Split digraph ee words list: Word list activities: e-e words

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What is a split digraph

Simply put, digraphs are collections of two letters that make one sound. Examples include; rain, book and seed.

A split digraph also contains two letters (a-e, e-e, i-e, o-e and u-e) but they are split between a consonant, for example; make, bike and pure.

The split digraph works by using an ‘e’ after the initial vowel to change the sound of the vowel. With a split digraph, tot turns into tote, hug to huge and tub to tube. Note the change in the sound of the first vowel from a hard sound to a longer softer sound, this is because of the ‘e’.

 

There are five split digraphs; a-e, e-e, i-e, o-e and u-e. These are first taught in years 1 and 2 as part of the phonics curriculum.

You’re first taught the basic sounds which letters in our alphabet make; c-a-t, for example. However, our language is more complex than this, some of our letters have more than one sound and some of our sounds have more than one letter!

For example, an ‘a’ can sound hard as in apple or soft as in acorn. Conversely, many of our sounds are made with more than one letter, put together to make a single sound; ‘oi’ as in coin, ‘igh’ as in high or ‘sh’ as in ship.

We are taught the sounds that go with each of these collections of letters. This not only helps us read more fluently, but can assist with spelling technique if you say the word, break it down into sounds and then run through the different ways to make the sound.

A split digraph changes the sound of the vowel. Notice how the vowel changes from a short sound to a longer sound in the examples below;

 

Sometimes teachers refer to the final ‘e’ as a «magic-e», «silent-e» or a «bossy-e». However, sadly, there’s nothing magical about it just worked to lengthen the previous vowel.

 

Grab a friend and try these games to master split digraph words!

1. Write single word cards (using the words below) without the ‘e’. cut out a slimmer card with a separate ‘e’. Show your child how to slot the ‘e’ onto the end of the word. Discuss how the meaning changes.

2. Cut up a pile of cards, postcard size or smaller. Write or type one word from the list below onto each piece of card (with the vowels in a different colour). Make sure that half are the split digraph words and half are the shorter words. Play pairs, spelling games, bingo or ask your child to explain the meanings of the words as they come to the top of the pile, discuss the changes in meaning, sound and spelling. If they struggle to remember – draw a small picture on each card to visually remind them.

 

Here is a list of words to get you started:

 

bit       bite                 can      cane                cap      cape

cub      cube                cut      cute                fat      fate

hop      hope                kit       kite                 mad     made

man     mane               not      note                pin       pine

plan     plane               rip       ripe                 spin     spine

win      wine

 

You could also include extra cards with words that sound the same, but are spelt the same and have different meanings — homphones;

 

plain    plane               maid    made               Pete    peat

 

Learning how to read fluently and spell are essential life skills and we have loads of great worksheets to teach you about split digraph words. We’ve listed a few of the most relevant here, but please do browse through our website or search for ‘spelling’ in order to find many, many more resources.

 

Year 1 – Split digraphs 1 2 3

Year 1 – Vowel digraphs 1 2 3

 

If you want to get to grips with phonics and help to support your child, we have listed below a selection of excellent websites containing information, games and ideas to help you to help your child with split digraph words as well as other tricky areas.

 

Guides and videos

https://www.bbc.co.uk/cbeebies/grownups/the-alphablocks-guide-to-phonics

 

Games

https://www.phonicsplay.co.uk/BuriedTreasure2.html

https://www.education.com/game/silent-e-bus-stop-spelling/

 

WRITTEN BY:

Ms Alison
– ENGLISH TEACHER

Digraphs, Split Digraphs and Split Vowels – Cracking the ABC Code

English is a confusing language!!  However, like every language, the written form of English is a code for the spoken language.   For many children to become proficient in reading and spelling they need direct explicit instruction in this language code.  This in turn requires teachers and parents to have a good understanding of the ‘code’ themselves.

A ‘digraph’ refers to two letters representing one sound (e.g., ‘ee’ as in ‘tree’, ‘oa’ as in ‘boat’, ‘ir’ as in girl).  The difficulty in English is these different sounds can often be represented in more than one way (e.g., /ee/ can be represented as ‘ee’ as in tree, ‘ea’, as in ‘leaf’, ‘ie’ as in chief to name a few) and often a particular letter or letter combination can represent more than one sound (e.g., ‘ow’ is read differently in ‘cow’, ‘blow’ and ‘bowl’).

Digraphs are not to be confused with blends.  A ‘blend‘ is two or more consecutive consonants in which each consonant has its own distinct sound (e.g., ‘bl’ as in ‘blow’, ‘str’ as in ‘strap).  I don’t see a lot of point in teaching blends as I believe it is more important for students to hear the individual sounds represented by each of these letters.

Sometimes the two letters in a digraph are separated by a consonant and these are referred to as ‘split digraphs’ (e.g., ‘a-e’ as in ‘cake’, ‘e-e’ as in ‘athlete’, ‘i-e’ as in ‘kite’, ‘o-e’ as in ‘bone’ and ‘u-e’ as in flute).  Often the final ‘e’ in split digraphs is referred to as ‘magic’, ‘fairy’ or ‘bossy’ ‘e’ which changes the first vowel in the split digraphs from a short vowel sound (/a/-apple, /e/-egg, /i/-insect, /o/-orange, /u/-umbrella) to a long vowel sound (/ay/, /ee/, /ie/, /oa/, /ue/ – the ‘name of the letter’).  Children who have been taught with an emphasis on letter names often find it difficult understanding the concept of split digraphs and you may find that you need to spend time revising the basic sound represented by the letters of the alphabet (/a/ as in ‘apple, /b/ as in ‘bat’, etc.) and in particular the vowels.

Most commonly two consecutive vowels represent one sound.  However, in some words two consecutive vowels may represent two distinct sounds and these are referred to as ‘split vowels’ (e. g, lion, deodorant, altruistic).  Usually the first vowel in split vowels is pronounced as the long vowel sound and the second vowel as a short vowel sound.

Activities to reinforce students understanding of split digraphs:

Make a list of words that change into another word when an ‘e’ is added.

Spin-spine
win-wine
mad-made
plan-plane
hop-hope
not-note
cub-cube
rip-ripe
can-cane
bit-bite
fat-fate

Type the words on the left on a strip of paper.  Write an ‘e’ on a small square of paper.  Ask your child to read the words with and without the ‘e’.

Alternatively, write each word on a separate card and play games like fish or concentration.  Children match the cards and read the words.

For some basic computer game on this topic go to: http://www.education.com/game/silent-e-bus-stop-spelling/ or http://www.starfall.com/n/make-a-word/silent-e/load.htm?f

A little more complex: http://www.kizphonics.com/phonics/long-o-silent-e-phonics-games/ or http://www. fun4thebrain.com/English/magice.html

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How to split a string in Python using the str.

split() method, examples with space, comma and regular expressions

Strings are a great tool in the hands of Python developers. In Python, the string —
is a sequence of quoted characters. It can include numbers, letters, and
characters. With Python, a string can be split into a list of substrings of
to a specific delimiter. This is done using the split method.

In this material we will analyze the features of its use.

What does split do in Python?

The split function scans the entire string and splits it if a delimiter is found.
The line must contain at least one delimiter. They can be in that
number and a space character. Space is the default separator.

If the parameter is not set, then the division will be performed exactly on the character
spaces.

Function syntax is as follows:

 string.split(separator*, maxsplit*)
 

The separator parameter is optional, but it allows you to manually set separator
.

Parameter maxsplit defines the maximum number of splits. The default value of
is -1, all splits will be performed.

How to split a string in Python

The .split() method splits the main string at a delimiter and returns a list of strings.

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 my_st = "Python string example"
print(my_st.split())
 

In the example above, the string my_st was declared. It is enclosed in single quotes. The .split() function splits it into a list of these strings:

 ['Example', 'strings', 'Python'] 

The output contains a list of substrings.

Another example of splitting a string:

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 my_st = "blue, orange, red"
print(my_st.split(","))
 

In the example above, we created the string my_st with 3 substrings. In this case, it is the comma that will act as the separation parameter in the function. The output will be:

 ['blue', 'orange', 'red'] 

Python string splitting examples

Splitting a string by space

space.

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 my_st = "Python string example"
print(my_st.split())
 

Returns: ['Example', 'strings', 'Python'] .

Note that we didn’t specify the delimiter to use when calling the .split() function , so a space is used as the delimiter.

Separation of a string by comma

Separator can be a comma ( "," ). This will return a list of strings that
were originally surrounded by commas.

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 my_st = "For example, a Python string"
print(my_st.split(","))
 

Output: ['For example', 'Python string'] . The result is a comma-separated list of substrings in the original string.

Splitting strings on multiple delimiters

Python can even use multiple delimiters. This simply requires passing a few characters as delimiters to the split function.

Let’s take as an example the situation where the separators are both : and , . Let’s use the function re.split() .

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 import re
my_st = "I\nlearn; language,programming\nPython"
print(re.split(";|,|\n", my_st))
 

Output:

 ['I', 'learning', 'language', 'programming', 'Python'] 

Here we use the re module and regular expression functions. Variable my_st A string with multiple delimiters was assigned, including «\n», «;» And «,». And the function re.split() is called for this string with the delimiters listed above.

Output is a list of substrings split based on the original string.

How does the maxsplit parameter work in the split function?

This parameter helps you set the maximum number of splits. You can split the drain by passing the value of this parameter. For example, if the delimiter is a space character and the value maxsplit 1 ,
then the string will be split into a maximum of 2 substrings.

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 languages ​​= "Python,Java,Perl,PHP,Swift"
print(languages.split(",",1))
 

The string languages ​​ contains a string listing different languages. Function split accepts a comma as separator and a value of 1 for parameter maxsplit . This means that the division will only be done once.

 ['Python', 'Java,Perl,PHP,Swift'] 

The following example shows how to split two times. Here the delimiter is a space, and the value maxplit is 2.

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 languages ​​= "Python,Java,Perl,PHP,Swift"
print(languages. split(",",2))
 
 ['Python', 'Java', 'Perl,PHP,Swift'] 

How to split a string in the middle

Function .split() cannot split a string into two equal parts.
However, slices (operator : ) and the function len() can be used for this.

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 languages ​​= "Python,Java,Perl,PHP,Swift"
mean_index = len(languages) // 2
print(f"First half: {languages[:mean_index]}")
print(f"Second half: {languages[mean_index:]}")
 

Output:

 First half: Python,Java,P
Second half: erl,PHP,Swift 

The value of languages ​​ has been split into two equal parts. For work, the integer division operator was used.

Output

Here’s what you learned:

  • The split function splits a string into substrings based on a delimiter.
  • Parameter maxsplit allows you to specify the maximum number of splits.

By alexxlab

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