass of the substance. So.

    Before turning to the main problem — removing stains, let’s touch on another important aspect of the use of ammonia. This is high-quality washing of clothes and linen . Of course, you can use newfangled means to soften clothes and remove stains, but ammonia will do just as well, but it will cost much less. If you need soft water for hand washing clothes , then add 1-3 teaspoons of ammonia per 10 liters of water to the washing water. However, you should first make sure that the ammonia is not contraindicated in the fabric you want to wash.

    If there are stains on your clothes and the usual means do not help, do not worry and do not rush to get rid of things. The same ammonia helps to get rid of stains that cannot be removed in the usual way. Heavily oily areas on suede , which usually turn out to be the elbows, should be wiped with a cotton swab dipped in ammonia. And the shiny places on the collar of a coat or suit should be wiped with a cotton swab moistened with a solution of 5 g of table salt in 25 g of 10% ammonia.
    As for shoes with textile uppers , they are brushed and washed in soapy water with a small amount of ammonia.
    Excellent ammonia and for cleaning felt hats . To do this, use a cotton swab dipped in 10% ammonia to wipe dirty or greasy places against the direction of the pile.
    Carpet stains from fruit, berries and red wine should be removed with cold water to which a small amount of ammonia has been added.
    Stains on fragile chinaware can also be easily removed with ammonia in cold water.
    Cosmetic stains is removed from light cotton fabrics with undiluted ammonia, and the cleaned areas are washed with cold running water.
    More patience will require coffee, chocolate or tea stains on fabric . In these cases, a 1% ammonia solution is prepared, then the stain is moistened with this solution and left for several minutes, after which it is wiped with a cotton swab and washed with cold water.
    Leather items often have stains from rain or sleet that cannot be removed with normal water. 4 ml of 5% ammonia in solution with 50 ml of distilled water will help here. A soft towel is wetted with this solution, which is used to wipe the soiled clothes. Rain stains on white felt hats can also be removed with ammonia mixed with distilled water in a ratio of 5:5. A cotton swab is impregnated with this solution, and the contaminated area is wiped with it effortlessly, after which the hat should be dried with a clean towel and brushed.
    Will help get rid of ammonia and dried oil paint . Such stains are preliminarily softened by lubricating with petroleum jelly, and then wiped with turpentine or pure gasoline. After that, the stain is wiped with a 10% ammonia solution and the item is thoroughly rinsed in cold water.
    Indelible milk stains often remain on light-colored children’s clothes . Such spots must first be wiped with clean gasoline, changing the substrate under the cloth several times, then moistened with a warm 1% ammonia solution and rinsed with warm water.
    Wash egg stains on white cotton fabrics with warm water and a few drops of 5% ammonia solution.
    Spots on white woolen fabrics from red cabbage and beets are considered irreducible, but ammonia will solve this problem. Therefore, do not throw away the soiled thing ahead of time. Treat the contaminated area first with 5%, and then with 2% ammonia solution, after which the item should be intensively rinsed in several waters.
    Ink stains with a regular ballpoint pen (non-gel base) on colored fabrics are treated with a solution consisting of 20 ml of alcohol, 20 ml of 10% ammonia, 20 ml of distilled water. First you need to check the strength of the dyes to the action of the finished solution in an inconspicuous place.
    Flower stains are removed from the fabric as follows: you need to put the fabric on a board and wipe the stains with a swab moistened with gasoline, and then drip 5% ammonia on the stained places. After that, you need to treat the fabric with a sponge moistened with cool water, dry the item with a dry cloth and sprinkle with talcum powder.

    In addition to stains on clothes, we often encounter hard-to-remove stains and dirt at home — on the floor, doors and walls , but ammonia will also find a solution to them. To clean and polish your floors, whether it’s wood or linoleum, add 8-18 tablespoons of ammonia per bucket of water to your wash water. But do not forget to rinse the floor with clean, preferably soapy water before this procedure. The effect will be just amazing!
    Aqueous ammonia solution helps clean and ceramic tiles and walls covered with oil paint . Their appearance will noticeably improve after such treatment, and foreign odors will disappear from the surfaces.
    If you have not yet acquired plastic windows and you have a problem with cleaning window sills and window frames , painted with light paint, then you will be helped out by a solution of ammonia in water in the proportion — 2 teaspoons of ammonia per 1 liter of water. For more severe contamination, increase the dose of ammonia by 5 times. The same solution is perfect for cleaning painted wooden doors. And if you recently had a renovation and there are fresh traces of oil paint on the window handles, then hurry up to use pure ammonia to remove them.

    Separately, we should dwell on the cleaning of wood . If you have non-new items in your interior made of such natural wood species as oak or walnut, and their appearance already leaves much to be desired, then treatment with 12% ammonia will give them a new shade. The fact is that the tannin contained in these wood species in large quantities, under the influence of ammonia, acquires a beautiful gray-brown hue.

    In conclusion, it is worth recalling that when using ammonia, must be careful , however, as with other chemicals, no more and no less. And to measure the amount of ammonia used, keep in mind that a tablespoon contains 15 ml of ammonia, and a teaspoon contains 7 ml of this substance.

    TOP-8 recipes on how to clean gold with ammonia and ammonia at home quickly and effectively: quick cleaning of heavy dirt

    Gold items tend to tarnish. The appearance deteriorates under certain conditions, for example, when they enter an aggressive environment. However, this does not mean that the jewelry has expired. It is permissible to consider improvised means to restore the properties of the metal. One option is ammonia. It is used diluted or mixed with other components. You just need to choose an effective and fairly safe way to clean gold with ammonia. In order not to spoil the product, you should correctly determine the concentration of the agent.

    Ammonia and ammonia: what is the difference and what is the power

    It is a mistake to believe that ammonia and ammonia are synonyms, the names of one chemical substance. They have similar properties, but different intensity of impact on precious metals. Ammonia is a compound of nitrogen, hydrogen in gaseous form. It can become liquid at room temperature and pressure of 8.5 atmospheres.

    Ammonia in gaseous form is involved in the biological cycle, but a pure substance in high concentration is toxic, has a toxic, asphyxiating and even neurotropic effect. For comparison, ammonia is used much more widely. It is distinguished by a slightly aggressive effect on a person. The full name is ammonia.

    This is an aqueous solution of ammonia, more precisely, ammonium hydrate obtained from it (concentration — 10-25%).

    Ammonia and ammonia for cleaning gold items

    Is it possible to clean gold with ammonia, is ammonia safe: advantages and disadvantages of the method

    it is best to clean gold with ammonia, which has been further diluted. At the same time, the original color of the metal is restored, other properties of the product are preserved. Pure ammonia is not used in everyday life — it is a gas. If it is dissolved in water, after a while the substance will lose its properties. All that’s left is technical fluid. For this reason, different recipes are used precisely on the basis of ammonia.

    Safety precautions when working with ammonia, ammonia at home

    When choosing a method for cleaning gold with ammonia, they also study safety measures:

    • glasses;
    • the area must be well ventilated when handling alcohol;
    • do not allow the product to come into contact with the skin, mucous membranes.

    Manipulating ammonia is not recommended for people with impaired vascular function (for example, with a diagnosis of VVD). They are particularly susceptible to volatile components in vapors.

    How not to clean jewelry?

    Some common cleaning methods can seriously damage gold. The easiest way — cleaning the jewelry with powder and a toothbrush — is able to remove the top layer of metal. In addition to many scratches, you can get an unprotected metal that can enter into a chemical reaction with air, sweat, water, and everything that surrounds an ordinary person.

    Why is this happening? Some types of gold need a protective layer that increases strength, protects against corrosion, improves the appearance of the metal and protects a person from allergic reactions. For example, white gold. A high-quality alloy, which includes platinum, not everyone can afford. The cheaper version of white gold includes nickel, which can irritate the skin.

    White gold is coated with a layer of rhodium, which can be damaged by careless cleaning.

    Due to the allergenic properties of nickel, its use is prohibited in many countries. Outwardly, these two alloys are difficult to distinguish. To avoid unnecessary «victims» from nickel, products are covered with rhodium. It improves color and protects human skin from the unpleasant effects of nickel. Removing this protective layer with aggressive cleaning agents, a person endangers himself.

    Many jewelry has precious stones. Contrary to all beliefs, they are very fragile and need protection even more than gold. A completely harmless gold cleaning compound can cause irreparable harm to a precious stone. Cleaning gold jewelry with ammonia can also damage the stones.

    TOP-8 recipes with ammonia for shining gold

    A cleansing effect is obtained by using ammonia of different concentrations with different components. Due to this, the properties of the resulting solution change, as does the level of aggressive action.

    Cleaned gold ring with diamond

    Cleaning with pure ammonia

    Sometimes you can use undiluted ammonia (take a ready-made solution). Features of using such a tool:

    • prepare a container: glass or ceramics will do, plastic is the most neutral materials, they do not react with active compounds that can form when ammonia interacts with metal;
    • gold jewelry is immersed in ammonia, which needs to be restored to its attractiveness;
    • products are left for several minutes or hours (depending on the complexity of the contamination), it is possible from evening to morning;
    • remove the remains of the substance from the surface of jewelry with water;
    • brushed with felt.

    Important! Pure ammonia can be considered as a means for cleaning gold items that do not contain stones, without a matte coating, with a minimum amount of impurities.

    Cleaning gold jewelry

    Recipe with water

    Cleaning gold at home with ammonia is most often done using a less concentrated product. This method is suitable for cases where the pollution is weak or moderate. Short instruction:

    1. Take dishes: glass, polymeric material.
    2. Prepare the solution. The proportions of ammonia and water, respectively: 1 tsp, 250 ml.
    3. Gold is left for 30 minutes in the working solution.
    4. Wash items, then dry with a lint-free cloth.

    Features of cleaning gold items

    The quality of cleaning gold items is greatly influenced by certain nuances that must be taken into account:

    • Product shape. The more complex the shape, the more hard-to-reach places that require careful and thorough cleaning. Difficult areas also include stones, other inserts, joints, bends.
    • Cleaning container. It should be selected in such a way that the jewelry is completely placed there.

    Following these recommendations will help make the cleaning process quick and efficient.

    The concentration of ammonia in the solution and its dependence on the gold sample

    To increase the hardness of gold, various additives are used, since this metal is quite soft in its primary form. Often, among the auxiliary components, silver is considered the main one, as well as copper. Their concentration can be different, which determines the shade of the patina when the finished product comes into contact with an aggressive environment (cosmetic product, biological fluids).

    High grade gold should not be cleaned with abrasives. The risk of damage is higher. For jewelry made from different types of gold, use the appropriate recommendations.

    Aqueous ammonia concentration for red gold:

    • sample 375 — the upper limit is 15%;
    • sample 585 — average 13%;
    • sample 750 — the weakest possible, less than 5%.

    Purchased jewelry cleaning products

    Any jewelry store will offer you to buy all kinds of cleaning products for cleaning gold. This can be sprays, special moistened wipes, a variety of pastes that gently and effectively cleanse plaque and darkening. Currently, you can purchase a device for cleaning gold using ultrasound.

    Gold cleaners

    There are many jewelry cleaners on the market in various forms: liquid, aerosol, paste, etc.

    Among the proven brands are: Talisman (Russia), HG (Netherlands), Hagerty (France). Many jewelry manufacturers have their own line of such cleaning products.

    Silver and Gold Cleaner HG

    The method of use is indicated on the labels, but in general it is approximately the same. If the composition is in the form of a liquid, then you need to lower the product into it (without touching the liquid with your hands!), hold it in this state for 3-5 minutes, then remove it, rinse thoroughly under running water and dry it. If the contamination is deep, then before washing off the liquid, you can walk through the decoration with a brush.

    Products are immersed in a special liquid

    If the composition is in the form of a spray, then it is sprayed onto the product, left for 3-4 minutes, then the decoration is cleaned with a brush, rinsed well with water and wiped with a napkin. Usually a special brush and a napkin are included with the spray.

    The composition in the form of a paste is applied to a rag (preferably microfiber), put the jewelry in it, hold for 1-2 minutes, and then polish it (through the napkin itself or with a brush), then thoroughly rinse off all residues.

    Napkins for cleaning gold

    Special napkins for cleaning and polishing precious items, impregnated with special chemical compositions, are also sold.

    Jewelry Cleaning Cloths

    Wipe the item carefully, but without strong pressure, with a cloth until the desired shine is achieved. If the napkin turns black and becomes covered with dirt, it will need to be replaced with a new one.

    Despite the possible mistrust of the fact that a tissue can clean something, such products often have quite high reviews.

    Ammonia for gentle, effective cleaning of heavy soiling

    When deciding whether ammonia is suitable for cleaning precious metals, you need to be aware of its effect on some products. For example, aggressive substances should not be used to cleanse pearls, as well as other jewelry with organic stones. They will simply dissolve.

    The ban also applies to products with a matt finish, as the surface layer is damaged. Ammonia cleans all other jewelry gently and in a short time.

    Moreover, this product is used to eliminate the most difficult contaminants.


    When I was going to clean gold, I found out that jewelry with stones on it can be ruined. I began to look for a method that suits them. It turned out that «Fairy», salt and ammonia can solve the problem. The components are taken in a ratio of 1:1. But just do not leave gold in this mixture. It is applied to a ring, bracelet, and then cleaned with a soft brush, you can use a toothbrush, for example. Moreover, salt is needed with small particles.

    Anzhela Gusina, Krasnodar

    Maria Ivanova, Moscow

    I don’t bring jewelry to the point where you need to use funds from the category of «heavy artillery». From time to time I use peroxide and ammonia, add hot water. The result is good, most importantly, the reaction is fast.

    Found an old ring, long lost at home. It has darkened, it was impossible to wear it. To clean it, I took ammonia and shampoo — everything I found at home. The tool works, but not fast enough. I decided to try another peroxide solution. This option removed darkening in a shorter time.

    Nadezhda Rimskaya, Leningrad

    Tips and recommendations for the care of gold items

    Gold items fade over time and lose their attractiveness. Knowing all the methods of cleaning and skillfully using them is not all. It is advisable to properly care for your jewelry and then frequent cleaning will not be needed.

    To maintain the original state of gold jewelry over a long period, you must:

    • Remove them when working with alkali, mercury, acids, bleach and sulfur. These components are components of varnishes, paints, detergents, cosmetic preparations, ointments.
    • Free yourself from decorations when visiting the bathroom, x-ray room.
    • Visit the sauna, bath, solarium without any jewelry. High temperature, sudden temperature changes adversely affect the condition of the products.
    • Free yourself from any jewelry when going to the gym.
    • Wipe gold only with a dry and soft cloth made of natural fibres.
    • Do not use abrasive products or hard-bristled brushes. Categorically refuse to use sharp metal objects, as well as a metal sponge.
    • After each cleaning, rinse the product under clean running water and dry with a soft cloth.
    • Make sure that no medicines get on the gold surface.
    • Clean plaque and tarnish once every two months.
    • When purchasing gold items, ask the manager how to process precious inserts.
    • Avoid using ultrasonic cleaners at home. Not all stones can withstand such action and cracks will appear.
    • Create decent conditions for storing jewelry. The case should be separate, lined with a soft cloth, closed with a lid from bright light and excessive moisture.
    • Do not put gold items in cardboard or paper boxes. The sulfur contained on the walls will adversely affect the condition of the metal and stones.
    • Opt for microfiber and flannel.
    • Try to remove light dirt with soapy water.
    • Do not bring your jewelry to a deplorable state.

    Considering all this, you will enable your favorite jewelry to be beautiful, attractive, shining for many years.

    How to clean gold with ammonia — is it possible to do cleaning at home, and how to quickly and effectively remove blackness on a white alloy chain

    Everyone who wears jewelry has experienced that the product begins to fade over time. Therefore, many are beginning to wonder how to clean gold and silver in order to give it the appearance of a newly acquired piece of jewelry? There are many answers to this question, and each of the methods is good in its own way. Today we will talk about how to clean gold with ammonia and other means that cope with this task perfectly well. They also include vinegar, salt, alcohol, soap, vodka, sugar, onions, and even lipstick. Now in more detail about the most used and reliable methods.


    • 1 Cause of darkening of gold
    • 2 Cleaning of gold with ammonia
    • 3 Primary cleaning
    • 4 Chemical cleaning
    • 5 Mechanical cleaning
    • 6 How to clean jewelry with stones?
    • 7 How do I clean gold with dishwashing detergent and salt?
    • 8 How to clean gold with sparkling water?
    • 9 Soap and water as a cleanser for gold
    • 10 Lipstick
    • 11 Conclusion

    The reason for the darkening of gold

    Not everyone knows that pure gold does not tend to change. This is only due to its combination with other, cheaper, materials. Thus, jewelry production becomes cheaper, which makes it possible to save money. Gold can be alloyed with metals such as silver, copper, nickel, zinc or palladium. They are able to undergo changes under the influence of oxygen and water.

    The brilliance of jewelry also disappears due to the fact that gold is constantly on the human body, which, in turn, can release sweat or grease, and they rid the metal of its original state.

    Cleaning gold with ammonia

    Before cleaning, it is advised to understand what the nature of the pollution itself is, in order to understand what measures to resort to to obtain the most effective result. Dirt can be in the form of dust adhering over time or caused by metal oxidation. In simple situations, water and soap are used, a solution is made from them and the jewelry is safely rid of dirt.

    Important! The nature and degree of contamination directly affects the cleaning method used for a more effective result, which will help to avoid possible damage to jewelry.

    But if the metal is oxidized, this can be understood by the black and greenish spots on the gold. In this case, the most effective technique is

    gold cleaning will include 3 stages:

    1. Primary cleaning.
    2. Cleaning with chemicals.
    3. Mechanical cleaning.

    Now it is worth considering in more detail what each of the stages will include separately.

    Primary cleaning

    Before cleaning gold with ammonia at home, the first step is to make a soap solution. It will help get rid of a small layer of dirt that occurs when metal comes into contact with the human body.

    To prepare it, take water with a temperature of approximately 55 degrees and add any detergent at your discretion to it.

    For example, powder, dish gel or ordinary soap. The only thing is that it is not advised to use overly aggressive cleaning products in particularly difficult situations. The first washing should take place in a regime that is gentle on gold.

    When everything is ready, you need to lower the golden item into the resulting mixture and leave it inside for several hours. Then it needs to be taken out and cleaned with a brush with moderate hardness. After the work done, the first positive results will be visible — the decoration will become cleaner even in the most inaccessible places, such as stone attachments or other recesses and ledges. The gold is then washed with clean water and dried.

    Chemical cleaning

    Ammonia can be used as one of the best deoxidizers because it can effectively rid the gold of any stubborn dirt without harming the item itself. The people most often use several methods for cleaning gold with ammonia:

    1. This will be the first method: take a container with warm water, add half a teaspoon of ammonia along with 1 tsp. shampoo. Then jewelry is lowered into the resulting water and mixed thoroughly. Over time, dirt will appear in the water. After the gold is pulled out and washed under ordinary water. The method showed itself quite well when cleaning gold with stones. To dry, just put it on a napkin and wait.
    2. Another method involves a higher concentration of ammonia solution available at any pharmacy. The method is used for particularly difficult cases. The liquid in its pure form is poured into a container and contaminated objects are placed in it. The time during which they are there, the person regulates himself, based on the degree of contamination of the metal. If the situation is difficult, gold in solution can be left overnight. Rinse in the morning and leave to dry.
    3. Another effective option is to use alcohol and laundry detergent. First you need glassware, you need to pour boiling water into it, add 1 large spoonful of powder and a teaspoon of ammonia. Everything is thoroughly mixed, and then jewelry is placed inside for about an hour. If there is no powder at hand, any other similar remedy is used. Next, the gold is washed and dried. This will help to avoid oxidation in the ligature, which can appear in uncured jewelry during the first weeks after cleaning.
    4. There is a recipe that includes alcohol and peroxide. The method is quite aggressive, so it is not recommended to use it if the jewelry contains inserts or stones that are sensitive to chemical attack. To prepare the cleaning agent, you will need a small saucepan with 200 ml. water in it. Also, 1.5 tablespoons of alcohol and 2 of the same tablespoons of peroxide are added there. After that, you need to drop about 0.5 teaspoon of liquid soap, mix and place the products there for a while. The result will be magnificent, even with the most difficult pollution.
    5. There is another aggressive way to deal with products that have a lot of hard-to-reach places. Such jewelry includes chains with complex weaves or brooches. For the successful application of this method, ammonia is mixed with crushed chalk. As a result, a thick mixture with a specific smell should form. Gold is coated with this mixture so carefully that the product penetrates into all contaminated places. Then you can cover the items or place them in a bag and wait until the mixture hardens or leave everything overnight, this will enhance the effect. After you need to rinse the gold and dry it, wiping it with a napkin.
    6. The last option to get rid of oxidation is to use cleaners and peroxides. How to clean gold with ammonia using such products? The answer is simple. You need a glass of warm water, 25-30 milligrams of 3 percent peroxide, a small spoonful of ammonia and a small amount of soap, preferably liquid, for the eye. All this is mixed, after which you can immerse the jewelry in the resulting solution and leave it there for 3-5 hours.

    Please note! Ammonia is able to cope with any pollution, except for what is characterized by the appearance of black spots. In this case, only the mechanical cleaning procedure will be effective.

    Mechanical cleaning

    This step becomes relevant if the second one did not show the proper result. This can happen because ammonia is not always able to cope with black oxidations, as they are provoked by sulfide irritants. In this case, abrasive material is needed for mechanical cleaning.

    Dental and scouring powders are not recommended as they can damage jewelry by scratching its surface. If super-aggressive substances are used, they can reduce the weight of the product, since the gold alloys used may be excessively soft.

    You can always buy the appropriate paste for processing gold jewelry in a specialty shop. Its composition includes vegetable oil and soapy water. Various powders are added as abrasives.

    Before brushing gold, you need to prepare a brush with medium hard bristles. Then the paste is applied to the product or to the brush itself. Do not press hard on the brush during cleaning, a moderate effort will be enough. When everything is ready, the decoration can be washed with alcohol, it will help to get rid of traces of the paste more thoroughly. Some prepare the remedy on their own and do not spend money on it, but in order to do everything right, you need to have some experience.

    Ammonia is one of the best gold cleaners as there is no risk of damaging the jewelry.

    How to clean jewelry with stones?

    This is one of the most asked questions when it comes to cleaning jewelry. The whole procedure will include special sparing measures that will help not to affect the integrity of materials susceptible to irritants. These include pearls, coral jewelry or bronze.

    Experts recommend following a few simple rules:

    ✓ Do not overexpose such materials in cleansing fluids;

    ✓ it is necessary to prevent acid from getting on the stones, this will destroy its structure;

    ✓ do not use abrasive paste or soda;

    ✓ Turquoise should not be powdered or cleansed, as this may cause it to fade.

    Important! For successful cleaning without harming the stones, it is better to use alcohol and water with a regular napkin. In order for cleaning to always be effective, you need to carry it out regularly as a preventive measure.

    How to clean gold with dishwashing detergent and salt?

    Any dish gel is suitable for cleaning with detergent, eg Gala. The procedure is very simple and accessible to everyone. You need to take a glass of water and a large spoonful of detergent, mix them, and put items there for 2-3 hours. Then the gold needs to be removed and further cleaned, a used toothbrush is well suited for this. But if there are fragile stones on the jewelry, this method will not work.

    The following method works well for soiling gold chains. What is good about the method is its simplicity and cheapness, but at the same time its effectiveness. To prepare the necessary solution, you only need water and three tablespoons of salt. All this is mixed, and then gold can be lowered into the water. For greater efficiency, it is recommended to stir the water from time to time. Jewelry can be taken out after 8-9 hours. And then rinse and dry.

    How to clean gold with sparkling water?

    It’s probably not a secret for anyone that a drink like Coca-Cola has sufficient ability to clean any surfaces. This did not pass by and jewelry. It will take about half a cup of the drink to give rings and earrings their former look with the once lost brilliance. Rings are placed in it and left there for only half an hour or, at most, an hour. If the result is unsatisfactory, after cola, you can additionally clean the surface of the jewelry with a soft brush.

    Soap and water as a cleanser for gold

    Soap and water are more likely to be used as a preventative measure to help avoid stubborn stains and ensure that your jewelry always has the shine and fresh-bought look. To do this, it is enough to make soapy water and place rings, chains and earrings there for about a couple of hours. If they are not cleaned enough, you can additionally use a non-rigid brush.

    Ordinary laundry soap is especially suitable for making a soapy solution.

    To facilitate the task of preparing the mixture, it is rubbed on a grater and poured with hot water. You can also add a little white chalk here, half a standard piece. It takes 2 hours to keep the gold in the liquid. After drying and rinsing, the flannel can be used as a polish.

    What do you need to prepare the solution?

    1. 200 ml. warm water.
    2. The third part of a small spoonful of Vaseline.
    3. Mel.
    4. Soap shavings.

    To protect gold from severe contamination, it is enough to carry out such procedures every 2-3 months.


    This method is practically unknown and little used by the people, so everyone is very surprised when they hear about it for the first time. At first, it is not entirely clear how this is possible, and they are skeptical about this. But there are people who tested it on themselves and did it quite effectively.

    Women often accumulate a large amount of used or obsolete lipsticks, and they can be used with great benefit for jewelry.

    Many people ask why lipstick and what is in it that helps to clean gold from dirt. This is because titanium dioxide is included in its composition, it is he who copes with dirt.

    To clean, you need to take lipstick and rub it on earrings, gold chain rings and other products, then wipe it with a regular dry cloth and rinse under the tap. The result will appear immediately. This is one of the fastest and easiest ways to restore your jewelry to its original condition.


    There are many ways to deal with stains on gold jewelry. But not all of them are suitable for products susceptible to the chemical attack of certain solutions. In order not to harm the jewelry, you should always follow simple rules and remember that a hard brush is not suitable for stripping gold, which is characterized by softness.

    90,000 Scientists have recognized ammonia in water as dangerous. Are there ways to clean it up? — BWT

    Ammonia in water has been declared dangerous by scientists. Are there ways to clean it up? — BWT





    Water and human health


    Scientists have recognized ammonia in water as dangerous. Are there ways to clean it up?



    Ask any high school student the formula of water, and he will answer without hesitation: H 2 O. It flows from a faucet and seems clean and transparent, but in fact it contains many different impurities and suspended particles that are dangerous to human health. For example, tap water contains ammonia. If the concentration is low, then by itself it may not have any effect. However, the problem is that ammonia reacts chemically with certain compounds, resulting in extremely toxic substances. That is why water treatment and water purification using high-tech equipment is so important.

    The problem also lies in the fact that the presence of ammonia in water in high concentration leads to increased corrosion of the structures of heat exchangers, heating boilers and other systems, since some of their parts are made of copper-containing alloys.

    BWT solutions for industrial and domestic water treatment:

    Mechanical filters

    Activated carbon filter

    Iron and manganese removal

    Sink filters

    To get the consultation

    Ammonia removal is one of the most important tasks that is solved in the process of water treatment at various facilities: industrial enterprises, private and multi-apartment buildings, country cottages supplied with water from reservoirs and wells.

    How to purify water from ammonia?

    So, only water purified from excess ammonium can be called high-quality. The best way to get things done is to use modern filters. Moreover, their effectiveness must be proven by water analysis in specialized laboratories.

    In each case, people can use different ways to get rid of ammonia:

    • there are filters that are easy and simple to install on the water faucet;
    • there are situations when it is advisable to use special water treatment systems that are installed in the water supply system;
    • things are more complicated if the water supply of a country house is provided by water from a well. In this case, it is imperative to resort to the services of a company that will fully take over the maintenance of the life support systems of the cottage.

    BWT ammonia treatment methods

    BWT is a well-known Austrian concern that has been successfully developing in the field of water treatment and water purification for several decades. The company’s specialists offer several solutions to the problem of ridding water of harmful impurities and chemical compounds.

    In particular, ammonia can be removed from water using impregnated carbon. Another reliable method is reverse osmosis of water. The company produces special installations that ensure high efficiency of the process. The principle of operation is based on the fact that contaminated water is pumped through a semi-permeable membrane, as a result of which it is divided into two streams. One of them is already purified water, and the second is a concentrated solution containing impurities and hazardous substances. The water that has passed through the membranes is collected in a storage tank and kept there until it is used by the consumer. The polluted stream is sent to the sewer.

    BWT offers more than ten different units designed to purify water not only from ammonia, but also from other chemical compounds. Some of them require very little space. They are placed in small premises, but they perfectly cope with the most important task of providing people with high-quality, purified water.

    Articles BWT

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    Purification of ammonia

    Purification of natural gas from sulfur-containing compounds. Natural gas contains impurities of sulfur-containing compounds — mercaptans (ISN), thiophene (heterocyclic compound C4H48), carbon disulfide (SB2), sulfides (I), hydrogen sulfide (H25), etc. In addition, gas is odorized — ethyl mercaptan is added, which has a strong odor. Odoring gives a specific smell to natural gas (methane is an odorless gas). This is done for safety reasons — the leakage of explosive gas must be felt by others. The sulfur content is low, on average — several tens of mg/m3. But sulfur in any form poisons the catalysts used in the production of ammonia. Its content should not exceed 0.5 mg B/m3.[ …]

    Purification of gases from nitrogen oxides is carried out by their catalytic reduction to M2. The reducing agent can be ammonia, which is dosed into the gases after absorption before the reactor-neutralizer. Methane (natural gas) can also serve as a reducing agent. The latter is convenient to use when organizing an energy-technological system.[ …]

    Purification of air circulating in a closed circuit from ammonia and pyridine bases is carried out by microporous active carbons or large-porous ion exchangers. The degree of air purification from pyridine bases by activated carbons is 96-98%. If ion exchangers are used to purify air with a relative humidity of 40-60%, at a temperature of 15-25 ° C, it is possible to reduce the concentration of ammonia from 10-230 to 0.2-1.3 mg / m3, and pyridine from 5-32 to 0 .2–1.3 mg/m3. The degree of purification of air from ammonia in this case is 88-99%, from pyridine bases 92% and higher. The process is carried out in dry ion exchanger with a height of 120 mm at a linear air velocity of 0.06 m/s. The dynamic exchange capacity of the cation exchanger for ammonia is 2.4 meq/g. [ …]

    Purification of gases emitted from ammonia reactors. Ammonization of the pulp coming from the acid decomposition reactors is accompanied by the release of ammonia and water vapor into the gas phase, which are sucked out of the ammonizers and sent through the factory collector to the treatment plant. About 20 thousand m3/h of gas containing 5 g/m3 of ammonia is sucked out of the ammoniation section, which corresponds to its release into the atmosphere in the amount of 100 kg/h. [ …]

    Purification of wastewater from phosphorus compounds is carried out using aluminum and iron sulfates. Effluent is released from nitrogen compounds (ammonia, nitrites and nitrates) by absorption and ion exchange methods (ammonia). Ammonia is injected into the gas mixture, which, interacting with acidic substances, forms ammonium compounds. The solid phase collected in the electrostatic precipitator is sent to ammonia regeneration, due to which the consumption of ammonia in the process is low.[ …]

    Purification of flue gases from nitrogen oxides from furnaces and installations in oil refining and petrochemical industries can be carried out by thermal catalytic selective reduction in the presence of an aqueous solution of ammonia, surfactants, etc. The purification scheme is relatively simple, and its construction does not require large capital costs. However, it should be taken into account that the suppression of the formation of nitrogen oxides in the presence of ammonia can lead to an increase in the content of CO, ammonium sulfates, benzo(a)pyrene, and other toxic substances. In order to maintain the specified temperature regime, the distribution device for introducing ammonia into the zone must ensure its uniform mixing with combustion products throughout the entire cross section of the gas duct.[ …]

    Ammonia is returned to gas purification from S02, and ammonium bisulfate is used to decompose phosphorite. This process has only been tested in a pilot plant. The process diagram is shown in fig. 1.11.[ …]

    Purification of coke oven gas from tar and volatile substances is carried out according to the scheme shown in fig. 5.26. Coke gas from coke batteries is diverted to collectors-gas collectors located along them. As a result of irrigation with over-tar ammonia water in the gas duct and gas collector, the gas is cooled and part of the mechanical impurities (resin and so-called fuses) are removed from it. In the separator, the gas is freed from the over-tar water, and then enters the primary tubular or scrubber cooler, where, in the process of cooling to 25–35 °C, almost all the resin and water vapor condense from it. In this case, water vapor partially dissolves the ammonia contained in the gas. Fine purification of gas from tar and water drops is carried out in tubular electrostatic precipitators of type C. Then the gas enters absorber scrubbers, in which, due to irrigation with sulfuric acid, ammonia is captured from it with the formation of ammonium sulfate. For a more complete capture of ammonia, the gas is heated before being fed into the scrubber.[ …]

    Methane fermentation is used for wastewater treatment. This process is very complex and multi-stage. Its mechanism has not been finally established. It is believed that the process of methane fermentation consists of two phases: acidic and alkaline (or methane). In the acid phase, lower fatty acids, alcohols, amino acids, ammonia, glycerol, acetone, hydrogen sulfide, carbon dioxide and hydrogen are formed from complex organic substances. From these intermediates, methane and carbon dioxide are formed in the alkaline phase. It is assumed that the rates of transformations of substances in the acidic and alkaline phases are the same. [ …]

    Reducing agents (hydrogen, ammonia, hydrocarbons, carbon monoxide) are used to purify gases by catalysis using reduction and decomposition reactions. Neutralization of nitrogen oxides N0 is achieved by using methane, followed by the use of aluminum oxide to neutralize the carbon monoxide formed at the second stage.[ …]

    Biological (biochemical) method. The method is based on the ability of artificially introduced microorganisms to use organic and some inorganic compounds contained in wastewater (hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, nitrites, sulfides, etc.) for their development. Cleaning is carried out using natural (irrigation fields, filtration fields, biological ponds, etc.) and artificial methods (aerotanks, metatanks, biofilters, circulating oxidizing channels).[ …]

    To clean the flue gases of boilers from nitrogen oxides, selective NO reduction systems are used — non-catalytic (SNCR) and catalytic (SCR). Both methods use ammonia as a reducing agent. Non-catalytic systems are structurally simpler, their construction costs no more than replacing burners, and their efficiency is quite high: emissions of nitrogen oxides are reduced by 50-60%. Ammonia (ammonia water, carbamide) is introduced into the high-temperature (900-1100°C) area of ​​the boiler flue with recirculating gas or steam.[ …]

    After purification, the plant provides BOD up to 3 ppm, COD — about 25 ppm, complete conversion of ammonia (50-60 ppm) into nitrates, hydrogen sulfide is converted into sulfates up to standard limits, the degree of purification from metals in the RO system is 50%, from phenols — up to 0.005 mg/l.[ …]

    Methods for cleaning gases from ammonia. Ammonia, which is the starting material for the production of nitric acid, has toxic properties. It causes acute irritation of the mucous membranes, lacrimation, burns, suffocation. The maximum permissible concentrations of ammonia are: in the air of the working area 20 mg / m3, in the air of settlements the maximum one-time and average daily MPC 0.2 mg / m3.[ …]

    The degree of gas purification from ammonia reaches 90%.[ …]

    The purified coke oven gas is sent to consumers by blowers. The products caught from it are valuable chemical raw materials. So, benzene is used in the production of rubber, plastics and dyes; naphthalene — for the production of griftal resins and plasticizers; ammonia — for the production of fertilizers; phenol — for the production of phenolics; resins — for the production of artificial leather, rubber, paints, etc.[ …]

    Waste gas treatment scheme for ammonia production

    Biochemical treatment [5.21, 5.24, 5.33, 5.55, 5.64, 5.72]. The method is based on the ability of microbes to use various soluble organic and non-oxidized inorganic compounds (for example, Cr6+, ammonia, nitrites, hydrogen sulfide) in the course of their life activity. Therefore, the use of the biochemical method makes it possible to remove various toxic organic and inorganic compounds from wastewater. If the rate of the biochemical process is determined by the conditions of oxygen supply and the surface of microbial bodies (diffusion factors), they use aerotanks — mixers with pneumatic or mechanical aeration. With pneumatic aeration, some of the organic compounds can be desorbed into the atmosphere. If the rate of a biochemical process depends only on kinetic factors and practically does not depend on the presence of oxygen and the number of microbial bodies, then biofilters, oxidizing ponds and reservoirs are used.[ …]

    Adsorption gas cleaning is most effective when treating large volumes of gases with a low content of impurities, for example, for fine purification of process gases from sulfur compounds and carbon dioxide in the production of ammonia; Acetyl Purification!-:; obtained by pyrolysis of hydrocarbons; purification of aspiration gases, etc. When removing vapors of toxic substances and suspected carcinogens, it is most advisable to use the adsorption method in cases where the content of impurities must be reduced to several ppm or even lower. For example, many strong-smelling pollutants can be detected at about 100 ppm in the air, so to completely remove the smell, the concentration of the pollutant should be lowered even more, which, as a rule, cannot be achieved by other purification methods than adsorption. …[ …]

    The most complete purification is achieved at a C1:N ratio of 7.6:1 and 10:1 and a pH of 5-8. Since all compounds of chlorine with ammonia are toxic, it is necessary to carry out further sorption of chlorine and chloramines by activated carbon, i.e. the process of adsorption-chlorination, filtering water through layers of coal. [ …]

    Ammonia purification device by distillation

    The biochemical method of wastewater treatment is based on the ability of microbes to use various soluble organic and non-oxidized inorganic compounds (for example, ammonia, nitrites, hydrogen sulfide) in the course of their life activity [213].[ …]

    The simplest way to remove ammonia from exhaust gases is its absorption with water.[ …]

    The absorption method of gas purification, carried out in absorber units, is the simplest and with a high degree of purification, however, it requires bulky equipment and purification of the absorbing liquid. Based on chemical reactions between a gas, such as sulfur dioxide, and an absorbent suspension (alkaline solution: limestone, ammonia, lime). With this method, gaseous harmful impurities are deposited on the surface of a solid porous body (adsorbent). The latter can be extracted by desorption when heated with steam.[ …]

    Biochemical methods of wastewater treatment. These methods are used to purify household and industrial wastewater from many dissolved organic and some inorganic (hydrogen sulfide, ammonia, sulfides, nitrites, etc.) substances. The purification process is based on the ability of microorganisms to use the listed substances for nutrition in the process of life — organic substances for microorganisms are a source of carbon. from carbon monoxide residues (CO + 3H2 = CH4 + H2O), the degree of CO hydrogenation decreased. Accordingly, the ABC entering the ammonia synthesis section will contain more CO and less CH4. The synthesis of ammonia is carried out in a recycle system (see Fig. 3.5). A decrease in the inert component CH4 in the initial mixture will lead to its smaller accumulation in the synthesis cycle and, consequently, to an increase in the partial pressures of nitrogen and hydrogen. In connection with this, the reaction rate and, accordingly, the degree of ABC conversion into the product will increase. This is a beneficial effect and will manifest itself as soon as such a change in methanation occurs. But CO is a poison for the ammonia synthesis catalyst. With an increase in the CO content, the deactivation of the catalyst will occur faster, which worsens the efficiency of the process over time, as the catalyst is poisoned.[ …]

    Thus, the production of ammonia consists of the following stages: methane conversion, gas purification from CO2, gas compression, purification from CO, ammonia synthesis. At each of these stages, wastewater is formed.[ …]

    It is possible to ensure the standard ammonia emission at the level of 5-10 ppm only if the molar ratios NH3/(NO + 502) are less than 1. 0. Therefore, it is recommended to use the electron beam method for purification from NO and 802, with an efficiency of 75 and 55%, respectively. The advantage of the method is the development of a valuable product — a mixture of ammonium nitrate and sulfate with an admixture of ammonium chloride, used as a fertilizer.[ …]

    The most effective and proven method for cleaning flue gases from NO . today is the selective catalytic reduction of N0 with ammonia on oxide vanadium-titanium catalysts.[ …]

    A special place among others is occupied by biochemical treatment methods that use living organisms to neutralize waste, which guarantees the absence of toxic components in the final products of processing. The methods are most effective for cleaning from organic pollutants, as well as for trapping some inorganic substances, such as hydrogen sulfide H28, ammonia N113, etc.[ …]

    The use of catalysts for these purposes (by analogy with gas purification in the production of nitric acid) is hardly possible, since, along with N,0, the flue gases of glass furnaces contain many components that are poisons for catalysts. A promising way to reduce N>,0 is the addition of ammonia to gases at a high (900–1200 °C) temperature. This method requires a homogeneous distribution of ammonia in the flue gases, which can be realized by supplying ammonia before the recovery device.[ …]

    An example of such a change in technology is the transition from the treatment of converted gases from ammonia production with copper-ammonia solutions to gas washing with liquid nitrogen (to isolate carbon monoxide). The use of this cleaning method made it possible to abandon an expensive and complex unit, to increase the overall labor productivity in ammonia production. At the same time, there was no need to purify ammonia gases from ammonia and discharge inert gases circulating in the system, and hence their purification.[ …]

    In practice, two directions of flue gas purification from nitrogen oxides are mainly developed in the thermal power industry: selective non-catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides (SNCR-process) and selective catalytic reduction of nitrogen oxides (SCR-process). Ammonia or chemical compounds that can easily decompose with the release of ammonia are used as a reducing agent.[ …]

    After cooling in the heat extraction system, the coke oven gas passes through a complex system of purification from tar, ammonia and benzene (Schipbaia). After that, it is sent to the gas tank, and from there to the consumer of the fuel either directly or through a gas mixing station.[ …]

    In the processes of gasification of liquid fuels in order to obtain synthesis gases for the production of alcohols and ammonia, during the purification of gases from soot, soot pulps are formed, which are (at a soot concentration of more than 10%) mushy masses supplied for storage in dumps. To prevent dusting of dumps, soot is buried under a layer of water, and after filling the dumps, it is covered with a layer of soil.[ …]

    Capturing the vapor-gas mixture after evaporators. One of the effective ways to reduce the loss of ammonia to the environment is the complete condensation of the juice vapor of the evaporation unit. Therefore, at modern industrial enterprises, the issue of reducing the release of ammonia and carbamide into the environment is solved by installing a series of additional capacitors. The scheme of off-gas purification in carbamide production is shown in fig. 7.20.[ …]

    Auxiliary material after use is recovered and returned to the process. After the absorption of CO2 by the MEA solution, the latter is heated and sent to the desorber (Fig. 3.30). CO2 is released in it, and the regenerated solution is returned for absorption.[ …]

    The experience of the Kuryanovskaya aeration station (Moscow) shows that the post-treatment facilities retain about 70% of suspended solids, after deep cleaning their concentration in absolute terms fluctuates during years from 3 to 3.8 mg/l. During the filtration process, the amount of organic matter is reduced by 30-40%, the content of dissolved oxygen is 2.8-3.6 mg/l. The concentration of copper, chromium and other elements changes insignificantly. The same can be said about the bacterial composition. The pH values ​​and the concentration of biogenic elements — ammonia and phosphates — practically do not change.[ …]

    Wastewater from the conversion department is conditionally clean and is used in the recycling water supply system. Water from the installation of water purification of gas from CO> is also sent to the water circulation. The volume of conditionally pure water per 1 ton of ammonia according to the first scheme with aqueous gas purification is 800-825 m3, with monoethanolamine purification — 640 m3. [ …]

    from where it is pumped to the carbamide shop for the production of liquid fertilizers. The same absorber for cleaning is supplied with ammonia purges from the safety valves of the apparatus, from the ammonia evaporator, collectors, carbamide solution and ammonium salts.[ …]

    Organic bases are displaced from the cation exchanger during regeneration with a 5% MN3 solution in a solvent mixture consisting of 80% alcohol (ethyl or methyl) and 20% water. In this case, the concentration of amines in waste solutions can be increased to approximately 100 g!l. Ammonia and alcohol are distilled off from such solutions and used in the next regeneration operation, and raw organic products extracted from the ion-exchange resin are separated from the aqueous phase for their further rectification. Heating the regenerating solution (or a column with a cation exchanger switched off for regeneration) to a temperature of 35-40°C significantly speeds up the process of washing organic substances out of the resin. As an example, in fig. 33 shows the technological scheme of ion-exchange wastewater treatment of chloraniline production from mixtures of aniline with chloraniline. Waste water is taken into the collection /, where hydrochloric acid is dosed from the measuring tanks 2 to lower the pH to 4-4.5. Acidified wastewater is pumped by pump 18 to filter 4, where it is separated from suspended solids precipitated during acidification. The filtrate is taken into tank 5 and, at a rate of about 2 m?/m2 • h, enters the block of successively connected columns 6, 7, 8 with a total length of the layer of the KU-2 cation exchanger loaded in them of at least 3 m. [ …]

    Up to 30 species of Bacterium are found in industrial wastewater. These bacteria assimilate oil, paraffins, naphthenes, phenols and other compounds. The species name of bacteria reflects the nature of the digestible compounds: Bact. aliphaticum, Bact. naphtalinicus, Bact. benzoli, Bact. cyrloclastes, etc. Ammonifiers found in wastewater include Bact. mycoides. The processes of ammonification of protein compounds are the most important component of wastewater treatment processes. The released ammonia is a source of nitrogen, part of it is oxidized to nitrites and nitrates. Thio-bacterium and Thiotrix, which oxidize sulfides, hyposulfites, hydrogen sulfide, develop from the groups of sulfur bacteria in silts.[ …]

    In recent years, a large number of livestock farms and complexes for the production of beef, pork, and poultry have been created around large cities. The concentration of animals in large farms produces a significant amount of liquid manure (a mixture of liquid and solid excrement).

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