Connectives for kids: Connectives | 3rd grade, 4th grade Writing Worksheet

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KS2,English, Adjectives, Connectives,Complex Sentences,Free Worksheets

Extending Sentence To Make Them Interesting

KS2 children need help with writing interesting sentences and extending sentences.  Given the choice, most will opt for writing short simple sentences mainly because it is easier.  However, when writing, sentences need to be varied in order to keep the readers interest.  This means children need to learn how to improve their writing by using better vocabulary and ensuring they are grammatically correct.

Primary school children are expected to achieve a high level of grammar, spelling and punctuation skills before children leave Primary School.  These skills are essential in both fiction writing and non-fiction writing.  

Practise Makes Perfect

At school, children will be taught and shown ways in which they can make their sentences more interesting.  This is an ongoing theme and needs to be practised at school regularly and through homework.  With continuous practise, children will begin to automatically think about their vocabulary choice and sentence structure when writing.

How To Improve Your Writing

KS2 children will learn about nouns, verbs, adjectives and adverbs.  These are needed when making sentences more interesting and complex.  

When children have completed a piece of writing, it is always a good idea to get them into the habit of checking their work to find ways in which they can improve it.  This editing habit can be practised by following a few simple steps, which can be turned into a routine, every time they do some writing.

Writing Checklist

  • Does your writing make sense?
  • Have you used the correct punctuation?
  • Have you used adjectives to describe nouns?
  • Have you used adverbs to describe verbs?
  • Have you used a variety on conjunctions to extend your sentences?
  • Have you used a variety of simple, compound and complex sentences?
  • Have you checked your spellings?
  • Can you add anything to your writing to make it sure the reader understands what you are writing about?

Teach My Kids — Activities For Children: Click on the link below to download a free worksheet.
​This English worksheet improves children’s ability to make sentences more interesting by showing them what a boring / simple sentence looks like.  KS2 children then turn these simple sentences into longer, more informative sentences, using conjunctions, adjectives and adverbs.  This will help children write compound sentences and complex sentences.

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English — Conjunctions and Connectives — 11-Plus Exam Illustrations

In the following sentences there are missing conjunctions. Put the most appropriate from the given list in the correct places.

I stood on the deck ______ it was very windy.

______ I had worked hard, I found the test easy.


a) FIRSTLY b) EVEN THOUGH c) HOWEVER d) BECAUSE e) DUE TO

In the recent past the government has decided that the word ‘connectives’ be replaced with the word ‘conjunctions’ in primary schools. Unfortunately, this means that some children have slightly more difficulty in understanding the term as ‘connectives’ was self-explanatory. Essentially, the terms are synonymous. There are very small differences but these are not worth bothering with and for your child’s school entrance tests either could be referred to.

A connective or conjunction joins two clauses. The majority are single words although there are several which have two or three component words. Examples are ‘but’, ‘however’, ‘as long as’ and ‘when’. Clauses containing these elements at the start will need a main clause to work with them.

In the questions above, your child needs to read through and picture the scenario. (S)he should then try and imagine an appropriate word to fit in without looking at the answer — once they have a good idea it is just a matter of finding that word (or a synonym) and reading the sentence to see if it makes total sense. If they are unable to work out a word without looking at the possible answers, go through each one at a time and see what works grammatically and whether the sentence ‘feels’ right. Sometimes answers make grammatical sense but don’t really read right. An example would be ‘BECAUSE’ being used in the first sentence.

I stood on the deck BECAUSE it was very windy.

It makes sense, there is nothing technically wrong with this. However, it seems counter-intuitive to stand on the deck due to it being windy. The question asks for the most appropriate answer so we should think of the context and use a conjunction which suggests the action was taken despite the weather conditions:

I stood on the deck EVEN THOUGH it was very windy.

The second sentence suggests the test was straightforward and that I had worked hard. Again, ‘EVEN THOUGH’ is grammatically correct but once again, it makes a rather peculiar sentence. There seems to be no reason to tell someone that I found it easy despite the work that I had put in. The most appropriate answer is:

BECAUSE I had worked hard, I found the test easy.

Example 2

Underline the conjunctions in the following sentences.

  1. Since the ball had rolled under the scoreboard, the fielder found it very difficult to fetch it.
  2. She had taken the second one yet wondered whether it would have been better to have chosen the first.

Firstly, we need to remember that the conjunction is a word (or words) which links two elements of a sentence together. It could be in the middle of a sentence or at the beginning, but never at the end.

Let’s look at the action or actions in each sentence. In the first, a ball has rolled under a scoreboard (one action) and a fielder is struggling to find it (second action). The conjunction will bring the two together in one sentence. In this case, it is the word ‘Since’ at the start of the sentence.

In the second sentence, the two actions are a woman taking something and the same person thinking about the decision that has been made. When you break sentences down like this, it should be relatively straightforward to spot the conjunction. In this case, it is ‘yet’.

While the conjunctions in each of the sentences above were single words, ensure your child has seen a list of the different connecting words and phrases that are regularly used in English. In my classroom I would always have a few helpful lists of them and a lot of classrooms I visit have the same but there are plenty of lists online. If your child knows that phrases are sometimes used as conjunctions, they will be able to pick out the whole conjunction and not just one word which could be marked as wrong. For example, ‘even though‘ could gain a mark whereas ‘even though‘ would not.

90,000 treatment in Kyiv – Sports Traumatology Clinic 90,001 90,002 90,003 Vladimir Novikov 90,003 07/09/2019 90,003 04/13/2023 90,003 News 90,007 90,002 90,007 90,002 Children are gentle creatures. They are in the process of formation and the body spends a lot of energy on the development of what is, let alone the protective functions that sometimes suffer. There is a high risk of rupture of the cruciate ligament (most often the anterior), especially with an active lifestyle and an immature musculoskeletal system. Sports enthusiasts (football, basketball, skiing, etc.) are especially at risk. The mechanism of injury is standard — a sloppy turn on a fixed leg or a sharp movement directed at the knee is enough. There is no need to talk about forced sharp bends and turns inward.

Symptoms

The first thing you may hear is a clicking sound. There is a feeling of «failure» in the joint, the bone seems loose and confidence is lost when walking. The leg cannot provide the necessary reliable support. Hemarthrosis occurs, in which blood begins to pour directly into the joint, the leg swells and there are severe pains that will be difficult to endure even for an adult.

Diagnosis

One of the first manifestations is «drawer syndrome». In order to identify its presence or absence, the lower leg is tried to be moved back or forward relative to the femur — if it works out, this is the very syndrome. Just a visual inspection is not enough to accurately determine the situation inside the joint. The best option is MRI or CT, which will allow you to get a three-dimensional image of the entire joint and its components.

Treatment

The problem of treating such an injury in children is that the child is still being formed, growing, the ligaments are in the process of development and stretching to the desired size. The most common rupture repair option is surgical. Methods are applied either sparing the growth cartilage, or the same as for adults. The difficulty is that after the operation, the restored ligament can tear again — the growth process gives its load. Regular monitoring by a doctor is needed to prevent an undesirable alignment. One of the possible negative consequences may be a violation of the growth and formation of a limb, therefore it is important to entrust the issue of surgical intervention to professionals who really know their business.
The second option is to wait for the final formation of the system. When everything finally becomes “like an adult”, it will be possible to carry out a recovery operation. During the formation, the child can play sports, but with certain restrictions.
Maintaining a conservative treatment plan of motion-restricting bandages and strengthening exercises is also encouraged. But even so, the load should be limited, because such methods do not blow a 100% guarantee of safety.
A partial ligament tear often occurs in children. This can partially limit movement and, if careless, can lead to a complete rupture in the future, which happens in 30% of cases.

Rehabilitation

After surgery, even a child’s body, which in principle recovers faster, needs a lot of time for rehabilitation — from 5 to 9 months, depending on the age and complexity of the operation. Scheduled inspections must be carried out. It will be possible to step on the foot in a few days, as soon as the patient can do it. In the event that operations were also performed in parallel to restore the meniscus, the rest period will need to be extended to 6 weeks. During rehabilitation, a specialized set of exercises for recovery and warm-up is prescribed. The return to sports is carried out gradually, with a gradual increase in load.
In the event of a cruciate ligament rupture in a child, do not hesitate to contact a specialist. Let illnesses not limit the joys of children’s activities.

Dance video — dance school of Lyudmila Kwasnevskaya

School-studio of modern dance
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This is a rather complex, multifaceted and free style.

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