Short story about moral lesson: The 10 Best Short Moral Stories With Valuable Lessons (Updated 2023)

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The 10 Best Short Moral Stories With Valuable Lessons (Updated 2023)

Short Inspirational stories are powerful reads;

The great thing about them is that they’re so easy to digest, and there’s always a moral at the end of the story.

Whether they’re true stories or not is another thing, as many of them are legends supposedly hundreds of years old.

However, the stories that I’m talking about are so powerful and inspirational that many of them really do get you thinking and even leave you speechless at times.


Table of Contents


The 10 Best Inspirational Short Stories

I’ve been reading plenty of these short stories in the past couple of weeks and found the lessons behind them truly wonderful. So I’ve decided to write out this article highlighting the 10 most inspirational short stories I’ve heard.

Next to the subheadings, in brackets, I’ve put what the story’s lesson is all about, with a short description of the moral of the story at the end of each section.


10. The Elephant Rope (Belief)

A gentleman was walking through an elephant camp, and he spotted that the elephants weren’t being kept in cages or held by the use of chains.

All that was holding them back from escaping the camp, was a small piece of rope tied to one of their legs.

As the man gazed upon the elephants, he was completely confused as to why the elephants didn’t just use their strength to break the rope and escape the camp. They could easily have done so, but instead, they didn’t try to at all.

Curious and wanting to know the answer, he asked a trainer nearby why the elephants were just standing there and never tried to escape.

The trainer replied;


“when they are very young and much smaller we use the same size rope to tie them and, at that age, it’s enough to hold them. As they grow up, they are conditioned to believe they cannot break away. They believe the rope can still hold them, so they never try to break free.


The only reason that the elephants weren’t breaking free and escaping from the camp was that over time they adopted the belief that it just wasn’t possible.


Moral of the story:

No matter how much the world tries to hold you back, always continue with the belief that what you want to achieve is possible. Believing you can become successful is the most important step in actually achieving it.


9. Thinking Out of the Box (Creative Thinking)

In a small Italian town, hundreds of years ago, a small business owner owed a large sum of money to a loan-shark. The loan-shark was a very old, unattractive looking guy that just so happened to fancy the business owner’s daughter.

He decided to offer the businessman a deal that would completely wipe out the debt he owed him. However, the catch was that we would only wipe out the debt if he could marry the businessman’s daughter.

Needless to say, this proposal was met with a look of disgust.

The loan-shark said that he would place two pebbles into a bag, one white and one black.

The daughter would then have to reach into the bag and pick out a pebble. If it was black, the debt would be wiped, but the loan-shark would then marry her. If it was white, the debt would also be wiped, but the daughter wouldn’t have to marry the loan-shark.

Standing on a pebble-strewn path in the businessman’s garden, the loan-shark bent over and picked up two pebbles.

Whilst he was picking them up, the daughter noticed that he’d picked up two black pebbles and placed them both into the bag.

He then asked the daughter to reach into the bag and pick one.

The daughter naturally had three choices as to what she could have done:

  1. Refuse to pick a pebble from the bag.
  2. Take both pebbles out of the bag and expose the loan-shark for cheating.
  3. Pick a pebble from the bag fully well knowing it was black and sacrifice herself for her father’s freedom.

She drew out a pebble from the bag, and before looking at it ‘accidentally’ dropped it into the midst of the other pebbles. She said to the loan-shark;


“Oh, how clumsy of me. Never mind, if you look into the bag for the one that is left, you will be able to tell which pebble I picked.”


The pebble left in the bag is obviously black, and seeing as the loan-shark didn’t want to be exposed, he had to play along as if the pebble the daughter dropped was white, and clear her father’s debt.


Moral of the story:

It’s always possible to overcome a tough situation throughout of the box thinking, and not give in to the only options you think you have to pick from.


8. The Group of Frogs (Encouragement)

As a group of frogs was traveling through the woods, two of them fell into a deep pit. When the other frogs crowded around the pit and saw how deep it was, they told the two frogs that there was no hope left for them.

However, the two frogs decided to ignore what the others were saying and they proceeded to try and jump out of the pit

Despite their efforts, the group of frogs at the top of the pit were still saying that they should just give up. That they would never make it out.

Eventually, one of the frogs took heed to what the others were saying and he gave up, falling down to his death. The other frog continued to jump as hard as he could. Again, the crowd of frogs yelled at him to stop the pain and just die.

He jumped even harder and finally made it out. When he got out, the other frogs said, “Did you not hear us?”

The frog explained to them that he was deaf. He thought they were encouraging him the entire time.


Moral of the story:

People’s words can have a big effect on other’s lives. Think about what you say before it comes out of your mouth. It might just be the difference between life and death.


7. A Pound of Butter (Honesty)

There was a farmer who sold a pound of butter to a baker. One day the baker decided to weigh the butter to see if he was getting the right amount, which he wasn’t. Angry about this, he took the farmer to court.

The judge asked the farmer if he was using any measure to weight the butter. The farmer replied, “Honor, I am primitive. I don’t have a proper measure, but I do have a scale.”

The judge asked, “Then how do you weigh the butter?”

The farmer replied;


“Your Honor, long before the baker started buying butter from me, I have been buying a pound loaf of bread from him. Every day when the baker brings the bread, I put it on the scale and give him the same weight in butter. If anyone is to be blamed, it is the baker.”


Moral of the story:

In life, you get what you give. Don’t try and cheat others.


6. The Obstacle In Our Path (Opportunity)

In ancient times, a King had a boulder placed on a roadway. He then hid himself and watched to see if anyone would move the boulder out of the way. Some of the king’s wealthiest merchants and courtiers came by and simply walked around it.

Many people loudly blamed the King for not keeping the roads clear, but none of them did anything about getting the stone out of the way.

A peasant then came along carrying a load of vegetables. Upon approaching the boulder, the peasant laid down his burden and tried to push the stone out of the road. After much pushing and straining, he finally succeeded.

After the peasant went back to pick up his vegetables, he noticed a purse lying in the road where the boulder had been.

The purse contained many gold coins and a note from the King explaining that the gold was for the person who removed the boulder from the roadway.


Moral of the story:

Every obstacle we come across in life gives us an opportunity to improve our circumstances, and whilst the lazy complain, the others are creating opportunities through their kind hearts, generosity, and willingness to get things done.


5. The Butterfly (Struggles)

A man found a cocoon of a butterfly.

One day a small opening appeared. He sat and watched the butterfly for several hours as it struggled to force its body through that little hole.

Until it suddenly stopped making any progress and looked like it was stuck.

So the man decided to help the butterfly. He took a pair of scissors and snipped off the remaining bit of the cocoon. The butterfly then emerged easily, although it had a swollen body and small, shriveled wings.

The man didn’t think anything of it and sat there waiting for the wings to enlarge to support the butterfly. But that didn’t happen. The butterfly spent the rest of its life unable to fly, crawling around with tiny wings and a swollen body.

Despite the kind heart of the man, he didn’t understand that the restricting cocoon and the struggle needed by the butterfly to get itself through the small opening; were God’s way of forcing fluid from the body of the butterfly into its wings. To prepare itself for flying once it was out of the cocoon.


Moral of the story:

Our struggles in life develop our strengths. Without struggles, we never grow and never get stronger, so it’s important for us to tackle challenges on our own, and not be relying on help from others.


4. Control Your Temper (Anger)

There once was a little boy who had a very bad temper. His father decided to hand him a bag of nails and said that every time the boy lost his temper, he had to hammer a nail into the fence.

On the first day, the boy hammered 37 nails into that fence.

The boy gradually began to control his temper over the next few weeks, and the number of nails he was hammering into the fence slowly decreased.

He discovered it was easier to control his temper than to hammer those nails into the fence.

Finally, the day came when the boy didn’t lose his temper at all. He told his father the news and the father suggested that the boy should now pull out a nail every day he kept his temper under control.

The days passed and the young boy was finally able to tell his father that all the nails were gone. The father took his son by the hand and led him to the fence.


“you have done well, my son, but look at the holes in the fence. The fence will never be the same. When you say things in anger, they leave a scar just like this one. You can put a knife in a man and draw it out. It won’t matter how many times you say I’m sorry, the wound is still there.


Moral of the story:

Control your anger, and don’t say things to people in the heat of the moment, that you may later regret. Some things in life, you are unable to take back.


3. The Blind Girl (Change)

There was a blind girl who hated herself purely for the fact she was blind. The only person she didn’t hate was her loving boyfriend, as he was always there for her. She said that if she could only see the world, she would marry him.

One day, someone donated a pair of eyes to her – now she could see everything, including her boyfriend. Her boyfriend asked her, “now that you can see the world, will you marry me?”

The girl was shocked when she saw that her boyfriend was blind too, and refused to marry him. Her boyfriend walked away in tears, and later wrote a letter to her saying:


“Just take care of my eyes dear.


Moral of the story:

When our circumstances change, so does our mind. Some people may not be able to see the way things were before, and might not be able to appreciate them. There are many things to take away from this story, not just one.

This is one of the inspirational short stories that left me speechless.


2. Puppies for Sale (Understanding)

A shop owner placed a sign above his door that said: “Puppies For Sale.”

Signs like this always have a way of attracting young children, and to no surprise, a boy saw the sign and approached the owner; 


“How much are you going to sell the puppies for?” he asked.


The store owner replied, “Anywhere from $30 to $50.”

The little boy pulled out some change from his pocket. “I have $2.37,” he said. “Can I please look at them?”

The shop owner smiled and whistled. Out of the kennel came Lady, who ran down the aisle of his shop followed by five teeny, tiny balls of fur.

One puppy was lagging considerably behind. Immediately the little boy singled out the lagging, limping puppy and said, “What’s wrong with that little dog?”

The shop owner explained that the veterinarian had examined the little puppy and had discovered it didn’t have a hip socket. It would always limp. It would always be lame.

The little boy became excited. “That is the puppy that I want to buy.”

The shop owner said, “No, you don’t want to buy that little dog. If you really want him, I’ll just give him to you.”

The little boy got quite upset. He looked straight into the store owner’s eyes, pointing his finger, and said;


“I don’t want you to give him to me. That little dog is worth every bit as much as all the other dogs and I’ll pay full price. In fact, I’ll give you $2.37 now, and 50 cents a month until I have him paid for.


The shop owner countered, “You really don’t want to buy this little dog. He is never going to be able to run and jump and play with you like the other puppies.”

To his surprise, the little boy reached down and rolled up his pant leg to reveal a badly twisted, crippled left leg supported by a big metal brace. He looked up at the shop owner and softly replied, “Well, I don’t run so well myself, and the little puppy will need someone who understands!”


1. Box Full of Kisses (Love)

Some time ago, a man punished his 3-year-old daughter for wasting a roll of gold wrapping paper. Money was tight and he became infuriated when the child tried to decorate a box to put under the Christmas tree.

Nevertheless, the little girl brought the gift to her father the next morning and said, “This is for you, Daddy.”

The man became embarrassed by his overreaction earlier, but his rage continue when he saw that the box was empty. He yelled at her; “Don’t you know, when you give someone a present, there is supposed to be something inside?”

The little girl looked up at him with tears in her eyes and cried;


“Oh, Daddy, it’s not empty at all. I blew kisses into the box. They’re all for you, Daddy.”


The father was crushed. He put his arms around his little girl, and he begged for her forgiveness.

Only a short time later, an accident took the life of the child.

Her father kept the gold box by his bed for many years and, whenever he was discouraged, he would take out an imaginary kiss and remember the love of the child who had put it there.


Moral of the story:

Love is the most precious gift in the world.


Summary of the 10 Best Inspirational Stories

Here’s a quick summary of the 10 best short inspirational stories:

  1. Box Full of Kisses (Love)
  2. Puppies for Sale (Understanding)
  3. The Blind Girl (Change)
  4. Control Your Temper (Anger)
  5. The Butterfly (Struggles)
  6. The Obstacle in Our Path (Opportunity)
  7. A Pound of Butter (Honesty)
  8. The Group of Frogs (Encouragement)
  9. Thinking Out of the Box (Creative Thinking)
  10. The Elephant Rope (Belief)

Thanks for reading these inspirational short stories. Some of them left me speechless for a minute or two, and it really does make us think.

If you know of any other inspirational short stories that you think should be featured on the list, then let me know in the comments below or drop me an email and I’ll feature them in part two later on in the year.

Which are your favorite inspirational short stories? Leave a comment below.

What Are Moral Values? — Our Father’s House Soup Kitchen

Published August 2, 2022

You may not realize it but every moment of our day, we make a moral decision. From the moment you wake up until you go to sleep, your moral values are constantly put to the test. Even simple acts like making your bed or coming to work early involve a moral decision. That’s how moral values affect every facet of our lives.

Yet, the question of what moral values are seems to stop most of us in our tracks. If I were to ask you now what your moral values are, you’d probably think of honesty, respect, courage, and the like. But these traits are your values. And, as you will learn later, not all values can be considered moral values.

So what then are moral values? In this post, we’ll define moral values and how they motivate us.

Moral Values Definition

To define moral values, we first need to define the two words that made it up: values and morals.

In a philosophical context, values are traits that are considered desirable. As mentioned, this includes honesty, respect, and courage among others. But even though we tend to think of values as something good, they may not always be that way.

Courage, for example, in certain situations, can come off as foolish bravado. While some people may view honesty as tactlessness.

In short, values are relative. It can be good or bad depending on the situation and the person. But it’s also because of this that values tend to be more personal. Each of us has certain traits that we desire. They motivate our actions and reactions to people and circumstances.

Morals, on the other hand, are defined in the dictionary as a person’s standards of behavior depending on what they think is right or not. It governs our behavior and defines our intentions in everything that we do. It’s more than just what society thinks you should do. It’s that basic instinct of right and wrong common to all humans.

With these, we can define moral values as relative values that are fundamental to human existence. They are born out of experiences that we can all relate to, regardless of who we are or where we came from. A value becomes a moral value when it’s intended towards protecting and respecting life and making life better for everyone.

To give you a better perspective, think about the values mentioned above. Honesty, courage, and respect can be considered moral values but only when they are intended to protect life or enhance life for all.

For instance: if you are being honest only when it suits you, then it’s not a moral value. Everyone is capable of honesty, courage, and respect, even the most violent terrorists. But what sets a person with moral values apart is that innate desire to protect life and improve others’ quality of life.

Moral Values vs. Ethics

Most of the time, we confuse moral values with ethics. Though they are dependent on each other, they’re quite different.

As mentioned, moral values guide a person to act on what is right and good for everyone. While ethics is the willingness to do the right thing no matter the cost. In short, ethics is moral values put into action.

For instance, moral values like justice tell a person to fight for what is right. But an ethical person will not just stand by and watch when an injustice is happening. They will do something to correct it even if it endangers their life.

This is why moral values without ethics are useless and ethics wouldn’t exist without moral values. Knowing what to do is different from actually doing it. But you cannot do the right thing if you can’t tell the difference between right and wrong.

Moral Values vs. Core Values

While moral values are fundamental to human existence, core values can best be defined as a set of principles and beliefs that are fundamental to a person’s identity. Meaning, they differ from one person to another.

Moral values and core values often overlap with each other and some values can both be a person’s moral and core values. Courage, for instance, is a moral value if used to protect and improve humanity. But it can also be a person’s core value if being courageous defines them as a person.

Most of the time, our core values can also go beyond the moral values that are regulated by social norms. Discipline and perseverance, for example, are some of a hardworking person’s core values. But they are not necessarily universal nor fundamental to human existence.

Examples of Moral Values

I’ve already mentioned several examples of moral values above. But the most important ones are:

1. Compassion

There is no question that compassion is one of those values that are vital to human existence. Without it, no society can thrive. It’s the antidote to selfishness and the beginning of selflessness. This is why it’s one of the most important moral values and one that we should definitely inculcate in the next generation.

2. Respect

They say that “respect begets respect” but respect as a moral value isn’t born out of reciprocity. Rather, it’s given out of that innate sense of morality telling you that it’s the right thing to do. In short, you respect someone not because they are respectful to you. You respect them because you know it’s what you should do. Respect, as a value, means respecting everyone regardless of how they treat you.

3. Honesty

The famous quote that says “honesty is the best policy” couldn’t be any more true. Honesty is fundamental to building trust, bridging gaps, and strengthening relationships. 

4. Gratitude

 Practicing gratitude is the beginning of happiness. When you are thankful for everything you have, you start to appreciate your blessings. You don’t see what you lack anymore. Instead, you become content with what you have. That’s why if you dream of a happier world, you need to start teaching your children the importance of keeping an attitude of gratitude.

5. Generosity

In the dictionary, generosity is defined as the willingness to give or help more than what is expected. But as a value, generosity is also about giving without expecting anything in return. It reminds us of our social responsibility to help those who are not able to help themselves. Because if you only give to people because you know they can return the favor someday, then that’s not generosity. That’s just quid pro quo.

7. Kindness

If I were to define kindness, I’d say it’s the thread that binds us as humans. In all religions and all the places around the world, kindness is considered fundamental to a society’s existence. It can be expressed in various ways: helping a stranger, sharing your food with those who haven’t eaten, or even saying a few kind words to someone having a tough day. You’ll never run out of ways to express kindness if you only look hard enough.

Class hour on the topic «V. Oseeva’s moral lessons».


Fiction is one of the most important media
spiritual and moral education. Today the problems of cruelty and indifference
becomes apparent among children. The need for parenting
generations of such qualities as kindness, responsiveness, empathy, mercy
raises doubts. In this regard, I would like to turn to the works of Valentina
Oseeva, which remain relevant in our time. In an exciting way
the writer helps to understand what friendship, honesty, respect and love for
people, sensitivity to others.

The class hour was held with 2nd grade students. When choosing this
forms all children are actively involved in the activity. Preparatory work
involves reading the works of Valentina Oseeva in the classroom and at home.

Purpose: development of moral qualities through reading the nursery


Personal: to expand children’s knowledge of the most important moral
qualities; educate the moral qualities of students through analysis
works; to form the ability to emotionally respond to events,
occurring in the work.

Meta-subject: to develop the ability to build a productive speech
statement, using the information received in the lesson and your life
experience, to develop the ability to participate in a dialogue based on the works read,
understand someone else’s point of view and reasonably build your own; learn to work in

Equipment: multimedia presentation, 3 A3 sheets, cards with
biographical information and photographs of Valentina Oseeva, cards with
excerpts from the works of Oseeva, pockets, leaflet templates, colored paper.

Class hour progress:


(1 w.) — Let’s start
our class hour from a poem
Sergei Ostrovoy.

you can live differently —
You can be in trouble, but you can be in joy,
Eat on time, drink on time,
Do nasty things on time.
And you can do this:
Get up at dawn —
And, thinking about a miracle,
Get the sun with a burnt hand,
And give it to people

-What is this poem about?

Raise your hand, which one of you has already done at least some good deed today?

and we will smile at each other, because this is such a simple and good deed.

— Today we have an hour of kindness.

— Guys, what do you expect from our meeting?

So what is kindness?

— What do you think about when you hear
word good?

— Yes, it’s all good, kind,
beautiful. For example: sun, spring, smile, mom, dad, relatives, close people …. Good is when
people help each other.

(2 w. ) And here is how Sergey Ozhegov writes about it: “Kindness is
responsiveness, sincere disposition towards people, the desire to do good to others.

(3 words) — Continue the phrase:

A kind person is one who …
• loves people and is ready to help them in difficult times.
• loves nature and protects it.
• polite in communication, respectful to adults and younger ones
• loves birds, helps them survive in the winter cold.

— A kind person notices in others, first of all, good, evil —

— So, let’s start the lesson of kindness.

— I hope that you will carry warm feelings and good mood
through the whole session.


— How can we learn the lessons of kindness? (from books)

Reading is not just an occupation with which we fill free
time. Under the influence of smart books, we change: a book makes us kinder, smarter,
more experienced. The book develops our mind and our heart.

(4 lines) — The writer Yuri Olesha said: “The golden shelf is the one on
put by your favorite books.

— What is your favorite book?

— Who is your favorite writer?

— Have you come across such a book, after which you wanted to
do something, change yourself?

— Today we will spend time with
wonderful writer, author of children’s short stories.

(5 words) — While preparing for the lesson, I found
letter — this writer’s appeal to readers, listen, I
I will read:

“Dear guys!

When I was
like you, I loved to read short stories.

I loved them for
that she could read without the help of adults.

Once mom

– Liked it
you a story?

I answered:
— I don’t know. I didn’t think about him.
Mom was very upset.
“It’s not enough to be able to read, you have to be able to think,” she said.
Since then, after reading the story, I began to think about good and bad
the actions of girls and boys, and sometimes their own. And since in life
it helped me a lot, then I wrote short stories for you to make it easier for you
was to learn to read and think»

— What did the author of the letter advise? ( Little
be able to read, one must be able to think)

— I propose to make these words the main ones on
our poster.

-Why should we think, because we are with you
learned to read and now we can read any books on our own and this is already
achievement for us?

— It’s time to find out the name of this famous children’s writer. Her
stories were read by your moms and dads, grandparents.

(6 lines) — Who is this? Let’s play the game «Four pictures — one
word». Try to find out her name from the illustrations to the works.

(7 w.) — This is a wonderful author of children’s short stories —
Valentina Oseeva. On April 28, she would have turned 115 years old.

— We put on the poster a portrait of the writer, her name and years of life.

3. Main part.

You have already read Valentina Oseeva, but so far we know little about her life.

— Groups 1, 2 and 3 will now work with information from the biography
Oseeva and prepare only the most interesting, understandable information for you (5

— Choose 1 person from the group who will present the biography of Oseeva.

1. Valentine
Alexandrovna Oseeva is a great writer of the Soviet era.
Born in 1902 in the city of Kyiv. In the family, in addition to Valentina, there were two
older sisters. The father of the family Alexander Dmitrievich was an engineer.
For a time he worked on the railroad. Mom Ariadna Leonidovna
worked as a proofreader in a local newspaper. The parents of Valentina
Oseeva actively participated in the revolution. Alexander Dmitrievich was the leader
big workers strike at
railway. When the rebellion was suppressed, Alexander Dmitrievich unsuccessfully hid from the authorities for a long time. He had to, hiding, and
work under a false name. But soon the man was found and arrested.
Valentina’s father has been to several prisons. The girl was very worried,
‘s family had to travel to different cities in order to secretly meet with
‘s father. She was irritated by the injustice of this world.
As a child, the girl took everything to heart, sympathized with others
people. Valentina Alexandrovna Oseeva was a very kind,
honest, fair, and courageous woman.

2. Aleksandrovna dreamed of becoming a great actress. The girl even entered the
Kiev Institute at the Faculty of Drama. Much to our regret,
Valentina did not manage to graduate due to moving to another
city. Valentina Alexandrovna married the Soviet science fiction writer Vadim Okhotnikov. The couple had a son, Leonid.
Oseeva realized that she wanted to help children who found themselves in a difficult
life situation. For about sixteen years, Valentina dedicated herself to the upbringing of such children. It was her love for children that led her to children’s literature. In her free time, Oseeva wrote fairy tales, invented on the go
various stories. The children with whom she worked really liked the work of
Valentina Aleksandrovna. At the numerous requests of the children, Oseeva
decided to take one of the stories to the local newspaper. He was accepted and
printed. This pleasant event in the life of Valentina Alexandrovna not only pleased the pupils, but also became the beginning of her literary activity.

3. In the late 1930s, the first story by Valentina Alexandrovna
«Grishka» was published. Three years later, another book was published, and after a short time, several collections of children’s stories and poems were published.
Many episodes in the life of the writer were described in
stories, especially this is shown in the story «Dinka».
A great sense of justice, the ability to worry about people very much
fell in love with the readers of this story. The children did not even want to part with
the main character.
For her noble work, Valentina Alexandrovna was awarded the
Stalin Prize. The writer tried to teach the kids honesty, justice, kindness and, of course, generosity with her stories. In our
days, the stories of Valentina Aleksandrovna Oseeva have not lost their

Groups 4 and 5 will work with the card, read the titles of the stories and choose
only those written by V. A. Oseeva.

1) Good Hostess, Uncle Styopa, Blue Leaves ,
«Entertainers», «Who is the boss?», «Fedorino grief», «Rex and Cake» ,
porridge», «Bad» .

2. 2) «What day?» «Gorka», «Magic
, «Live Hat», Cookie», «Cat and Loafers»,
«On the skating rink» , «Three comrades». «Steps», «Good»,

— Represents the biography.

— Making a biography for a poster.

— Presenting the works.

— Since you have not read all the works, we will put them in
a special section «Recommended to read:»

— Making a poster.

Let’s open familiar books,


It’s always nice to be with your loved one

Meet again, stronger
make friends!

— You have already read one of the stories in the literary reading class.

(8 lines) — What is it called?

— Making a poster.

— Let’s remember what this story is about?

Read what Yura dreamed about at the beginning. ( What if my little sister drowned and I
save her

What can you say about his dream: is it good or bad? ( Good )

What did he dream about then? (Now, if the wolves attacked the nanny, and I would

What can you say about this dream?

Read what else did he dream about? (Now, if Trezorka fell into the well, and
I would pull it out)

can you tell me about this dream?

So, make a conclusion, what dreams did Yura have? (Yura had dreams

now let’s look at his actions.

Find in the text and read Yura’s dialogue with his sister.

What good deed could Yura do for his sister? ( Walk with her)

And how did he do it? ( He offended his sister)

How did he hurt her? ( Rudely sent her away)

How did he talk to his sister? ( Rough)

What did he say to his sister when she asked him to walk with her? ( Don’t go away
stop thinking)

and when we ask that we not be disturbed? ( When busy)

Was Yura busy? ( No, he was just thinking)

Read the dialogue between Yura and the nanny.

What good deed could Yura do for the nanny? ( Remove dishes)

how did he do? ( offended the nanny)

How did he talk to her? ( Rough)

What did he say to her? ( Once upon a time for me)

And when we say that we have no time? (When we have a lot of things to do)

Did Yura have a lot to do? ( No, he just sat and thought)

Read how Yura communicated with Trezor.

What good deed could Yura do for Trezor? ( Give him a drink).

How will he deal with Trezor? ( Chased him away)

Tell me what was good about the story? ( Thoughts and desires of Yura)

what was not good? (Jura’s actions)

How do you imagine Yura, was he a bad, angry boy? ( No,
he just didn’t know how he could do good)

— Is it necessary
wait for trouble, or can you find good deeds in ordinary life?

What advice can you give Yura?

Find and read what advice Yura’s mother gave. ( Take a walk with your sister,
help the nanny clean the dishes, give some water to Trezor

sl.) — Which of the proverbs fits this story?

1. It is better to do well than to speak well.

2. Good deed on
don’t put off tomorrow.

3. Motherland know how
stand up for her.

4. Small
business is better than a lot of idleness.

Making a poster.

How do you understand this proverb? ( It is better to talk less about good deeds,
and do them

— Must
Is it possible to wait for trouble or can you find good deeds in ordinary life?
— What good deeds can you do every day?

Will you be rewarded for these deeds?

(10 lines) —
Try to determine the qualities of character that Yura possesses.








— inattentive

— Let’s start with the next piece.

(11 lines) — What is it called?

— Making a poster.

— In the story you will come across such a word — a mound. How do you understand it?

(12 sl.) Zavalinka — a structure along the outer walls of a wooden house
(baths), serves to protect the building from freezing in winter.

— I give 3 minutes to prepare to read aloud from
roles, find the words of the author, girls, cockerel, chickens, ducks, puppy.

— Tell me, was the girl a cockerel a real friend?
— Explain your opinion.

Did the girl like the chicken?
— How did this friendship end?

— Maybe the friendship with the duck turned out?

– How did events develop for longer?
– Why is the girl left alone?

(13 lines) — Put the pictures in order
acquaintances of animals with the hostess.

— Read what mood the cockerel was in,
when he heard the words of the mistress.
– Maybe the chicken was happy?
— And the duck? How did the puppy do?

– Why was the girl left without pets?
— Can we respect her for such
— Why did V. Oseeva call her fairy tale «Kind
hostess»? Maybe it’s a mistake?
— What feelings did the author put into her fairy tale:
respect, irony, mockery, pride?
— Of course, V. Oseeva purposely named the girl
kind, to make her readers think about her actions.

— Your task is to find a passage in the text and prepare to read
it, where the most important words are said, what lesson the author gives us.

— We will also place this lesson that the girl has learned for life
on our poster, so that you can always easily remember the content of the work. We are

read the stories of Valentina Oseeva.

no matter what Oseeva’s works were, large or small, she really wanted to
so that the guys not only read them, but, after reading the story, reflect on good
or the bad deeds of her heroes and over their own.

— What did you think about while reading the stories of Valentina Aleksandrovna?
What did they teach you?

Are wise lessons given by Valentina Oseeva?

— Fill in the chamomile, write on the petals what they teach us
works of Valentina Alexandrovna.

— Attach to our poster.

4. Conclusion. Reflection.

and the class is coming to an end. Let’s return to our question: can they help
stories of Valentina Oseeva to us in life now?

(14 w.) We would like to end our class hour with the words of a famous
writer Konstantin Paustovsky “Read! May there never be a day when
if only you hadn’t read at least one page from the new book» and don’t forget Valentina’s advice
Oseeva: read and think.

— At the beginning of class, each of you chose a balloon of any color.

— Let’s see what it says about you
your choice.

And finally, I would like to give you parting words.
Become a good wizard!
Come on, try it!
There are tricks here
You don’t need special at all.
Accept and fulfill
Desire of another —
It’s a pleasure, honestly!!!

Being kind is not at all easy,
Kindness does not depend on growth,
If kindness shines like the sun,
Adults and children rejoice.

Lesson of morality in the 6th grade on the topic «Being a man» (literature) | Methodological development (literature, grade 6) on the topic:

MKOU Kumylzhenskaya secondary school No. 1

Kumylzhensky district of the Volgograd region

Extracurricular reading lesson

in grade 6

«Being a man»

Teacher of Russian

language and literature

Sozinova I.N.

Morality lesson in the 6th grade

on the topic

“Being human”



  1. Educational: awakening students’ interest in moral issues rising in literature, art;

analysis of read works.

2. Developing: acquaintance with moral concepts, development of moral ideas about human behavior.

  1. Educators: education of a moral person capable of good deeds, capable of distinguishing true values ​​from imaginary ones through the use of literary works and images.

Equipment: 1. Portraits of V. Sukhomlinsky, L. N. Tolstoy, S. Ozhegov, A. Saint-Exupery, I. A. Krylov, A. S. Pushkin, F. Krivin, V. Zheleznikov, M. Zoshchenko;

computer, projector

1. Statements about morality on the poster.

. . . . . D. Likhachev

A person is nothing but a series of his actions. Hegel

The whole (moral) law in one word is: love your neighbor as yourself.0007

9000 8 2. Slides with texts by stages of the lesson.

3. Exhibition of books on the theme of the lesson.

4. Petals for making happy chamomile.

Lesson progress.

(The class is divided into 5 groups representing different qualities of a person:

1 group — a moral person;

2 group — lie, dishonor;

3 group — greed, greed;

4 group — envy;

5 group — flattery, vanity.)

Introduction by the teacher.

(SLIDE No. 3 “I am a person. You cannot live pleasantly without living morally at the same time”)

There are many miracles in nature, but the main miracle is man. What does it mean to be human? What does it mean to live morally? This is what we will talk about today.

(SLIDE No. 4 “To live morally means doing good deeds and not doing bad ones”)

Morality is the rules that determine the behavior of a person among the people around him and nature, the implementation of these rules, as well as the spiritual qualities of a person. Living morally means doing good deeds and not doing bad deeds. A person can be considered happy only when he has a clear conscience.

— What is the story of V. Sukhomlinsky «Every person must» about?

“Mom and little Petrik got on the train. They go to a distant southern city, to the shore of the warm sea — to rest. Mom makes a bed on a shelf for herself and on a separate shelf for Petrik. The boy has dinner: he eats a delicious bun, a chicken leg and an apple. Gently swaying, the wagons are lulled to sleep. Petrik lay down on a soft bed and asked:

— Mom, you said that the driver was driving the train. And who drives the train at night?

— At night, the driver also drives the train.

— How? Petrik is surprised. — Doesn’t he sleep at night?

— Not sleeping, son.

— We are sleeping, but he is not sleeping? All night? Petrik is even more surprised.

— Yes, the driver stays up all night. If he had fallen asleep even for a minute, the train would have crashed and we would have died.

— But how is that? — Petrik cannot understand. “Does he want to sleep?”

— I would like to, but he must drive the train). Every person must. Look out the window, you see: there is a tractor driver plowing the field. It’s night, and the man is working, do you see how the spotlight illuminates the field? Because they have to work at night.

— Should I? Petrik asks.

— And you must… — What am I supposed to?

— To be a man, — mother answered. — It is most important. Work. Respect and honor elders. Despise laziness and negligence. Love your native land.

«Petrik could not sleep for a long time.»

— Let’s read the last lines. What can be added to the mother’s words?

(- Being human means doing good.

— Being human means doing good deeds, etc.)

— Violations of public order are monitored by authorities, behavior at school by teachers, at home by parents. Who cares about the environment? (Our conscience.)

— How to behave so that you are not ashamed before your conscience? Even in the most ancient monument of literature, the Bible, 10 commandments were sounded, which the people must observe.

(SLIDE № 5 «10 commandments»

1. May you have no other gods before my face

2. Do not make yourself an idol.

3. Do not use the name of your Lord in vain.

4. Work six days, and devote the seventh to the Lord your God.

5. Honor your father and your mother.

6. Do not kill.

7. Do not commit adultery.

8. Do not steal.

9. Do not bear false witness against your neighbor.

10. Do not covet anything that your neighbor has.)
— What does the «golden» rule sound like?

(SLIDE No. 6 “Do not wish for another what you do not wish for yourself”)

LN Tolstoy wrote that the simple rule of morality is to force others to serve oneself as little as possible, and to serve others as much as possible.

— V. Sukhomlinsky in the story «The most important thing is to make yourself feel» speaks about the science of communication.

“I studied at the same school in the fourth grade of Genk. Whatever question the teacher puts, Genka immediately gives a complete answer and gets a “five”. Genk wrote better than anyone, solved problems faster than anyone.

But Genka’s comrades did not like him: he flaunted his mind too much. She will answer the teacher’s question and look at the class in such a way as if she says: “I am the smartest.”

In the spring the class got ready for a hike. The children rejoiced: how much pleasure the journey and spending the night in the forest gives them!

We thought and wondered what things to shave on a hike, how to cook dinner, how to arrange an overnight stay. And they decided: it is necessary to take one blanket, one bowl into the forest for two children. We quickly sorted out in pairs. And with Genka, no one wants to take one blanket, eat dinner from one bowl.

Genki started crying, went up to the teacher and said:

— I didn’t say a bad word to anyone… why did they dislike me? The teacher replied:

— It is not easy to force yourself to speak. Even harder is to force yourself to be silent.
And it’s even harder to force yourself to think. But the hardest thing is to make yourself feel. ;

— How can I make myself feel? Genka asked.

— One must see people with different eyes. You rejoice that you are smarter than everyone, but you have to grieve that there is no one smarter than you. Because everyone who considers himself the very best becomes, in the end, lonely.

«Thanks for the science,» Genki said. — And how can I go to the forest with my comrades? — Go. Take your blanket, your bowl and start your new life. Open your eyes to people and learn to see them differently.”

— What is the essence of the science of communication? (Read out)

To get rid of shortcomings, one must constantly work on oneself.

  1. (SLIDE No. 7

«A dishonest person is disgusting to all virtuous people»).

— Who is an honest person?

— Remember proverbs about truth.

(SLIDE No. 8 Proverbs about the truth.

  1. The truth does not burn in fire and does not sink in water.
  2. The truth is brighter than the sun. dy in others, if you don’t have it in you.

    Lies are of two kinds: well-meaning and bad-meaning. In the first case, people seek to protect loved ones from the bitter truth, not to upset them. And in the second case, there are many reasons: cowardice, self-interest, boasting, a false understanding of the feeling of camaraderie.

    — Give examples from literary works.

    (V. Zheleznikov «Scarecrow», L. N. Tolstoy «Bone», M. Zoshchenko «Don’t lie»)

    — Reading F. Krivin’s story «Why is our street not quite straight?»

    “Our street tried to be straight, because straightness is a very good quality. And so she walked, walked, all the time trying to be straight, until she came across a wood, which we now call the park.

    «If I go through the woods, I’ll have to destroy the trees,» thought the street. But the forest can be a park. Beautiful city park.

    And the street turned a little to the side.

    Then she walked again, walked, trying to be straight, until she came across an old building, which was built back when our street was not in the world.

    “In order for me to go straight, I need to tear down this building,” the street thought. — But how to take it down? After all, this is an architectural monument!

    And she turned a little to the side to save the city a monument of architecture. Because an architectural monument is the city’s memory of past times, and the city cannot remain without memory.

    This is how our street went. Straight, but not quite. Not always straight. Although directness is a very good quality. But she should not sweep away everything in her path. Something she must keep along the way. That’s why our street is not quite straight.»

    — What did the author want to say with his story?

    — Why did the street change direction?

    — What should an honest person be like?

    (SLIDE No. 9 “Strive to be honest”

    — an honest person does not deceive comrades, relatives and friends;

    — does not hide his mistakes and wrong deeds, but sincerely admits to them;

    — does not take someone else’s, does not appropriate the thing found;

    — an honest person pities others, and if it is necessary to tell the bitter truth, he does it delicately, not rejoicing in someone else’s mistake or misfortune)

    III. (SLIDE No. 10 “There is no more terrible poison in the world of greed, and there is no more vile vice of stinginess.

    . . . . . . . . . . human?

    — Briefly retell the story of V. Sukhomlinsky «The Greedy Boy» on behalf of the hero.

    “There once lived a very greedy boy. He is walking down the street, he sees they are selling ice cream

    The boy has become and thinks: “If someone gave me a hundred servings of ice cream, that would be good.”

    Approaches the school. In a quiet, deserted lane, a gray-haired grandfather suddenly catches up with him and asks:

    — Did you want a hundred servings of ice cream?

    The boy was surprised. Hiding his confusion, he said:

    — Yes… If someone would give money…

    — Not. need money. — said grandfather — Over there behind that willow — a hundred portions of ice cream.

    Grandfather has disappeared, just as he never existed. The boy looked behind the willow and, in surprise, even dropped his briefcase with books to the ground. There was an ice cream box under the tree. The boy quickly counted a hundred bundles wrapped in silver paper.

    The boy’s hands trembled with greed. He ate one, another, a third serving. He couldn’t eat anymore, his stomach hurt.

    — What to do? the boy thinks.

    He took the books out of the briefcase and threw them under the willow. He stuffed his briefcase with shiny parcels. But they didn’t fit the briefcase. It was so pitiful to leave them that the boy cried. Sits near the willow and cries. Ate two more servings. Wandered to school.

    Went to class. I put down my briefcase and the ice cream began to melt. Milk flowed from the briefcase.

    A thought flashed through the boy’s mind: maybe give ice cream to his comrades? This thought was driven away by greed: is it possible to give such good to someone?

    A boy is sitting over a briefcase, and it is leaking. And the greedy boy thinks: will such wealth really perish?

    . Let the one who has somewhere in his soul settled a small worm — greed — think about this fairy tale. It’s a very scary worm.»

    Greed is not a good quality.

    (SLIDE No. 11 “Proverbs about greed”

    1. You can’t beg snow from a miser in winter.
    2. A good master is a master of money, and a bad one is a servant.
    3. A miserly rich man is poorer than a beggar.
    4. One need oppresses the wretched, two need oppresses the stingy (squalor and greed).
    5. It’s better to save your own than live someone else’s.)

    — Which of the literary heroes can you call greedy?

    — Listening to the Russian folk tale «The Treasure». (Read not to the end).

    — Continue the story.

    — Does greed make a person beautiful? How do people around treat greedy people?

    1. (SLIDE No. 12 «The world is dirty, living with envy alone. They destroy the truth, honoring evil. …» Qu Yuan «).

    The Tsar did not gather for long:

    He got married the same evening.

    Tsar Saltan for an honest feast

    Sat down with a young queen;

    *** The cook gets angry in the kitchen,

    The weaver gets angry at the loom…

    — Continue on the next line. (And they envy the sovereign’s wife).

    — What is envy?

    There is an explanation in S. Ozhegov’s Dictionary of the Russian Language.

    (Slide No. 13 «Envy is a feeling of annoyance caused by the well-being, success of another.

    S. Ozhegov

    Envy is poison for the soul.»)

    In other words when someone feels good, but our mood deteriorates from this so we’re jealous. Is that bad.

    — Let’s remember the chapter from the Bible «Cain and Abel». What gave rise to envy in this story? (Evil.)

    — Give examples from the literature where envy occurs.

    Envy can be black — the most dangerous. A person who possesses it can harm another.

    — An example of black envy is A.S. Pushkin’s tragedy «Mozart and Salieri».

    What did envy lead to in her?

    Envy «white». In this case, a person does not wish evil to the one whom he envies, but rejoices for him and tries to achieve the same success himself.

    — Think about when you were envious and rate yourself.

    1. (SLIDE No. 14 “A noble soul is disgusted by flattery.”)

    These words belong to the ancient Greek playwright Euripides.

    — Who can say what flattery is? Look at the answer.

    (SLIDE No. 15 «Flattery — hypocrisy, obsequious praise.»)

    (Staging of I.A. Krylov’s fable «The Cuckoo and the Rooster»)

    — Can the heroes of the fable be considered honest? (It is unseemly and ridiculous to praise each other when it is undeserved).

    — Remember the moral to another Krylov’s fable, where the fabulist describes what flattery is. («A Crow and a fox»).

    (SLIDE No. 16 «Moral of the fable» Crow and Fox «

    How many times have they told the world,

    that flattery is vile, harmful;

    but everything is not for the future,

    And in the heart a flatterer

    will always find a corner.)

    Flattery is not beautiful, but it is pleasant to some people. What kind of people? (The vainglorious, that is, those who strive for glory, for honor, who exaggerate their own merits, consider themselves better than others. Such people, as a rule, cause dislike of others).

    — Let’s read an excerpt from the fairy tale by A. Saint-Exupery «The Little Prince».


    An ambitious man lived on the second planet.

    — Oh, here comes the admirer, — he exclaimed, seeing the Little Prince from afar.

    After all, it seems to vain people that everyone admires them.

    “Good afternoon,” said the little prince.

    What a funny hat you have.

    This is for bowing out,” the ambitious man explained. — To bow when they greet me. Unfortunately, no one looks here.

    — Is that how it is? said the little prince; he did not understand anything.

    “Clap your hands,” the ambitious man told him. The little prince clapped his hands. The ambitious man took off his hat and bowed modestly,

    «It’s more fun here than at the old king’s,» thought the little prince.

    And again he began to clap his hands. And the ambitious man again began to bow, taking off his hat.

    This went on for five minutes in a row, the same thing, and the Little Prince got bored.

    — What should be done to make the hat fall off? — he asked.

    But the ambitious man did not hear. Vain people are deaf to everything but praise.

    — Are you really my enthusiastic admirer? he asked the Little Prince.

    — How is it to read?

    — To read means to admit that on this planet I am the prettiest of all, the smartest of all, the richest and smartest of all.

    — Why, there is no one else on your planet!

    — Well, give me pleasure, admire me anyway!

    “I admire,” said the little prince, shrugging his shoulders slightly, “but what joy does that give you?
    And he ran away from the ambitious.

    — Does the Little Prince like a person from the second planet? Why?

    (SLIDE No. 17 «On modesty»

    1. The smarter a person is, the more modest he is.
    1. Modesty is the ornament of wisdom

    Japanese proverb

    Russian proverb. )

    1. The final stage of the lesson. Conclusions.

    Today we focused on those qualities that have taken root in our society. And you will now give an assessment to them and other traits characteristic of a person, choosing, in your opinion, positive and negative qualities from the proposed list.

    (SLIDE No. 18 «Qualities of a person’s character».

    pride . . . . . . . . . sluggishness

    daydreaming . . . politeness . . . . . decisiveness


    frankness . stupidity

    capriciousness . 9 indifference0007

    cheekiness cowardice kindness

    coldness wisdom

    rudeness shyness patriotism




    touchiness truthfulness

    — Each group «draws» a portrait of a positive hero and a hero with «bad» traits. (Read out).

    — And now everyone will make his own flower of happiness, where he will write the best, in his opinion, qualities, but in the core — the most important thing for a person.

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