Key stage 3 design and technology projects: D&T Key Stage 3 projects

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Inventive projects for DT students

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Hand-picked schemes of work, lesson presentations and challenging projects for secondary DT students

Projects are a sure-fire way to keep your classes engaged, and have the added benefit of allowing pupils to practise the skills they’ve been learning all year. From cardboard chairs to speakers and photo frames, we’ve brought together a selection of tried-and-tested challenges to help keep your students stimulated.

KS3 resources

A range of projects to get students designing and planning out their own creations, and testing their skills making everything from mini-lights to acrylic jewellery and tote bags.

amazingpurplecow

KS3 Minilight Project

Teacher powerpoint slides, individual activities and exemplars for a 14 hour project for KS3 year 7 or year 8. This project is skills based. Students will need a USB cable (which can be recycled from a keyboard or device) and a LED card (can be purchased in bulk on AliExpress.) The plywood base u…

phillwill

Hanging Memo Pad Mini Project

A short FPT to make a hanging memo pad holder. Basic woodworking skills and techniques. Resource includes a plan with steps in the process and sizes.

pixie_gemm

KS3 Passive speaker project booklet and independent guide

A booklet I designed to go alongside the production of a passive speaker, easy to mark, tick off red amber or green if the students have achieved it, highlight comments. This lasted as a 6-7 week project including the making of the product. Booklet contains a cover page, Page 1: Introduction and l…

J Morris

Acrylic Jewellery Project Booklet

This is a project I was inspired to create after reading about the work of different acrylic jewellery designers in a DATA magazine article. It s a great project to run if you have a laser cutter or just hand tools available to cut the acrylic and I find it very useful to use up any offcuts and sm. ..

MrsBove

Year 9 Tote Bag Textiles Project

A coprehensive set of worksheets for a terms project- making a designer inspired tote bag (art textiles route) Includes list of designers to research and identify suitable production methods, homework sheets with SME issues, designing sheets, assessment sheets, specification sheets etc. Comes with…

SMDTech

Pencil Box Project — Skill Building

Range of helpsheets to aid students through making a pencil box (or trinket box). Detailed stage by stage photos and drawings of production to help build basic tool skills and promote independence of work. Covers measuring and accuracy, marking out, cutting joints, glueing, surface finish, jigs and …

KS4 and post-16 resources

Projects for KS4 and KS5 with a full scheme of work covering all aspects of designing and making a desk lamp, a group work challenge producing cardboard furniture and lessons on different materials and constructing photo frames, torches and sweet dispensers.

dt-and-beyond

D&T Mini Project Practical: The Cardboard Chair Challenge

An OFSTED graded Outstanding lesson for introducing students to the design, make and evaluate requirements of design technology. Ideal for Key Stage 3,4 and 5 including students with no previous hard technology experience. The main focus of the lesson is to work as part of a small team to …

PearsonI

Mini Batik Project

A quick project booklet for learning the batik technique. A mixture of my own and other TES resources. Includes: Brief history of batik. Fill in the blanks batik step by step. Batik word search. Space to design a product. Space to draw batik motifs with some tips on how to do it….

Craig Scott

Desk Lamp Project / DT / Vacuum Form / Lathe / Hardwood / Polystyrene

Complete 10 lesson project that guide students step by step to create an adjustable hard wood desk lamp. Delivers a range of manufacturing skills across a range of materials to build skills and exposure. We deliver this as a training project to our Y12 DT students but could easily be delivered lowe…

SMDTech

Free Standing Photo Frame Project

Resources and details for producing a free standing photo frame using a range of materials and processes to develop students skills, knowledge and understanding of a variety of techniques. Including marking out and accuracy, cutting wasting and drilling, vacuum forming, line bending, compression mou…

clarvise

QTC Torch Project

A complete design and make project based on the design and construction of a torch using QTC pills as switches, two LEDS and a thyristor. The design and building of the project is divided into eight stages which can form the basis of individual sessions. The project includes the following detailed p…

Craig Scott

Sweet Dispenser

Step by step guide to manufacture a Sweet Dispenser, presentation includes starters and plenaries. Usually delivered as an independent project for Sixth Form students, but could also be delivered with main school pupils with a little more support.

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(this content is only available to FabLab students) – Design Technology Tutor

It’s amazing what you can do with some basic electronics, some acrylic and some gold paint (…IF you’ve got access to a PCB maker and a laser cutter!)

Basic Electronics kits:

Are available to buy and I will teach you some basic soldering skills. These come from the states and so postage is a killer – email me for details if you’ve got relos in the US.

For example:

  • Y7 – Maze Game – Acrylic (We use this for bench-marking.)
  • Y7 – LED Lamp – CAD/CAM & Electronics (ePortfolio)
  • Y7 – Money Box – Wood (ePortfolio)
  • Y7 – Antweight Robot – Electronics plus 3D Printing
  • Y8 – PIR/LED Lamp – Electronics plus Resistant Materials (ePortfolio)
  • Y8 – Design Movement Clock – CAD/CAM & Acrylic
  • Y8 – Olympic Sculpture – Metalwork
  • Y9 – Cultural Jewellery – CAD/CAM & Pewter
  • Y9 – MP3 Amp plus Case – Electronics plus Resistant Materials

Y7 Project 1: Acrylic Hexagonal / Game / Keyring

We start with some basic skill exercises and a short exam to establish a baseline for progression.

Skills:

  • Accuracy
  • Perseverance
  • Technique:
  • Cutting Techniques
  • Filing Techniques
  • Finishing Techniques

Y7 Project 2: Design and Make an LED lamp based on a Space Exploration theme.

2018 Update: Take a look at what Ben made for me over his summer hols:

Y7 LED Light ePortfolio

Thanks Ben!

Designed by Ben R.
Designed by
Designed by

Skills:

  • Design
  • 2D Design CAD/CAM
  • Use of the laser
  • Thermo Plastics
  • Soldering
  • Basic Electronics & Circuit construction
  • Y7 LED Light ePortfolio – A***

Y7 Project 3: Design and make a musical money box (MMB).

Skills:

  • Research
  • Self-Learning Techniques
  • Wood (Pine & MDF) Cutting Techniques
  • Wood (Pine & MDF) Jointing Techniques
  • Wood (Pine & MDF) Filing Techniques
  • Wood (Pine & MDF) Finishing Techniques
  • MDF Living Hinge
  • Musical Money Box Brief – 2018
  • Y7 MMB ePortfolio – A***
  • Y7 MMB ePortfolio – A**
  • Y7 MMB ePOrtfolio – A*

Sometimes you’re reminded why you became a teacher: I asked the boys to develop their own learning power through designing/writing  a piece of learning material based on the Musical Moneybox Project. Nearly every one was great but the website produced by Keeran was brilliant! Another piece of fantastic work was the powerpoint produced by Soham. Both of them are to be congratulated and both students put my Y10 students to shame!

2018 Update: And then came Ben! Check out what must be the most fantastic piece of Y7 D&T work ever! Y7 LED Light ePortfolio – A***

Y8 Project 1: Art Movement Clock

Y8 Acrylic Pop Art Clock

Y8 Acrylic Bauhaus clock designed by John H.

Handmade Foamex Bauhaus Clock by Ninthujan K.

Handmade Foamex Bauhaus Clock by Eddie D.

Y8 Acrylic Bauhaus Clock by Lennon H.

Skills:

  • Design
  • Foamex Cutting Techniques
  • Foamex Filing Techniques
  • Foamex Finishing Techniques
  • Acrylic Finishing Techniques
  • 2D Design CAD/CAM

Y8 Project 2: Abstract Metal Olympic Trophy

2017 Y8 Olympic Runner

2017 Y8 Olympic Weight Lifting Trophy designed by Leo B.

2017 Y8 Olympic Taekwondo Trophy designed by Baekhan S.

2016 Y8 Olympic Ski Trophy designed by John H.

Skills:

  • Design
  • Mild Steel Cutting Techniques
  • Mild Steel Filing Techniques
  • Mild Steel Finishing Techniques

Y8 Project 3: PIR/LED Lamp

Y8 PIR Lamp (Teachers’ Powerpoint)

Y8 PIR Lamp Checklist

Y8 PIR Lamp ePortfolio – A***

USB – 10 Ohm Resistor

12V – 33 Ohm Resistor

12V – 10 Ohm Resistor

Info on the 1W LED (PDF)

Skills:

  • Design
  • Product Analysis
  • TMG
  • Materials/ Processes Research
  • Resistant Materials Research

Y9 Project 1: Pewter Jewellery

Y9 Pewter Jewellery designed by Luke W.

Y9 Pewter Jewellery designed by Mahiethan N.

Skills:

  • Design
  • 2D Design/CAD/CAM
  • Hot Metal Casting Techniques
  • Pewter Filing Techniques
  • Pewter Finishing Technique

Y9 Project 2: MP3 Player

Y9 MP3 Player designed by Mohammed N.The NEW 10W amp will give you great sounds!

Step by Step Build Instructions: 

MP3 Amp – Step by Step 2018 (PDF)

Skills Developed

  • Design
  • PCB Build
  • Soldering Techniques
  • Error Resolution Techniques
  • 2D Design CAD/CAM
  • Acrylic Finishing Techniques

[email protected]

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from drafting the RFP to approval and expertise

Publication date: April 12, 2021
Material update date: March 10, 2023

  • The order and stages of design

    • Drawing up a design assignment

    • Initial permit documentation

    • Engineering survey

    • Development of basic technical solutions

    • Development of project documentation

    • Development of working documentation

    • Expertise

    • Coordination and examination of design and working documentation

In the previous article, we looked at general design principles. We considered the stages of creating projects and the features of modern design. A project is a way to convey an idea in its original form to those who will implement the object in kind. The clearer and more accurate the project is, the faster, more correct and cheaper the implementation will be.

In this article we will consider such questions as:

  1. Design methods.
  2. Design stages and their sequence.
  3. Which input data is required for planning.
  4. Mandatory requirements for design and working documentation.
  5. Coordination and examination of the Design and Working Documentation.

Let’s start with one of the main documents regulating the development of territories, including cities and other settlements — the Town Planning Code of the Russian Federation. In accordance with its requirements, for the implementation of new construction, reconstruction and some types of major repairs of buildings and structures, the mandatory development of project documentation is required.

Project documentation is a text and graphic materials that define the architectural, technological, functional and engineering parameters of the future construction site. In other words, if we plan to build, reconstruct or repair facilities on the territory of cities and settlements, we will need Project Documentation. We must show what and how we plan to do.

A distinction is made between single-stage and two-stage design.

Single-stage implies that the development of the working documentation goes in parallel with the design documentation. If the main technical solutions of the object have already been agreed between the construction participants and the two stages are being developed simultaneously, then the construction of the object can begin immediately after receiving a positive expert opinion and a building permit. Single-stage design is used only for simple objects or for binding projects of mass or reuse.

The essence of the two-stage design is that the documentation is developed in stages: at the first stage, the design documentation is developed, the main design decisions are made. Then these decisions are corrected, approved, and only after that the working documentation for construction is developed (stage “Detailed documentation”). Two-stage design is the main design method in Russia.

The classical method involves obtaining an approved design assignment from the customer and developing technological and architectural plans. After that, tasks are transferred to specialists in related fields, mutual agreements, discussions of the location of equipment, network tracing, etc. Due to the fact that the development of solutions is carried out by designers sequentially, the process turns out to be extended in time. Sometimes individual specialists have to go back a few steps and correct decisions already made.

Implementation of new design methods, in particular, BIM information modeling (Building Information Model or Modeling) — in this case, the object at different stages of development differs only in the degree of detail. BIM as a system solves the problems of accelerating this design process and reducing the number of inconsistencies in the project. Due to the fact that specialists of various profiles can simultaneously work in one model, all decisions made by them can be monitored in real time, and inconsistencies that arise can be eliminated in advance or even prevented.

With any design method, all calculations are performed, as a rule, in specialized calculation complexes. The calculations performed in these programs are accepted by experts, and only the initial data provided by the designer are verified.

Models and drawings are usually made in specialized software systems — computer-aided design (CAD) systems. Vivid examples of CAD are Autodesk Autocad, Compass 3D and others. Considering the high cost of licensed software systems for the development of small objects, you can use free design programs, for example, the domestic development of nanoCAD. By and large, the choice of programs for designing is the topic of a separate article. There are a large number of paid and free software products on the market that can be used for work. In addition, some expensive software products have shareware versions with limited features.

Design technology may differ depending on the type and purpose of the object, but the staging and order of work in most cases remain the same. The design process consists of the following steps:

  1. Drawing up a design assignment.
  2. Collection of initial permits.
  3. Engineering surveys at the construction site.
  4. Development of basic technical solutions (OTR).
  5. Development of project documentation for obtaining approvals and expert opinion.
  6. Examination of project documentation.
  7. Development of working documentation.

Drawing up a design assignment

Design brief is a technical document (usually in tabular form) specifying a set of product requirements. The design task is subject to mandatory approval by the Customer and the Contractor. This can play a key role in resolving legal and financial issues in the future. De jure, all works and characteristics not specified in the design assignment are additional requirements and they are paid separately.

The following is some dry legal information that you should pay attention to.

According to the Decree of the Government on the composition of sections of design documentation and the requirements for their content No. 87 (PP No. 87), there is a document «DESIGN ASSIGNMENT» (hereinafter — RFP). There are no legal terms «technical assignment for design», «Technical assignment» in PP No. 87 . The composition of the RFP for linear facilities is not given in the current federal regulatory legal acts (NLA) and is established taking into account industry specifics and type of construction. In other words, you will not be able to legally justify why the design brief contains or does not contain certain data. We can recommend that you agree on the RFP form in advance.

In practice, when concluding an agreement between the Customer and the Contractor for the performance of certain works, there is an appendix to the agreement — «Terms of Reference» (hereinafter — TK). Typically, the TOR combines a design assignment and a construction and installation assignment, or combines several areas of work.

For example, TOR for the design and construction of substations, overhead power lines, spurs from overhead power lines and the creation of FOCL-VL. The design and construction of FOCL-VL in this case is a section in this large project.

But do not despair, one of the ways out is to refer to the internal standards of the organization of PJSC FGC UES. PJSC FGC UES is the owner of most of the main overhead power lines of 35 kV and higher in our country, therefore, its standards are suitable in most cases. According to STO 56947007-33.180.10.171-2014 “Technological communication. The standard of design documentation for the construction of FOCL-VL with OKSN and OKGT ”in section 5.2, the requirements for the assignment for the development of design documentation are given.

An important element of the design task is the list of initial data for the design. Initial data (hereinafter referred to as ID) make it possible to evaluate the project with high accuracy and form specific requirements for further design. They determine the initial concept, in accordance with which the development of design solutions will be carried out.

An important legal aspect is that Article 759 of the Civil Code of the Russian Federation entrusts the Customer with the responsibility for preparing and transferring the ID to the designer. It is assumed that the Customer must create the conditions necessary for the designer to carry out the work, provide him with information and documentation sufficient to develop the project in accordance with the RFP. What information it will be, in what form and at what time it will be provided to the designer — this is the subject of negotiations between the Customer and the designer, fixed in the design contract.

Preparation, collection and receipt of ID can be entrusted by the Customer on a contractual basis to the design organization. Preparation of ID is a rather painstaking pre-project work. The timeliness of the collection, quality and reliability of the materials provided to the designer directly affects the project execution time, efficiency, operability and reliability of the designed object.

The composition of the ID may vary depending on the specific design objects, their specifics and features.

In almost any design, the following IDs are the main ones:

  1. RFP issued to the design organization by the customer and serving as the legal basis for the design.
  2. Title and permit documents.
  3. Specifications (TU).
  4. Data on the conditions of the site for the placement of the object.

RFP, its composition and analysis were discussed above.

Title and permit documents establish rights to the occupied territories and premises, for example:

  • decision of the local executive authority on the approval of the location of the object,
  • title documents for land,
  • the act of choosing a land plot (route) for construction,
  • lease agreement for a room or a certain place in a room/rack.

Specifications (hereinafter — TS) are provided by the balance holders of communications and facilities on whose territory the cable will run. TS — a list of conditions that must be met in order for the completed object to be put into operation.

Specifications can be:

  • Specifications for the suspension of a fiber optic cable (FOC),
  • Specification for connection to supply sources (for example, request specifications for electricity supply from «power grids»),
  • engineering networks and communications (for example, request specifications for placement in cable ducts from its owner),
  • Specification for the restoration of lands disturbed during construction work and the use of the fertile layer of the earth,
  • Specification for crossing and laying near pipelines and other types of specifications.

Data on the conditions of the site for the placement of the object are usually obtained as a result of engineering surveys, for example:

  • topographic plan of the design site,
  • data on engineering and geological conditions of the site,
  • climatic conditions,
  • information about existing communication networks, existing station and line structures affected by this design,
  • building passports of plots containing basic technical data on selected land plots for laying routes and ground structures, communications,
  • information on the structures used, underground and surface utilities,
  • acts to determine the suitability of equipment (for example, acts of selection of overhead lines, acts of inspection of the condition of supports and foundations of overhead power lines, a conclusion on their condition, reports on periodic inspections and failures),
  • GIS data (Geographic Information System — a system for collecting, storing, analyzing and graphical visualization of spatial data and related information about the necessary objects).

Other technical and economic data that may be required during the design:

  • technical documentation and prices for products and equipment,
  • materials collected as a result of site survey and surveys: photographs, drawings, drawings, diagrams,
  • conditions for the placement of temporary buildings and structures, sites for the placement of construction equipment.

Collection of initial data is not the responsibility of the designer, it is a service that is provided for money.

Customers in this process often underestimate their role and the importance of the ID collection task itself. Many believe that this is the responsibility of the designer, and the function of the customer is reduced solely to payment and acceptance of work. As practice, including judicial practice, shows, it is on this basis that misunderstandings and conflicts often arise between the parties.

Initial permits

The collection of initial permits (IPD) is carried out at the earliest stages of design or precedes it, as an independent, independent work.

Initial permit documentation is a set of materials characterizing the future construction object and the site allocated for these needs.

Initial permit documentation must include:

  • documents confirming ownership of the land (or lease agreement),
  • urban planning documentation confirming the possibility of placing the object planned for construction on the selected site,
  • decisions of the city administration,
  • conclusions and approvals from regulatory services and authorities:
    • Sanitary and Epidemiological Service,
    • technical specifications for fire supervision,
    • conclusion of management of natural resources and environmental protection,
    • environment conclusion,
    • technical specifications for the development of specialized sections of the Civil Defense Ministry of Emergencies and others,
    • technical conditions for the engineering support of the facility, including: water, heat, gas, electricity, sewage disposal, connection to roads and railways, connection to telephone networks, the Internet, and others.

Depending on the specifics of a particular object, this list can be significantly expanded. So, when designing an object in specially protected areas, it will be necessary to obtain initial permits from the relevant government services. There can be many such cases, therefore, for each object, its own list of initial permits is compiled.

According to the practice of project approval, it is worth making a statement with a list of all possible documents and clearly indicate which documents are not required and why. For example, in view of the fact that the WOK does not have active equipment, water, heat, gas, electricity, and waste disposal are not required.

Engineering surveys

Engineering surveys are carried out to study the natural and man-made conditions of the future construction site. Based on the reports on these works, the designer decides on the location of objects on the ground, the deepening of the foundations of buildings and structures, the degree of their protection from the effects of various adverse factors, the routing of engineering networks and others.

The composition and scope of engineering surveys is standardized by the provisions of the Code of Rules SP 47.13330.2012 (“Engineering surveys for construction. Basic provisions”).

Prior to designing, the following types of work may be required:

  • engineering and geodetic surveys (landscape survey, cameral processing, installation of geodetic signs),
  • engineering-geological surveys (determination of soil properties, presence and composition of groundwater, determination of base soil for foundation, etc.),
  • engineering and environmental surveys and engineering and hydrometeorological surveys (information on the natural and climatic conditions of the construction site, features of the flora and fauna, the presence of man-made sources of pollution, etc.),
  • engineering and hydrographic works (allow to obtain data on the situation, underwater relief and underwater structures, with their subsequent display on engineering topographic plans and profiles),
  • determination of geophysical characteristics of construction (mountain and seismic conditions of construction, data on mineral deposits and other studies),
  • search and examination of the territory for the presence of explosive objects in the places of military operations and in the territories of former military formations,
  • archaeological research.

The composition of engineering surveys, methods of execution and scope of work are established by the engineering survey program developed on the basis of the assignment of the developer or technical customer. In other words, it should be specified in the design brief.

According to the Town Planning Code, the results of engineering surveys may be sent for examination simultaneously with the design documentation or before the design documentation is sent for examination.

Development of basic technical solutions

Main technical solutions (OTR) are usually developed before the start of work on design documentation and for rather complex technologically rich objects. As part of the OTP, the main schemes are usually developed: technological, power supply, automation.

OTR allows you to coordinate the main parameters of process and auxiliary equipment, which significantly reduces the number of alterations in the development of project documentation.

Development of project documentation

Currently, Russian standards define two stages of design: «Design documentation» and «Detailed documentation». The composition and volume of text and graphic materials are determined in accordance with Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 87 of February 16, 2008 “On the composition of sections of project documentation and requirements for their content” (PP No. 87).

According to Decree No. 87, capital construction objects, depending on their functional purpose and characteristic features, are divided into the following types:

  1. Industrial facilities (buildings, constructions, industrial facilities, including defense and security facilities), except for linear facilities.
  2. Objects for non-industrial purposes (buildings, structures, constructions of the housing stock, social, cultural and household purposes, as well as other objects of capital construction for non-industrial purposes).
  3. Linear objects (pipelines, roads and railways, power lines, etc.).

During the construction of FOCL and LKS, we will be interested in the composition of design documentation for linear facilities:

  • Section 1 “Explanatory Note”,
  • Section 2 RoW Design,
  • Section 3 “Technological and design solutions for a linear facility. Artificial structures”,
  • Section 4 “Buildings, structures and structures included in the infrastructure of a linear facility”,
  • Section 5 Construction Management Design,
  • Section 6 “Project for the organization of work on the demolition (dismantling) of a linear facility”,
  • Section 7 Environmental Measures,
  • Section 8 Fire Safety Measures,
  • Section 9 Construction Estimates,
  • Section 10, “Other Documentation as Required by Federal Laws.”

Development of working documentation

The stage «Design documentation» is developed on the basis of technical solutions (OTR) defined in the Design documentation.

The document regulating the composition, form and content of materials at this stage is the National Standard of the Russian Federation GOST R 21.101-2020 — “Project documentation system for construction. Basic requirements for design and working documentation”.

This standard contains requirements for:

  • the composition of sets of working drawings,
  • design and marking of working drawings,
  • stamps and inscriptions on drawings,
  • composition and types of attached documents,
  • composition and types of reference documents (standards, standard solutions),
  • specification design.

In addition, this standard stipulates the rules for making changes to the design and working documentation, including the issuance of permission to make changes and the specifics of the procedure for each of the stages.

It should be noted that this practice exists when designing large-scale projects. If only FOCL, LKS or a small section of the communication line falls into the scope of construction, then it is permissible to make changes without using complex procedures. Only the coordination of changes with the customer and the relevant balance holder, in whose area of ​​responsibility the changes fall, remains mandatory.

In accordance with the Regulations on the procedure for the examination of project documentation, approved by Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 145 dated March 05, 2007, those parts of the Design Documentation that have been amended that affect the structural safety and reliability of the designed facility are subject to re-examination.

Expertise

Examination of project documentation is carried out for all objects, except for cases stipulated by Article 49 of the Town Planning Code of the Russian Federation (in most cases, these are technically simple objects, the construction of which does not require a permit).

Organization and examination of project documentation is regulated by the Regulation approved by Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 145 dated 05. 03.2007

structures and engineering systems, compliance with the requirements of environmental, sanitary and epidemiological, fire, industrial and radiation safety. An expert assessment of the quality of the engineering surveys performed is also given.

The maximum term for the examination does not exceed 60 days. Based on the results of the audit, an expert opinion is issued, which can be positive (if the documentation complies with the technical regulations) or negative (if it does not). A negative opinion may be challenged by the applicant in court.

Starting from September 2016, the submission of materials to the State Expertise is carried out only in electronic form.

In accordance with Article 49of the Town Planning Code of the Russian Federation, the examination of project documentation can be state and non-state. Non-state expertise is carried out by a legal entity accredited in the manner prescribed by law. The subject of non-state expertise cannot be objects, the construction of which is planned to be carried out at the expense of the budget, as well as objects of the defense and energy complex.

It is worth noting that if the construction of an object is planned in specially protected natural areas, then it is necessary to follow the «Rules for the submission of project documentation for objects, construction, reconstruction, overhaul of which is supposed to be carried out on the lands of specially protected natural areas, for the state examination and state environmental examination » approved by the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of November 7, 2008 N 822).

Coordination and examination of design and working documentation

Properly executed design and working documentation is submitted for familiarization and approval with the Customer. Rules for execution and deadlines for providing documentation to the Customer are given in the RFP.

The customer examines and checks the provided documentation for completeness, compliance with the RFP, correctness and expediency of the applied technical solutions, availability of approvals from all persons whose interests may be affected. If the Customer is satisfied with everything, then we can assume that the project has been approved by the Customer.

A project for a telecommunication network will only be needed for the commissioning and commissioning of some newly built or reconstructed telecommunication networks. For more details on which communication networks a project is required during commissioning, see Order No. 258.

On the other hand, if the project is designed to create «capital construction facilities» that fall under the «Urban Planning Code of the Russian Federation» (FZ No. 190 of December 29, 2004), then a state examination of the project is required.

“Capital construction objects” may be communication poles, cable ducts, etc. The state examination of the project takes place in the authorized state examination body — FAA «Glavgosexpertiza of Russia» and its branches. It should be mentioned that this is a rather expensive pleasure, which takes a lot of time. If the project has passed the state examination, then a permit for the construction of the facility is issued.

Sometimes there is a situation that the Project Owner wants to insure himself during the construction of the communication facility. To do this, the Customer requires the designer to conduct an examination of the PD, for example, in the Federal State Budgetary Institution «MIR IT Center». It is worth remembering that according to the order of the Ministry of Telecom and Mass Communications of the Russian Federation of August 26, 2014 No. 258 “On Approval of the Requirements for the Commissioning of Telecommunication Networks”, no expert examination of project documentation is required at the MIR IT Center FSBI (the so-called “ connection expertise). In this case, the examination is carried out at the expense of the Customer.

Goals and objectives of the examination:

  • ensuring the integrity, stability and security of the public communication network,
  • prevention of the construction of networks and communication and informatization facilities, the construction and operation of which violates the rights of individuals and legal entities or does not meet the requirements of the norms and rules approved in the prescribed manner.

When conducting an examination of pre-project and design documentation, it is ensured that its compliance is verified:

  • initial data and specifications,
  • requirements in the field of communications established by the Federal Law «On Communications».

The procedure for the examination, in general terms, is as follows:

  1. Registration of documents, incoming control of the submitted documentation (checking the completeness and composition of the documentation, the availability of initial permits).
  2. Conducting an examination and issuing an expert opinion:
    — a positive opinion includes conclusions on the compliance of the project documentation with the requirements,
    — a negative opinion contains conclusions about the need to finalize the project documentation, indicating specific shortcomings. In case of drawing up a negative conclusion due to the need to finalize the pre-project and design documentation, the Customer has the right to submit documents for re-examination, subject to their revision taking into account the comments and suggestions set forth in the conclusion,
    — in some cases, conditionally positive conclusions are issued, if any permits were not submitted at the stage of examination, but are at the stage of registration. In this case, the project documentation is recommended for approval subject to the submission of relevant permits.

The realities in the Russian Federation are such that new regulations, laws, instructions, methodological recommendations, explanations, regulations, etc. are constantly introduced / canceled, which change (and some radically) the state of affairs in the design, construction and operation of communication networks. It is necessary to constantly monitor the situation in this area — the interesting work of the GUI is provided.

This article reflects the main points that you need to pay attention to when designing communication objects. In future articles, we will take a closer look at the issues that arise when designing specific types of objects. Consider the software systems used in the implementation of the graphic and text part of the project, as well as talk about the use of configurators that facilitate the selection of materials and equipment for construction.

By alexxlab

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