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Greater Than and Less Than Symbols For Preschoolers and Kids

  • What Is Greater Than Sign (>)?

  • What Is Less than Sign (<)?

  • What Is Equal To Sign (=)?

  • Rules For Comparison Of Numbers

  • Why Do We Use The Greater Than And Less Than?

  • Examples Of Greater Than And Less Than

  • Simple Tricks To Remember Greater And Less Than Signs

  • Word Problems On Greater Than & Less Than Symbols For Kids

  • Practice Questions To Help Kids Revise Greater Than & Less Than Sign

  • Activities To Teach Your Child Greater Than and Less Than Symbols

Mathematics is a language with its own sets of rules and formulas. The symbols and signs used in maths are quite unique and are universally accepted. From school till graduation, we encounter these signs in all the mathematical concepts we study. The use of these signs and symbols helps us to say what we want, consuming less of our time. For example, greater than and less than signs help us convey the meaning using the signs “>” and “<“.


In this article, we are going to learn about greater than and less than concept with the help of their definition, their signs, solved examples and some fun activities. The greater and less concept is used for comparing two numbers. Therefore, it is important that children understand how to use and represent greater than and less than using signs.


Let’s get started and teach greater than and less than to kindergarten kids.

What Is Greater Than Sign (>)?

Greater than sign helps us to define which quantity/amount is larger than the other one. The greater than sign in maths is “>”. This sign is placed between two values in which one number is greater than the other number.


What Is Less than Sign (<)?

Less than sign helps us to define which quantity/amount is smaller than the other one. The less than sign in maths is “< “. This sign is placed between two values in which one number is smaller than the other number.


What Is Equal To Sign (=)?

Equal to sign helps us to define the equality between two numbers or values. The equal to sign in maths is “=”. The sign is placed between two values when they are equal.

Rules For Comparison Of Numbers

Here are some rules on how to read greater than and less than numbers.


  • The more the number of digits, the greater the number.
  • If two numbers have an equal number of digits, look for the left-hand side of the two numbers. The number with the bigger digit on the left-hand side is greater.
  • If the two leftmost digits are the same, then compare the next digit to the right and continue to compare the numbers in this manner.

Why Do We Use The Greater Than And Less Than?

Greater than and less than are used to compare any two numbers/values/amounts/etc. When the given number is bigger or smaller than the other number, greater than and less than signs are used. If the first number is greater than the second number, greater than sign (>) is used. If the first number is less than the second number, less than the sign (<) is used.

Examples Of Greater Than And Less Than

It is important that we teach our little ones how to use the greater than and less than signs. Teaching and learning with the help of examples make the learning process easy for children. In this section, we have covered examples of greater than and less than for children. Let’s read and teach!


Greater Than Symbol Examples

  • 5 > 3 (5 is greater than 3)
  • 7 > 5 (7 is greater than 5)
  • 2 > 1 (2 is greater than 1)
  • 20 > 15 (20 is greater than 15)
  • 60 > 35 (60 is greater than 35)
  • 100 > 70 (100 is greater than 70)
  • 22 > 13 (22 is greater than 13)
  • 9 > 3 (9 is greater than 3)

Less Than Symbol Examples

  • 2 < 4 (2 is less than 4)
  • 17 < 34 (17 is less than 34)
  • 23 < 74 (23 is less than 74)
  • 89 < 100 (89 is less than 100)
  • 68 < 72 (68 is less than 72)
  • 24 < 42 (24 is less than 42)
  • 99 < 100 (99 is less than 100)
  • 25 < 40 (25 is less than 40)

Simple Tricks To Remember Greater And Less Than Signs

Let’s read about some tricks to remember greater and less than signs for kids. Here we will discuss 3 methods:

1. Understanding signs using points

For Greater Than Sign (>)


  • Understand the sign from the left side to the right side.
  • On the left hand, it has two points, and on the right side, it has one point, which means it denotes greater than the sign.

For Less Than Sign (<)

  • Understand the symbol from the left side to the right side.
  • On the left hand, it has one point, and on the right side, it has two points, which means it denotes less than a sign.

2. Alligator Method

  • We assume the sign “<” and “>” are alligators with a number on both sides, which are fishes.
  • The alligator always wants to eat a larger number of fish, so the mouth is always opens towards the greater number.

3. L Method

  • The letter ‘L’ looks like the less-than symbol “<“.
  • You can remember the first letter of the word, less than to be the sign. Example: 10 < 50 (10 is less than 50)
Sign Meaning Sign Example
Less than sign < 10 < 20
More than sign > 20 > 10
Equal to sign = 20 = 20

Word Problems On Greater Than & Less Than Symbols For Kids

Here are some word problems with the solution on greater than and less than symbols for children.


1. Ram has twelve bananas, and Mansi has six bananas. Find out who has fewer bananas.


Ram has 12 bananas.
Mansi has 6 bananas.
So, 6 is less than 12, 6 <12
Therefore, Mansi has less bananas than Ram.


2. Gayatri walks in the park for fifty minutes, while Rohan walks in the park for 30 minutes every day. Who walks for less time in the park?


Gayatri walks for 50 minutes.
Rohan walks for 30 minutes.
Therefore, Rohan walks for less time in the park.
So, 30 is less than 50, 30 < 40.

3. Sita purchased two bags, while Geeta purchased only one bag. Who purchased less bags?


Sita purchased 2 bags.
Geeta purchased 1 bag.
So, 1 is less than 2, 1 < 2.
Therefore, Geeta purchased less bags.

4. Giraffe’s weight is 1800 kg, and a zebra’s weight is 300 kg. Who weighs more?


Giraffe weighs 1800 kg.
Zebra weighs 300 kg.
So, 1800 is greater than 300, 1800 > 300
So, giraffe weight is more than that of zebra.

Practice Questions To Help Kids Revise Greater Than & Less Than Sign

1. Place the correct sign:

20 _ 30
50 _ 25
80 _ 80


20 < 30
50 > 25
80 = 80

2. Rani has 5 apples; Jahnvi has 9 apples. Fill in the correct sign to tell who has more apples.
9 _ 5

9 > 5

Therefore, Jahnvi has a more number of apples than Rani.

3. 77 _ 77. Fill in the correct sign.

Answer: 77 = 77

4. Use the correct sign and tell which number is smaller.
100 _ 250

100 < 250

Therefore, 100 is less than 250.

5. Between the numbers 44 and 66, which is greater?

Answer: 66 > 44

Therefore, 66 is greater than 44.

6. Fill in the correct symbol.
90 _ 82

90 > 82

Activities To Teach Your Child Greater Than and Less Than Symbols

Let’s take a look at some greater than less than preschool activities.

1. Throw The Dice

Take two dice and ask your child to throw them to draw two numbers. Ask them which number is greater or less than the other number.

2. Count And Tell

Collect your little one’s soft toys and storybooks. Keep the two things in separate stacks. Ask your child to count each of the two categories and tell which one is less in number than the other one.

3. Activity Worksheets

Make an activity worksheet for your child where they have to just put in the sign of greater than and less than. For example, you can make a similar activity sheet for your child:

  • 9 _ 8
  • 55 _ 89
  • 21 _ 12
  • 77 _ 77
  • 99 _ 100
  • 15 _ 62

4. Card Game

Start playing this card game with your child. Divide the cards equally between you and your child. Both of you have to throw one card at a time. Ask your child to compare the number on the two cards and tell which one is greater than the other.

5. Sensory Bin Play

Take a basket and add pom poms of any 2 colours to it. Ask your child to sort the pom poms according to their colours and tell which one coloured pom poms are less than the other one.

We hope this article on greater than and less than (more than and less than) helped your little one to learn and understand the concept easily. The activities mentioned above are very simple, fun and engaging and will help your child in learning an important mathematical concept. If you have any questions related to this topic, drop them in the comments below, and we will be happy to provide you with answers.

Also Read:

More and Less Concept for Children
Greatest and Smallest Numbers for Kids
Number Names for Kids to Improve Math Skills

Basic Math Symbols Explained | HowStuffWorks


Common mathematical symbols are the building blocks of all mathematical functions. Bankrx/Shutterstock

Common math symbols give us a language for understanding, well, everything from budgeting to the nature of reality itself. Its building blocks are relatively simple. Even the most sophisticated mathematical equations rely on a handful of fundamental common math symbols.

Before you can solve the mystery of the Collatz Conjecture, figure out a square root or understand more complex algebraic symbols, you’ll need to master the basic mathematical symbols that are necessary for writing a mathematical equation.



  1. Plus Symbol (+)
  2. Minus Symbol (-)
  3. Equals Symbol (=)
  4. Does Not Equal Symbol (≠)
  5. Multiplication Symbol (×)
  6. Division Symbol (÷)
  7. Greater Than/Less Than Symbols
  8. Greater Than or Equal To/Less Than or Equal To Symbols (≥ ≤)
  9. Fraction Symbol (/)
  10. Decimal Symbol (. )
  11. Percent Symbol (%)

1. Plus Symbol (+)

The plus symbol (+) signifies addition. It’s the most basic math symbol in the world. When adding two or more numbers, use the plus symbol to indicate that you are combining them. For example, 6 + 3 means you’re adding positive number 6 and positive number 3 together. You can also include the plus symbol before a number to indicate that the number is positive, although this is typically redundant — a number on its own is assumed to be positive. Writing «+3» is nonetheless a way of making clear that you’re referring to positive 3.


2. Minus Symbol (-)

The minus symbol (-) signifies subtraction. When you’re subtracting one number from another, place the minus sign between them. For instance, 6 — 3 shows that you’re subtracting 3 from 6. As with the plus symbol, you can place the minus symbol in front of a number to show that it has a negative value. This is much more common, since written numbers are not negative by default. As an example, writing «-3» shows that you’re referring to negative 3.


3. Equals Symbol (=)

The equals symbol (=) indicates that the values on either side of the symbol are not approximately equal, but are completely equivalent. In the equation 6 + 3 = 9, the equals sign indicates that the sum of 6 and 3 is equivalent to 9. The equals symbol is an essential part of any math equation.



Does Not Equal Symbol (≠)

The does not equal symbol (≠) indicates that two values are not equal. Place this sign between two numbers or mathematical expressions that are not equivalent. For example, 6 ≠ 3 states that 6 is not equal to 3.


5. Multiplication Symbol (×)

The multiplication symbol (×) signifies multiplying something by something else — that is, finding the product of two numbers or, to put it another way, adding a number to itself a certain number of times. Let’s make that clear with an example: 6 × 3 = 18 means you’re adding three 6s together, resulting in a product of 18. Since the formal multiplication symbol (×) is not common on keyboards, you can use an asterisk (*) or an «x» instead. This is particularly useful when writing computer programs or Excel formulas.



6. Division Symbol (÷)

The division symbol (÷) signifies the dividing of a number. This is the process of splitting a number into a certain number of equal parts. Consider the equation 6 ÷ 3 = 2. In this example, 6 divides into 3 equal groups of 2. Like one of the other key mathematical objects, the multiplication symbol, the formal symbol for division (÷) is uncommon in everyday use. When typing out equations, you can use a forward slash (/) to indicate division. Again, this is necessary for writing equations in computer programming languages.


Math equations can often look like a confusing mass of random squiggles, but they are all made up of common mathematical symbols.

Margarita Vin/Shutterstock


7. Greater Than/Less Than Symbols

The greater than symbol (>) and the less than symbol (<) don’t have the same meaning, but indicate that one value is greater than another. These symbols function similarly to an equals symbol in between two numbers. For example, 6 > 3 shows that 6 is greater than 3, while 3 < 6 shows that 3 is less than 6. Remember, the larger number always faces the open end of the symbol, while the smaller number always faces the point where the two lines meet.


8. Greater Than or Equal To/Less Than or Equal To Symbols (≥ ≤)

The greater than or equal to symbol (≥) and the less than or equal to symbol (≤) combine the greater than and less than symbols with the equals symbol. They’re used to, you guessed it, show when two values are greater (or less) than or equal to each other. This symbol is not very common in everyday usage, and it’s most prevalent in equations when one or more quantities is unknown. For example, in the equation X ≥ 3, we know that X can be 3 or any number greater than 3. In this case, 3 ≥ 3 is a true statement, as is 4 ≥ 3, as is 5 ≥ 3, and so on.


9. Fraction Symbol (/)

The fraction symbol (/) appears as a line or slash separating two numbers, one below the other. It can appear in a few different ways. For instance, 3/5 means three-fifths. The 3 at the top of the fraction is in the position of the numerator, and the five at the bottom of the fraction is in the position of the denominator. Fractions show you how many parts of a whole you have; saying that you have 3/5 of a cookie means that if a cookie is divided into five equal parts, you have 3 of those parts. For more complicated math expressions, the fraction symbol appears as a long horizontal line separating the numerator and denominator.



10. Decimal Symbol (.)

A decimal (.) symbol is a period symbol used to separate the whole part of a number from the fractional part of a number. If that sounds a bit confusing, let’s take a step back to make sense of it. The number system is based on a system of place value, meaning that the placement of each digit within a number indicates its value. In the number 3.6, the placement of the 3 indicates that is the whole part of the number; the 6 is to the right of the decimal in what we call the «tenths place,» meaning it is 6/10 of 1. If you had 3.6 cookies, you would have 3 and 6/10 total cookies. Additional digits after the decimal have their own place value. In the number 3.687, 8 is in the hundredths place, and 7 is in the thousandths place.

11. Percent Symbol (%)

Like the fraction symbol and decimal, the percent symbol (%) is one of the key mathematical objects, useful for showing fractional quantities, in this case specifically as a portion of 100. If you have 36% of your cell phone battery, you have 36 out of 100 units of battery life remaining. «Percent» means «out of one hundred,» and since the percent symbol (%) looks like the digits of 100 rearranged, it’s easy to remember.

Cite This!

Please copy/paste the following text to properly cite this HowStuffWorks.com article:

Thomas Harlander
«11 Basic Math Symbols and How to Use Them»
14 April 2023.
HowStuffWorks.com. <https://science.howstuffworks.com/math-concepts/basic-math-symbols.htm>
29 June 2023


Mathematics Signs greater than, less than and equal to

Lesson materials

Lesson outline

Topic: Signs greater than, less than and equal to

9000 8 Lesson progress

1. Organizational start of the lesson

To study well,
There is a lot to know.
Every day piggy bank knowledge
Definitely replenish.

2. Knowledge update Let’s learn how to compare things. And a fairy tale hero will help us with this. Guess which one.

As mischievous as the letter «B»,
The passenger is a little strange,
Wooden man,
On land and underwater
Looking for a golden key.
He has a long nose everywhere.
Who is this?..
. Pinocchio!

1) Mental count

— Count from 10 to 30 and vice versa.
What numbers come after three, four, two? Four, five, three .
What numbers come before the numbers one, five, two? Zero, four, one .
What number are neighbors of numbers 4 and 6? Five .
— Two and four? Three .
— Zero and two? One .
— Three and five? Four .

— Solve the examples.
— One plus two equals — … three .
— Two plus two equals — … four .
— Three add two — … five .
— Four add one — … five .
— From five, subtracting two will be — … three .
— Four subtract three equals — … one .
— Three subtract one equals — … two .
— Five subtract three equals — … two .
— Four minus two will be — … two .

— Help Pinocchio cope with examples.

4 — 1 = 3
5 — 2 = 3
3 + 1 = 4
3 + 2 = 5
2 + 2 \u003d 4

— Look carefully at the pictures and select examples for them.

I draw a cat house:
Three windows, a door with a porch.
Above is another window,
To not be dark.
Count windows
In the cat’s house.

— Four, since adding one to three makes four.

A gray cat is sitting by the window,
A red cat lies on a matting.
A black cat plays with a mouse,
A white cat climbed into the basket.
How many cats?
Don’t hesitate, look.
How much did you count?

— Four, because one plus one, plus one, plus one makes four.

— Two girls and three boys were riding the hill. How many children were on the slide?
Two and even three will be — five.
— The two boys are gone. How many children are left on the hill?
Five without two will be three.

— How many squares are drawn?
Of course, five.

Physical education for fingers

Here are all my fingers,
Turn them however you want.
And like this, and like this,
Don’t get offended at all.
One, two, three, four, five —
They don’t fit again.
And they wanted to work.
Let the handles rest,
And now back on the road.

2. Formation of knowledge

— How many mushrooms are on the left? Three .
— How many mushrooms are on the right? Two .
— Where are the most mushrooms? Of course, on the left.
— We can indicate this with the sign « is greater than «. This sign opens its «beak» towards a larger number.
— We read like this: «Three is more than two.» Write it down by saying it again.

What should we do when the number is
More like out of spite?
How to show it,
For everyone to understand?
Here for this, friends,
«More» sign I draw.
He is from a larger number
Shoots like an arrow,
And points us to
For the one who is smaller.

— How many apples are on the left? Four .
— How many apples are on the right? Five .
— Where are the least apples? Left .
— We can write it down with the sign «9»0009 is less than
.» This sign is turned with a corner towards a smaller number, that is, a closed “beak” indicates a smaller number. We read like this: «Four is less than five.» Write it down by saying it again.

Lucky for the big number.
Where is the smaller number?
And everyone knows him,
«Less than» sign denotes.
This is the same sign,
But it costs quite differently:
As if doing a somersault,
Rolls the number to the left side.
This means she is
It just has to be smaller.

— How to make sure that there are the same number of mushrooms?
That’s right, you need to add or remove one mushroom.
— This can be written using the sign « equals «. We read like this: “Three is equal to three”
— How to level apples?
— Read the inscription and write it down.

If we simply compare
Two numbers, one with the other,
And we will see that they are
Equal in value, —
We put it like that,
Between them is an «equal» sign.
This sign, remember you,
Looks like two dashes.
He has such fame:
Left as much as right.

— How many balls are left? Two .
— How many balls are on the right? One .
Which side has more balls? More balls on the left.
— Why is the number «one» on the right? Correct, because there is one ball on the right.
Is the «greater than» sign correct? Prove it.
Of course, right. After all, two is more than one, so the “beak” is open towards a larger number.

Physical education minute

So many times we chop wood.
We squat so many times,
How many balls do we have.
How many circles will I show,
So many jumps.

3. Consolidation of knowledge

— Which is less: cars or trucks? That’s right, trucks.
— How to write it down? Three is less than four.
— What more: cars or buses? That’s right, cars.
— And how to write it down? Four is more than one.
— If two more buses arrived, why are there more buses or cars?
That’s right, there are more cars. This can be written as follows: one plus two is less than four.
— All these entries are called inequalities .
— What is more now: buses or trucks? They are the same number.
— These entries are called equals .


4 — 1 = 3 3 + 1 1
5 — 1 > 2 4 + 1 = 5 1 + 2 = 3

— Write equals in one column and inequalities in the other.
— Check yourself!

4 — 1 = 3 5 — 1 > 2
4 + 1 = 5 3 + 1
1 + 2 = 3 1 + 2 > 1










— Sort the numbers by floor.
— Check yourself!
















— How many sticks do you need to take to build a triangle? Three .
— Take four counting sticks and build a new figure.
What is this figure called?
It is called quadrilateral because it has four sides and four vertices. If a quadrilateral has right angles, then it is called rectangle .

— If I take six sticks and lay out such a figure, what will it be called? Why?
That’s right — it’s a hexagon, because it has six sides and six vertices.


▲▲ ■■■■ ○○○○○ ▲▲ □□□
▲ □□ ○○○ □□□□
2 > 1 4 … 2 + 2 5 … 4 — 1 3 … 4

— Compare the objects, write down the inequalities and insert the necessary signs.
— Check yourself!


— Yura and Olya measured the distance from the house to the tree using steps. Why did they get different answers?
That’s right, they have different stride lengths.


1 + 3 5 — 4
2 + 1 4 — 2
4 + 1 3 — 2
1 + 1 5 — 1

— Hang the buckets on the yokes, having previously solved the example.
— Check yourself!


— One donkey carried 10 kilograms of sugar, and the other — 10 kilograms of cotton wool. Who had the heaviest load?
The load was the same. Despite the fact that the sizes are different, but the weight is the same.

4. Summing up

— In which hand is the sign “In the left.
— In which hand is the «>» sign? On the right.
What does the «=» sign mean? Equality.

3 + 2 = 5 4 > 3
4 = 4 1

— Name the equalities.
Three plus two equals five. Four equals four.

— Name the figures.


Today at the lesson:

I found out…
I learned …
I was wondering…
It was difficult for me…

Pinocchio says goodbye to you. See you soon!

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Table of mathematical signs (symbols): values, print

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MicroExcel. ru Mathematics Basic Mathematical Signs and Symbols

Below is a table with the main mathematical symbols and signs: root (√), greater than (>), less than (<), equality (=), etc. Also, their brief description and examples are given for better understanding. 9 Name Meaning / description

9 0717 Example = equals equals е. 4 плюс 3 равно 7</nobr>» data-order=»<nobr>7 = 4 + 3,</nobr><br><nobr>т.е. 4 плюс 3 равно 7</nobr>»> 7 = 4 + 3,
t. e. 4 plus 3 equals 7 ≠ not equal to inequality 7 ≠ 10,
7 not equal to 10 9074 3 ≈ approximately equals approximate equality/rounding равно 0,36</nobr>» data-order=»<nobr>0,35765 ≈ 0,36,</nobr><br><nobr>0,35765 прибл. равно 0,36</nobr>»> 0.35765 ≈ 0.36,
0.35765 approx. equal to 0.36 > greater than A greater than B 15 > 10,
15 greater than 10 < 90 397 less than A less than B 6 < 8,
6 less than 8 ≥ greater than or equal to A greater than or equal to B 10 ≥ 4,
10 greater than or equal to 4 ≤ less than or equal to A less than or equal to B 3 ≤ 7,
3 less than or equal to 7

parentheses expression inside parentheses is considered first 3 ⋅ (4 + 6) = 30 [ ] square brackets the expression inside the brackets is considered first [(1 + 3) ⋅ (2 + 4)] = 24

9039 3

+ plus sign of addition 1 + 2 = 3 − minus sign of subtraction 3 − 2 = 1 9 0838 ± plus or minus Both addition and subtraction are performed 4 ± 6 = 10 or -2 ± minus-plus both subtraction and addition are performed 5 ∓ 8 = -3 or 13 * sprocket x 3 * 3 = 9 x x x 3 x 3 = 9

9039 3

⋅ point multiplication 3 ⋅ 3 = 9 ÷ obelus division 8 ÷ 2 = 4 / slash division 8 / 2 = 4 : colon division 8 : 2 = 4 — horizontal line fraction (division) 1/2 mod 9 0397

modulo modulo 7 mod 2 = 1,
7 : 2 = 3 (remainder 1) » data-order=».»> . point decimal separator 3.45 = 3 + 45/100 , comma decimal separator

9 0955 6. 12 = 6 + 12/100 93 = 64 √a square root √a ⋅ √a = a √16 = ±4 909 93 3 √a cube root 3 √a ⋅ 3 √a ⋅ 3 √a = a nth root n √8 = 2 for n =3 % percent 1% = 1/100 10% × 50 = 5 ‰ ppm

By alexxlab

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