Examples, Sentences, & Usage Tips
What is a prepositional phrase?
Prepositional phrases are groups of words starting with a preposition, that describe nouns, verbs, and adjectives. We’ll see lots of examples in this lesson!
Prepositional phrases can function as adjectives, modifying nouns or pronouns by providing additional information about them. For example, in the sentence “The book on the shelf is mine,” the prepositional phrase “on the shelf” modifies the noun “book” by telling us where it is located.
They can also function as adverbs, modifying verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs by answering questions such as “where,” “when,” “how,” or “why.” For instance, in the sentence “He ran to catch his train,” the prepositional phrase “to catch his train” modifies the verb “ran” by telling us why he was running.
Prepositions can indicate direction, location, time, manner, and much more, and using prepositional phrases correctly can help you create better sentences! In this lesson, we’ll see lots of prepositional phrase examples, how they function within sentences, common uses, and common mistakes.
Common Prepositions Used in Prepositional Phrases
IN / ON / AT
These three prepositions are commonly used to indicate place or location. Here are some examples – the prepositional phrases are in bold:
- In: The book is in the bookcase.
- On: The pen is on the table.
- At: I’ll meet you at the park.
TO / FROM
These two prepositions are often used to show movement from one place to another. For example:
- To: We’re going to the mall. (destination)
- From: She came from Japan. (origin)
WITH / BY
“With” indicates association or accompaniment, and “by” shows how something was done. For example:
- With: I went to the beach with my friends.
- By: The cake was made by my sister.
ABOUT / FOR / THROUGH / UNDER / OVER
These prepositions are also frequently used. Here are some examples:
- About: He talked about his favorite movie.
- For: This gift is for you.
- Through: We walked through the forest.
- Under: The cat slept under the bed.
- Over: The plane flew over the mountains.
Check out this list of 600+ prepositional phrases!
Now let’s look at the different types of prepositional phrases.
Adjective Prepositional Phrases: Modifying Nouns
This type of prepositional phrase modifies nouns or pronouns in a sentence. It usually answers questions such as “what kind?” or “which one?” For example:
- I like cakes with buttercream frosting.
(prepositional phrase answers “what kind?”)
- The window in my bedroom needs to be repaired.
(prepositional phrase answers “which one?”)
In some cases, an adjective prepositional phrase may be essential to understanding a sentence’s meaning. For example, consider this sentence: “The man with the red hat is my uncle.” Here, without the prepositional phrase “with the red hat” describing the subject “man,” we wouldn’t know which man is being referred to.
Here are some more examples of prepositional phrases functioning as adjectives. The prepositional phrases are in bold, and the nouns they describe are underlined:
- The boy with blue eyes looks rather sad.
- I watched a show about South American history.
- She opened the gifts from her grandmother.
- This information is out of date.
- All the products on display are beautiful.
Adverb Prepositional Phrases: Modifying Verbs or Adjectives
Prepositional phrases act as adverbs when they modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs in a sentence. These typically answers questions such as “when?” “where?” “how?” and “why?”
Here are some examples of prepositional phrase modifying verbs:
- He drove to work at 7 am.
(when did he drive?)
- I put the milk in the fridge.
(where did I put the milk?)
- She sang with joy.
(how did she sing?)
- We’re learning English for fun.
(why are we learning English?)
And here are some examples of prepositional phrase modifying adjectives:
- You’re very good at grammar.
(how are you good?)
- This shirt is too tight in the sleeves.
(where is it tight?)
- Honey is perfect for sweetening tea.
(why is it perfect?)
A prepositional phrase can even modify another adverb, for example: I like to get up early in the morning.
More Prepositional Phrase Examples
Prepositional phrases describing time:
- in the morning
- in the afternoon
- at night
- in July
- on Monday
- on Friday afternoon
- on the 15th of the month
- at 3:00
- in the winter
- in 1986
- during class
- before breakfast
- after work
- by Sunday
- until the 30th
- from 8 AM to 4 PM
- for three hours
- for fifteen years
- since January
- since 2001
Learn when to use IN, ON, and AT for different times and places
Prepositional phrases describing place:
- in the park
- in New York
- in Japan
- in prison
- in the kitchen
- in a taxi
- on Main Street
- on the couch
- on the roof
- on the ground
- on an island
- on a plane
- at the corner
- at home
- at a party
- at work
- at the doctor’s office
- at a concert
- under the bed
- behind the school
- near a hospital
- beside the airport
- between the two buildings
- inside the closet
- outside the country
Prepositional phrases describing manner / way of doing something:
- in a hurry
- by hand
- with care
- without hesitation
- with regret
- in tears
- by force
- on foot
- by car
- with anger
- by mistake
- without precedent
- with grace
- in a friendly way
- in a polite manner
Prepositional phrases describing reason / purpose:
- for fun
- for cooking
- for sale
- to meet new people
- to see you
- to find a job
- because of the delay
- due to the weather
Learn how to use TO and FOR correctly
How to use Prepositional Phrases Correctly in English
Prepositional phrases are essential components of a sentence that provide additional information about the subject, verb, or object. However, using them correctly can be difficult, especially for non-native English speakers. In this section, we will learn some tips on how to use prepositional phrases correctly in writing.
The first tip is to use the correct preposition. For example, consider these sentences with a similar prepositional phrase, but a different preposition:
- The book is on the table.
- The book is beside the table.
- The book is under the table.
The different prepositions make these three sentences mean completely different things! “On” the table means “on top of the table,” “beside” means “next to the table,” and “under” means lower than the table. This is why it’s important to learn common prepositions in English, what each one means, and how they are used.
Second, avoid using too many prepositional phrases, because it can make the sentence confusing. For example:
- The first part of the new movie about space travel in theaters now was rather boring.
This sentence is not very clear because it has three prepositional phrases in a row, and the subject (“part”) is very far separated from the verb (“was”). We should divide up the sentence so that it is easier to understand.
- There’s a new movie about space travel in theaters now. The first part of it was rather boring.
Also, be careful with where you put a prepositional phrase in a sentence. It should be as close as possible to the word it modifies. For example:
- John woke up to a beautiful sunrise in his bed.
This makes it sound like the sun was rising in his bed!
- Laura gave cards to the students with decorations on them.
This makes it sound like the students were decorated!
- John woke up to a beautiful sunrise.
(“in his bed” is not really necessary)
- Laura gave the students cards with decorations on them.
Now it is clear that the cards are decorated
Finally, remember that some verbs and adjectives require specific prepositions after them in order to convey their intended meaning correctly. For example, “depend on” instead of “depend of,” or “married to” instead of “married with.” Check out these lessons for common verb + preposition combinations and adjective + preposition combinations.
Now you’ve learned how a prepositional phrase can function like an adjective or an adverb, you’ve seen lots of sentences using prepositional phrases, and you’ve learned about common mistakes to avoid with them. Try putting it into practice by writing your own sentences using some of the prepositional phrase examples from this lesson!
Prepositional Phrase: What Is It & How to Use
If you want to improve your writing and grammar skills, you’ll need to understand the concept of prepositional phrases.
What is a prepositional phrase, and what purpose does it serve?
The short answer is that a prepositional phrase consists of a preposition and the object affected by that preposition. For example, “with gusto” and “behind the tree” are both prepositional phrases.
This article will give you a detailed guide to prepositional phrases and teach you how to identify them in a sentence.
What Is a Prepositional Phrase?
Let’s take a closer look at what prepositional phrases are and how to use them.
Prepositional Phrase Definition
The Merriam-Webster Dictionary defines a prepositional phrase as a phrase that begins with a preposition and ends in a noun, pronoun, or noun phrase.
How to Identify Prepositional Phrases
You can identify a prepositional phrase by looking for the preposition and then figuring out what object that preposition attaches itself to.
For example, take the sentence “George rode his bike to the library.”
The preposition in this sentence is “to”, and the object attached to “to” is “the library.” Thus, the prepositional phrase is “to the library.”
This prepositional phrase gives more information about the action performed in the sentence, which is “George rode his bike. ”
Here are some other prepositional phrase examples:
- “Susan complained about last week’s exam.”—“about” is the preposition, and “about last week’s exam” is the prepositional phrase
- “Please sign your name above the dotted line.”:—“above” is the preposition, and “above the dotted line” is the prepositional phrase
- “Cinderella had to leave the ball before the stroke of midnight.”—“before” is the preposition, and “before the stroke of midnight” is the prepositional phrase
Can you identify the prepositional phrases in the following sentences?
- They waltzed around the ballroom together.
- Tell me about your day.
- Why did you crawl under the table?
What Kinds of Prepositions Are Used in Prepositional Phrases?
As we mentioned earlier, the best way to identify a prepositional phrase is by looking for the preposition. But what exactly does that mean?
Essentially, a preposition is a part of speech used to show the relationship between a noun and another part of the sentence.
Prepositions are commonly used to give information related to direction, time, and place.
Let’s look at some common prepositions in each of these categories.
Prepositions of Direction
Prepositions of direction include “to,” “toward,” “from,” “in,” “into,” “on,” and “onto.”
For example, in the sentence “Sally is walking to the store,” the prepositional phrase “to the store” tells us the direction Sally is walking in.
Here are some prepositional phrase examples that include prepositions of direction:
- “William took the train from London.”—“from” is the preposition, and “from London” is the prepositional phrase
- “Kylie accidentally backed her car into a fire hydrant yesterday.”—“into” is the preposition, and “into a fire hydrant” is the prepositional phrase
- “I grabbed onto the ledge.”—“onto” is the preposition, and “onto the ledge” is the prepositional phrase
Prepositions of Time
Prepositions of time include “since,” “for,” “by,” “during,” and “within. ”
For example, in the sentence “John will be home by February”, the prepositional phrase “by February” gives us a timeframe for when John will be home.
Here are some prepositional phrase examples that include prepositions of time:
- “My cat has been missing since Friday.”—“since” is the preposition, and “since Friday” is the prepositional phrase
- “I’ll need your answer by six o’clock.”—“by” is the preposition, and “by six o’clock” is the prepositional phrase
- “If I don’t finish the project within a month, my boss will be upset.”—“within” is the preposition, and “within a month” is the prepositional phrase
Prepositions of Place
Prepositions of place include “inside,” “over,” “above,” “below,” “beneath,” “under,” “near,” and “between.”
For example, in the sentence “The deer jumped over the river,” the prepositional phrase “over the river” tells us the place where the deer jumped.
Here are some prepositional phrase examples that include prepositions of place:
- “I found her hiding inside the kitchen cabinet.”—“inside” is the preposition, and “inside the kitchen cabinet” is the prepositional phrase
- “There’s a secret vault hidden beneath the floorboards.”—“beneath” is the preposition, and “beneath the floorboards” is the prepositional phrase
- “I want to live in a big house near the beach.”—“near” is the preposition, and “near the beach” is the prepositional phrase
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There are also plenty of prepositions outside of the three categories we’ve talked about.
We often use prepositions to convey information about similarity, method, relationships, and all sorts of other information.
Here are some examples of prepositional phrases that fall into categories outside the ones we’ve discussed so far:
- “You look like your mother. ”—“like” is the preposition, and “like your mother” is the prepositional phrase
- “Here’s a complimentary gift bag with your purchase.”—“with” is the preposition, and “with your purchase” is the prepositional phrase
- “She died of tuberculosis.”—“of” is the preposition, and “of tuberculosis” is the prepositional phrase
There are also complex prepositions that involve more than one word, such as “in front of,” “according to,” and “in addition to.”
In these cases, the prepositional phrase includes every word within the complex preposition.
Here are some examples of prepositional phrases that include complex prepositions:
- “Another customer cut in front of me.”—“in front of” is the preposition, and “in front of me” is the prepositional phrase
- “According to The New York Times, the election results are a foregone conclusion.”—“according to” is the preposition, and “according to The New York Times” is the prepositional phrase
- “In addition to your current duties, you’ll need to take on your colleague’s workload too. ”—“in addition to” is the preposition, and “in addition to your current duties” is the prepositional phrase
What Kinds of Objects Are Used in Prepositional Phrases?
Now we’ve looked at the types of prepositions that are used in prepositional phrases. What about the other component of a prepositional phrase, the object?
The object of a prepositional phrase can be a noun, a gerund, or a clause.
Let’s look at an example of each type of object using the preposition “after.”
Objects That Are Nouns
A noun is a word that identifies a person, place, or thing.
Consider this example: “The cat chased after the dog.”
Here, the object attached to the preposition (“after”) is a noun (“the dog”).
Objects That Are Gerunds
A gerund is a grammatical unit that’s derived from a verb.
Consider this example: “After finishing dinner, please put your plate in the dishwasher.”
Here, the object attached to the preposition (“after”) is a gerund (“finishing dinner”).
Gerunds can help keep your writing interesting.
Use ProWritingAid’s sentence structure check to make sure that your sentences are varied enough to engage your reader.
Objects That Are Clauses
A clause is a grammatical unit that includes both a subject and a predicate.
Consider this example: “We went to the movie theater after Dad came home.”
Here, the object attached to the preposition (“after”) is a clause (“Dad came home”). In this case, the subject is “Dad” and the predicate is “came home.”
What’s the Purpose of a Prepositional Phrase?
Prepositional phrases can serve three purposes in a sentence. They can act as an adjective, as an adverb, or as a noun.
Prepositional Phrases That Function as Adjectival Phrases
Adjectival phrases are phrases that modify nouns. When a prepositional phrase modifies a noun in the sentence, it serves the same purpose as an adjectival phrase.
For example, consider this sentence: “The house across the street has a beautiful garden. ”
Here, the prepositional phrase “across the street” functions as an adjectival phrase because it gives more information about the noun “the house”.
Here are some other examples of prepositional phrases that act as adjectival phrases:
- “The cat in the hat swung his new bat.”—the prepositional phrase “in the hat” modifies the noun “the cat”
- “The bridge across the river is old and rusty.”—the prepositional phrase “across the river” modifies the noun “the bridge”
- “The woman with the long brown hair is smiling at us.”—the prepositional phrase “with the long brown hair” modifies the noun “the woman”
Prepositional Phrases That Function as Adverbial Phrases
Adverbs modify verbs. When a prepositional phrase modifies a verb, it functions as an adverbial phrase within the sentence.
For example, consider the sentence: “We ran away from the monster.”
Here, the prepositional phrase “from the monster” functions as an adverbial phrase because it gives more information about the verb “ran”.
Here are some other examples of prepositional phrases that act as adverbial phrases:
- “I walked to my friend’s house.”—the prepositional phrase “to my friend’s house” modifies the verb “walked”
- “The water dripped down from the faucet.»—the prepositional phrase “down from the faucet” modifies the verb “dripped”
- “He muttered under his breath.»—the prepositional phrase “under his breath” modifies the noun “muttered”
Prepositional Phrases That Function as Nouns
Nouns are words that function as the subject or object of a sentence. Sometimes, prepositional phrases can also function as a subject or an object.
For example, consider this sentence: “Below the oak tree is where you’ll find the hidden treasure.”
Here, the prepositional phrase “below the oak tree” functions as the subject of the sentence.
Here are some other examples of prepositional phrases that act as nouns:
- “The best time to eat dessert is after dinner. ”—the prepositional phrase “after dinner” serves as the object of the sentence
- “Beyond the dark valley is where you’ll meet your fate.”—the prepositional phrase “beyond the dark valley” serves as the subject of the sentence
- “Without her dog was when she felt most alone.”—the prepositional phrase “without her dog” serves as the subject of the sentence
Prepositional Phrase Examples in Sentences
Here are some examples of prepositional phrases from English literature.
See if you can identify the preposition and the object within each of the prepositional phrases in bold.
“It was only two months since graduation, but already Brakebills seemed like a lifetime ago.”—The Magicians by Lev Grossman
“The soul might be within the eyes, but the subconscious, the matter of their behavior, that is in the hands. Watch a man’s hands, and you watch his heart. ”—City of Stairs by Robert Jackson Bennett
“The worse the service, the more Theo tended to tip. He supposed it was a character weakness. He thought of himself as a person made almost entirely out of weaknesses rather than strengths.”—Case Histories by Kate Atkinson
“We’re like a pair of bad trapeze artists, reaching for each other’s hands and missing every time.”—Calypso by David Sedaris
“Somehow, the rapid flicker of her mood shone right through her face—she carried her own personal weather, as subtly shifting as a sea sky.”—The Very Thought of You by Rosie Alison
“A contortionist in a sparkling black costume twists on a platform nearby, bending her body into impossible shapes.” —The Night Circus by Erin Morgenstern
“The house was very still. Far off there was a sound which might have been beating surf or cars zooming along a highway, or wind in pine trees. ”—Farewell, My Lovely by Raymond Chandler
“The sun had slipped behind a mountain, and the light had fallen flat. The branches were bare, the grass yellowed gray. Not a single snowflake. It was as if everything fine and glittering had been ground from the world and swept away as dust.”—The Snow Child by Eowyn Ivey
“Large tears rolled down her cheeks, but Sasha felt neither sadness nor despair, nor any emotions whatsoever—as if her tears came out of an open faucet.”—Vita Nostra by Marina and Sergey Dyachenko
“Silence has infinite flavors, with endless shadows and notes. The sharpest of all the silences, and the most necessary to know, is the silence before an attack.”—Black Wings Beating by Alex London
“He angles his head against the window and watches the autumnal landscape pass: the spewing pink and purple waters of a dye mill, electrical power stations, a big ball-shaped water tank covered with rust. ”—The Namesake by Jhumpa Lahiri
“I have been birds and branches. I have been bees and wolves. I have been ether flooding the void between stars, tangling their breath into networks of song. I have been fish and plankton and humus, and all these have been me.”—This Is How You Lose the Time War by Amal El-Mohtar and Max Gladstone
“All her life, she had learned that passion, like fire, was a dangerous thing. It so easily went out of control. It scaled walls and jumped over trenches. Sparks leapt like fleas and spread as rapidly; a breeze could carry embers for miles.”—Little Fires Everywhere by Celeste Ng
“I remembered the lesson I’d learned as a child: it isn’t pain or suffering that unmakes a person; it’s only time. Time, sitting on your breastbone like a black-scaled dragon, minutes clicking like claws across the floor, hours gliding past on sulfurous wings. ”—The Ten Thousand Doors of January by Alix E. Harrow
“Marian was the confirmed beauty: big blue eyes, tiny nose, perfect pointy chin. My features changed by the day, as if clouds floated above me casting flattering or sickly shadows on my face.”—Sharp Objects by Gillian Flynn
“As proud parents sat open-mouthed on the surrounding benches, she came hurtling out of the back annex, along the corridor, through the connecting door, into the hall, up to the springboard and into space. She drove me into the floor like a tack.”—Unreliable Memoirs by Clive James
“An old scar under his right eye stretched three inches to his jaw.”—The Boneless Mercies by April Genevieve Tucholke
“Next morning early I started afoot for Walden, out Main Street and down Thoreau, past the depot and the Minuteman Chevrolet Company. ”—Walden by E.B. White
“The bond that binds us is beyond choice. We are brothers.”—The Dispossessed by Ursula K. LeGuin
“Would you kindly not air accusations of murder in the dining room?”—How to Stop Time by Matt Haig
There you have it: a complete guide to prepositional phrases and how to identify them.
Do you have any favorite prepositional phrases? Let us know in the comments.
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Prepositional case: usage, questions, prepositions.
The prepositional case is the sixth and the last in Russian. This is an indirect case that can only be used in conjunction with prepositions. Basic questions of the prepositional case:
- about whom;
- about what;
- on whom;
- on what.
They can have a definitive, object or circumstantial meaning. Initially, the prepositional case indicates the location and location of objects. As an example, we can give the following phrases, where nouns are used in the prepositional case:
- travel by car;
- wake up at dawn;
- need care;
- read by candlelight, etc.
So, let’s find out the features of this case and see why the prepositional case is called that.
What does the prepositional case mean?
When used in phrases or sentences, the prepositional case can take on a variety of meanings. These include:
- the meaning of the circumstance — for example, to dine by the light of a torch, to rest on the sea coast;
- meaning of the object — for example, a newspaper about politics, to announce a strike, to talk about astronomy;
- place definition — for example, meadow in flowers, sky in clouds, etc.
To avoid mistakes, it is important to know what questions the prepositional case answers.
Why is the prepositional case so called?
Each of the cases of the Russian language has its own name, which was assigned to it for a reason. So, let’s look at why the prepositional case got such a name. This is due to the fact that all words inclined to it cannot exist without prepositions and are closely related to them.
What prepositions are used?
As noted above, any words in the prepositional case are used only in conjunction with prepositions and never without them. These prepositions include:
When using nouns with the preposition about , we get the meaning of the person or object that is currently being discussed. For example, I told you about my mother, I told you about mysteries.
- seals and walruses live in Antarctica;
- we traveled to the north of Africa and visited Morocco;
- everyone should take care of the conservation of natural resources.
Constructions with the preposition at
In the case of a combination of nouns with the preposition at, the following meanings can be obtained: etc.;
In addition to all of the above, the use of words in the prepositional case together with the preposition at can denote a person in whose presence certain circumstances occurred. For example, my mother laid out jam in front of guests.
Also, the preposition at can indicate the presence of something. For example, a man was with orders, or yesterday I was with money.
Separately, it is worth considering idiomatic expressions with the preposition at. They are used quite rarely and mostly in simple speech. These include expressions: at the parade, at death.
When trying to identify the prepositional case, the questions will help you resolve this difficulty.
Features of the use of the preposition according to
Constructions with the preposition to , denoting the completion of the action (after), are used with masculine and neuter nouns ending in -ie. Such expressions are used quite rarely and belong more to the business style. Most of these designs are not used in everyday life, as they are outdated. The following expressions can be cited as examples: upon returning to their native places, upon acquiring the thing we need, upon presentation of all the necessary documents, upon making a profitable transaction, upon speaking out of the paragraph.
Options for using the prepositions about, about, about
The prepositions about and both are a variation of the preposition about. The use of these parts of speech is subject to the following rules:
- the preposition o with the prepositional case is used only before parts of speech that begin with consonants, for example, I often think about my sister;
- the preposition ob is used before parts of speech beginning with vowels. For example, I wanted to talk to you about my father;
- the preposition is used infrequently and only in certain cases. For example, with pronouns: about me, about everyone, etc.
Important! Such combinations as about you, about what and similar to them, go beyond the limits of the literary norm. They are not used either in speech or in writing. Nevertheless, such expressions as about Russians or about ours were quite common in the 19th century.
Types of the prepositional case
The prepositional case is quite complex. The meaning of sentences and expressions in this case largely depends on the prepositions used. There are the following types of prepositional case:
- Appearance — in this case, we are talking about a specific object that is on something or on someone during the action. For example, I will read a book with glasses on, my grandmother went for a walk in a fur coat, it is indecent to sit indoors in outerwear, etc. For example, the prisoner began to scream in the dark, it was hard to be in constant expectation, the grandmother preferred to sit for hours in thought.
- Time — indicates the specific time when the action was performed. For example, it is only possible to get sick with certain diseases in childhood, mother burst into tears when parting with her brother, many leave their native places after graduation, etc.
- Places — in this case, the case indicates the specific place where the action was committed. For example, I like to walk in the forest, during class everyone should be in the audience. In the summer, you want to lie on the beach, and not sit at the table in the office. As a child, we often rested in the south of Russia.
- Image and mode of action — shows how a particular action is performed. For example, to fall in exhaustion, to repent in words.
- Object — the prepositional case in this case indicates the subject in question, thoughts, states and feelings. For example, we need to think about the future, it is very important to take care of the younger generations, etc.
- Tools — while the prepositional case indicates the specific object with which the action was performed. For example, I will play the piano, vegetables need to be grated, etc.
In addition to the above, the prepositional case can indicate a stable attribute of an object. For example, my grandmother had wrinkles all over her face. My sister was wearing a fur coat. The garden at the house has remained just as beautiful over the years.
Table of the use of nouns and prepositions in the prepositional case
Declension of nouns in the prepositional case can cause certain difficulties. This table will allow you to avoid mistakes and understand the basic principles of using nouns in the prepositional case:
|Nominative|| Noun endings
|What?|| Where? on whom?
|In whom? in what?||About whom? about what?|
|cabinet|| on cabinet,
|about cabinet on cabinets, on cabinets|
|sanatorium||In a sanatorium||About sanatorium||in sanatoriums, about sanatoriums|
in the wall
|on the wall||on walls, in walls, on walls|
|village in the village||about the village||in the villages, about the villages|
|area||on area||about area||on area, about area|
|hostel||in the hostel||about the hostel||in the hostels, about the hostels|
|with hat,||with hat||about hat||in hats, about hats|
|baby||on baby||in baby 901 81||about baby||about babies|
|love||in love||in love||about love|
|Love (name)||on Lyubov||in Love||about Love||about Love|
The prepositional case is considered the simplest in terms of endings. Nevertheless, the ending in the prepositional case has its own nuances.
Prepositional endings look like this:
- 1st declension — e;
- 2nd declension — e;
- 3rd declension — i.
The prepositional case, the endings of which are easy to remember, has a number of exceptions, discussed in the table above.
With the help of specific examples, you can learn to determine the prepositional case yourself and make up your own expressions and sentences. Examples:
- during the construction of the house, voids were found in the concrete floors;
- people wear hats in winter and panama hats in summer;
- our whole team rests solely on Lyubov Andreevna;
- our old dog often falls asleep in front of the sofa.
Looking at the examples, make a sentence with a noun in the prepositional case.
It is very important to remember that prepositions in the prepositional case are used in a certain way. For example, with some words only the preposition on is used, and with others only the preposition in: in the Crimea, in Lithuania, in Tajikistan, but in the Caucasus, in the Kuriles, in the Pamirs. On the floor, on the edge, but at the airport, in the year, in battle.
The prepositional case is quite complex and at the same time interesting. There are many nuances of its use that are important to remember for every person. Compliance with the laws and rules of the Russian language will allow you to avoid distortion and make your written and spoken language beautiful and vibrant. Remember that the prepositional case answers the question: about whom? About what?
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3.9. Prepositional terminological phrases
the fact that the main word in such
comes before the preposition, and the words behind
definition role. Examples:
of emission —
development of new methods — creation
development of a new device — development
inclination of an orbit — inclination
note that the translation
main word depends
from the meaning of its definition. Examples:
from extra-terrestrial sources — noise
in parts of radio links — noise
composition of terminological phrases
can also be prepositional
phrases that are definitions
to the main
ratio — ratio
point to point
communication — directional
terminological phrases can
be expressed as a noun
the definition of which is usually
nouns with preposition or gerund
with a suggestion
which are usually to the right of
defined word. Examples:
— corrective ability
of destination —
from extra-terrestrial sources — noise
call signaling method
leads to the conclusion about
that their models are determined by the number
components that, in
in turn affects motivation.
Working with scientific and technical texts
that the most frequent terminological
phrases are those that
consist of 2-3 components, which is
characteristic of any industry
terminology. On practice
phrases that are
four or more components.
phrases allow you to convey
more concisely, and the trend towards
curtailment of speech
messages is a characteristic
style of scientific and technical
literature, because in any message
there is a certain degree of redundancy.
allow for interphrasal
links between sentences and paragraphs.
methods of constructing terminology on
knowledge of standard models increases
texts, reading speed, reduces
Define the type of the term combinations and translate them into
interference power density; 2. Land-line circuit; 3. Pilot tone
4. Trunk communication; 5. Frequency-response characteristic;
6. Automatic system; 7. Adaptive system; 8.Continuous data;
9.Differential amplifier; 10.Dynamic range; 11.Harmonic
distortion; 12. Random access; 13. Accelerating electrode; 14.
signal; 15. Switching amplifier; 16.Modulating signal; 17.
printed circuit; 18. Integrated circuit; 19. fixed point; 20 Armored
cable; 21. Electronically controlled filter; 22. Remote control
plant; 23. Periodically operated switch; 24. Horizontally polarized
antenna; 25. Continuously measuring control system; 26.
Highly directional antenna; 27. Photo-sensitive cathode; 28.
phase-sensitive device; 29. Color-selective characteristic; thirty.
constant-failure period; 31. Peak clipping device; 32. Multipath
33. Error correcting code; 34. Fully-automated switching; 35.
manual phasing; 36.Phase-shift keying; 37. Inductance-capacitance
coupling; 38. Broadcasting weather information; 39. frequency-shift
the term combinations into Russian.
interference; 2. Accessory equipment; 3.Administrative
Radio Conference; 4. Aeronautical auxiliary frequency; 5.
Air-to-ground transmission; 6. Angular separation; 7.Antenna
8. Assigned frequency band; 9. Automatic alarm receiver;
10. Bandwidth expansion; 11. Broadcasting-satellite service; 12.
call frequency; 13. Channel spacing; 14 Common monitoring
service; 15. Coordinated Universal Time; 16. Digital selective
call; 17. Direct reception; 18. Distress and emergency frequency;
distribution system; 20. Earth-exploration-satellite service; 21.
radiation power; 22. emergency frequency; 23. Equivalent satellite
link noise temperature; 24. European broadcasting area; 25.
Fixed-satellite service; 26. Forward-error-correction; 27.
single-sideband emission; 28. Geostationary-satellite orbit; 29.
High frequency broadcasting schedule; 30. Immediately adjoining
frequency band; 31. Instrument landing system localizer; 32.
International Frequency Registration Board; 33. Intership cross-band
operation; 34. Left-hand polarized field; 35. Loss-free reference
antenna; 36. Maritime mobile-satellite service; 37. Maximum
isotropically radiated power; 38. Mobile earth station; 39. on-board
communication station; 40. Port operations service; 41.
Private monitoring arrangement; 42. Radio direction-finding station;
43. Reduced carrier single-band emission; 44.Secondary surveillance
radar; 45. Sequential single-frequency code system; 46.
space operation service; 47. Standard frequency and time
service; 48. Urgency traffic signal
the term combinations into Russian.
address calling; 2. Access contention resolution;
3. Accounting authority identification code; 4. Active position
addressing; 5. Adaptive differential pulse code modulation; 6.Alarm
indication signal; 7. Alternate mark inversion code; 8. Automatic
booked call service; 9. Automatic transferred charge call service;
10. Backward sequence number; 11. Call progress signal; 12.
Calling number indication service; 13. Centralized
14. Channel associated signaling; 15. Circuit-switched
data communication service; 16. Cladding surface diameter deviation;
17. Coast station identity; 18.Code independent channel; 19.
command entry sequence; 20 Common channel signaling; 21.
Connected switching path pictorial element; 22. Constant failure
rate period; 23. Continuity check transponder; 24. Corrected
resistance error; 25. Coupled reperforator and tape reader; 26.
Cumulative exchange service accessibility; 27. Customer dialled
operator assisted call service; 28. Data circuit terminating
29. data signal quality detection; 30. Data switching exchange;
31. Decentralized multi-endpoint-connection; 32. Demand
service; 33. Despotic synchronized network; 34.
Dialogue procedure; 35. Digital line path; 36. Digital radio system;
37. Direct manual demand operation; 38. Distributed frame
alignment signal; 39.Double phantom circuit; 40. Dual phone
number service; 41. Echo corrected reference equivalent; 42.
emergency call service; 43. Equivalent random traffic intensity; 44.
error-detecting system; 45. External loss time; 46.Failure rate
acceleration factor; 47. Fault location time; 48.Flow control
selection; 49. Four concentric circles refractive index template;
50. Frame alignment recovery time; 51. Frequency shift modulation;
52. Fully automatic reperforator transmitter distributor;
53. Gateway mobile service switching centre; 54. General
information service; 55 Government telex calls; 56.
Harmful out-of-band components; 57. Hierarchic mutually synchronized
network; 58. Hypothetical reference connection; 59. Incoming
call barring service; 60. Indirect manual demand operation;
61. Information structure meta-language; 62. Initial signal unit
alignment; 63. Integrated digital network; 64.Integrated services
digital network; 65. International automatic circuit; 66.
mobile station identity; 67. International multiple destination
sound program circuit section; 68. International network
management; 69. International sound program transmission;
70. Justifiable digit time slot; 71. Leased circuit data
service; 72. Lead-transfer-acknowledgment signal; 73. Logical
74. Long-term bit error rate; 75. Maritime satellite data switching
exchange; 76. Mean holding time per seizure; 77. Mean service access
delay; 78. Message switching exchange; 79.Mobile station
identification number; 80. Modified alternate mark inversion code;
81. Multi-channel voice-frequency telegraphy; 82. National mobile
station identity; 83 Network architecture functional model; 84.
noise canceling microphone; 85. Nominal transmission loss; 86.
number repetition service; 87. Office document architecture; 88.
open systems interconnection; 89. Opposite poles; 90. Optional user
facility; 91 Packet field 92. Peak busy hour; 93. Permanent
telecommunication service; 94. Preventive cyclic retransmission
method; 95. Primary digital group; 96. Private number ringing
97 Probability density function; 98. Program booking centre;
99. Public data transmission service; 100. Pulse echo return loss;
101.Radio control path; 102. Random access; 103. Real open system;
104 Redundant line signal; 105. Relative time interval error;
106.Remote maintenance; 107. Route set congestion control; 108.
selective accounting service; 109. Service user abandonment
110. Ship station number; 111. Signal-conversion equipment;
112. Signal unit error rate monitoring; 113. Signaling link
management functions; 114. Simple multipoint circuit; 115.
Start-stop telegraph signal; 116 Stored program control system;
call charge meter service; 118. Supplementary telephone service;
119. Switched transit country; 120. Systems-management-application
entity; 121. Telecommunication service attribute; 122.
telegraph switching exchange; 123 Telex basic control function
124 Telex network identification code; 125. Terminal International
exchange; 126. Test call indicator; 127. Threshold amplifier;
128. Time consistent busy hour; 129. timing recovery; 130. Transit
network identification; 131. Transmission reference point;
132. Transparent data transfer phase; 133. Two-way-alternate
interaction; 134. Unsuccessful call; 135.User information transfer
rate; 136. Videotex service centre; 137. Voice frequency multiplex
aggregate; 138. Wear-out failure period; 139. Wide area telephone
service; 140. Wide band telegraphy
the term combinations into Russian.
access to supplementary services; 2. Answering time of operators;
3. Associated mode of operation; 4. Automatic retransmitter
with controlled tape-feed mechanism; 5. Bit-order of transmission;
6. Closed user group with outgoing access; 7. Confirmation
of clearing signal; 8. Connection through an exchange; 9.
degree of distortion; 10. Decision instant of a digital signal;
11. Degree of synchronous start-stop distortion; 12 Directory
number of a land mobile station; 13. Effectively transmitted signals
in sound program transmission; 14. End of selection; 15.
Error correction by detection and repetition; 16. Establishment of
communication; 17. First choice set of circuits; 18. Holding time of
an international circuit; 19. International number of mobile station;