Grammar class 9 & 10
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This newspaper report writing format, as the name suggests, is only for reference for the students of class 9 and class 10 studying under SEBA and NBSE. In exams, you need to keep the format in mind and write the reports in accordance with the subjects asked.
Newspaper report format
The newspaper report should have these parts:
i. The headline
The headline is the most import part of the report. The headline should give the reader an almost complete idea of what the report is about. Don’t make it too long.
ii. The byline
The byline is nothing but the name of the author or the reporter who is filing the report. In your case, write your name. It comes after the headline.
The place is where you are sitting while writing the report. If you are sitting in Kolkata and writing about something that happened in Mumbai, you should just use Kolkata and not Mumbai.
The date is the date on which the report is being written. Keep the date format like this- ‘January 20.’ No need to use the year. Spell out the name of the month. Use a colon (:) after the date and start writing the introduction.
The introducing paragraph should explain to the readers what the event is all about. Most of the readers just read this paragraph and leave. So make sure you include what happened, where, how, and when.
After you’ve mentioned the basics in the introduction, the readers who are interested would like more details about the event, so he’ll read the body. The body should include more details about the event. If someone is talking something, it should be mentioned here. The body can be more than one paragraph.
The conclusion is a small paragraph where you can mention what is expected in future, or what happened in the past relating to the event, or it can be anything. The motive of the conclusion is to give the report a proper closure so that the report shouldn’t sound like it ended suddenly.
Take a look at this sample and observe:
Question: Write a report for your school magazine about the recently held annual function.
Solution: Keep it in a rectangular box
17th Annual Function of AHS School Held
DIMAPUR, FEBRUARY 8: The 17th Annual Function of AHS School was held on Saturday at the school auditorium in the presence of Education Minister of Nagaland, Temjen Imna Along as the special guest, in which prizes were distributed to all the students who performed excellently in their examinations.
Speaking on the occasion, Along said that the examinations are there to prepare the students for the future where they are going to face big responsibilities. He said that the future of the state and the country rests on the shoulders of the students and therefore they should give their best.
He congratulated the students who received the prizes and encouraged those who didn’t win a prize that they are no less than others and if they give their best, they can be at the forefront too.
The principal of the school, Ritam Pandit, said that the students have been doing great results and urged them to continue. He asked the teachers too to keep on doing the good work.
A total of 25 students from different classes received the prizes.
Get notes of other classes and subjects
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FREE 7+ Sample News Report Templates in PDF
The news report is used to inform the civilians about what is happening around the world and for that thing a proper structure is followed for the easy understanding and Newspaper Reports is used for this purpose. Also referred as inverted pyramid, this format is available in our website free of cost.
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Sample News Report Template
This sample news report template will prove to be of great help for a new reporter planning to write a news report. It gives a sample article on the first page, and a news report chart on the next page that has to be filled in by the reporter.
News Report Template PDF
This is an all-inclusive PDF template that teaches a reporter how to plan a newspaper report. With a number of sample phrases, this template allows you to create an attractive headline for a news report, and then follow with the rest of the story.
Simple News Story Report Template
One of the most important aspects of writing a news report is that you put most relevant things first. This is a news story report template that allows you to write your news report as per the importance of each statement. Details are entered depending on how important they are. It helps in identifying the most and least important details of the news, so that you can plan the report accordingly.
News Report Template Free PDF
This one is a complete PDF news report template that gives a complete guideline on how to write a news report. Followed by the name and headline of the news report, you have enough space to write the lead, background, quotations and concluding statement of the report.
News Report Template Format
Printable News Report Template
Example News Report Template
Printable News Story Report
Why Do You Need News Report Templates
Whether you are a journalism student or a novice news reporter, these news report templates will definitely help you in getting a firm hand on the profession. Creating an attractive and enticing news story is not everyone’s cup of tea, and it needs lot of planning and designing before you send it out to the public.
These news report templates give you a professionally made background which you can use to create enticing news reports within seconds. You may like Summary Reports.
When Do You Need News Report Templates
While creating a news report to be made public, a news reporter has to gather relevant information about the event and design it in a presentable manner. If you are in this profession, then these news report templates will definitely come as a boon to you.
You can just download one of these templates appropriate to your news item, and fill in the news details. Your news report will be created within a matter of minutes. You can also see Management Reports.
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One of the most important benefits of using these news report templates is that they allow you to create a professional looking news report even if you are a novice in the industry. Another benefit is that they save your time by giving you a ready-made platform to fill in the news details.
They are customizable as per your requirements and preferences, and the best thing is that no technical skills are required to use these templates.
As a news reporter or a journalist, you are responsible to brainstorm details and information, and write an informative news report for your audience. These news report templates are highly helpful in creating news reports that look professionally designed even if you are a novice.
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Lesson 4. Writing press releases, reporting, writing columns, interviewing
Being able to write good articles, journalistic reports and essays is, of course, good and commendable, but this is far from enough for a journalist.
Based on the popularity, we will look at a few more genres of journalism that you will definitely have to deal with.
- How to write a press release
- How to write and present a story
- How to write your column
- How to take and present an interview
- Verification test
Without further ado, let’s get down to business.
How to write a press release
A press release is a media announcement that includes news about the person or organization that issued the press release and presents his or her position on a topic .
A press release is the main PR document of any company, because allows you to convey important thematic information to the public.
Press releases can be of several types:
|Press releases-announcements. Information in them informs about upcoming events. Used to attract the press to events. In addition to describing the specifics of the events themselves, such press releases may contain background stories.
|Press releases-news. Contains information about past events. Often include comments from stakeholders and authority figures.
|Informational press releases. Inform about current, but not yet completed events. Includes reports of current changes or new twists (it is assumed that the essence of events is already known to the public).
Preparing and writing a press release is based on a number of rules:
- Write a press release only if the information is really interesting and useful, otherwise the work may turn out to be pointless.
- Press release materials must be professionally targeted to a specific audience.
- Press release materials must be up-to-date and up-to-date and include new facts and statistics.
- Press release materials should be easily perceived by readers and be meaningful to them (for this, information can be linked to some socially significant problem).
- Press release materials must relate to events on or before the day, or events expected in the foreseeable future.
- Press releases are encouraged to include the opinions of executives, opinion leaders, experts or leaders in a particular field.
General requirements for writing a press release are as follows:
- Write in an accessible language for everyone, avoiding scientific terminology.
- It is necessary to write a press release without the use of slang, colloquial expressions and a large number of epithets.
- Do not use ellipsis, exclamation marks or question marks in the text (all sentences end with only a dot).
- It is forbidden to use abbreviations in the text, in addition to the generally accepted ones (if you still have to do this, then the first time the abbreviation should be indicated in brackets after the name).
- You cannot use the words «yesterday» and «tomorrow» in the text (using the word «today» is also not recommended, but sometimes it is allowed).
- Names, patronymics and surnames mentioned in the text for the first time are written in full.
- The press release should not be overloaded with numbers (general statistics are given instead).
- First you need to think over the content of the material (it should concern only one information occasion, for example, news).
- The press release is built according to a clear plan (title — introduction — main body — conclusion).
- The title should be capacious, catchy and memorable.
- The title should answer the questions: “Why?”, “When?”, “Where?”, “What?”, “Who?”.
- The first paragraph (lead) reveals the essence of the informational occasion.
- In the lead, the meaning of the title is repeated, supplemented and clarified (it should contain as much useful information as possible).
- Each subsequent paragraph complements the first.
- One paragraph is devoted to one fact.
- You can use quotes and comments from experts and leaders in the form of direct speech.
- Facts must be listed in descending order of importance.
- Exaggeration and distortion of information, the presence of discrepancies are not allowed.
- All information contained in the press release must be reliable and verified (multiple sources must be used in the work).
- The press release must be written in a narrative and business style.
- Information should not be emotionally charged.
- The press release must be made in the style of the publication (or resource) where it will subsequently be published.
- A press release must be written in such a way that it can be shortened and rewritten at any time.
- If a press release is sent to the editors of some publication or site for publication, you can indicate not a specific date of publication, but insert the phrase «For immediate publication».
- Recommended length of a press release: 1-2 pages.
The more your press release meets these requirements, the more response it will receive both from the publication for which it is being prepared and from the audience. Keep in mind that the main mistake when writing such materials is low information content. Therefore, it is very convenient to tie a press release to news, significant events, final reports and significant dates. For example, on this page you can see examples of the best press releases for 2017.
How to write and submit a report
Report can be described as a report from the scene, which is distinguished by efficiency and objectivity.
Reporting is considered to be one of the most popular genres of journalism, because it is he who is most often the first to reach the public after any significant event.
There are several types of reporting :
|Problem reporting. It not only highlights current events, but also studies the social phenomena that caused them. The author’s reflections, his analysis and assessment of the information occasion are assumed.
|Event reporting. The reason for it are bright and memorable events, incidents or cases that caused public outcry. It differs in chronological sequence, details and details, the exact date, time and place of what is happening.
|Current report. Is an instant response to what is happening. Requires maximum efficiency.
|Staged reportage. The author himself directs some event (conducts a field media experiment, provokes a street demonstration, simulates a curious situation, etc.) and becomes not an observer, but its main character.
|Thematically informative reportage. Processes and events do not need to be presented promptly in this case. It is necessary to convey maximum information to the audience, revealing all the facets of the information occasion.
The features of any reportage are manifested in the subtleties of the presentation of the material. From this follow the main features of this genre:
- Narration should not be detached and dry
- The author’s opinion and active position are always present
- Information is presented in chronological order
- Reporting is always visual and descriptive
- Reporting must always be timely
- The report always corresponds to the facts and is extremely accurate
- No fiction is allowed in the report
However, the structure of reportage remains quite simple:
- Headline (it should be intriguing, catchy, attract attention)
- Introductory paragraph — lead (in which the author brings the reader up to date)
- Main part (reveals the essence of what is happening)
- Conclusion (in which the author expresses his attitude to what is happening)
As for the style of reporting, it should be determined depending on what events will be described. For example, to describe an advertising or marketing conference, a business style is suitable, and if some kind of concert or stand-up show is being considered, you need to choose a freer and even somewhat comical form. But the main thing is to remember that dry reports written in protocol language are very boring and of little interest. It is recommended to use photos and videos for reporting.
Also pay attention to a few nuances when writing a report:
- Make the text of the report concrete and structured (for this, you must first draw up a plan).
- Do not overload the text with unnecessary meaningless information, cumbersome verbal constructions and piling up of details (the details used should enliven the plot).
- Compose the text on the basis of causal and logical relationships.
- Avoid slang, jargon, obscene language.
- Strive for simplicity and accessibility in narration.
- When using quotes, rewrite them as close as possible to the original (quotes should be exactly retelling, but made brief and accurately conveying the essence of what was said).
- Refrain from using emoticons in the text of the report and limit the use of expressive punctuation (ellipsis, question and exclamation marks).
- Include personal opinion in the text methodically, unobtrusively and in doses.
- Describe only reliable and verified facts (embellishing facts is not allowed).
- Use dialogue (they help turn a dry presentation of information into an interesting story).
- Try to use verbs (they give dynamics to the narrative and more accurately convey the author’s vision of the situation).
- Without argument, refrain from harsh assessments and judgments.
And at the end of the conversation about reporting, we draw your attention to the fact that often young journalists make small sketches from the scene or take short interviews, believing that this is enough for a report. In fact, this is not enough, and the report should be supplemented by a dynamic story. In addition, one should strive to describe what is happening without turning the text into a story about one’s own attitude to the situation. Also, do not focus on negative stories.
How to write your own column
Column is another rather interesting journalistic genre, where the author presents his opinion to the public on a hot topic. It differs in that it is regularly published in one edition and placed in the same place of the magazine (newspaper) page or website.
Running your own column is a dream of many journalists, and if you are one of them, we recommend that you first write a competent resume and send it to the editors of the magazines or websites you are interested in. It is very important that the subject matter of the resource or publication matches your interests (they should contain at least a section on a topic that suits you). Remember that if the style of a journalist and the style of a publication or website diverge, their cooperation is unlikely to be possible. It is desirable to attach several articles or links to published materials to the resume.
Now about the subtleties of keeping columns:
First of all, you need to decide on the topic of the future column. At this stage, you should think about what you want to write about. The topic should be interesting to you personally and relevant to others. As an author, you must understand the subject and be able to present information competently and efficiently.
Once you start writing a column, don’t deviate from the topic. However, you can combine several topics: for example, if you want to write about cooking in a travel column, you can cover the topic of national dishes of different countries, etc. If the topic is exhausted, the column should be closed. Instead, you can start a new column. But it is better to choose topics that can be covered for a long time.
Keep the column up to date.
Keep in touch with your readers. Your contacts should always be listed at the end of the column. To activate readers, you can ask them to give you feedback, leave comments, offer ideas. Among other things, this way you can always track your shortcomings and know your audience better.
The column should be designed so that the reader can get enough information, but at the same time he does not have to read a lot. The average size of one text (post) for a column is from 500 to 1200 characters without spaces.
To write a column competently, you need to have analytical skills and the ability to demonstrate different views on the same events and facts. A good journalist is an objective journalist: he is not inclined to take sides or only express his position.
When raising some problems, solutions must also be provided (at the conclusion of any text, at least one solution must be proposed). It is always advisable to indicate the sources of the information received for the column, but if, for example, you are talking with a person and he wishes to remain anonymous, this must be mentioned.
Such things as plagiarism, lies, insults, slander are strictly prohibited. Much attention should be paid to the weak points of your texts, the construction of sentences, spelling, punctuation and spelling. Readers can be very smart, which means that they will remember not only your strengths and victories, but also your weaknesses and mistakes anyway. And you should never allow yourself to be used as a tool for anyone’s propaganda. Professionalism in journalism is objectivity, a desire for truth, a desire to help people (by the way, here you can get acquainted with the best columns of 2015).
How to take and present an interview
Interviews can safely be called one of the most difficult genres in journalism, especially for beginner journalists. But with the help of the recommendations presented below, anyone can master it.
So, before taking an interview, you need to prepare as many interesting and original questions as possible and collect the maximum amount of information about the hero of the interview. After that, you can make a call and arrange a meeting or a separate call for an interview. We will not talk about the official requirements for the visit, because. punctuality, a suitable wardrobe, a well-groomed appearance, a friendly attitude and the ability to listen to an interlocutor should be a matter of course.
Therefore, let’s move on to the tips directly for interviewing:
- It is better to start the interview not with a direct question, but with the author’s words containing the answer to the first question that will be asked. The interlocutor just needs to clarify it. This technique also allows you to translate the dialogue in the form of questions and answers into an interesting conversation.
- The interview should not be made too cumbersome. If the interlocutor is not a celebrity or an important person, if his words do not carry something sensational, five or six questions may be enough.
- Answers should not exceed questions by more than three times.
- You cannot ask the same questions twice, even if they are interpreted in different forms.
- The interlocutor should always be directed in the direction of the audience, so that the interview would be interesting to both him and the readers.
- There should be no understatement after the interview.
- The last words are best left to the interlocutor. But if you have to summarize, a neutral phrase like «Good luck to you» will be enough.
When preparing an interview in textual material, a number of requirements must be followed :
|It is recommended to give the title of the author, but reflecting the most «strong» thought of the interlocutor or the most valuable detail from what he said.
|Sometimes it is effective to insert some bright, perhaps even provocative phrase of the interlocutor into the title of an interview.
|If the same thought of your interlocutor is repeated, feel free to cut it out of the text.
|If the interlocutor has made mistakes or inaccuracies, correct them.
|If the interlocutor uses difficult to understand terms in speech, replace them with more understandable ones.
|In the caption to the interview, it is enough to use your first and last name (sometimes they are preceded by the postscript “Interviewed”).
Of course, these are just the basics of the interview, and in practice you will probably come across a lot of other points that you need to pay attention to. But with experience, you will develop your own individual style of interviewing and learn how to find an approach to almost every person. And one more thing: we advise you to read our articles “In-Depth Interview” and “Technique for Asking Questions”, the information from which will be useful to you in practice.
Summing up the material of the last two lessons, let’s say that it is important to be able not only to search for verified and reliable information for any journalistic materials, but also to competently and effectively check the finished materials before publication or presentation. The subsequent perception of your articles, reports, reports, etc. depends on this. audience, and the subsequent perception of you as a professional author and journalist.
Test your knowledge
If you would like to test your knowledge on the topic of this lesson, you can take a short test consisting of several questions. Only one option can be correct for each question. After you select one of the options, the system automatically moves on to the next question. The points you receive are affected by the correctness of your answers and the time spent on passing. Please note that the questions are different each time, and the options are shuffled.
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In the fifth lesson, we will take a detailed look at the basics of the editing methodology and techniques.
Sergey KrutkoKirill Nogales
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Turkish journalists accused of spying for reporting on weapons for Syria
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Journalists Can Dündar and Erdem Gül face life imprisonment
Two well-known Turkish journalists are charged with espionage in connection with their allegation that Turkey’s security services are supplying weapons to Islamist rebels in Syria.
Cumhuriyet daily’s editor-in-chief Can Dündar and the newspaper’s Ankara editor-in-chief Erdem Gul face life imprisonment if found guilty.
Their newspaper report, as well as the video released by them, provoked a storm in Turkish political circles. The lawsuit against journalists was initiated by President Erdogan himself.
According to their material, the Turkish police detained trucks in which boxes of weapons and ammunition were found. The authors believe the cargo belongs to the National Intelligence Organization (MIT) and was destined for Islamist opposition groups in Syria.
Journalists deny the allegations against them, and Turkey has come under fire from international criticism for encroaching on press freedom.
The author of the photo, AFP
Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan promised that the authors of the report would pay a high price for libel
The Turkish authorities insist that the trucks were carrying humanitarian aid to the Syrian Turkmen, a small Turkic ethnic group.
«The newspaper was involved in espionage activities. Whoever wrote this article will pay a high price,» President Recep Tayyip Erdogan said.
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Journalists are accused of spying and supporting the movement of Fethullah Gülen, an opposition politician and preacher. Previously, Gulen was an associate of President Erdogan, but now the Turkish authorities consider the movement founded by Gulen a terrorist organization.