Rainforest Animals List, Adaptations, Pictures
A vast majority of the world’s animals can be found in rainforests around the world. These forests on their part are true to their name, receiving a high amount of rainfall throughout the year, characterizing them by dense vegetation with trees reaching massive heights. The rainforest habitats can be divided into the tropical and temperate categories, found in South America, Sub-Saharan Africa, Southeast Asia, Australia, and North America.
Pictures of Rainforest Animals
List of animals that live in the rainforest biome
What type of animals live in the tropical rainforests
Amazon Rainforest, South America
|Red-eyed tree frog
|Amazon river dolphin
|Brown spider monkey
Congo Rainforest, Africa
|African forest elephant
Daintree Rainforest, Australia
Puerto Rico (El Yunque) Rainforest, North America
|Puerto Rican parrot
Southeast Asian (Indonesian) Rainforest
|Asian palm civet
Philippine Rainforest, Asia
|Giant Golden-Crowned Flying Fox
Indian Rainforest, Asia
|Indian giant squirrel
|Big barn owl
What animals live in the temperate rainforests
Appalachian Rainforest, North America
|Flatted muck turtle
Valdivian Rainforest, South America
Layers of the rainforests
- The emergent layer is the uppermost one, consisting of the tallest trees that outgrow the canopy.
- The canopy is the next layer, where the biodiversity is the most. Large treetops are predominant in this layer.
- The layer that follows is the understory.
- The last layer of the rainforest is the forest floor, which gets the least amount of sunlight.
Animals of the rainforest emergent layer
Animals that live mostly in the emergent layer of rainforests are harpy eagles, macaws, capuchin monkeys, and sloths.
Animals of the canopy layer
Howler monkeys, squirrel monkeys, green iguanas, two-toed sloths, and toco toucans are some of the animals that can be found in the canopy.
Animals of the understory
The layer under the canopy is teeming with animals like frogs, toads, snakes, and large mammals including red-eyed tree frogs, golden tree boas, greater bulldog bats, and jaguars.
Animals of the forest floor
The damp and dark forest floor is home to thousands of insects including a number of spiders and scorpions, while larger inhabitants like the tapir, giant anteaters, agouti, elephants are also there.
Rainforest Animal Image
Adaptations of the Rainforest Animals and Birds
- Camouflage is an essential tool, and many animals, both predators, and preys use it to blend in with the dense forest backgrounds.
- Due to a high level of competition in these forests, many animals have chosen a part of the day to be active, with some being completely sedentary during the daytime becoming busy only during the dark hours (nocturnal). Some may be at rest in the night and be active during the day (diurnal).
- Nocturnal species have specially adapted eyes that help them see clearly in the darkness of the night, and also rather dark daytime hours as hardly any sunlight breaks through the upper level of trees to reach the understory and forest floor.
- Many of the smaller animals, including insects, reptiles, and amphibians have bright coloring to warn their potential predators, as most often these creatures are poisonous. In the wild, including in rainforests, bright coloration is associated with toxicity.
- Most primates living in rainforests have prehensile tails to aid them in climbing tall trees and locomote through the branches, especially in the emergent and canopy layers.
The food chain in the rainforest follows the set pattern where vegetation is the primary producer. They are followed by the primary consumers who feed on grass, plants, fruits, and seeds. Herbivores like tapirs, monkeys, sloths, and toucans are some of the primary consumers. The secondary consumers follow, feeding on the primary consumers with jaguars, boa constrictors, anacondas and other carnivores being members of this part of the food chain. The last rung on the food chain is constituted by decomposers like fungi, insects, and other microorganisms.
Rainforest Animal Food Chain
Endangered rainforest animals
Many animals of the rainforest are considered endangered, with a major percentage having reached a critical stage. Sumatran tigers have been driven to being critically endangered, with two of their cousin species, the Javan and Balinese tigers having already become extinct. Sumatran orangutans also are critically endangered. As are yellow-crested cockatoos, brown spider monkeys, Lear’s macaw, mountain gorillas, and Javan rhinoceros, amongst others.
Why are they endangered
There are various reasons behind the endangerment of the rainforest animals and birds. Overhunting and habitat destruction are some of the major reasons behind the state of the animals living in these forests. However, people have come to realize the significance of preserving these habitats and its inhabitants; as a result, conservation efforts are underway to get their populations on an increasing trend so that they can be brought back from the brink of extinction.
Rainforest Animal Pictures
- The South American rainforests are home to over 200 species of butterflies.
- Bats living in the rainforests are responsible for the pollination of many tropical fruits like mangoes.
- Okapis are the closest relative of the giraffe. Looking like a cross between a zebra and a giraffe, they are also one of the most elusive inhabitants of the African rainforests.
- The green anaconda is the heaviest snake in the world. It is also the second longest serpent after the reticulated python.
- Howler monkeys are one of the loudest monkey species in the world.
The Toco Toucan…
…and Ring-Tailed Lemurs…
- Bengal Tiger
- Common Chimpanzee
- Lar Gibbon
- Sumatran Orangutan
- Black-Handed Spider Monkey
- Great Hornbill
- Harpy Eagle
- Resplendent Quetzal
- Scarlet Macaw
- Southern Cassowary
- Toco Toucan
- Black Caiman
- Boa Constrictor
- Gaboon Viper
- Reticulated Python
- Golden Poison Dart Frog
- Red-Eyed Tree Frog
Rainforests are defined as dense forests with high amounts of
annual rainfall that are often located in tropical regions. There are two
types of rainforest: tropical and temperate.
Tropical rainforests are often located between the Tropic of Capricorn and the Tropic
of Cancer. They are generally warm and humid year-round. Regions that have tropical rainforest growth include
Brazil and northern South America, West Central Africa, India
and Southeast Asia, Indonesia, and Northeast Australia.
Temperate rainforests are located in several regions across the
world including the Pacific Coast of the United States and
Canada, and various regions of Europe, Russia and Eastern
Asia. They experience a wider range of temperatures, and are cooler than tropical types. Temperate Rainforest may often have more coniferous trees such as pines, firs and redwoods; whereas Tropical
Rainforest contains more broad-leafed trees.
In 1917, the rainforest was described by naturalist William
Beebe: «Yet another continent of life remains to be discovered,
not upon the earth, but one to two hundred feet above it,
extending over thousands of square miles . .. there awaits a rich
harvest for the naturalist who overcomes the obstacles of
gravitation, ants, thorns, rotten trunks and mounts to the
summits of the jungle trees.»
Layers of the Rainforest
Emergent Trees reach high above the average
tree height of the rainforest canopy. These trees can grow to
heights of 200 feet or more. Emergent trees do not generally
grow close to one another, and will endure different conditions
than other trees of the rainforest. They will receive more
sunlight and less moisture because they are not confined to the
shady and humid conditions that exist beneath the rainforest
canopy. Animals that inhabit emergent trees include a variety of
insects, some species of bats and and some species of birds
including Harpy Eagles.
The rainforest canopy is composed of trees that grow
to heights between 100 — 150 feet. The canopy is home to a
large biodiversity of plant and animal life. Animals that inhabit
the rainforest canopy include Lemurs, Spider Monkeys, Sloths,
Toucans, Orangutans and Parrots. Some of these animals find
most or all of their food high in the trees of the canopy so that
they will rarely, if ever, need to go to the rainforest floor. The
canopy also acts as a reverse umbrella for the rainforest. It
traps moisture and humidity underneath the leaves of its trees
and also blocks out sunlight.
The understory is the layer of the rainforest
between the canopy and the forest floor. Here, the leaves of
trees and plants are broad and large so that they can capture
what little light gets through the canopy. The understory is dark
and humid, and has a large amount of insect life.
The rainforest floor only receives between 1 —
2% of the sunlight that hits the upper layers of the rainforest.
Very little plant life grows here as a result. Although the ground
is covered by a layer of decomposing vegetation, the top soil is
surprisingly poor in nutrients. The rainforest floor is very humid
due to the evaporation of water from the leaves and shrubs that
are found in this layer. This humidity will help speed up the
process of decomposition of the matter. A wide variety of life
including insects and larger animals inhabits the rainforest floor.
Some of the larger animals that live in this layer include
Jaguars, Bengal Tigers, Okapis, and Southern Cassowaries.
Life in the Rainforest
It is believed that over 50% of the world’s species of plants and
animals that live on land are found in the rainforest. Amazingly, only 6 —
7% of the total land surface on Earth is covered by rainforest.
On average, there are between 20 to 80 different species of
trees per acre.
A wide variety of animal life is found in the rainforest. Many of the animals have special adaptations
that allow them to live in the tropical conditions, but they would
not survive outside of this ecosystem. These animals include
but are not limited to Toucans, Parrots, Resplendant Quetzals,
Sloths, Orangutans, Gorillas, Queen Alexandra Birdwing
Butterflies, and Lemurs.
There are also indigenous cultures of people that live in and
depend on the rainforest. Some of the tribes that can be found
here include the Yanomami and Kayapo tribes of the Amazon,
the Huli of Papau New Guinea, and the Pygmies of Central
Africa. Some tribes have had little, if any, contact with outside
civilizations, while others seek to legally protect the lands on
which they live.
These cultures have adapted to the conditions
of the rainforest, and have a deep understanding of the
ecosystem. They often have knowledge of medicinal herbs and
plants, and understand how to cultivate rainforest land without
upsetting the balance of nutrients in the soils.
Much of the world’s rainforest has been severely impacted by
human activities. These activities usually include deforestation
for the purposes of logging, growing crops, urban settlement, or
raising farm animals such as cattle. As the population of the
world continues to increase, the amount of deforestation of the
rainforest may also continue to rise.
Unfortunately, we are losing many species of plants and
animals found in the rainforest due to these activities. Potential
medicines that have not even been discovered yet may be at
risk of never being found due to deforestation. Many rainforest
animals are endangered due to these activities. Cultures of indigenous peoples are also at risk of losing their way of life.
There are currently many organizations working to protect the
rainforest. Some of them include the Rainforest Alliance, The
Nature Conservancy, and the Rainforest Action Network. These
sites provide information on ways we can all help to conserve
one of the world’s most valuable and endangered ecosystems.
Rainforest animals | Fauna
1. River dolphin
2. Trombetas piranha
3. Red-bearded (copper) jumper
4. Possibly lost
5. Herbivorous dracula bat 9000 3
6. Fire salamander
8. Tetra Congo
9. Bales shrew
10. African marabou
11. Bearded pig
12. Sun bear
15 Helmeted Cassowary
2% of the earth’s surface. Geographically, the climatic zone runs along the equator. The limit of deviation from it in both directions is considered a latitude of 23.5 degrees. More than half of the world’s animals live in this belt.
Plants are also affected. But, today in the lens of attention animals of the rainforest . Let’s start with the Amazon. The area covers 2,500,000 square kilometers.
These are the largest tropics of the planet and, at the same time, its lungs, the forests of which produce 20% of the oxygen in the atmosphere. There are 1800 species of butterflies alone in the Amazon forests. Reptiles 300 species. Let us dwell on the unique ones that do not live in other areas of the planet.
Like other dolphins, it belongs to cetaceans, that is, it is a mammal. Animals grow up to 2.5 meters and 200 kilograms. These are the largest river dolphins in the world.
In addition, they differ in color. The backs of the animals are gray-white, and the bottom is pinkish. The older the dolphin, the lighter its top. Only here in captivity the endemic does not become snow-white.
Amazon dolphins live with humans for no more than 3 years. Puberty occurs at 5. So, zoologists did not wait for offspring in captivity and stopped torturing animals. As you understand, there are no Amazonian endemics in any third-party dolphinarium of the world. In their homeland, by the way, they are called iniya, or bouto.
River Dolphin or Inia
Trombetas is one of the tributaries of the Amazon. Which animals in the rainforest are terrifying? In a series of names, for sure, there will be piranhas. There are cases when they gnawed at people.
A lot of books have been written on this topic, films have been made. However, a new species of piranha prefers grass and algae to flesh. On a dietary feed, the fish is eaten up to 4 kilograms. The length of the trambetas piranha reaches half a meter.
Red-bearded (copper) jumper
It is included in interesting animals of tropical forests only 3 years ago. A new species of monkey was discovered in the Amazon jungle in 2014 during an expedition organized by the World Wildlife Fund.
In the «lungs of the planet» they found a 441-in new species. There is only one mammal among them — the red-bearded jumper. The monkey is classified as broad-nosed. Presumably, there are no more than 250 jumpers in the world.
Animals are monogamous, having formed a pair, do not change and live apart with their children. When the jumpers are happy with each other, they purr, which makes them stand out from other monkeys.
Pictured is a copper jumper monkey
In Latin, the name of the species sounds like Alabates amissibilis. This is the smallest frog. A view on the verge of extinction. The complexity of its detection is also related to its size. Alabates are frogs about the size of a pinky nail.
They are beige-brown with side stripes. Despite their tiny size, frogs of the species are poisonous, so they are not suitable for French cuisine, even if it were not for their conservation status.
The smallest frog Alabates amissibilis
Herbivore Dracula bat
Looks intimidating, but vegetarian. Dracula is a bat. On her muzzle there is an outgrowth of the skin, called the nasal leaf. In combination with wide-set, slanting eyes, the outgrowth creates an intimidating look.
Add large and pointed ears, pursed lips, bluish color, bony. It turns out the image of nightmares. Actually, herbivorous devils are active at night. During the day, animals hide in the crowns of trees or caves.
Dracula herbivore bat
Species name, so far, generalized, refers to salamanders. It was their relative who was discovered in the tropics near the Amazon. The scientific name of the species is Cercosaura hophoides. The lizard has a red tail.
Body dark with thin yellowish streaks. Scientists have suspected the existence of the species for a long time. On the lands of Colombia, they found a clutch of eggs of an unknown reptile.
However, neither father nor mother could be found. Perhaps the lizard found in 2014 is the parent of the masonry. Zoologists suggest that Cercosaura hophoides is no more than a hundred years old.
Pictured is the fire salamander
The okapi population is also on the verge of extinction. This is a rare species of giraffe. It was shown to Western zoologists by pygmies. It happened at 19year 00. However, this conversation is already about the endemics of the African jungle, in particular, the forests of the Congo. Let’s go under their shade.
This giraffe looks like a horse with an elongated neck. Compared to the neck of an ordinary giraffe, on the contrary, it is short. But, the okapi has a record-breaking tongue. The length of the organ allows not only to reach the succulent foliage, but also to wash the eyes of animals. The rainforest world okapi has also been enriched with the blue color of the tongue.
As for the coat color, it is chocolate. On the legs of giraffes, transverse white stripes are visible. In combination with dark brown, they are reminiscent of the colors of zebras.
Okapis are gentle parents. These animals living in the rainforest, passionately love children, keep an eye on them, protect to the last drop of blood. Given the number of okapi, it cannot be otherwise. The species is listed in the Red Book and each cub is worth its weight in gold. Several giraffes are not born. One pregnancy, one child.
This is a fish of the characin family. It has almost 1700 species. Congo is found only in the basin of the river of the same name. The fish has a bright blue-orange coloring. It is expressed in males. Females are “dressed” more modestly.
The fins look like the finest lace. In length, the Congo reach 8.5 centimeters, they are peaceful. The description is ideal for aquarium fish. Endemic, indeed, is kept at home. Congos love dark soil. One fish needs about 5 liters of soft water.
Tetra Congo fish
Belongs to shrews, lives in eastern Africa. The range is 500 square kilometers. The minks of the animal are not found throughout their entire length, but only in 5 localities. All of them are destroyed by man.
The animal has a conical nose, elongated body, bare tail, gray short fur. In general, for most, a mouse is a mouse. The problem of its survival is that without food the animal does not last longer than 11 hours. In conditions of danger and hunger, the latter wins. While the shrew is catching the insect, others are catching it.
Bales white-toothed mouse
Belongs to storks. For a peculiar gait, the bird was nicknamed the adjutant. It is ranked among the largest birds. Meaning flying species. African marabou grows up to 1.5 meters.
The animal weighs about 10 kilograms. A bare head lightens the figure a little. The absence of feathers reveals wrinkled skin with a massive outgrowth on the neck, where the bird, in a sitting state, folds an equally massive beak.
Appearance, as they say, an amateur. No wonder the animal is made the hero of many phantasmagoric books, where the bird inspires, at least, awe. An example is Irwin Welsh’s The Nightmares of the Marabou Stork.
Now let’s move on to the Asian tropics. They are also filled with rare animals. The names of some of them are familiar at first glance. On the island of Sumatra, for example, they are proud of the pig. The fact that she is unusual is indicated by the prefix to the name of the beast.
Pictured African marabou
Looks more like a wild boar than a domestic pig. The latter has a shorter body and more massive legs. The muzzle of the ungulate is covered with long, curly hair. They are rigid, the color matches the rest of the body.
Its color is close to beige. The beast knows which animals live in the rainforest , because it eats not only plant food, but also predation. True, bearded men are not capable of sitting in ambush and chasing victims.
Pigs take protein from worms and larvae pulled up from the ground. Its animals dig in the mangroves, where they live. Bearded pigs are massive. In length, the animals reach 170 centimeters. Body weight, at the same time, is about 150 kilograms. The height of the bearded man is a little less than a meter.
Bearded pig can also eat worms and larvae
The smallest of the bear family. These rainforest animals is also the shortest in the class. But the aggressiveness of the solar bears does not hold.
They are sunny, by the way, not because of their positive disposition, but because of the honey color of the muzzle and the same spot on the chest. On a brown background, it is associated with the rising of the star.
You can see the sun bear on the trees of the tropics of India, Borneo and Java. Animals rarely come down to the ground. So, the animals keep really close to the sun, being also the most woody in the class.
Sunny bears are also the most clumsy. Inside when walking, not only the front, but also the hind feet turn. The rest of the appearance is also atypical. The head of a bear is round with small ears and eyes, but a wide muzzle. The body of the animal, on the contrary, is long.
The sun bear got its name from the light spots on its chest and muzzle. In the old days, it settled everywhere. Now, the habitat has decreased, as well as the number. Tapir in the Red Book.
The animal looks like a cross between a wild boar and an anteater. The elongated nose, resembling a trunk, helps to reach the leaves, pick fruits and fish out fallen fruits from the forest canopy.
The tapir is an excellent swimmer and also uses its nose during spearfishing. Its main function is also in place. The sense of smell helps to find mating partners and recognize danger.
Tapirs are characterized by long gestation. They give birth about 13 months after conception. More than one offspring is not born. At the same time, the life span of tapirs is a maximum of 30 years.
It becomes clear why the species is dying out. Despite their conservation status, tapirs are desirable prey… for tigers, anacondas, jaguars. Deforestation also kills the population.
No rainforest animal names list is complete without it. Endemic to China lives in bamboo groves and is a symbol of the country. In the West, they learned about it only in the 19th century.
European zoologists argued for a long time whether to attribute the panda to raccoons or bears. Genetic tests helped. The animal is recognized as a bear. He leads a secretive life in three provinces of China. These are Tibet, Sichuan, Gansu.
Pandas have 6 fingers on their paws. One of them is just an appearance. It’s actually a modified carpal bone. The number of teeth grinding plant foods is also off scale.
Humans have 7 times less. I mean, pandas have more than 200 teeth. They are active about 12 hours a day. Only 1/5 is absorbed from the eaten leaves. Considering that pandas do not hibernate, the rainforests are saved only by the rapid growth of bamboo, a couple of meters a day, and the small number of bears themselves.
Let’s end the trip with Australia. Its tropical belt is also affected. The continent is desert. Tropical forests grow only along the coasts. Their eastern part is included in the UNESCO World Heritage Site. We will find out for what such curiosities.
This bird of the ostrich order does not fly. The name of the species is Indonesian, translated as «horned head». The skin outgrowth on it resembles a rooster’s comb, but is flesh-colored. There is also a semblance of earrings under the beak. They are scarlet, but thinner and elongated than those of a rooster. Feathers on the neck are colored indigo, and the main color is blue-black.
Colorful appearance meets power. Cases have been recorded when cassowaries killed a person with a kick. It is because of the cassowaries that a number of Australian parks are closed to the public.
Birds are not normally aggressive. Protective reflexes make themselves felt. The impact force is predictable at 60 kilos of weight and a height of one and a half meters. Legs are the strongest part of cassowaries, as well as other ostriches.
The second name of the species is tree kangaroo. At first glance, it looks more like a bear. Thick, dense coat covers the entire body. The bag is not immediately noticeable. The cub in it, by the way, can linger for an indefinite time.
In times of danger, wallabies are able to delay childbirth. Physiologically, they should pass a maximum of a year after conception. It happens that a child dies without waiting in the wings. Then, a new embryo comes to replace it, the first to become stillborn, not obliging to take care of itself.
Scientists pin their hopes on tree kangaroos to save humanity. The endemic stomach is able to process methane. In the event of global warming, this will come in handy not only for wallabies, but also for people.
They also puzzle over the thermoregulation of tree kangaroos. The species manages to maintain a comfortable body temperature in the heat. Not a single individual has yet died from overheating, even without a shade and plentiful drinking.
Tree wallabies are called because of their way of life. Observation of animals has shown that most of them die on the same plant where they were born. Here the wallabies were caught by hunters.
A raid on an endemic was announced because of a legend saying that once an animal attacked a child. This is not documented, however, the population is in danger.
The protection status of the animal helped to stop the extermination. To save humanity, a few tens of thousands of individuals are not enough. Therefore, to begin with, they will save and multiply them.
Wallaby tree kangaroo
Without her, as in Asia without the panda, the list would be incomplete. The koala is the symbol of Australia. The animal belongs to the wombats. These are marsupials with two incisors. The colonialists of the continent mistook koalas for bears. As a result, the scientific name of the species phascolarctos is translated from Greek as «a bear with a bag.»
Like pandas, addicted to bamboo, koalas only eat eucalyptus. Animals reach 68 centimeters in height and 13 kilograms of weight. Found the remains of an ancestor of koalas, which was almost 30 times larger.
Like modern wombats, the ancients had two thumbs on each paw. Fingers set aside help to grab and peel off branches.
Studying the ancestors of koalas, scientists came to the conclusion that the species is degrading. In the head of modern individuals, 40% of the cerebrospinal fluid. At the same time, the weight of the brain does not exceed 0.2% of the total mass of marsupials.
The organ doesn’t even fill the cranium. The ancestors of koalas did just that. Zoologists believe that the reason is the choice of a low-calorie diet. Although, many animals that are quick-witted feed on foliage.
I recall the beginning of the article, where it is said that the tropics are less than 2% of the earth’s surface. It seems a little, but how much life. So koalas, although not distinguished by intelligence, inspire entire nations.
And, what the hell is not joking, in the presence of animals it is better not to talk about their mental abilities, suddenly offend. Koalas are blind, and therefore have excellent hearing.
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Pallas cat and 842 other representatives of the fauna in the encyclopedia
In tropical forests, there is the greatest diversity of animal species compared to forests of other latitudes. This is due to climatic conditions (in particular, rainfall), which make tropical forests a comfortable habitat for various species.
Tropical forests are humid and seasonal. Tropical rainforests are characterized by increased rainfall. Seasonal rainforests differ from previous ones in the presence of dry periods.
Rainforest animals are divided into those that live in the humid tropics and those that live in the seasonal rainforests. The first of them are more adapted to life in the crowns of trees. The latter prefer terrestrial life more. This is explained by the fact that in humid forests there is more food on trees, and in seasonal forests — on the ground. The largest representatives of the fauna are found precisely in seasonal tropical forests. If you are interested in world tropical animals , check them out at the bottom of the page. By clicking on the picture, you can learn more about the animal you are interested in.
Tropical Animals is one of the important and very interesting subcategories in our wildlife encyclopedia.
Wildlife is extremely diverse and Tropical Animals is an important part of it.