Sometimes it is sunny, other times it rains, and at times it can get sticky hot out there. Weather is constantly changing minute to minute. For the most part, these changes are the result of changes in air pressure. Air pressure is a measure of all the molecules in the air that make up the atmosphere. When air pressure is lower cooling and cloud formation tends to happen. Which also increases the chances of rain. When air pressure is high it pushes air molecules to the ground, and this prevents clouds from forming. The worksheets found in this section work on the very basic direction in which weather moves after I is formed. You will find a wide variety of worksheets that show you how to understand forecast images and how they came to be.
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Precipitation comes in many forms. These maps use various symbols to represent
different types of precipitation.
This series of maps use various symbols to represent wind directions and speeds as shown in
the legend below. Using the map below, provide the wind directions and speeds
in the cities listed in the table below the map.
Maps like the one below provide data that meteorologists use to prepare
forecasts. To accurately read a climate map you must recognize the symbols and what they represent.
Use the map shown to complete the chart below indicating weather conditions
in several US cities
Precipitation is what we call water that condenses and falls to earth in one of several
forms depending on the conditions in the atmosphere. Below on the left are the names
of various types of precipitation and the symbols used for them.
Atmospheric conditions are constantly changing, you will make four copies of this page to see
how. For three days use a new sheet each day to copy that day’s weather pattern
(precipitation, frontal systems, and pressure cells) from your newspaper.
The amount of water vapor that the atmosphere can hold at a specific temperature is
called the relative humidity and is measured with a hygrometer.
When two air masses meet, they form a front. Changes in weather typically take place
The diagram below shows a front forming between two air masses. At ground level, the
colder air mass replaces the warmer air mass.
The diagram below shows a front forming between two air masses. At ground level, the
warmer air mass replaces the cooler air mass.
The diagram below shows examples of many types of clouds. Provide labels for each of
these using the terms from the following table.
Specific kinds of conditions are associated with different types of clouds. The mostly blank
chart below shows four different kinds of clouds.
Forecasts are not always accurate and you will see how accurate the ones for
your area are. Fill in the chart below with the forecasts and actual data on each
day for a week.
Meteorologists use several different types of instruments to gather atmospheric data.
Provide the names of instruments that meteorologists use to gather data by using the
You will look at various meteorologists instruments and be asked to identify them.
Example clue: Sound made by rapidly heating and
expanding air caused by lightning.
Nature can be powerful and deadly causing mass destruction and loss
of life. Some of the worst storms on record to date are hurricanes,
tornadoes, and tsunamis.
What were the estimated damages of Hurricane Katrina?
Describe how wide hurricane Katrina was and how many states she
Air pressure is a term used to describe air molecules, which are tiny
invisible particles of air. In between all the tiny invisible air particles are
. What is the special tool used to measure air pressure?
What precautions do coastal resident take during periods of low
If you see a storm cloud brewing, hear distant thunder, or see far off
lightning, you will know a storm is coming. Always remember, any time you
hear thunder, you will know there is lightning in the storm because lightning
Describe the effects of electricity on someone’s body when lightning is
about to strike.
What to do when a storm heads your way.
When the air gets full and can hold no more moisture, 100% relative
humidity is reached. At 100% relative humidity, the invisible water vapor
will become visible. When the water vapor becomes visible, you will see
steam, clouds, or fog.
Which of the following is not an example of visible water vapor?
Describe what happens when water vapors become visible.
A cumulonimbus cloud produces a thunderstorm and then the
thunderstorm produces thunder and lighting.
Which of the following is not needed by a thunderstorm?
Explain what happens when liquid and ice particles bump together.
Thunderstorms produce lightning, which is a very hot flash of
electricity and then lightning produces thunder. As lightning shoots through
a thunderstorm cloud, it can reach temperatures between 30,000 to 50,000
degrees, which is hotter than the sun.
A negative charge moving down in a zigzag pattern is what?
Describe the sound of thunder when lightning moves from a cloud to
A hurricane is a very large storm that forms over tropical regions of
both the Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. Rotating in a counter clockwise motion
around a center, called an eye, hurricanes can reach speeds up to 200 miles
per hour and measure 600 miles wide.
. This scale is used to determine how severe and what kind of damages may
be caused by a hurricane.
Where do hurricanes occur and what time of year?
A tornado is a funnel shaped column of air capable of causing mass
destruction. Some people call tornadoes twisters or funnel clouds because of
their shape and swirling motion however, a funnel cloud does not become a
tornado until it touches the ground.
This scale is used to determine how severe and what kind of damages may
be caused by a tornado.
When is tornado season and when are they most likely to form?
As a tsunami gets closer to shore and enters shallower water, it will slow
down in speed but will gain height and energy because the top of the wave is
moving faster than the bottom at this point.
How many nations make up the Pacific Tsunami Warning System?
What is an important warning sign of an incoming tsunami?
The sun warms the Earth’s surface, which also causes the atmosphere
to warm. There are parts of the Earth that receive direct sunlight all year
and this causes those parts of the Earth to be warm all the time.
How many categories are there for rating wind intensity?
Explain why parts of the Earth are warm all the time and why some
A thunderstorm is a heavy rainstorm that includes lightning, thunder, wind, and occasionally hail. A thunderstorm forms when warm, moist air near the ground moves up into the sky quickly.
A tornado is a column of wind that spins very fast. The winds from a tornado can reach as much as three hundred miles per hour.
Precipitation is another word for water that falls from the sky. Water can fall in the form of rain, snow, or ice.
Clouds can form in several different ways. What do all the ways have in common?
The study of the Earth’s atmosphere, which includes the science of forecasting the weather, is called meteorology.
Meteorology is important because it allows for people to minimize loss of life and damage to property by preparing for extreme weather conditions like hurricanes, tornadoes, blizzards, etc.
Clouds can be described according to the elevation at which they form. Clouds that form above 20,000 feet are called high-level clouds.
What level of clouds have the word cumulus in their name?
We have seasons because the Earth’s relationship with the sun is always changing.
At every position relative to the sun, the amount of sunlight that reaches the Earth is slightly different.
Climates change gradually over very long periods of time.
Complete the sentence: The climate in an area determines:
Most of the exosphere is located in what we consider to be outer space, which is generally considered to begin between 50 and 80 miles from the Earth’s surface.
The Earth’s atmosphere consists of five main layers.
There are always areas of low pressure at the North and South Poles, because the air there is always cold.
The movement of air around the Earth is dependent on what?
Drought can be triggered in different ways. A large amount of reflected sunlight combined with more than the average number of high-pressure systems, winds containing continental as opposed to oceanic air systems, and ridges of high-pressure systems high in the air can all reduce the formation of thunderstorms or rain over a particular area.
A drought is a naturally-occurring weather event that is characterized by an extended period of less than normal amounts of precipitation.
The boundaries between warm and cold air pressure systems are called fronts. This is where most storms originate.
What kinds of fronts tend to bring heavy rains and thunderstorms?
Weather significantly impacts our day-to-day activities. You wouldn’t feel comfortable wearing thin clothes on a snowy morning or walking to work without an umbrella on a rainy day. Hence, keeping yourself in sync with the latest weather updates is essential.
Weather is a combination of many atmospheric factors. This includes temperature and humidity, atmospheric pressure, and wind speed. While weather is specific to a particular locality, they are also affected by the weather in neighboring areas.
We have all experienced weather and its massive effects on our lives. Poor weather can change the way we interact with our environment and it can affect our moods and actions on a daily basis. We look at the forecast to determine how we should dress for our day and what we should do on our day. Extreme conditions can hurt us or in some cases bring us prosperity. Cloud formations can be used to predict what is coming our way. Any form of weather that continues endlessly can change what we do and where we did it. We have many tools available to us to understand climate and its patterns.
How do atmospheric conditions lead to different weather conditions? Is the weather constant, or is it fleeting? If you’re curious, the following sections provide answers to these questions.
What Is Weather?
We were taught about the different types of weather in grade school. When the sun shines brightly throughout the day, we say we have a sunny day. When it’s dark and gloomy, it’s a cloudy day. And when it’s pouring hard, we know it’s a rainy day. From these examples, we know that weather is just the short-term condition of the atmosphere.
Unlike climate, weather changes rapidly and is fleeting. Today could be scorching hot, yet it might rain cats and dogs tomorrow. This is why forecasters monitor the weather nonstop throughout the day.
What Factors Cause Weather?
The main elements that describe weather are:
- Atmospheric pressure
- Wind speed and direction
Precipitation, which also counts as an element that describes the weather, is a product of a mix of the previously mentioned factors.
Technically, weather cannot take place without wind. The wind stirs and carries atmospheric components from one place to another. For instance, wind direction dictates where rain clouds end up, and wind speed tells us how soon they reach a specific location.
The sun’s heat energy, measured in terms of temperature, has just as much to do with the weather as the wind. It leads to the evaporation of surface waters, causes wind speed changes, and gives meteorologists a clue about when and how much precipitation is expected.
When the humidity is high, the “real feel” temperature becomes higher than its actual value. This is because our sweat evaporates much slower, reducing our body’s capability to cool itself down. Hence, the weather feels hotter.
It is also worth noting that while weather is specific to a particular locality, weather in neighboring areas also affects the weather in your region. For instance, when a storm currently ravages across Canada, neighboring states in the US may expect to experience stormy weather in the next few days.
How Are Weather Forecasts Made?
To predict the weather, forecasters must first describe the current atmospheric conditions.
As such, they keep track of a set of indicators, including the factors mentioned in the previous section, continuously gathered 24 hours a day from weather stations, satellites, and ships scattered worldwide.
The immense amount of data is then inputted into supercomputers found in weather forecasting centers and used as input in complex mathematical models that predict the behavior of a particular weather event.
As the supercomputers continuously churn out predictions, meteorologists use their expertise and experience tracking weather to fine-tune the predictions made by the machine.
Weather is the short-term result of a mix of factors brewing in the atmosphere. Temperature, pressure, and wind speed are among the primary indicators that forecasters look at to predict weather daily.
It is worth noting that weather can change drastically from one day to another, or even in less than 24 hours. Hence, meteorologists work around the clock to distribute timely weather updates.
We should regularly check updated forecasts to avoid getting soaked in the rain, suffering from the scorching heat, or having our properties damaged due to a lack of preparation for the weather ahead.
- Windlogger: How Does Cold Air Affect Wind Speed?
- Sciencing: The Four Forces That Influence Wind Speed & Wind Direction
- National Geographic: Weather
Weather Conditions ESL Vocabulary Worksheets
Weather Conditions ESL Picture Dictionary Worksheet For Kids
A picture dictionary and classroom poster ESL printable worksheet for kids to study and learn weather conditions vocabulary. Look at the pictures and study the words. Useful for teaching and learning weather conditions vocabulary.
Weather Conditions ESL Matching Exercise Worksheet For Kids
A fun ESL printable matching exercise worksheets for kids to study and practise weather conditions vocabulary. Look at the list below and write the names of the weather conditions vocabulary under the correct pictures.
Weather Conditions ESL Word Search Puzzle Worksheet
A fun ESL printable word search puzzle worksheet with pictures for kids to study and practise weather conditions vocabulary. Find and circle the weather conditions vocabulary in the word search puzzle and number the pictures. Effective for teaching and learning weather conditions vocabulary.
Weather Conditions ESL Printable Crossword Puzzle Worksheet
An enjoyable ESL printable crossword puzzle worksheet with pictures for kids to study and practise weather conditions vocabulary. Look at the pictures and the numbers on them and write the weather conditions in the crossword puzzle. Teach, learn and review weather conditions vocabulary.
Weather Conditions ESL Missing Letters In Words Worksheet
A fun missing letters in words printable ESL exercise worksheet for kids to study and practise weather conditions vocabulary. Look at the pictures and write the missing letters in words. Simple and useful for teaching and learning spelling.
Weather Conditions ESL Unscramble the Words Worksheet
An enjoyable unscrambling the words ESL printable worksheet for kids to study and practise weather conditions vocabulary. Unscramble the weather conditions vocabulary and number the pictures. Simple and useful for teaching and learning weather conditions vocabulary.
Weather Conditions ESL Printable Multiple Choice Test For Kids
A simple and easy ESL printable multiple choice tests with pictures for kids to evaluate their knowledge of weather conditions vocabulary. Look at the pictures, choose and circle the correct option.
Weather Conditions ESL Printable Flashcards With Words
A set of fun esl flashcards with words for kids to study and learn weather conditions vocabulary. Look at the images and study the words. You can also have them laminated for long term use. (12 weather conditions vocabulary flashcards with words)
Weather Conditions ESL Printable Flashcards Without Words
A set of fun esl flashcards without words for kids to study and learn weather conditions vocabulary. Look at the images and study the words. You can also have them laminated for long term use. (12 weather conditions vocabulary flashcards without words)
Weather Conditions ESL Printable Vocabulary Learning Cards
A set of fun esl printable learning cards for kids to study and practise weather conditions vocabulary. Look at the images and study the words. You can also have them laminated for long term use. (A set of 12 weather conditions vocabulary learning cards)
Weather Conditions ESL Printable Fidget Spinner Game
A set of fun esl printable fidget spinner vocabulary games for kids to study, learn and practise weather conditions vocabulary. Just print them out and stick pointers on your fidget spinners. You can also have them laminated for long term use. An effective game for both small and large groups in the classroom.
Weather Conditions ESL Printable Dominoes Game For Kids
A fun esl printable dominoes game for kids to study, learn and practise weather conditions vocabulary. Just print them, cut out the domino pieces from the worksheet and play. You can also have them laminated for long term use. An effective game for both small and large groups in the classroom. (A set of 12 domino pieces)
ESL Printable Weather Conditions Vocabulary Worksheets, Picture Dictionaries, Matching Exercises, Word Search and Crossword Puzzles, Missing Letters in Words and Unscramble the Words Exercises, Multiple Choice Tests, Flashcards, Vocabulary Learning Cards, ESL Fidget Spinner and Dominoes Games
Worksheet on the topic «Weather»
Worksheet of a 6th grade student (FI) ____________________________________________
Lesson topic: Weather.
Using the textbook (paragraph 42, pp. 114-115) and the atlas (pp. 32-33) answer the questions and complete the tasks:
Task No. 1. Complete the sentence:
Weather 9000 4 is ____________________________________________________________________________
Task No. 2 (meteorological elements)
— air temperature
— thunderstorm 900 05
Task No. 3.
The weather is extremely changeable. What are the reasons for its changes:
— during the day
— seasonal changes
Task No. 4. Complete the sentence:
Weather forecast — is ______________________________________________________________________________
Short term forecasts – 1-2 days
Medium term forecasts –?
Long-range forecasts –?
Task No. 5. Read the signs of the weather in each column and sign which of them contains signs of clear weather 0004 rainy . Give your examples of good and bad weather signs. weather 0029
Strong wind during the day, subsides in the evening
Wind changes direction day and night
Smoke from the fire rises straight up
Smoke from a fire spreads on the ground
Bees actively fly over flowers
Swallows and swifts fly low
6. Complete the sentence:
Synoptic map — is ______________________________________________________________
Task No. 7. Using the weather map in the atlas (p. 32-33), answer the questions:
In what pressure area is the city of Samara located? ______________________________________________
What is the air temperature in Moscow? ______________________________________________________
What type of precipitation does Arkhangelsk have? _______________________________________________
What is the atmospheric pressure (in mm Hg) in Volgograd? ______________________________________
In what cities outside of Russia is cloudy? ____________________________________________
Which cities have strong winds? __________________________________________________________
Over what cities does the collision of warm and cold atmospheric fronts occur? ________________________________________________________________________________________
Task No. 8. Based on a fragment of the weather map (atlas, pp. 32-33), determine the main elements of the weather for your chosen settlement.
Locality name ________________________________________
|9003 1 Values (characteristic)|
Task No. 9. Fill in table.
Climatic indicators that are determined using the instrument
For temperature measurement
Mercury barometer, aneroid barometer
Wind vane, anemometer
— paragraph 44 (retelling, answers to questions 1,2 — orally, question 3 — in writing in notebooks)
— finish the worksheet.
Cornelsen Weather Observation Lab Kit
Weather Observation Lab Kit Cornelsen Experimenta® is essentially a mobile weather station complete with measurement equipment. With this mobile laboratory, students will learn how to make a daily weather forecast, detect, distinguish, describe, measure temperature, cloudiness, wind direction, wind strength and precipitation. And also read and apply various weather symbols, from simple pictograms to familiarity with the scientific symbols used on official weather maps.
In this way, students learn the four basic science skills: measuring, observing, documenting, and evaluating.
— We are learning to read temperatures;
— We measure the air temperature daily;
— Highest and lowest temperature;
— Wind direction;
— Wind power;
— We measure precipitation;
— Weather map from a daily newspaper;
— Weather review for 4 weeks;
— Evaluation of the weather report.
In the case: thermometers, compasses, anemometer bowl, telescopic tripod, weather vane and metal mirror, water collection containers, weather observation table, weather index cards and other accessories.
Included Teacher’s Guide
Set for 6 workgroups
The manufacturer reserves the right to make changes to the laboratory equipment Moscow by contacting our company.
Weather Observation Lab Kit with Teacher’s Guide
- Graduated beaker for collecting rainwater — 6 pcs.
- Double-sided plastic cards for recording temperature precipitation — 1 pc.
- Clamp for tripod, compass and weather vane — 1 pc.
- Weather observation map for 4 weeks — 5 pcs.
- Compass coil — 1 pc.
- Compass coil with rotating needle -1pc.
- Compass -1pc.
- Compass with a fixed arrow — 1 pc.
- Metal mirror — 1 pc.