Words with a suffix and prefix: Fill in the Prefixes and Suffixes #1: EnchantedLearning.com

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Latin Roots Suffixes and Prefixes: Words

Did you know that the English language is made up of many words derived from other languages? In fact, over 60% of English words are derived from Latin, French, and Greek. This article will explore Latin roots, suffixes, and prefixes. Not sure what they are? No worries, we will look at a definition of each of these terms, along with some examples and English words that use them.

Latin Roots, Suffixes, and Prefixes Definition

It’s important to be aware of what roots, prefixes, and suffixes are, as they all help to determine the meaning of words. If you haven’t heard of these terms before, here are some definitions and examples:

Roots Definition

A root (also known as a base) refers to the core form of a word. It has a distinct meaning and can make sense on its own.

An example of a root word is ‘child.’ This word makes sense on its own and has its own definition. Nothing has been added to it.

A root carries most of a word’s meaning. Once you learn the root of a word, you will be able to construct new words. For example, take the verb ‘slow.’ This is a root word. You can add ‘ly’ to the end to turn it into the adverb ‘slowly.’ The ending ‘ly’ is known as a suffix.

Here’s a definition of suffix:

Suffix Definition

A suffix refers to a letter or group of letters added to the end of a root word to create a new meaning. Suffixes can be added to a root word for a variety of reasons, such as:

1. To change tense

Take the root word ‘paint‘ (e.g., I paint a picture). To change this to the past tense, you would add the ‘ed‘ suffix, which changes it to ‘painted.’

It is important to be aware that the grammar rules in English are not always consistent, and words are not always ‘regular.’ This means that the suffixes and prefixes added to words will not always be the same or follow the exact same pattern. For example, if you wanted to turn the verb ‘run‘ into the past tense, you would not add an ‘ed‘ suffix, as ‘runned‘ does not make grammatical sense. Instead, you would say ‘ran.’

2. To express plurality (more than one of something)

Take the singular root word ‘cup.’ If you want to make it plural, you would add the suffix ‘s‘ at the end, which changes it to ‘cups.’ This shows there is more than one cup.

The addition of ‘s/es‘ suffixes to create a plural does not always work… Take ‘sheep‘ as an example — the plural of ‘sheep‘ is still ‘sheep.’

3. To change the word class

Take the root word ‘agree’ (verb). To change this to an adjective, you would add the suffix ‘able,’ which changes it to ‘agreeable’ (adjective).

When ‘able‘ is used, sometimes letters from the root words get dropped. For example, adding ‘able‘ to the root ‘adore‘ does not make it ‘adoreable‘ — instead, it’s ‘adorable.’

Prefix Definition

A prefix refers to a letter or group of letters added to the beginning of a root word to create a new meaning. Prefixes can be used for a couple of reasons, including:

1. To negate a word (make the meaning negative)

Take the root word ‘legal.’ To make this negative, you would add the prefix ‘il’, changing it to ‘illegal.’

Fig. 1 — Illegal has negative connotations, whereas legal has positive connotations.

Other prefixes used to create a negative meaning are:

  • in- (e.g., incorrect)

  • im- (e.g., impossible)

  • ir- (e.g., irresponsible)

  • un- (e.g., unimpressed)

  • dis- (e.g., disapprove)

2. To show repetition

Adding the ‘re‘ prefix to the root ‘do‘ creates the word ‘redo‘, which means to do something again/more than once.

Sometimes, prefixes can be hyphenated so as to not be misread or mispronounced. This is often the case if the last letter of the prefix and the first letter of the root word are the same. For example, the word ‘re-enter‘ is often written with a hyphen — otherwise, it may be pronounced as ‘reen-ter.’

Latin Roots, Suffixes, and Prefixes Example

Let’s look at some examples of roots, suffixes, and prefixes derived from Latin. Did you know these words came from Latin?

Latin Roots Examples

Latin Root Meaning
Audire To hear
Pac Peace
Mens Mind
Annus Year/yearly
Cavus Hollow
Densus Thick
Frater Brother
Lingua Language
Solus Alone/only

Latin Suffixes Examples

Latin Suffix Meaning
able/ible capable/worthy of (used to form adjectives)
ation used to turn verbs into nouns
ty/ity used to turn adjectives into nouns
fy/ify to cause/make/become (used to form verbs)
ment used to turn verbs into nouns
ic/tic used to create adjectives
ion used to turn verbs into nouns
arium A place associated with a specified thing.

Latin Prefixes Examples

Did you know the ‘pre’ in the word ‘prefix’ is a Latin prefix itself? It derives from the Latin ‘prae‘, which means ‘before/prior to.’

Latin Prefix Meaning
co- together
inter- between
dis- not/not any
sub- under
pre- before
post- after
re- again
de- away/off
non- not

Latin Roots, Suffixes, and Prefixes Words

Now that you know some Latin roots, suffixes and prefixes, let’s take a look at some English words that use them!

We’ll begin with the Latin root words and the English words that use these roots:

Latin Roots and English Words

Latin Root Used in English words
Audire (to hear) audible, auditorium, auditory
Pac (peace) pacifism, pacify
Mens (mind) mental, mentality
Annus (year/yearly) annual, anniversary
Cavus (hollow) cave, cavity, excavation
Densus (thick) dense, density, condense
Frater (brother) fraternal, fraternity
Lingua (language) linguistics, bilingual
Solus (alone/only) solo, sole, desolate

Latin Suffixes and English Words

Latin suffix English words
able/ible predictable, accessible
ation information, imagination
ty/ity equality, loyalty
fy/ify intensify, purify
ment amazement, statement
ic/tic romantic, academic
ion collection, invention
arium aquarium, planetarium

Latin Prefixes and English Words

Latin prefix English words
co- co-occur, co-operate
inter- international, intertwine
dis- discomfort, disbelief
sub- subway, submarine
pre- preconceive, preview
post- post-war, post-natal
re- rearrange, remake
de- decompress, deactivate
non- nonsense, non-verbal

The Influence of Latin on English

Why does English have so many Latin words? One important term to discuss is. ..


Loanwords are words that have been taken from one language and integrated into the vocabulary of another. This is often done when two countries/cultures come into close contact, usually due to migration, trade, and/or war between countries.

During the Roman Empire, Latin was the lingua franca in most of Europe — a lingua franca is a common language used between countries that have different native languages. This means it was widely spoken and other European countries were often exposed to Latin vocabulary. Many English words were either directly taken from Latin, or new words were created using Latin roots, suffixes, and prefixes.

Below is a pie chart of the languages with the most influence on English. This shows the percentage of words in the English language that derive from each of these languages:

Fig. 2 — Pie chart showing the percentage of words in English that derive from other languages

Latin Roots, Suffixes, and Prefixes Review

So, what do we now know about Latin roots, suffixes, and prefixes?

Here are a few key points:

  • A root is the core form of a word. It makes sense on its own.

  • A suffix is added to the end of a root word. This can be done to change the tense, express plurality, or change the word class.

  • A prefix is added to the beginning of a root word. This can be done to negate a word or show repetition.

If you are familiar with Latin roots, prefixes, and suffixes, you can use them to help determine the meanings of unfamiliar English words.

For example:

The word ‘indescribable‘ is made up of:

  • prefix: in
  • root: describe
  • suffix: able

From this, we can tell that:

  • The root word ‘describe’ means to give a detailed description or account of something.
  • But the prefix ‘in’ is used to negate the word — in this case meaning ‘not able to be described.’
  • The suffix ‘able’ means that the word is an adjective, so is used to modify a noun.

Latin Roots, Suffixes, and Prefixes — Key Takeaways

  • A root refers to the base form of a word.
  • Examples of Latin root words include ‘audire’, ‘mens’ and ‘lingua’
  • A suffix is a letter/group of letters added to the end of a root word, whereas a prefix is a letter/group of letters added to the beginning of a root word.
  • Examples of Latin suffixes include ‘able,’ ‘ify,’ and ‘ment’
  • Examples of Latin prefixes include ‘co,’ ‘dis,’ and ‘re’

40 Prefix Examples and Their Meanings


    Prefix examples


    Created by YourDictionary via Getty Images


    Owned by YourDictionary, copyright YourDictionary

How do you turn disappear into reappear? It’s not a magic trick — it’s just a matter of changing the prefix. Prefixes may only be a few letters long, but they have the power to completely shift the meaning of a word, and even create a new word altogether.

In this article

What Is a Prefix?

A prefix is a word, syllable, or letter added to the beginning of a root word to alter its meaning.

For example, in the word disappear, dis- means “do the opposite,” and the root word -appear means “to be visible.” Disappear means “opposite of being visible” — to no longer be seen. 

When you change the prefix of a word, you can change the word’s meaning — or even the meaning of the whole sentence.

  • The magician made the rabbit disappear. (The rabbit vanished.)
  • The magician made the rabbit reappear. (The rabbit became visible again.)
  • I feel transformed after my trip to the spa. (The spa changed me.)
  • I feel informed after my trip to the spa. (I learned something after going to the spa.)
  • Paul reported the criminals to the police. (Paul told the police about the criminals.)
  • Paul teleported the criminals to the police. (Paul used technology to instantly send the criminals to the police)


Prefix vs. Suffix: Start to Finish

Both prefixes and suffixes are types of affixes — words that you add to a root word to change its meaning.

While prefixes come at the beginning of a word (like disappear), suffixes come at the end of a word (as in disappearance). Both types of affixes are important in creating the meaning of a word.

Common Prefix Examples

Most prefixes come from Latin or Greek roots, and they appear in more words (and numbers) than you think. 


Prefix Meaning

Word Examples


before, prior to, front

antebellum, antechamber, anterior


self, one’s self, yourself

autobiography, autograph, autonomy

circum —

around, go around

circumnavigate, circumscribe, circumvent


jointly, with, together

coexist, copilot, coworker


together, with

commiserate, compartment, community


with, together

confound, confluence, conversation


put into, surround

encase, endow, envelope


out, outer

exhale, extend, exoskeleton


beyond, more

extracurricular, extraterrestrial, extravert


different, not the same

heterogeneous, heterosexual, heterocyst


same, not different

homogenized, homophone, homosexual


extreme, beyond

hyperactive, hyperspace, hypertension


between, in the midst of, among

intermittent, intersect, interstate

mega —

large, massive

megaphone, megadose, megabyte


small, tiny

microcosm, microphone, microscope


middle, midpoint

midnight, midseason, midterm


incorrect, bad, wrongful

misappropriate, misunderstand, misuse


one, singular

monogamous, monotone, monochrome


too much, excessive

overcook, overdone, overwrought



postdate, postscript, post-war


before, prior to

prefix, preliminary, preschool


again, do over

reconsider, re-evaluate, rewrite


partial, somewhat, less than fully

semiconductor, semester, semi-retired


below, beneath

subjugate, submarine, sub-par


across, change

transfer, transgender, translate


Prefixes That Mean “Not”

Several prefixes make the new word mean the opposite of the original meaning of the base word.  


Prefix Meaning

Word Examples


lacking, without, not

amoral, atheist, abiotic


away, removed, not

abnormal, abstract, absent


without, not, lacking

anaerobic, anacoustic, anhydrous


against, opposing, contrary to

antibiotic, antifreeze, antisocial


contrary to, against, opposing

contraindicated, contralateral, contraflow


opposing, contrary to, against

counterproposal, counteroffer, counter-attack


reverse, undo, remove

deactivate, de-ice, deplane


remove, separate, apart from

disagree, disapprove, disconnect


away from, former, lacking

ex-husband, ex-wife, ex-boss


not, lacking, without

illegal, illegible, illogical


without, not, lacking

impossible, improper, impermeable


no, without, lacking

injustice, incomplete, invisible


not, non, opposite

irreversible, irreplaceable, irregular


not, lacking, without

nonexistent, nonfiction, nonnegotiable


opposite, not, lacking

unkind, unresponsive, unruly


Wait, Do You Hyphenate Prefixes?

For the most part, you don’t need to hyphenate a prefix to its root word. However, there are a few times to use a hyphen when adding a prefix to a word.

  • Always hyphenate the prefix self (as in self-esteem or selfconfident).
  • Hyphenate the prefix ex- when it means “former” (as in ex-wife or ex-boss).
  • Hyphenate prefixes when the prefix ends with the same letter that the root word begins with (such as non-negotiable or re-establish).
  • Hyphenate prefixes if they could be confused with compound words (such as re-cover to mean “cover again”).

Words with a prefix, root, suffix and ending

Dictionary of Russian morphemes with the ability to select words

Examples of words (adjectives, nouns, verbs, adverbs) that have all the main parts (morphmemes): prefix, root, suffix and ending.


  1. start
  2. early
  3. control
  4. attitude
  5. development
  6. absence
  7. difference
  8. task
  9. control
  10. effort
  11. conduct
  12. population
  13. surprise
  14. version
  15. presence
  16. opening
  17. branch
  18. devices
  19. installation
  20. room
  21. start
  22. appearance
  23. device
  24. change
  25. study
  26. explanation
  27. return
  28. news
  29. performances
  30. try
  31. increase
  1. violation
  2. increase
  3. exhibitions
  4. error
  5. surprise
  6. holding
  7. top
  8. execution
  9. similarity
  10. reduction
  11. connection
  12. preparation
  13. estimate
  14. exhibition
  15. difference
  16. increase
  17. defeat
  18. job
  19. surprise
  20. excitation
  21. training
  22. discussion
  23. surprise
  24. release
  25. habit
  26. return
  27. exhibition
  28. force
  29. installation
  30. uprisings
  31. introductions
  1. entry
  2. development
  3. consideration
  4. lane
  5. improvements
  6. association
  7. establishing
  8. save
  9. force
  10. reduction
  11. introduction
  12. charge
  13. destruction
  14. extension
  15. consolation
  16. delusion
  17. equations
  18. management
  19. uses
  20. adjustment
  21. transmission
  22. armament
  23. outlines
  24. acquisition
  25. dissatisfaction
  26. institution
  27. support
  28. embassy
  29. uprising
  30. violence


  1. possibly
  2. went
  1. double
  2. internal


  1. left
  2. out
  3. left
  4. entered
  5. left
  6. calls
  7. tells
  8. entered
  9. learned
  10. died
  11. recognized
  12. helps
  13. fell
  14. speaks
  15. lucky
  1. brought
  2. dies
  3. I guess
  4. remember
  5. call
  6. died
  7. remembers
  8. ask
  9. rose
  10. passed
  11. advocate
  12. help
  13. rose
  14. leave
  1. enters
  2. tell
  3. believes
  4. gone
  5. fulfills
  6. helped
  7. supports
  8. flows out
  9. died
  10. dropped
  11. believe
  12. die
  13. sends
  14. transferred

Short adjectives:


  1. internal
  2. unhappy
  3. dressed
  1. scientific
  2. past
  3. open
  1. separate


  1. like

Suffix, Prefix.

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practice test

Question 1

Select a row in which all words have a suffix.

Answer options
  • Snow, snowdrop, snowman, lack of snow
  • Snowman, snowflake, snowy, snowball
  • Snow, snow, snowy, snowball
  • Snow, snowy, snowball, snowdrop
Question 2

Choose the correct answer from the list.

What is the morpheme -nik- in the word «sunflower»?

Answer options
  • prefix
  • root
  • suffix
  • ending
Question 3

Underline the words that have a prefix.

Answer options
  • run
  • running
  • coastal
  • example
  • stile
  • harmless
  • abyss
Question 4

Select the words with the suffix

Answer options
  • climb
  • chase
  • girlfriend
  • payback
  • manual
  • runner
  • river
Question 5

Underline the words that have

prefix, root, suffix and ending.

Answer options
  • run away
  • coastal
  • quarter
  • water
  • beyond river
  • cinema
  • corner
  • sunflowers
  • door
  • Question 6

  • will bring
  • loader
  • scribe
  • transition
  • run out
  • school
  • harmless
  • voiceless
Question 7

Highlight words with base which includes

prefix and root

Answer options
  • parquet
  • will bring
  • loader
  • scribe
  • transition
  • run out
  • school
  • harmless
  • voiceless
Question 8

Highlight words with base , which includes

prefix, root, suffix

Answer options
  • parquet
  • will bring
  • loader
  • scribe
  • transition
  • run out
  • school
  • harmless
  • voiceless
  • Question 9

  • silent
  • one-size-fits-all
  • harmless
  • ugly
Question 10

Select a word that has three prefixes

Answer options
  • go crazy
  • exhaust
  • lose one’s mind
Question 11

Select the word in which two letters C are written at the junction of the prefix and the root

Answer options
  • in. .station
  • ra..stay
  • ra..pull off
Question 12

Select the words with stem equal to the root

Answer options
  • last
  • miracle
  • leaflet
  • birch forest
  • shower
  • blacken
  • forest
  • yellow
Question 13

Highlight words that end in null.

Answer options
  • ripe
  • scarves
  • mouse
  • repeated
  • intersection
  • bear
  • cloud
  • up
Question 14

Choose pairs of words that represent forms of the same word.

Answer options
  • painter — artist
  • coast — coast
  • sleeping — sleeping
  • white — whitish
  • read — read
  • rough — rough
Question 15

Complete the sentence: “The main significant part of the word, which contains the common lexical meaning of all cognate words, is .

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