What are syllables for kids: What is a syllable and why we should teach children about it

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The Best Videos to Teach Syllables to New Readers

Last updated on October 27, 2020

Videos are a such a fun and engaging way to teach and reinforce phonics rules that require a ton of repetition and practice to master. I rounded up the best videos on syllables so that you don’t have to!

We know that phonemic awareness skills are important for new readers to understand but it can be so challenging to give them a variety of ways to practice them.

I like to teach syllables in as many ways as possible to give all of my kids their best chance for comprehension as well as a ton of repetition. Videos are an engaging and pressure-free way to give your new readers lots of practice with syllables.

Learning Videos for the Classroom

While I personally believe these videos are appropriate for preschool, kindergarten and first grade classrooms, remember that there can often be inappropriate ads before and after YouTube videos. Also, I always recommend previewing the full video before showing it to your class.

If you plan to show YouTube videos in your classroom, I highly recommend that you read this blog post by Catherine, the Brown Bag Teacher. She shares three ways to eliminate YouTube video ads so that you can safely play these learning videos in your classroom.

5 Fun and Instructional Videos to Teach Syllables

Clap It Out

This is HANDS DOWN my favorite video to teach syllables. (As in, we did it almost weekly, sometimes more 😂😬)

The chorus explains what a syllable is and how to CLAP ? IT ? OUT ?Each verse is a silly story with a set number of syllables (the first verse has one syllable words, the second verse has two syllable words, etc).

Bonus: We have so much fun moving while we sing that it makes for a great brain break, too. 💃🏼🕺

Learn Syllables

This is an older Jack Hartmann video with a lot of examples of 1, 2 and 3 syllable words. I like variety of words offered and that they are all mixed up.

Jack sings the word and then does a different action to count the syllables afterward. This gives students the opportunity to listen to the word, then say it as they do the action.

Note: I recommend starting the video around 45 seconds to skip the long intro. Then I have my students dance/wiggle during each chorus!

Syllable Lesson Video

This is an actual lesson to introduce syllables. It starts by giving the definition of syllables then shows how to clap them out.

Next it talks about robot voice (which I love 😍) and using your hand under your chin to count each syllable. At the end it tells you not to guess how many syllables there are because there are patterns that you can follow to figure it out. I really appreciate this reminder for my kids!

I think this is a great lesson and would actually recommend teachers watch it to get ideas, too!


This video is SILLY and will probably make the kids laugh a lot (which could be good or not so good depending on your mood ?). It explains what syllables are, how many syllables can be in a word, and the “beat.

The video goes through words one at a time. When it gets to the word “apple” (at 2 minutes), it explains how the word is split into two parts, shows that, says each part and then claps the word several times until it is put back together.

Months of the Year Syllable Song

This video is like a 2 for 1! It is a fun and engaging song to practice syllables and months of the year at one time! #winning

Jack Hartman goes through the months of the year and syllables at the same time. Each month is shown split into it’s syllables. The first time they go through the months kids clap. The next time they stomp.

Bonus: 4 Fun Ways to Count Syllables

This is not a video I watch with my students BUT it has fun ideas for how to practicing syllables with kids in different ways than just clapping.

I especially love the “hum” method because I hadn’t heard of that one before this video. It’s genius! I tell every teacher I know about it (so of course I had to tell you too! ☺️).

These videos have been a staple for getting all of that syllable practice in in my classroom. Did I miss any of your favorite videos to teach syllables? Or do you have any other fun methods to practice that I should share? Let me know below! 👇

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Syllables | What are Syllables?

Syllables: What are Syllables?

What are syllables? Syllables are units of sound that form meaningful words. Syllables are made of consonant and vowel sounds. A word can have one, two, three, four, or more syllables. For example: 1 syllable = car, 2 syllables = broken, 3 syllables = difficult, 4 syllables = interesting. In these examples, the syllables are in bold. Check out our list of syllables.

Syllable Sentence Examples

Practice syllables in sentences. Remember, A syllable cannot have more than one sound, but it can have more than one letter. Have a go and make your own sentences with the syllables list above and sentences below.

  • Syllable sentences
  • It is a car.
  • This is a bus.
  • The window is broken.
  • I have a painted a new picture.
  • She is very beautiful.
  • My father is generous.
  • Albert Einstein was intelligent.
  • It is impossible to go revisit the same moment in time.
Syllable Games and Worksheets

Looking for more resources related to syllables? Check out our comprehensive list of worksheets and video games. Download worksheets and play interactive games for free.

  • Worksheets>>>
  • Syllable worksheets
  • Open and closed syllable bowling game
  • Closed syllable cheese quest game
  • Open syllable darts game
  • Open and closed syllable mountain climb game
  • More grammar games>>>
  • More vocabulary games>>>

Grammar Rules

  • Abstract nouns
  • Active voice
  • Adjectives
  • Adverbs
  • Adverbials
  • Affirmatives
  • Articles
  • Attributive adjectives
  • Auxiliary verbs
  • Classifying adjectives
  • Clauses
  • Collective nouns
  • Common nouns
  • Comparatives
  • Compound nouns
  • Conditionals
  • Conjunctions
  • Connectives
  • Consonants
  • Contractions
  • Countable nouns
  • Defining relative clauses
  • Determiners
  • Direct speech
  • Finite verbs
  • Future continuous
  • Future simple
  • Future perfect
  • Future perfect continuous
  • Gerunds
  • Homophones
  • Imperatives
  • Indefinite articles
  • Indirect speech
  • Infinitives
  • Interrogatives
  • Intransitive verbs
  • Irregular verbs
  • Main clauses

Grammar Rules

  • Modal verbs
  • Modifiers
  • Non-finite verbs
  • Nouns
  • Objects
  • Participles
  • Passive tense
  • Past continuous
  • Past simple
  • Past perfect
  • Past perfect continuous
  • Personal pronouns
  • Phrasal verbs
  • Phrases
  • Plurals
  • Possessive pronouns
  • Prefixes
  • Prepositions
  • Present continuous
  • Present perfect
  • Present perfect continuous
  • Present simple
  • Pronouns
  • Proper nouns
  • Proverbs
  • Quanitifiers
  • Regular verbs
  • Relative clauses
  • Reported speech
  • Sentences
  • Subjects
  • Suffixes
  • Superlatives
  • Syllables
  • Transitive verbs
  • Uncountable nouns
  • Verbs
  • Vowels
  • More Grammar>>

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How to teach a child to read by syllables

If the child has already mastered the alphabet, then it is time to teach him to identify and read syllables. Many parents are wondering how to explain to a child what syllables are, how best to teach him to combine sounds into syllables, and from syllables into words.

It must be remembered that the process of learning to read is a serious occupation and requires parental preparation. It consists of several stages — memorizing letters and sounds, working with syllables and mastering the skills of coherent reading themselves. And if learning the alphabet is usually easy for many children, then the next, very important step — combining letters and then reading syllables for some children can cause difficulties, which will slow down the process of teaching your child to read coherently.

When can you start teaching your child to read by syllables

There are several pedagogical opinions on this matter:
Before you start learning to read, you need to make sure that the young student has studied the alphabet well, identifies letters without problems and correctly reproduces sounds.
To do this, conduct a small experiment. Place the alphabet in front of the child and ask them to name all its letters. Record the time he spends on it. Most likely, he will do it in 2-3 minutes. If you carry out simple calculations, it turns out that in this case it took him from 4 to 6 seconds to determine one letter. This means that reading a simple two-syllable word «mother» will take him 20-25 seconds. Now think, is it easy to read at such a speed?
Therefore, knowing and identifying letters is an important skill, but in order to teach a small child to read, it is necessary that the student, naming the letters, does not hesitate for a second. When the total time for “reading” the alphabet by a child is no more than 20 seconds, then you can safely proceed to the next stage of learning.

Teaching methods.

It will be difficult for parents to teach a child to read independently, without the help of didactic aids. Therefore, it is necessary to attend to the acquisition of the primer. To date, there is a great variety of these benefits — from innovative to classic. The most interesting and accessible methods in teaching reading are the primers of E. Bakhtina and N. Zhukova.
We teach to identify and read syllables using the technique of E. Bakhtina
The bottom line is this: after the student has mastered the fluent (the author focuses on this!) definition of the letters of the alphabet, you need to teach him to first put the letters into syllables, then pronounce them together. The final step should be memorizing the spelling and pronunciation of syllables, their variations.
For example: You point to any syllable, let’s say — «NA», and explain that here the letters are «friendly», so they ended up together side by side. «H» and «A» met and became friends, so together they got «NA». Repeat several times during the day that «H» and «A» together — «ON», fix the next day. Using the same scheme, start memorizing other letter combinations. First, let it be open (ending in a vowel syllables «TA», «DA», «BA», etc.). Be sure to back up what you say with visuals. Make a few tablets with the studied letter combinations or use the materials from the primer.
Important Points
1) At the beginning of learning, avoid syllables with iotated vowels “i”, “e”, “u” and consonants that are difficult to pronounce — hissing “f”, “sh”, “u”, h”.
2) Do not take breaks in learning, train the definition and pronunciation of syllables not only during direct lessons with the primer, but also, for example, on walks. Draw the attention of the young student to signs, teach him to read already familiar syllables, show and pay attention to unfamiliar combinations of letters. Gradually complicate tasks, move on to more complex syllables containing hissing consonants and iotized vowels.
The author of this technique proposes to combine the child’s visual (visual) perception of a syllable and its sound content so that the student can not only read the syllables, but also «recognize» them visually.
Training a child’s visual memory will serve you well in the future, because children with a good visual memory, as a rule, write correctly, without really bothering to know the spelling rules.
Precisely because they simply “reproduce” the correct spelling of the word from memory.
At this stage, it is important not to rush, but if you see that the child puts syllables from letters without any problems, reads them, names and defines them in parts of various words, then you can move on to mastering and reading two-syllable (no more than words).
If the previous method turned out to be not very effective, and using it, you failed to teach your child to quickly and efficiently read by syllables, then we recommend trying another method.

Methodology of N.S. Zhukova, the author of the classic school primer
You can teach a child to make syllables from letters using Zhukova’s primer as follows.
Two simplest letters are taken — «M» and «A». The combination of these letters is familiar to any baby literally from the first months of his life, it is native for him, elementary in pronunciation and in memorization, as it is part of the word «mother».
The picture shows that one letter is gradually approaching, running towards another. Emphasize this to the student! Say the letter “M” together with the student, as if stretching it, gradually turning the sound from “M” into “MAaaaaa”. The first sound is shortened, and the second is lengthened. Following the proposed scheme, proceed to the formation of other simplest open syllables: “ON”, “NO”, “TA”, “VA”, “PO”, “DO”, “MU”, etc. You can experiment with the formation of simple words, the meaning of which is well understood by the student. «MA-MA», «PA-PA», «VA-TA», «NO-TA». At the same time, do not forget about articulation — we stretch the first sound of the syllable, the second is pronounced shorter.
Important Points
1) It is necessary to teach children to analyze the syllables that they read. In the process of studying, ask the child questions: “how many letters are in this syllable?”, “What are these letters?”, let the child list them.
2) It is necessary to ensure that the student, when reading syllables, does not “tear off” letters from each other, do not allow reading syllables by naming letters, and not by pronouncing sounds. Remind that the first sound needs to be “stretched” a little, and the second sound should be shorter.
3) Try to ensure that in the process of learning the child can determine by ear how many sounds (letters) you pronounce. What was the first sound, what was the second. Initially
practice on the simplest sound combinations «ay», «woo», «wa».

N. Zhukova’s method may seem more convenient and accessible to parents in order to explain to the baby exactly how letters are combined into syllables. Nevertheless, Bakhtina’s methodology is designed to teach reading to the youngest children — from two years old. The author claims that already at the age of three, children who regularly learn to read using her methodology can read confidently. It must be taken into account that the process of learning to read in all children proceeds differently. One child will quickly master the process of combining sounds and letters into syllables, another may have difficulty at this stage. Do not proceed to the next stage — reading two-syllable words, if the child is uncertain in reading syllables. Be patient, practice regularly, and don’t be afraid to try different methods and ways of learning to read.

Letters and syllables for children. Memorizing syllables

A child who has learned to put sounds into syllables, syllables into words, and words into sentences needs to improve his reading skills through systematic training. But reading is a rather laborious and monotonous activity, and many children lose interest in it. That’s why we offer small texts
, the words in them are divided into syllables.

First read the work to the child yourself
, and if it is long, you can read its beginning. This will interest the child. Then invite him to read the text. After each work, questions are given that help the child to understand what they have read and comprehend the basic information that they have learned from the text. After discussing the text, suggest reading it again.

Clever Bean

Co-nya and co-ba-ka Bo-bik gu-la-li.
So-nya played with a doll.
That’s why So-nya in-be-zha-la to-my, and the doll for-would-la.
Bo-beek found a doll-lu and brought it to So-ne.
B. Korsunskaya

Answer the questions.

1. Who did Sonya walk with?
2. Where did Sonya leave the doll?
3. Who brought the doll home?

The bird made a nest on a bush. De-ti our nest-up and took off on the ground.
— Look, Vasya, three birds!
In the morning de-ti came, and the nest-before it was empty. It would be a pity.

Answer the questions.

1. What did the children do with the nest?
2. Why was the nest empty in the morning?
3. Did the children do well? How would you do?
4. Do you think this work is a fairy tale, a story or a poem?

Pet and Mi-shi had a horse. They began to argue: whose horse. Did they tear each other apart.
— Give me — my horse.
— No, you give me — the horse is not yours, but mine.
Mother came, took a horse, and became nobody’s horse.

Answer the questions.

1. Why did Petya and Misha quarrel?
2. What did mother do?
3. Did the children play horse well? Why do you think so

It is advisable to show children the genre features of poems, stories and fairy tales using the example of these works.

A genre of oral fiction containing events unusual in the everyday sense (fantastic, miraculous or worldly) and distinguished by a special compositional and stylistic construction. In fairy tales there are fairy-tale characters, talking animals, unprecedented miracles happen.

— a small poetic work in verse. The verses are read smoothly and musically, they have rhythm, meter and rhyme.

— small literary form; a narrative work of small volume with a small number of characters and the short duration of the events depicted. The story describes a case from life, some bright event that really happened or could happen.

In order not to discourage reading, do not force him to read texts that are uninteresting and inaccessible to him. It happens that a child takes a book he knows and reads it “by heart”. Mandatory read to your child every day
poems, fairy tales, stories.

Daily reading enhances emotionality, develops culture, horizons and intellect, helps to cognize human experience.

Koldina D.N. I read on my own. — M.: TC Sphere, 2011. — 32 p. (Candy).

In this article you will find the easiest cards for reading by syllables
, they only have short sentences that contain up to 5 words.

How to read cards correctly:
at first you yourself read by syllables, running your finger over the word you are reading, and as soon as you reach picture words
, let the child name it. So the child will be chained to the picture and text all the time. This will significantly speed up
his learning to read by syllables.

Cards «Reading by syllables» can be printed.

Rules for teaching a child to read

Don’t forget to keep your child interested in reading
constantly, but without too much pressure. If you read aloud, read to your child daily
short stories, suggesting to read this or that word together
, then phrase
, and then the whole sentence

Read names on cans
and packages: let this become a permanent activity — then you will notice the fruits of your labors very quickly — the child will automatically want to read everything he sees: signs, names of chocolate bars, street names, inscriptions on labels and price tags, names of shops and so on. Such everyday reading, on the one hand, is unobtrusive, and on the other hand, it makes the child’s brain work actively and constantly look for new inscriptions to read.

After reading and any lessons in general arrange a relaxation for the child
: laughter, tagging (catching), positive emotions, tickling, hand games for speed, somersaults and other outdoor games should go after mental labor. Therefore, feel free to arrange an hour of «mobile tomfoolery» after school.

If the child has no desire to study, offer him 1 task to choose from
from 5 different ones. For example, in the case of reading:

  1. reading by syllables of words,
  2. reading only syllables,
  3. reading short phrases,
  4. reading letters,
  5. card reading.

If the situation repeats itself several times, see what child chooses
more often: perhaps other tasks are difficult for him? Don’t rush it, learn by playing.

A child will always take an example from you, so if you read books for yourself,
and not just for him, he will be even more interested in reading.

.:: 21.08.2015

The whole process of teaching a child to read can be reduced to several steps that must be performed sequentially. It is the consistency and regularity of classes that is the key to success.

There are many teaching methods, we will not consider each of them, but will give our own. All training consists of three stages:

  • Stage 1 — learn letters, read sounds
  • Stage 2 — learn syllables, read words
  • Stage 3 read books by syllables

Learn letters and sounds

First, don’t burden your child with unnecessary knowledge. All he needs to know is that we hear and pronounce sounds, and we see and write letters.

Sounds are vowels and consonants.

We can pronounce vowels by simply opening our mouth without tongue — demonstrate. Vowel sounds can be sung — demonstrate.

When pronouncing consonants, the whole mouth works. Show how the tongue works: L, R, N, K, T. And how the lips fold: P, M, W, W, how the teeth work: B, F. Disassemble each letter.

Explain that each sound is represented by a letter and can be written — demonstrate.

At this stage, the child must determine what sound any word begins with.

We sorted out the pronunciation of sounds, let’s move on to the letters. How they are written.

First, we analyze all the vowels. It is desirable to highlight vowels in red, consonants in any. At this stage, the child does not need to recognize hard and soft, write in green or blue, it is best to write consonants in neutral black or brown.

It is very convenient to use cubes for memorizing letters. Moreover, they can be in two versions — wooden cubes, on which only letters are drawn, vowels in red, consonants in green and blue, and plastic cubes with pasted pictures.

I strongly recommend that you carefully choose the cubes with pictures. Sometimes pictures depict not one object, but several (needle and thread), or one, but with many details: an anchor and a ship in the background are drawn on the letter I. Or, for example, the letter Щ and pike are often on the cubes, while a baby of this age has associations only with fish. It is more correct to draw a brush — this is clearer.

Some mothers are upset that the child cannot learn the letters and do not realize that the baby has a mess in his head. That’s why. Let’s take the word WATERMELON — the simplest, which is the letter A. And now pronounce it with an accent — you will clearly hear the accent on the syllable BU. It is they who are «imprinted» in the child’s head.

Therefore, when teaching a child letters, choose those words where the studied sound or vowel is stressed! This is very important, but for some reason no attention is paid to any method. Think like a child, not a parent-teacher.

  • learning the letter A — instead of Watermelon there should be a Stork
  • we learn the letter M, instead of the Typewriter — T-shirt
  • learning K — Horse, not Cow
  • teach N — Nose, not Rhinoceros
  • learning O — Autumn, Cloud, but not Window or Wasp

At this age it is difficult for a child to understand that we pronounce «Akno» and «Asa», but the words start with the letter O and these are the rules of the Russian language. Only when the child remembers the sounds in words, where they are stressed, can you look for these letters in words that are not stressed.

Important: all blocks, alphabets, magnetic kits and other materials used for teaching should be chosen carefully.

Important: if it is difficult for your child to perceive letters and sounds, do not learn the entire alphabet, but first learn only the basic ones: A, O, U, Y, E. From the consonants M, L, P, B, D.

Some methods suggest studying only voiced consonants at the beginning, leaving deaf and sibilant consonants for later. It seems right, but we forget about the individual approach. For a child, the perception of the information that surrounds him at a subconscious level is faster throughout the day. If the boy’s name is Shurik, the father’s name is Zhora, the grandmother’s name is Tanya, then the sounds and letters T, Sh, Zh must be taught along with M — mother, B — woman.

Important: do not confuse the child, if you learn sounds, make one sound — not ME and not EM, but «M». If the child is confused, think about how easy to understand you are trying to teach him the information.

Learning syllables

Learning syllables with each vowel separately. 2-3 days for each vowel. Technique:

  1. Adult reads — child repeats.
  2. We read the syllable together.
  3. The child reads all the syllables in order.
  4. An adult shows the syllables in sequence, the child reads so that simple words are obtained: DA-SHA, MA-SHA …
  5. A consonant sheet is added. The adult shows, the child reads: YES-R, SHA-R, PA-R …
  6. After working out syllables with one vowel, the previous syllables are also added. The adult shows the syllables, the child reads: WE-LA, RA-WE, MA-LY-SH.
  7. Applying game forms:

a) the child, as it were, rescues enchanted toys (dolls, soldiers). Each word read — one toy is saved.

b) the child reads one syllable, the adult shows another to make a word, the child reads the second part of the word.

c) a more complex version — vice versa: the adult shows and reads the first syllable, and the child selects the second.

Syllables with a fixed vowel

One of the most effective methods of teaching reading when a child is shown syllables in which the same vowel and a consonant change. For example, the technique of Sergei and Olga Fedin begins to teach reading by syllables from this stage.

Write or print out the syllables in close-up:

Read line by line until the child can do it confidently. Then we read the same syllables, column by column. When the entire table is fluently mastered, move on to syllables with more complex vowels E, E, I, Yu:

Syllables with the first vowel

Only after the child has mastered reading syllables where the first letter is a consonant, proceed to reading syllables where the first letter is a vowel.

Important: Zhukov’s famous primer teaches in a different order — there the child learns the letter and immediately syllables with it, where the consonant is the first and second. Then move on to the next letter. Offer your child a primer, if he understands it — great, this technique is for you. If Zhukov «doesn’t go», put it aside and don’t try to read «reverse» syllables (beginning with a vowel).

If the child is confused and reads VU instead of HC or instead of AN — NA, calmly correct it. Read also line by line, then, when you master it, column by column.

The skill of reading is developed by systematic exercises, stop studying as soon as you see that the child has become distracted. At first, he may sit with you, repeating syllables, for five minutes or a little more. The optimal duration of classes is 10-15 minutes daily. For a 4-year-old child, even 20 minutes is already a very long time. 20 minutes are allotted for classes that do not require serious stress — modeling, social studies, educational games or cartoons.

Important: if your son or daughter cannot read certain syllables, perhaps because he does not pronounce some sounds (L, R or hissing), do not use them in reading until he can fluently read those syllables that are easier for him.

Reading simple words

When syllables are mastered, you can move on to reading words. The simplest, consisting of three letters:

It will be better if the words are familiar to children. For example, the words TYUK or PIR, it would be nice to know to expand the vocabulary, but not necessarily. When learning to read, the less extraneous information and distractions, the easier it is to learn. All children are different, someone grasps on the fly, but for someone it is a serious job. Mom should be sensitive and catch herself how tense the child is.

The order of reading words by syllables is:

  • Reading three-letter words,
  • Reading simple words of two syllables,
  • Reading words of three or more syllables,
  • Reading simple sentences,
  • Reading short stories (a few related sentences) or poetry.

Important: after the child learns to read simple words, do not immediately switch to large texts. For a kid, the result is important, he must be aware of the meaning of what he read, it is like a reward for work: he read, made some kind of discovery, learned a story. But children 4-5 years old better absorb information while reading, consisting of 4-5 sentences. Reading is not the same as listening.

If you have a long story, read it in paragraphs. After each stop and analyze the meaning of what you read.

Reading books broken down by syllables

Many good books from the “my first books” series, good texts in Zhukov’s primer.

Texts should be simple, easy to understand and without blunders, absurdities and nonsense. Remember that the information from the book will certainly be remembered and deposited in memory.

Before buying books to read by syllables, scroll through to make sure the text is suitable for your child’s age.

Quality literature for toddlers from the series «Reading by syllables» is marked for what age it is intended. For kids 3 years old — these are rhymes in two sentences, for 4 years old — poems and short tales, like “Ryaba Hen”, “Turnip”, “Gingerbread Man”, “Masha and the Bears”. For children 5 years old, short fairy tales and stories.

Olga Grishanova (educator)

Children’s texts for reading by syllables. Read on your own. When a child learns to read, some children need to read syllable by syllable, and some are more comfortable reading in full words without dashes. The page provides simple texts in both versions. We read in syllables.

There was a thunderstorm. It was pouring heavy rain. Gre-chalk thunder. Stre-ko-za-bra-la-s under the mushroom. Mi-mo on do-ro-ge half-evil u-lit-ka. Stre-ko-for go-vo-rit:
-U-lit-ka, u-lit-ka! Come to me. Here soo-ho, like under. roofs.
— I don’t need a roof! My house is with me.


There was a thunderstorm. It was pouring heavy rain. Thunder rumbled. The dragonfly climbed under the mushroom. A snail was crawling along the road. Dragonfly says:
— Snail, snail! Come to me. It’s dry as hell in here. roof.
— I don’t need a roof! My house is with me.

It’s not just a ve-dot

Mi-sha slo-small ma-le-n-cue du-bok.
– Why did you do this? — oh-gor-chi-la-s Ma-sha.
-Yes, it’s just a hundred ve-dot-ka!
— No, you gu-beat pain-sho-e, mo-gu-che-de-re-vo, — said Ma-sha.

It’s not just a twig

Misha broke a small oak tree.
– Why did you do it? Masha was upset.
— Yes, it’s just a twig!
— No, you destroyed a big, mighty tree, — said Masha.


Re-bya-ta gu-la-li in the forest. Went-la Na-dya on-la-well. Looks: oh-ko-lo no-e red-we-e I-go-dy. I-a year would-lo not-much. Na-dya collected them in la-dosh-ku, but didn’t eat.
— No! Vasya! Come to me! Earth-la-no-ka! Per-va-I earth-la-no-ka!
When-be-zha-whether be-bya-ta. And everyone is two years old
-Oh, how delicious!
Soon there will be a lot of earth-la-no-ki. But the first I-go-dy-sa-we-e sun-nye.


The guys were walking in the forest. Nadia stepped out into the clearing. Looks: there are red berries near her. There were few berries. Nadia gathered them in her palm, but did not eat.
— Petya! Vasya! Come to me! Strawberries! First strawberry!
The guys came running. And everyone has two berries.
-Oh, how delicious!
Soon there will be a lot of strawberries. But the first berries are the most delicious.


The boy and the girl are going to school.
And Le-na is drinking tea.
— Daughter, it’s already eight o’clock!
-Our watch is too-three, ma-moch-ka!
— No, Le-night-ka. Hours are right. And you de-la-eat everything honey-le-no.


A boy and a girl go to school.
And Lena is drinking tea.
— Daughter, it’s already eight o’clock! — Mom says
Lena looks at her watch.
-Our clock is going too fast, Mommy!
— No, Lenochka. The clock is running right. And you do everything slowly.

Your child is about 5 years old and you want to teach him to read. The tips and tricks in this article will help you do just that.

What time do children start reading by syllables?

Today’s requirements for a child going to the first grade include various skills and abilities, including the ability to read. That is, it is assumed that by the age of 6 — 7 the child is already at the very least, but knows how to read.

  • The process of actively teaching a child to read is best to start at the age of 5, when the baby already understands a lot and knows letters. Many parents show the child a letter, voice it, show images whose names begin with this letter
  • The active and inquisitive memory of a child at this age helps him remember everything quickly. For example, mom or dad can show the letter M or P and say that this is mom’s letter, while you need to pronounce it clearly: Mom. But this is dad’s letter: Papa
  • Fortunately, for teaching a child letters, they came up with a lot of various benefits — from traditional cubes to magnets for boards or refrigerators. This is what concerns the letters

But what about syllables? After all, MaMa or PaPa are already syllables, and the child must realize this. So, we begin the process of actively teaching a five-year-old child reading skills.

How to teach a child to read by syllables?

IMPORTANT: At the initial stage, it is better to avoid choosing words that contain sounds that the child cannot pronounce yet, for example, [r], [w], [u]

It is necessary to show the child on cards or on cubes that MA-MA is made up of the letters M and A, which together give MA.

Blocks with letters — faithful assistants in learning to read.

  • M + A = MA
  • M + O = MO
  • M + E = ME
  • M + I = MI
  • M + U = MU
  • M + I = MJ

This is to avoid a common mistake.

IMPORTANT: This mistake is that some parents teach the child the alphabet and at the same time, showing the letter, call it the way it is called in the alphabet. In the initial teaching of reading, letters should be named based on the sounds they give, for example, we teach a child that M is not [uh], but [M], etc.

Reading open syllables in some methods is called reading with syllables of confluence, that is, a consonant + a vowel or a soft sign. However, you should not teach your child all the two hundred syllables of fusion that are in the Russian language.

Let the child just get used to the fact that this is possible, that the letters known to him can be put together, then you will get words, short at first, then, when the child is already used to them and feels confident, you can move on to trisyllabic and polysyllabic words, as well as teach reading closed syllables. So:

  • start with open syllables
  • we add the syllables of confluence
  • we add short simple words from syllables
  • we choose consonants that are not difficult for the child, which he already knows how to clearly pronounce

How to quickly teach a child to read by syllables?

  • There is no and cannot be a single recipe for how to quickly teach a child to read by syllables. After all, each of them is individual in his perception, in his mental activity, in his ability to concentrate, and so on.0163
  • And in no case should parents have complexes about the fact that a boy or girl from a common playground or from a kindergarten group already knows how to read in syllables, but your baby is not yet. You devote time to teaching him, but you are not angry with the child because he or she cannot sit still, but only think how to sneak away to your toys
  • You are persistent and regularly come up with different game situations for your child, how can you read with him? If yes, then everything is fine. The kid will learn to read syllables and put them into words, it’s so interesting

How to teach a child to read by syllables at home?

Of course, the environment in the developmental group or class that your child attends contributes to the fact that the baby is more focused on learning, that he tries to imitate the child sitting next to him, or even joins the competitive process.

However, such classes are not enough and it is necessary to study with the child at home.

It’s good if the parents can get the child to study and have the patience to teach the child themselves. You can take the classic primer N.S. Zhukova and gradually show how syllables are read. This action teaches the child discipline and the fact that he knows that there is a time for play, and there is a time for study.
But if suddenly this does not work out, then you can teach the child to read syllables in a playful way. For example, mom is cooking in the kitchen, the baby is sitting at the table and laying out cubes or cards. Mom leads the process: show me the letter M, and now show me the letter A. Now these letters have become friends and began to play and sing together MA-MA. Then let the child “make friends” with other vowels with the letter M. And so gradually he will learn the syllables.

A program to teach a child to read by syllables

Open syllables learned. Now you need to move on to more complex, non-singing, closed syllables, those that end in a consonant: CAT, MOUTH. And in this case, these are not just syllables, these are already whole words!
And, again, you need to start the reading process with simple words.

Teachers have developed various methods and programs for teaching children to read. Among them:

  • already mentioned classical primer by N.S. Zhukova
  • method of O. and S. Fedin, based on the initial teaching of the child to first «read in the mind», then move on to «paper» reading (their book «How to teach a child to read»)
  • Zaitsev’s Cube Reading Methodology
  • the technique of the American scientist-teacher Doman with its principle of memorizing whole words
  • various computer programs and video tutorials where you need to arrange jumping and scattered letters and organize them into words, restore words by letter halves

Games to teach your child to read by syllables

  1. You need to prepare several pictures, which depict different objects or animals. Under the pictures, you can write the beginning of the word, for example, KOSH. Separately, you need to prepare cards with syllable-endings of words so that the child selects the desired ending, for example, KOSH-, and the child then selects — KA \u003d CAT
  2. On two sets of cards, write any long words that the child can understand, for example, TURTLE; RASPBERRIES. One card with the word leave whole. The child will see and read the word on it. On another card, close or paint over or cut out any syllable. Ask the child to restore it from memory
  3. Play «caterpillar» or «snake». For syllables, draw a new section. The adult starts the word and writes it down in the «snake» section (like a chain word). There remains one last syllable that the child must learn and pronounce. The kid can finish it or (say it, and the adult writes it down and shows it to the child)
  4. Play confusion. Write the words in syllables on the cards. Cut out the cards. Match the initial syllable with the necessary subsequent syllables until the child understands that the result is a real word, and not a confusion
  5. Write individual words on pieces of paper and match them with images or the objects themselves. The kid must find a written word that correlates with an image or object, for example, a ball, a top, a boat, a doll, and so on. When the child has found the picture, have the child read the word itself
  6. Game «Catch the letter». Write the word, leaving room for one letter. Explain to the baby that the letter wanted to run away, and his (baby) task is to find the letter, catch it and put it in its place to make a word. For example, BEGEM_T. The kid must guess that the letter O wanted to run away

Exercises to teach your child to read by syllables

Learn syllables and reading better using vowels, voiced consonants and sonorants, that is, those that can be stretched out, for example, LllOoooshad, etc.
At a more advanced stage of learning to read and for older children, tasks can be offered:

  1. On paper, write in a column the beginning of words, and separately on the cards their endings, mixing the cards. For example, SOBA-
    PES- will be written on the sheet, and on the cards — IN, — OK, — KA; — ON THE.
  2. On paper with cells, encrypt the words, arranging them horizontally and diluting them with other letters, for example,0009 Beforehand, explain to the child that these will be words related to a topic, for example, tree / plants. Speak to him the words that you encrypted, and then let the child find them among the letters. For older children, a task is suitable when they themselves look for encrypted words, without first pronouncing.

Syllable texts for beginners to read children

  1. Za-yats and che-re-pa-ha (fairy tale) Che-re-pa-ha went on the way, and the hare lies under the bush, laughing: “Hurry, hurry, che-re-pa-ha, ve equal, but I am about you.”
    But for now, he was so s-s-s-s-s-s, che-re-pa-ha — although he was walking quietly — oh-ka-ha-had at the target. Bro-strength for-yats for not-th, but too late.
    He was able to run, but he didn’t know that, lying on the spot, you can get away from che-pa-hee.
  2. Che-you-re sisters
    Live in the world sisters: Winter-ma, Spring-on, Summer and Oh-sen.
    Zi-ma would-la se-da-ya, be-la-ya. Weight-on-la-mo-lo-yes-I, white-lo-li-tsa-I, in green-on-a-row, with go-lu-be-my eyes. Let it be the same in the ze-le-nom on-ry-de, for-go-re-lo-e, for-go-re-lo-e. And O-sen of evil-that-in-lo-sa-ya, in a red sha-li.
    Send Winter, Spring and Summer to visit O-se-ni. Ne-yo has GRU-shi, and apple-lo-ki, and plum-you, and ar-bu-zy, and melon, and white ka-ra-wai, and pa-hoo-chi honey.
    O-o-be-yes-sisters and began to b-go-da-rit O-sen.
    O-shine and go-vo-rit:
    No, I must b-g-d-d-d-d-on you. You, Zi-ma, earth with snow-go-o-de-i-scrap at-the-roof-la, hide-ta-la from De-da Mo-ro-za, you, Ves-na, after the rain-dy-mi in-li-va-la, you, le-that, clear-but-e sol-nysh-ko in-sy-la-lo, so that everything is co-mature.
    Sisters and sisters:
    We all worked hard so that people would gather God-ga-ty u-ro-zhay.
  3. E. Moshkovskaya «Nose, wash yourself»
    O-ba eyes!
    Shei-ka, my-sya
  4. S. Kogan «Bub-li-ki»
    Ku-pi-li two bub-li-ka
    Little I-roch-ke.
    Each bub-le-ka
    There was a hole in it.
    Two bub-li-ka And-roch-ka
    Eat with milk,
    And let the holes-roch-ki lie down
    On the other.

How to teach a child to read by syllables? Video lessons

Video Lesson #1

Video Lesson #2

Video Lesson #3

It is necessary to teach a child to read from a very young age. The child should know that there are books, and there are many, many interesting things in the books: fairy tales about princesses and monsters, and adventures, and stories about animals, and various counting rhymes, talkers.

At first, parents read to the baby, but the baby can already play with special waterproof and tear-resistant books. It is pleasant for him to hear his native voice and to pick at a little book.
Then he leafs through books and examines bright pictures. Parents read to him again, and the kid watches how everything they read to him is shown in the picture.

By alexxlab

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