How to change Assertive sentences into Exclamatory sentences
by Ashish Sharma
Before we master how to change assertive sentences into exclamatory sentences, we must know what assertive and exclamatory sentences are. This post helps us understand what an assertive sentence is, what an exclamatory sentence is, and how to transform an assertive sentence into an exclamatory sentence.
What is an assertive sentence?
Assertive sentence definition: an assertive sentence is used to declare something. The information you give can be facts or simply opinions. It ends with a period, also known as a full stop. Note that assertive sentences are also known as declarative sentences.
- I love teaching English.
- You guys are the best.
- We watched a movie yesterday.
- Jon is my school friend.
- Ashish loves doing things that he finds challenging.
What is an exclamatory sentence?
Exclamatory sentence definition: An exclamatory sentence is used to express strong feelings/emotions like love, hate, excitement, joy, sadness, frustration, etc. An exclamatory sentence ends with an exclamation mark.
- This car is amazing! (expressing happiness)
- My dog has passed away! (expressing sorrow)
- How can you lose that paper?! (expressing frustration)
- What a movie that was! (expressing admiration)
Now we know what assertive and exclamatory sentences are. Let us look at how to transform or change assertive sentences into exclamatory sentences.
Assertive sentence examples:
- It is a beautiful day.
- That was a nerve-racking match.
- Max has an amazing car.
- You have a beautiful girl to love.
- He was shocked to see me.
- You are fortunate to have her.
- The place was expensive.
- The weather is romantic.
- They are excited to come to my place.
Exclamatory sentence examples:
- What a beautiful day it was!
- What a nerve-racking match that was!
- What an amazing car you have!
- What a beautiful girl you have to love!
- How shocked he was to see me!
- How fortunate you are to have her!
- How expensive the place was!
- How romantic the weather is!
- How excited they are to come to my place!
Wasn’t it easy to change assertive sentences into exclamatory sentences? It was, right? There are two structures using which the transformation of assertive sentences into exclamatory happened above.
|Assertive sentence:||Subject||linking verb||noun phrase (subject complement)||other parts (optional).|
|Exclamatory sentence:||What||noun phrase||subject||linking verb!|
Assertive: It is a beautiful day.
Exclamatory: What a beautiful day it is.
Assertive: That was a nerve-racking match.
Exclamatory: What a nerve-racking match that was!
Assertive: Max has an amazing car.
Exclamatory: What an amazing car Max has!
Assertive: It is a scary dog.
Exclamatory: What a scary dog it is.
NOTE: It is not necessary that an assertive sentence must have a linking verb in it for us to be able to change it into an exclamatory sentence. There is a small change in the structure when the assertive sentence has a different verb.
Assertive: Subject + action or stative verb/verb phrase + object.
Exclamatory: What + object + subject + verb/verb phrase!
|Assertive sentence:||Subject||action/stative verb||object||other parts (optional).|
|Exclamatory sentence:||What||object||subject||verb/verb phrase!|
Assertive: Jon has bought a beautiful car.
Exclamatory: What a beautiful car Jon has bought!
Assertive: He fought a brilliant fight.
Exclamatory: What a brilliant fight he fought!
Assertive: You have given me a wonderful surprise.
Exclamatory: What a wonderful surprise you have given me!
In the last example, there are two objects in the sentence: a wonderful surprise (direct object) and me (indirect object). When we transform a sentence into another type, the focus is usually on the subject complement or the direct object. That’s why the direct object is put after the interrogative adjective ‘what’ in the exclamatory sentence.
|Assertive sentence:||Subject||linking verb||adjective (subject complement)||other parts (optional).|
|Exclamatory sentence:||How||adjective||subject||linking verb + other parts (optional)!|
Assertive: The weather is romantic.
Exclamatory: How romantic the weather is!
Assertive: The place was expensive.
Exclamatory: How expensive the place was!
Assertive: They are excited to come to my place.
Exclamatory: How excited they are to come to my place!
Assertive: Your place is huge.
Exclamatory: How huge your place is!
Assertive: They are excited to come to my place.
Exclamatory: How excited they are to come to my place!
Important points to note
A) The need of changing an assertive sentence into an exclamatory sentence arises when the speaker wants to focus on a certain part of the assertive sentence with rendering strong emotions. The part that’s focused here is one of the following: predicate adjective, predicate nominative, or direct object.
Assertive: You are kind.
Exclamatory: How kind you are!
Here, the speaker focused on the description of the subject (predicate adjective).
Assertive: You are a kind person.
Exclamatory: What a kind person you are!
Notice that when the focus is on the name we are giving to the subject, we use ‘what’ instead of ‘how’, and it follows the name (predicate nominative) we are giving to the subject.
Assertive: You have built an extremely committed team.
Exclamatory: What an extremely committed team you have built!
The speaker is focusing on the direct object, which is a noun phrase ( a name).
B) As a general rule, use ‘how’ if you want to focus on the adjective, and use ‘what’ when you are focusing on a noun or noun phrase.
Assertive: This girl is so smart.
Exclamatory: How smart this girl is!
Assertive: It was a great match.
Exclamatory: What a great match it was!
Assertive: You have loyal friends.
Exclamatory: What loyal friends you have!
C) We usually drop the adverb that’s modifying the adjective in the adjective phrase when we change assertive sentences into exclamatory sentences.
Assertive: She is too fast for her age.
Exclamatory: How fast she is for her age! (dropped too)
Assertive: The boy has been very consistent lately.
Exclamatory: How consistent the boy has been lately! (dropped very)
Assertive: Her mother is so adorable!
Exclamatory: How adorable her mother is! (dropped so)
Too fast, very consistent, and so adorable are adjective phrases in the assertive sentences above. Notice that we haven’t used the adverb (too, very, so) in the exclamatory sentences as the interrogative adjective ‘how’ does that job.
D) Assertive sentences are also changed into exclamatory sentences when the focus is on the adverb of manner.
|Assertive sentence:||Subject||action verb||adverb of manner||other parts (optional).|
|Exclamatory sentence:||How||adverb of manner||subject||verb!|
Assertive: She sings beautifully.
Exclamatory: How beautifully she sings!
Assertive: The boys are working on the task honestly.
Exclamatory: How honestly the boys are working on the task!
Assertive: He kissed her passionately.
Exclamatory: How passionately he kissed her!
Assertive: Max surprisingly knocked him out.
Exclamatory: How surprisingly Max knocked him out!
NOTE: We change assertive sentences into exclamatory sentences using the above structure when assertive sentences have an action verb and an adverb of manner (beautifully, honestly, passionately, surprisingly). But we don’t change assertive sentences into exclamatory sentences the same way when the assertive sentences don’t have an adverb of manner. In such a case, simply replace the period with an exclamation mark.
Assertive: She sings. (no emotions)
Exclamatory: She sings! (Expressing strong emotions, maybe the speaker is shocked or happy to say that.)
Assertive: We won the match. (Expressing no emotions)
Exclamatory: We won the match! (Expressing happiness)
Assertive: My dog died last night. (Expressing no emotions)
Exclamatory: My dog died last night! (Expressing happiness)
Assertive: We are going to the mall. (Expressing no emotions)
Exclamatory: We are going to the mall! (Expressing excitement and joy)
Now, we know how to change assertive sentences into exclamatory sentences. Feel free to share your question, doubt, or feedback in the comment section, and also, share the post with the people that need it.
For one-on-one classes, contact me at [email protected].
How do you convert an assertive sentence into an exclamatory sentence?
Answer: an exclamatory sentence is a statement that expresses a strong emotion. Simply use an exclamation mark at the end of a sentence if it exudes a strong emotion, or use HOW or WHAT at the beginning of an assertive sentence to change it into an exclamatory sentence (when these are followed by a noun, adjective, or adverb of manner).
You look beautiful. (assertive)
You look beautiful! (exclamatory)
The fight was unbelievable. (assertive)
How unbelievable the fight was! (exclamatory)
He is a nice guy.. (assertive)
What a nice guy he is! (exclamatory)
What are 10 examples of exclamatory?
Here are 10 examples of exclamatory sentences:
I can’t wait to go there!
What a man he is!
How smartly he made us do that!
How beautifully she dances!
Wow! That’s a house I want to buy!
Boy oh boy! This is beyond my imagination!
Dang! We are so lost!
What a performance that was!
We all got the job!
What a loser that guy is!
3. How do you change a sentence into exclamatory?
We change a sentence into an exclamatory sentence simply by using the exclamation mark at the end of the sentence or using WHAT or HOW at the beginning of the sentence when there is a noun, adjective, or adverb of manner after ‘what’ or ‘how’. Examples:
1. What a house it is! 2. How excited you look! 3. How fast she runs!
What are the exclamatory words?
Exclamatory words express strong emotion in a sentence. They can express happiness, sadness, excitement, astonishment, grief, anger, etc. Examples: wow, yay, welcome, darn, alas, hurray, come on, boy oy boy, oh, ah, woohoo, etc.
What a pity converts into an assertive sentence?
When such assertive sentences are changed into affirmative sentences, they take a pseudo subject ‘IT’. Generally, a sentence using this structure and the word ‘pity’ takes a that clause after it.
What a pity + that clause
What a pity that he lost the match.
Assertive: It is a pity that lost the match.
What are five exclamatory sentences?
That is so sweet of you to say!
Jesus, just listen to what I am saying!
Thank you, I appreciate the help!
How smart he is!
What a family this is.
Here’s our youtube video that helps you master how to change assertive sentences into exclamatory sentences:
What are Exclamatory Sentences — Examples
We are human beings. We all have a variety of emotions and feelings we wish to express. How do we express this? Is it done verbally or in writing? Yes, it surely will help you express yourself. But when the need arises to express spontaneous or sudden feelings and emotions, exclamatory sentences are your go-to. Check out this article for the meaning, definition, and rules, and also learn how to form exclamatory sentences from the examples provided. Also, work out the practice questions to check how far you have understood the topic.
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What is an Exclamatory Sentence?
An exclamatory sentence is one that conveys excitement or emotions. It expresses sudden or strong emotions and feelings. Exclamatory sentences, generally, begins with a capital letter and end with an exclamation mark.
Now, let’s have a look at the definitions given by various dictionaries to get a much deeper understanding of what exclamatory sentences really are.
Definition of an Exclamatory Sentence
According to the Cambridge dictionary, an exclamatory sentence is “a sentence containing an exclamation or strong emphasis”. According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, the term ‘exclamation’ is defined as “ a sharp or sudden utterance” or a “vehement expression of protest or complaint.” This is usually what an exclamatory sentence is expected to do as well.
Tips to Remember When Using Exclamatory Sentences
Always keep the below points in mind to be able to form and use exclamatory sentences. They are as follows:
- Exclamatory sentences can make use of interjections. Generally, there are two ways in which you can punctuate sentences when you use interjections. You can either put a comma after the interjection and an exclamation mark at the last part of the sentence or an exclamation mark after the interjection and a full stop or question mark at the end of the sentence. See to it that you use a full stop after a declarative or imperative sentence and a question mark at the end of an interrogative sentence. For example: Wow! That is a pretty dress. Oh, that is wonderful!
- Exclamatory sentences, normally begin with exclamatory pronouns like ‘what’ or ‘how’ to emphasize the noun or the object in the sentence. For example: What a calm place! How could you do that?
- Exclamatory sentences usually end with an exclamation mark, which is a specific punctuation mark to give stress to a feeling or emotion. For example, This is extremely rude!
- Moreover, remember that your tone, stress and the inflexion you give on certain words can change completely the meaning of the sentence.
Some Examples of Exclamatory Sentences
Given below are a few examples of exclamatory sentences. Please have a look at them.
- Oh, that is marvellous!
- I have no clue what they think of us!
- You are amazing!
- That’s amazing!
- You did a really wonderful job!
- Wow! I really cannot believe we did that!
- My God! Those are some awesome great decorations.
- How does he do that?
- That is crazy!
- How sad is this!
- That’s so cool!
- What a hot day!
- This cake is yummy!
- What a sunny day!
- Wow! That’s a cool car.
- Amazing performance!
- What a cool outfit this is!
- Alas! I have no dime.
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Check Your Understanding of Exclamatory Sentences
Convert the following declarative sentences into exclamatory sentences. Refer to the example given below.
Declarative Sentence: This is a big house.
Exclamatory Sentence: What a big house this is!
Now, try doing the same with the sentences given below.
- It was so strange.
- I hate you.
- You have made a big mess.
- The baby is so cute.
- I miss school.
- You have really big eyes.
- That is good news.
- It’s a surprise.
- It was a great book.
- I loved the show.
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The answers to the above sentences are given below. Check them out.
- How so strange it was!
- How I hate you!
- What a big mess you have made!
- How cute the baby is!
- Oh, how I miss school!
- You have really big eyes!
- Wow, that is good news!
- What a surprise!
- It was a great book!
- How I loved the show!
Frequently Asked Questions on Exclamatory Sentences in English
What is an exclamatory sentence?
An exclamatory sentence is a sentence that conveys sudden or strong emotions and feelings. It always begins with a capital letter and ends with an exclamation mark.
What is the definition of an exclamatory sentence?
According to the Cambridge dictionary, an exclamatory sentence is defined as “a sentence containing an exclamation or strong emphasis”. According to the Merriam-Webster Dictionary, the term ‘exclamation’ is defined as “ a sharp or sudden utterance” or a “vehement expression of protest or complaint. ”
What are the important points to keep in mind when forming exclamatory sentences?
The important points you have to remember when writing exclamatory sentences are:
- You can form sentences with the help of interjections.
- Start the sentence with exclamatory pronouns like ‘how’ or ‘what’ to provide stress or emphasis on the noun or object in the sentence.
- Always end the sentence with an exclamation mark.
What are some examples of exclamatory sentences?
Here are some examples of exclamatory sentences just for you.
- You did an excellent job!
- Wow! I really cannot believe we climbed Everest!
- My God! Those are some beautifully arranged portraits.
- Oh, That is enormous!
- We have no idea what they think of us!
- OMG! That’s Shahrukh Khan!
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Research work «The role of exclamatory sentences in the text» 5 class, Composition
Composition tags: Exclamation, Sentence, Exclamation, Linguistic, Artistic, Punctuation, Example, Put
In all languages of the world there are special sentences — exclamatory. Usually they are used to express strong emotions, such as delight, surprise, anger, and others. Examples of exclamatory sentences are often found in fiction, poetry, letters and diaries. It is almost impossible to find them in scientific texts. There are no examples of exclamatory sentences in them. Scientific articles are written in a neutral emotional style.
Types of exclamatory sentences
Artistic texts should be written in a beautiful language that uses vivid images, comparisons, epithets. The role of exclamatory sentences here is difficult to overestimate. That is why punctuation marks are extremely important. Therefore, the authors often use sentences with an exclamation point, which are narrative, interrogative and incentive. They give the texts emotionality. Examples of exclamatory sentences can be given.
- What a cute puppy! How funny his tail sticks out! (A declarative sentence with an exclamation).
- Do dolphins really know how to laugh?! (Interrogative sentence with an exclamation).
- Let’s go to the cinema today! (Incentive offer).
The use of the exclamation mark
Surely many will refer to this article to write an essay about why the exclamation mark and other punctuation marks are needed. So first, let’s figure out what an exclamatory sentence is. An exclamatory sentence is a sentence that expresses one or another emotional coloring. These can be sentences expressing joy, delight, surprise, fear, reproach and other emotions. It is also customary to put an exclamation point at the end of sentences in which categorical motives are expressed and in which the question is accompanied by an expression of some emotion (that is, at the end of incentive and interrogative sentences, respectively).
4 pages, 1918 words
Compound sentences in literature: examples and types
… Smells like hay, but the smell is thick and gentle (attachment-distributive compound sentence). Examples with unions “or”, “or”: Let him move here, to the wing, or I . .. the order can be homogeneous, parallel and sequential. Non-union sentences can be homogeneous or heterogeneous simple sentences (one of which explains the other). For example: She is …
So, let’s briefly formulate some rules for setting an exclamation point.
- An exclamation point is used at the end of all exclamatory sentences.
- An exclamation point is used at the end of sentences with a rhetorical question (not requiring an answer).
- An exclamation point instead of a comma is used in emotional address.
- An exclamation point is placed at the end of sentences beginning with exclamatory words (“how”, “what”, “what”, etc.).
- After interjections, as well as after the words «yes» and «no», an exclamation mark is placed to indicate strong feelings and emotions.
- To indicate discontinuity in speech, an exclamation point may be placed after each homogeneous member of a sentence.
- If the interrogative sentence is also an exclamation mark, then an exclamation point is placed after the question mark at the end.
- In brackets, an exclamation mark is placed either to express various feelings, or has the meaning «attention!».
Exclamation with interjection or particles
Often, interjections or particles “ah”, “oh”, “well”, “what the”, “oh”, “a”, “well” are often used to enhance the emotional coloring of the text and its expressiveness » and others. Examples of exclamatory sentences of this type are often found in the literature: “Well, what a charm this jellied fish is!” or «Oh! I am very glad to see you!» Interjections do not necessarily stand out in a separate sentence. Often they are simply followed by a comma. Such sentences with an exclamation mark, examples of which are presented here, emphasize the especially heightened emotional coloring of the message. “Oh, how I love to look into your eyes, my destiny, my love, mine, mine, mine!” or “Oh, bright ball! In the game with Tanya, you fell into the river. But there will be time, and waves, splashes of water flowing like pearls, will splash in the darkness of the night, and many kind hearts will be kindled with a courageous thirst to help, console!
Expressing joy with an exclamation
The author’s task is to convey to the reader not only the meaning of what is written, but also to make him experience certain feelings. Therefore, the role of his use of exclamatory sentences can hardly be overestimated. After all, the same phrase will be perceived differently depending on which punctuation mark is at the end. In real life, facial expressions, intonation show the mood with which words are pronounced. And in writing, it is quite difficult to give an emotional coloring to the language — this can be done only with the help of punctuation marks at the end of the phrase. The same messages can act as exclamatory and non-exclamatory sentences. As a comparison, you can take this phrase: «I am very pleased to see you.» With a dot at the end, she will express either contempt, or a statement of the fact of the meeting, or ordinary politeness. But if there is an exclamation mark at the end of the phrase, then there can be no mistake — the meeting brought real joy to the person!
17 pages, 8383 words
Punctuation helps the writer to make very subtle
… group work is an effective way to write a discourse on a linguistic topic. The class is divided into small groups (2-3 people), and each is responsible for a certain punctuation mark. … We highlight the signs of the completion of sentences, the signs of emphasis and separation. The period, question mark, exclamation point, and ellipsis are terminators, signs that indicate the end of a sentence. Comma, …
Examples of exclamatory sentences in literature
Exclamatory sentences are not found in scientific texts. But in fiction, writers willingly use emotionally colored sentences in their works to convey various feelings.
Alas, I have ruined a lot of my life for various amusements! (A. S. Pushkin).
Oh, you are heavy, Monomakh’s hat! (A. S. Pushkin).
How good are you, O night sea! (A. Tyutchev).
Oh, and beauty! (P. P. Bazhov).
Raise your shoulder! Wave your hand! (A. V. Koltsov).
Moscow… how much has merged in this sound for the Russian heart! How much resonated with him! (A. S. Pushkin).
The use of three exclamation marks
Sometimes the author tries to use the entire palette of expressive means. Then the declarative exclamatory sentence has three exclamations at the end. Usually in this way the author wants to show the highest degree of emotional excitement. Often, not only joy or delight is expressed in this way, but also anger or indignation. Suggestions «Get out!!!» or “Come out and never come back in my life!!!” leave no doubt that the speaker is experiencing deep feelings.
Multiple exclamations in a sentence
Nevertheless, the use of punctuation marks must be approached with caution and a sense of proportion. However, many people are overly addicted to exclamations at the end of sentences. The authors of comments on Internet blogs are especially guilty of this. It seems to them that the more signs they instruct, the better the reader will be able to understand them. In fact, in this way they achieve the opposite effect — the reader perceives extra exclamation marks as a scream or even a squeal, his such written statements are annoying. Therefore, you should not get involved in setting unnecessary exclamation marks. A sense of proportion is a sign of talent.
Examples of using exclamatory sentences , Exclamatory sentences. Rhetorical exclamation., What are grammatical language means, Lecture 3. Grammatical linguistic phenomena and their role in the text
Grammar is called the grammatical structure of the language, that is, the objective laws of the structure and functioning of words and sentences. Grammar is also called a section of linguistics that studies the grammatical structure of a language (traditionally, this includes morphology and syntax).
Knowledge of grammatical rules not only helps a person to express his own thoughts correctly and clearly, but also reveals his inner world: views, preferences, assessments, etc.
In this case, speaking of grammar, we primarily mean syntax — that stage of the grammatical structure of the language on which coherent speech is formed.
Main functions of exclamatory sentences:
- strengthening the emotional impact on the reader:
|A purifying, inspiring, and invigorating action of Baikal, both our soul and thoughts! It cannot be taken into account or marked. (V. Rasputin)|
- emotional emphasis on the most important parts of the text:
|My father and mother, it seems to me, are very pleased that I am short. After all, they were expecting a child and want me to remain one for the rest of my life. But I do not want! (A. Aleksin)|
1. Original text:
|(4) Tanya invited Sasha Ramazanov to school. (5) He came in dirty jeans and a torn striped T-shirt. — (6) I thought I needed to paint or move something, — he said. (7) The theatrical idea did not captivate him and made him laugh. — (8) Well, Tatyana Nikolaevna! he exclaimed eloquently. — (9) They would invite you to Taganka or to Sovremennik … (According to G. Shcherbakova)|
|Using the exclamation in sentence 8 helps the author to convey the mood of Sashka Ramazanov. In my opinion, Sashka not only exclaimed the name of Tatyana Nikolaevna, one can hear a reproach in his intonation, he did not like the “theatrical idea” so much.|
2. Original text:
|(15) The performance seemed to be nothing. (16) What is called not in horse food. (17) Maybe the new director was talented, he came up with something, but the actors! .. (18) Not a single, well, just not a single non-false word. (According to G. Shcherbakova)|
|One of the functions of exclamatory sentences is to increase the emotional impact on the reader. That is why G. Shcherbakova uses the exclamation “But the actors!” in sentence 17 to convey his dissatisfaction and indignation at the poor acting of the actors.|
3. Original text:
|(44) “But the sun is so strong,” he said, nevertheless, stubbornly. — (45) Will every trace disappear? (46) Maybe something will remain, Tanya? (47) Think. (48) And Tanya, after thinking for a while, agreed with him. (49) “You are right,” she said. — (50) Something must remain. (51) Everything cannot pass. (52) Otherwise, where is it … — she asked with tears, — where does our faithful friendship go forever? .. (53) The children hugged each other. (54) Childhood is over! (According to R. Fraerman)|
Fragment of the composition:
|“Childhood is over!” – this is the sentence the author sums up his story. In my opinion, R. Fraerman uses an exclamation to emotionally highlight the most important part of the text.|
Combination of exclamation and question marks
When a phrase contains strong emotions, the author puts a combination of several punctuation marks at the end of the phrase. Often these are rhetorical questions that are not inherently interrogative. “How can you laugh, joke, play, wallow in the grass?!” This sentence does not contain a question as such, but rather indignation, the highest degree of irritation, an appeal to the conscience of the one to whom the appeal is directed. “Is it really possible to look indifferently at abandoned children begging for alms?!” This rhetorical question does not require an answer, the hopelessness is emphasized by the combination of an exclamation and a question mark.
Incentive exclamatory sentence
A very interesting variant of using incentive sentences in the work. Such phrases differ from others in that they have practically no emotional connotation, but contain an order, request, invitation, greeting or offer. Usually these sentences do not have subjects. Intonally similar constructions do not have to be pronounced with pronounced emotions. However, a sign at the end of a request or command indicates that it is an exclamatory sentence. Examples in Russian of such constructions are quite common. They are present in the dialogues of the heroes of works of art.
- Hats off, quick! (Order).
- Please close the window, little sister! (Request).
- Let’s play chess, my dear friend! (Offer).
- Come visit me on my birthday! I look forward to waiting for you! (Invitation).
- Tatiana! Sergey! (Appeal to people in a letter).
- Hello, comrades! (Greetings).
- Do not get sick, enjoy life! (Wish).
Types of exclamatory sentences
Literary works are composed in a concise language, using rich images, comparisons, epithets. They also contain exclamatory sentences. When using them, you need to pay attention to punctuation marks. Exclamatory sentences are divided into declarative, interrogative and imperative. With their help, texts acquire an emotional coloring.
To better understand the nuances presented, consider the following examples:
- What a lovely dog! How interesting her ears stick out! (Descriptive exclamatory sentence).
- Can a cat really be a man’s best friend?! (Interrogative-exclamatory sentence).
- Let’s go for a walk today! (Incentive).
All the presented types of sentences allow you to diversify speech, literary texts and the Russian language. The main thing is that each of them fits its context.
An order in an exclamatory sentence
In some constructions, punctuation marks are not determined by the emotional coloring of the statement, but by historical traditions. Therefore, in the case when the author of a work of art uses an order, he draws up a sentence with an exclamation point. Examples of such phrases can be spoken in a calm tone and even in a whisper, but the use of an exclamation point is necessary here. «Stand! Petrovich ordered in a whisper to the captured Fritz walking in front of him. «Don’t turn around!» Even if the order is given in a calm, even tone, an exclamation mark must be placed at the end of the phrase. For example, “Squad, equal, at attention!” or “Get up, the court is coming!”
What are exclamatory sentences?
To understand what an exclamatory sentence is, let’s compare two very similar, at first glance, statements:
The sun has already risen.
The sun has already risen!
The first sentence contains a statement of fact, a message about a natural phenomenon when the dark time of the day ended and the day came. This is a declarative sentence that is pronounced in a calm tone, without much expression.
The second sentence also tells about the same phenomenon, but it contains the emotion of joy, delight and admiration.
Let us conclude that sentences may differ from each other in terms of the strength of the feeling expressed in them.
The speaker can express joy, admiration, grief, fear, indignation, anger, irritation, etc.
This is manifested in oral speech with the help of a special intonation, more tense, elevated. In written speech, an exclamatory sentence is indicated by an exclamation point.
An emotionally charged sentence is called an exclamatory sentence.
Sentences can be spoken in a calm, even tone. By the strength of the expressed feeling, these are non-exclamatory sentences. The sentence can be pronounced with a special intonation that conveys a strong feeling.
Blossomed in the apple tree garden (declarative, non-exclamatory sentence).
You go into the garden, and apple trees blossomed there! (declarative, exclamatory sentence).
According to the emotional coloring, all types of sentences can be exclamatory, differing in the purpose of the statement.
I want to dance (narrative, non-exclamatory)
I want to dance! (narrative, exclamatory)
Haven’t you learned this rule? (interrogative, non-exclamatory)
Haven’t you learned this rule yet?! (interrogative, exclamatory)
Call me today without fail (incentive, non-exclamatory)
Call me today for sure! (incentive, exclamatory).
According to the emotional coloring, all sentences are divided into exclamatory and non-exclamatory.
Request and offer
Traditions explain some more features of punctuation in Russian. For example, an exclamation point at the end of a phrase adds a special emotional connotation to a request.
Invitation and appeal in an exclamatory sentence
There is one more punctuation rule. It dictates that often an exclamation mark is placed at the end of the invitation. This fact is a sign of elementary politeness, a culture of written communication. Therefore, when reading the context with an invitation, for example, to a wedding or a picnic, you should not use the intonation of an exclamation at all.
- “Natalia Pavlovna! Georgy Matveevich! Come to the evening dedicated to the celebration of our silver wedding at the Kosmos restaurant!”
- “Dear high school students! Come October 23 to the “autumn ball”, which will be held in the school auditorium!”
Greetings and wishes in an exclamatory sentence
The rules for writing letters are very important for both ordinary people and authors of works of art. To deal with punctuation at the end of sentences, you should pay attention to one interesting feature: very often a greeting or wish is expressed in the form of an imperative verb. These are the words «hello!», «be healthy!» Therefore, these proposals are perceived as a request, at the end of which an exclamation point is also historically placed. Often, a farewell is written in a letter in a similar way. For example, «Goodbye, my dears!» or “Good night, dear friend! I wish you sweet dreams!»
Exclamatory sentences in Russian serve to enhance the emotionality of texts, messages, comments. Since it is possible to give intonational coloring to the statements of characters in works of art only with the help of punctuation marks, the authors have no choice but to use exclamation marks, question marks and their combinations.
What signs end different types of phrases in written speech?
Types of sentences according to intonation and purpose are distinguished in writing in different ways. It is punctuation that allows a person to understand what speech structures are on paper or on the screen of an electronic device in front of him in terms of purpose and intonation.
You need to know the following punctuation rules:
- A non-exclamatory declarative phrase ends with a dot. («Here comes the long-awaited summer»).
- An interrogative non-exclamation construct ends with a question mark. (“When will your dad come home from work?”).
- Incentive non-exclamatory phrase requires a full stop at the end. (“Stop being capricious and eat.”).
- A declarative exclamation ends with an exclamation point. (“I feel so good today!”).
- An interrogative exclamatory construction ends with two signs — a question mark and an exclamation point. (“Can I go mushroom picking too?!”).
- The imperative exclamation statement must end with an exclamation mark. (“Nervous, please leave the audience!”).
When the types of sentence utterances are especially emotional, then several exclamation marks can be put at once. (“Caution, there is a cliff ahead !!!”).
If the construction has the effect of incompleteness, then it is required to put an ellipsis at the end of the statement. («I’m really sorry…»).
Now it is clear what sentences are according to intonation and purpose. It is important to know their features so that your statements are correctly perceived by the surrounding people, both in oral and written speech.
types, what are the proposals for intonation
Outline of the lesson of the Russian language in grade 3.
Lesson topic: Types of sentences for the purpose of the statement (narrative, interrogative, incentive)
— to teach children to recognize sentences according to the purpose of the statement and build sentences according to a given goal;
— practice intonation skills;
— develop calligraphic skills and spelling vigilance.
1. Organizational moment
… play in k … r … dor.
P…et with…nothing…on the fence.
S…baka barks in the kennel.
Mooing to … a moat on a hillock.
How many offers?
What is an offer?
3. New theme
On the city tower;
lifted from the ground.
Are these offers?
Are the words related?
Do they express complete thoughts?
Indeed, look: «At the city tower» — and what happened on the tower is not clear; or: “merry jumping” — who jumped and why they were merry is also unclear. And why?
Your task is to creatively complete the phrases written on the board so that interesting sentences are obtained.
Children offer their options, everyone is listened to, a positive assessment is given to each child.
Working on punctuation at the end of sentences
Well done, you have received interesting proposals. What do you know about sentence punctuation?
The sentence is capitalized and ends with a dot.
Right! Here are the punctuation marks in front of you: period, exclamation point, question mark.
. ! ?
— It’s time for you to learn the secret about these signs. Depending on how the thought is expressed in the sentence, a certain sign is placed at the end.
Look at the blackboard.
Collected a lot of mushrooms and berries in autumn.
If something is reported in a sentence, then a period is placed at the end of the sentence. Give your examples.
If something is asked in a sentence, then a question mark is placed at the end. Such a sentence is pronounced with an interrogative intonation.
Did you brush your teeth today?
Give your examples of interrogative sentences.
If the sentence expresses any feelings: excitement, joy, then an exclamation point is put at the end. And such a sentence is pronounced with feeling, emotionally.
How nice in the summer in the forest!
Try to express your feelings, give examples of such sentences.
4. Working with the textbook
Page 33 ex. 46.
!!! Remind about punctuation at the end of sentences.
What is this text about?
What name can be chosen for it?
Why can’t you pick up mushrooms and dig up the ground?
Why not cut small mushrooms?
Find a sentence that contains a question and read it expressively.
What is the purpose of the first sentence? And the penultimate and last? (Question, order, invitation.)
Conclusion: Each sentence is said or written for a specific purpose.
Page 34, rule.
Page 34 ex. 47.
Looking at the picture and reading the sentences, matching them with information about the purpose of the sentences.
— Compose your sentences according to the plot of the picture, statements different in purpose.
Interrogative and declarative sentences are already familiar to you, punctuation marks at the end of sentences are also familiar. But incentive proposals are considered by us for the first time. But you have known them for a long time. Pay attention to the sentences that make up the instructions for the exercises: what sentences are used most often in terms of the purpose of the statement?
Page 35, rule.
Page 35 ex. 48
Reading a poem.
What is this text?
What proposals on the purpose of the utterance did it meet?
Recording an incentive offer.
Page 36 ex. 49
Compilation of interrogative sentences. Entry:
Who gave mother roses?
What did dad give mom?
When did dad give mom roses?
How many roses did dad give mom?
What kind of roses did dad give mom?
Who did dad give roses to?
In order to correctly read a sentence, correctly understand its meaning and correctly place punctuation marks, you need to understand what sentences are for the purpose of the statement. It is also very important to be able to determine their species affiliation. What are the suggestions for the purpose of the statement? In the Russian language, there are several classifications of these syntactic units, including those regarding the purpose of the statement, as well as the specifics of pronunciation.
Types of sentences according to the purpose of utterance and intonation
Let us clarify that intonation implies the emotional shaping of a sentence. According to the purpose of the statement, the sentences are:
In turn, any of them can be both exclamatory and non-exclamatory — depending on the intonation with which the speaker pronounces it (with calm or emotional).
The most common sentences for the purpose of the statement are, of course, narrative ones. Their task is to communicate information that can either be affirmed or denied.
A declarative sentence expresses a complete thought, conveyed with the help of a special intonation: the main word from a logical point of view is emphasized by the voice, and at the end of the phrase the tone drops, becomes calmer.
You don’t need to go far for examples of declarative sentences — they are at every turn: «Mom bought bread», «Spring came and brought warmth with it», «Mitya has the best mark in the class!».
Proposals for the purpose of the statement can also be interrogative. Their semantic task is to convey a question. Questions can be different, on which the subspecies of this type of sentence depend. Depending on the purpose of the question and the nature of the intended answer, they distinguish:
Interrogative sentences are of different types also in their nature. These are:
The means of achieving the goal of interrogative sentences are a special intonation in oral speech, a question mark in writing, as well as question words (what, how, why, etc. ), particles (is it really) and a certain word order: (“Adults go to work?”, “Who goes to work?”, “Where do adults go?”).
Types of sentences according to the purpose of the statement have one more, third, type — incentive. These are sentences that contain a certain expression of the will of the author of the phrase. Their main task is to induce the addressee to some action, and the inducement can be expressed in different forms.
- Prayers: “I beg you, let me look at my son at least once!!!”.
- Requests: «Give me a pencil, please.»
- Order: «Shut up immediately!».
- Wishes: «Get well soon, be kind.»
Inducement to action in sentences of this type is expressed with the help of a special (incentive) intonation, the form of the imperative mood of predicates and some particles like “let”, “come on”, “come on”, etc.
Non-exclamatory sentences type
Thus, what are the sentences on the purpose of the statement, it is now clear. As for the intonation coloring, the vast majority of them are non-exclamatory. They are pronounced calmly, without emotional anguish and special feeling. Most often they are a narrative message or a question, less often they are an inducement.
Examples: “Hot tea spread warmth all over my body”, “Where did this boy come from?”, “Please take your mother by the hand”.
Sentences pronounced in a special tone and with a special feeling are called exclamatory sentences. Most often, phrases containing motivation need such intonation, but any other type can also have an exclamatory color.
There are sentences according to the purpose of the statement and intonation:
- Narrative exclamations: «Summer has come — how great it is!».
- Interrogative exclamations: “Will you never accept the truth?!”.
- Incentive exclamations: “Give me my toy immediately!”.
Emphasis in writing
Punctuation marks in them depend on what kind of sentences there are in terms of the purpose of utterance and intonation.
- The end of a non-exclamatory declarative sentence is indicated by a dot: «This is how this strange story ended.»
- A non-exclamatory interrogative sentence ends with a question mark: “Has your father left yet?”
- The non-exclamatory motivating sentence also has a dot at the end: «Give up this dirty business.»
- At the end of a declarative, motivating or interrogative sentence with an exclamatory intonation, an appropriate (exclamation) mark is placed (in the latter case, after the interrogative one). If emotions are especially heated, then there can be three such signs. “And he went home!”, “Stupid, get away from the edge!”, “Will you let me go?!”, “Watch out!!!”.
- When there is a hint of incompleteness, an ellipsis can be placed at the end of any type of sentence. For example: “Sadness …”, “Well, you returned, and then? ..”, “Run, run faster! ..”.
According to the purpose of the statement, sentences are, as we found out, of three types. The Russian language is rich and diverse. This article provides information about what sentences for the purpose of utterance and intonation are found in the Russian language. Everyone who wants to speak and write correctly must study and assimilate it.
There are many different syntactic units in Russian, the most commonly used of which is the sentence. But did you know that they can be very different from each other? In this article, we will talk in detail about what types of sentences exist for the purpose of the statement, how they differ.
A sentence is called a basic syntactic unit,
in which there is some information about something, a question or a call to action. The sentence differs from the presence of a grammatical basis, which consists of a subject and a predicate. The main function of this design is the implementation of communication.
The phrase must always be completed both in meaning and intonation!
In order for the speech to be literate, it is necessary to understand the types and . So it will be easier to understand the meaning of what was said or written, to place the necessary punctuation marks.
First you need to define what is the purpose of the statement? Maybe you want to learn about something from the interlocutor or, conversely, to convey some information to him? Or do you need the person to do something? That result that you want to achieve from the interlocutor,
using phrases of a certain kind, and will be considered a target.
Sentences differ in types of utterance and intonation. Very diverse offers their various classifications, one of which is the division of these syntactic units according to the purpose of the statement. So what are the types of phrases?
Constructions according to the purpose of the statement are:
In addition, they differ in intonation and can be:
Exclamations are needed in order to give the expression a special emotional coloring
. In writing, they are distinguished with an exclamation mark, and in oral speech they are pronounced with a special intonation. Very often an exclamation is added to incentive constructions. If you need to add more emotionality, then at the end you can put three exclamation marks: “Look, the moose is running !!!”. Such a phrase will perfectly decorate the text.
Non-exclamatory are used to communicate everyday information, facts. They do not imply the presence of emotional coloring and are distinguished in the letter simply by a dot. However, if you want to add a little mystery or an incompleteness effect to the statement, then it would be more appropriate to use ellipsis in this case: “You know, I wanted to tell you for a very long time …”.
Types of offers
This type of utterance is very common. They are required for reports of any facts,
in this case, the information conveyed can be both affirmed and denied.
A declarative sentence is always a complete thought.
When pronouncing a narrative statement, the main word must be emphasized in voice, and by the end of the phrase, lower the tone, make it more calm. There are a lot of examples of narrative constructions: “I ate chicken for dinner today”, “In the spring you can often see shoals of migratory birds”.
Narrative can be pronounced both with exclamatory intonation, for example: «Sergey is an excellent student!», and without exclamation, for example: «I like to eat ice cream.» In writing, exclamatory declarative sentences are marked with an exclamation point, and non-exclamatory statements end with a period.
So, what is an incentive offer? These statements are needed in order to move a person to any action. In this case, various phrases are used:
- pleading: «I beg you, don’t!»;
- request: “Please, stop chewing!”;
- wish: «Please get well soon. »
Very often such particles as “let”, “come on”, “I beg”, “please” and so on appear in the utterances of the incentive type. In oral speech, they are distinguished using intonation
, very often they are pronounced with an exclamation, and in writing they are distinguished by an exclamation point.
There are also non-exclamatory incentive sentences. They, like ordinary sentences, end with a dot in writing.
It is in the constructions of the incentive type that one can meet (indefinite form of the verb), the verb in the imperative or an appeal to the person to whom the expression is addressed. Such a sentence has no subject and can only consist of one predicate!
They are needed to send questions of various types. Each interrogative sentence can have its own purpose, so there are several different groups of such expressions.
Groups of interrogative sentences
- General questions. They can only be answered with “Yes” or “No”. Examples: “Do you breed aquarium fish?”, “Do you have a dog?”.
- Private questions. Used when you need to learn more about a person, circumstance or object. Example: “Who will go to the theater today?”, “When will the new shopping center open?”.
Interrogative constructions also differ in character. It is very important to take into account the nature of the issue, since it will depend on it the answer you will receive from your interlocutor
Classification by nature of question
- Self-interrogative. Needed to obtain unknown information, an answer is required from the interlocutor. For example: «How to get to the library?»
- An interrogative-affirmative statement must be used if you already have some information and you need to confirm it. For example: «Didn’t he know that?»
- With the help of interrogative-negative, you can express the negation of the statement that was originally embedded in the question. For example: “Well, why did I do it ?!”
- The interrogative-motivational contains a demand or a request to perform some action: “Maybe we should go for a ride on the ferry?”
- Interrogative-rhetorical statements do not need to be answered, since the phrase itself already contains the answer to the question. Usually these sentences serve as a real decoration of speech, for example: “Who doesn’t like to listen to the singing of nightingales on warm summer evenings?”.
Interrogative constructions in oral speech must be distinguished by a special intonation. You can also use special signal words (who, where, where and others),
and also in questions, you can change the word order. For example: “Does he eat fish?”, “Who eats fish?”, “What does he eat?”. In writing, any interrogative expression ends with a question mark, but if you want to add more emotional coloring to the phrase, it would be more appropriate to use question and exclamation marks together, as in the example: “Is it really so difficult for you to come to terms with this ?!”. In this case, the exclamation mark is placed after the question mark.
- January is a cold month.
- What a severe frost in January!
- When can we expect you?
- How long can you wait?!
- Eat porridge.
- Eat, otherwise we won’t go for a walk!
Exclamatory and non-exclamatory sentences are intonation.
- Sun well.
- How good!
They are declarative, motivating or interrogative according to the purpose of the statement.
They like ice cream (narrative)
Tell me the news (wake up)
Show me the city? (questioning)
Sentences are determined by intonation and punctuation marks at the end of the sentence. When the intonation rises from surprise at the end of a sentence, the sentence is clearly an exclamation. If a person asks, then the sentence is interrogative. An exclamation point sometimes follows a question mark, so sentences are divided into exclamatory sentences and non-exclamatory sentences according to the type of intonation.
According to the purpose of the utterance, the sentences are narrative when the tone is even, interrogative when they ask and motivating when they ask or order something. To help, two tables based on elementary school materials.
Syntactic parsing of a sentence begins with a definition, whether it is a simple sentence or a complex one. If we have a simple sentence, the next step in its characterization is to determine the type of statement for the purpose
narrative, interrogative or imperative.
In a sentence reporting the fact of the existence or absence of something, we observe a narrative intonation, for example:
Golden autumn has come. The autumn days are short. The north wind is blowing more and more often.
The sentence with which we want to know about something, ask a question, is interrogative:
Will it snow soon? When will winter come?
If the sentence expresses an incentive to action, an order, then we classify it as an incentive, for example:
Sit down and take a break from worries!
The second parameter of the general characteristic of a simple preposition is its intonation
. From this point of view, exclamatory and non-exclamatory sentences are distinguished.
A non-exclamatory sentence is pronounced without special expressiveness and expression, that is, in a rather calm tone:
All three types of sentences can be exclamatory in terms of the purpose of the statement, for example, declarative:
But an exclamatory motivating sentence:
An exclamatory sentence can also be an interrogative sentence:
Well, how could you throw yourself into icy water?
Sentences are divided according to the purpose of the statement into:
— the goal is to talk about anything, without any emotions. For example, We have 100 plates
— the goal is to find out / ask something. For example, Will this cake be enough for all the guests?
— the goal is to attract the object to some action. For example, Show me what you brought me from Krasnoyarsk
Sentences are divided by intonation into:
— without the purpose of conveying feelings or emotions. For example, Winter has come
— with the aim of conveying the feelings or emotions of the speaker. For example, How cold it is here!
There are also sentences that simultaneously have features of both groups.
: For example, Stop it now!
: For example, How can you say such a thing?!
: For example, How cold I am this morning!
According to the intonation of the sentence, there are exclamatory and non-exclamatory. According to the purpose of the statement, the sentences are divided into narrative, interrogative and incentive. On this site you can watch a training video dedicated to your question: ; -po-tseli-vyskazyvaniya.
As you can see, everything is very simple: sentences can be non-exclamatory and exclamatory, i.e. emotionally more pronounced. This is a division into intonation.
The purpose of the statement can also be different:
- to tell about something — a declarative sentence;
- to ask about something — an interrogative sentence;
- to order something or to ask for something — an incentive offer.
Regarding intonation, it is generally not difficult to remember, since there are only two groups of subdivisions — these are exclamatory sentences, as well as non-exclamatory ones.
And regarding the purpose of the utterance, the sentence can be motivating or declarative or interrogative.
According to intonation, sentences are divided into exclamatory and non-exclamatory.
Exclamation Example — Spring has come!
A non-exclamatory sentence will sound the same, though without enthusiasm — Spring has come.
According to the purpose of the statement, there are three types of sentences: narrative, incentive and interrogative.
Narrative — these are the most common sentences in which something is said about someone — We love to go for walks.
Interrogatives ask a question, ask about something — Will you go for a walk with us?
Incentive — sentences that make you do something — Let’s do your homework quickly, otherwise you won’t go for a walk?
It stuck in my memory from school — sentences by intonation are divided into 2 types — exclamation (there is always an exclamation point at the end and such a sentence is pronounced with a clear increased intonation) and non-exclamation (at the end of such a sentence there is any sign other than an exclamation mark), with syntactic parsing for brevity just wrote! or not!. And according to the purpose of the statement, the sentences are:
Interrogative (of course, sentences in which there is a question mark)
Declarative (sentences, in which a dot or ellipsis is usually put at the end)
sentences are usually always an exclamation point)
Even from the wording it is clear that the difference lies in the emotional coloring. There is always an exclamation point at the end of an exclamation sentence.
If the phrase is said with an increase in intonation towards the end of the sentence, then this is the first option, if a period or a question mark is placed at the end of the sentence, then there is a non-exclamation form.
According to the purpose of the statement, sentences are divided into three groups:
All of them may or may not be exclamatory.
Narrative by purpose (examples of non-exclamatory and exclamatory variants):
Russian language lesson in grade 3
Offers and its types according to intonation.
: observation of sentences that differ in intonation;
development and improvement of all types of speech activity;
formation of elementary linguistic representations;
improve oral and written speech, make it more accurate and rich.
: consolidation of knowledge.
Forms of work
visual, practical, partially exploratory
2.Updating knowledge and fixing difficulties in activities.
— What are the proposals for the goal?
– What are the intonation suggestions?
are called ______________
2. Sentences in which we ask ,
are called ____________
( After the answer of the group, other groups evaluate the answer, similarly with the answer of the second group)
If you have worked at this stage of the lesson, paint one petal on the flower in any color.
3. Consolidation of knowledge about features and types of offers
A) — What rows of words can be called a sentence.
on, flew away, warm
how, quickly, flew by, autumn
winter is coming, sorceress
Why do you think these are suggestions?
Specify the offer type for the purpose.
tasks by row:
— come up with interrogative sentences
come up with incentive sentences
— come up with a declarative sentence
C) Choose the sentences and write them down.
How beautiful fluffy snowflakes are!
I love skiing in winter.
Do you like winter?
Where is it written not a sentence?
Why do you think the rest are suggestions?
Why was there an exclamation mark at the end of the first sentence?
And now let’s determine what the sentences are
2) by intonation
4. Physical education minute
I read a sentence to you, and you put a punctuation mark in the boxes, which, in your opinion, should be at the end of the sentence.
1. Leaves fall from the trees.
2. A cold wind blew.
3. The puddles are covered with ice.
4. Let’s play together.
5. Katya, have you learned the rule?
6. How wonderful is the Russian forest!
7. Our school has three floors.
8. It’s raining today.
9. Do not destroy bird nests.
10. What books did you read in the summer?
What a wonderful day today!
Did you write down your homework?
Be diligent and attentive!
I tried hard at the lesson today.
Find offers. Write them down correctly.
Why do snowdrops grow in winter, these flowers are very fond of light, bloom soon, spring flower.
How many offers did you see? Name. What are they for the purpose of the statement? By intonation?
Let’s evaluate our contribution to the achievement of the goals set at the beginning of the lesson, our activity, work efficiency, fascination and usefulness.
It was difficult for me…
Look at your flowers. Who has a lot of petals painted, you did a good job at the lesson.
Determine the boundaries of sentences and write them down.
Lyazzat had a cat Murka Murka had kittens a cat and kittens lived in a closet once a cock climbed into them a fight started the cat’s eyes glittered with rage the fur stood on end the cat boldly fought with the rooster from the rooster feathers flew Lyazzat came and kicked out the rooster.